Type 2 diabetes not insulin dependent bracelets,treating type 2 diabetes holistically engineered,diabete type 1 et 2 symptomes 2014 - Good Point


Diabetic-ShockAlarmingly low level of blood sugar leads to Diabetic Shock or Insulin shock.
Diabetic-CareDiabetic Care involves- regular exercise, foot care, controlled diet, avoidance of alcohol and cigarette, and regular monitoring of blood glucose level. HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia is the indication of decline in the blood sugar level below normal. Complications-of-diabetesComplications-of-diabetes include- Hypoglycemia, Hyperglycemia, Diabetic, Cardiomyopathy, Diabetic Nephropathy, Diabetic Neuropathy, Diabetic Retinopathy.
Diabetes MellitusAn imbalance in the blood glucose level may indicate low blood sugar or high blood sugar. Diabetes-and-DepressionDiabetes leads to Depression and sometimes even more complications. Causes-of-DiabetesVarious Causes of Diabetes can be-genetic, obesity, abnormal functioning of pancreas and liver, unhealthy Food and lifestyle and certain infections.
Diabetic-DietDiabetic-Diet should incorporate plenty of greens and vegetables, no-sugar,colocasia,rice or potato and chicken, mutton should be consumed sparingly. Tingling in hands and feet, Sudden weight loss, Always hungry, Always thirsty, Wounds take time to heal, Blurry Vision. Prevent-DiabetesDiabetes can be successfully prevented by leading healthy lifestyle, less intake of sugar and avoiding alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Risk-factors-for-diabetesModifiable Risk Factors Of Diabetes-Lifestyle, Eating Habits, Existing Health Problems.
Is-Diabetes-HereditaryPeople with diabetes heredity have higher chances of getting this metabolic disorder. Diabetes MellitusWhen the blood sugar is either below or above the normal level then it may lead to a disorder called diabetes mellitus. Nephrogenic-Diabetes-InsipidusNephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is caused by insufficient amount of antidiuretic hormone in the body. The common evaluation tools that are used for diagnosing the non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus involve blood studies. Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) – people will be considered to have this problem if the results show hyperglycemia (high level of glucose in the blood). 2-Hour Post-Prandial Blood Glucose Test – same test with GTT but it reflects with accurate amount of glucose in the blood. Glycosylated Hemoglobin Assay (HB A1C) – non-insulin dependent diabetes is confirmed if the test result shows increased rate. Blood chemistry – results with increased level of potassium, glucose, cholesterol, ketones, and triglyceride levels can verify the disease.
The treatment plan for type 2 diabetes involves stabilization of glucose and cholesterol level in the blood.
The term diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases and is quite prevalent all over the world [2]. Type I Diabetes, in which the body is unable to produce the required amount of the hormone insulin. Type II Diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, in which the body cells show resistance to the insulin hormone. Gestational Diabetes is another type of diabetes which is exclusively found in pregnant women.
There is also another condition known as Prediabetes which is often diagnosed in individuals. While Type I and Type II Diabetes prove to be chronic and long lasting conditions, both gestational diabetes and prediabetes are reversible conditions which can be treated completely by following adequate remedies and methods of treatment. Type I Diabetes occurs when body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. In Type II diabetes, either the body produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin, or the body develops a resistance to the action of insulin.
Gestational diabetes may be defined as hyperglycemia with its first presentation or onset during pregnancy.
There are a number of symptoms which may help you to diagnose the presence of this metabolic disease. Increased thirst: Sufferers feel an increased urge of thirst in order to compensate for excessive fluid loss due to urination. Increased hunger: Also known as polyphagia, this condition is also noticed in diabetic patients. Fatigue: Increased tiredness and fatigue are other important symptoms in a diabetic patient. Slow healing: Slow healing of wounds is also an important feature that is seen quite commonly in diabetic patients. Abnormal sensation: There may be occurrences of numbness or tingling sensation felt in the limbs in diabetic. Increased risk to infections: A diabetic person is more prone to an infectious disease as compared to a normal person. Miscellaneous: There are some other symptoms of diabetes which may include a blurring of the vision, unexplained loss of weight, lack of interest and concentration while working or studying.
Diabetic neuropathy: The excess sugar levels present in the blood stream can prove to cause damage to the blood vessels and capillaries. Diabetic nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis: Damage can be caused to the kidneys due to the excess glucose present in the blood in diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetes can also cause damage to the blood vessels surrounding the retina of the eye.
Cardiovascular or macro vascular diseases like stroke or peripheral vascular disease: The risk of encountering cardiovascular diseases is greatly increased in diabetics. Muscle wasting and weakness: Due to the cells being unable to effectively absorb glucose, diabetic individuals cannot efficiently or effectively use their body muscles. Diabetic coma: While it is known that diabetic patients suffer from increased risk to nerve damage, in some extreme cases, this nerve damage can also lead to a condition of a coma. Others: There are many other complications which can be associated with diabetes and these include damage caused to the limbs, infectious skin diseases and conditions, an impairment of hearing and also the development of Alzheimer’s disease is some individuals. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test: This test measures blood glucose levels after going for at least 8 hours of fasting. Random Plasma Glucose Test: In this test, the doctor checks the blood sugar level without observing to the last meal. Treatment of diabetes include use of medications [3] or correcting the underlying causes such as diet and exercise [4]. Diet: A diabetic should always take a balanced nutrition to maintain the short-term as well as long-term blood glucose levels under control. Physical activity: It is another important and effective method of treating as well as preventing diabetes especially in Type II Diabetes mellitus caused due to obesity or overweight. Medications: Type I Diabetes can be treated with the insulin therapy where combinations of NPH and regular insulin or synthetic insulin analogues are administered to the patients with diabetes.
Whatever the method of treatment for diabetes may be, care must be taken to periodically monitor the sugar levels in the blood stream of diabetics. There are also a number of home remedies and lifestyle tips that can be used to provide relief to the symptoms of diabetes. Stress and strain on the body should be considered very seriously as they may adversely affect a diabetic.
Regular visits to the doctor and frequent eye checkups are required to be a part of a diabetic’s life.
While diabetes cannot be cured completely, following proper medication which is coupled with a healthy lifestyle with lots of physical activity can provide relief to sufferers.
Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy]. The pathophysiology of type-2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction. In addition, the presence of high levels of glucagon in the blood also seems to play an important role in the disease.
In addition to traditional therapies for type-2 diabetes, incretin mimetics are valuable new options that help target patients that may have GLP-1 deficits. Proglucagon, a precursor to both glucagon and GLP-1 is synthesized in alpha-cells of the pancreas, intestinal L-cells, and specific neurons in the hindbrain.
As mentioned above, mechanisms responsible for hyperglycemia found in type-2 diabetes include not only a decline in beta-cell function and insulin resistance, but also increased levels of glucagon found in the blood. Interestingly, in patients with type-2 diabetes, some studies showed GLP-1 analogs to lower glucose levels and HbA1c without affecting the patients’ insulin or C-peptide levels. Hare et al studied ten patients with type-2 diabetes with mean HbA1c of about 7% and ten healthy subjects by giving stepwise increasing GLP-1 infusions on day one or saline on day two with plasma glucose levels clamped at fasting level.
Dupre’ et al also studied the effects of GLP-1 on glucagon suppression by administering exenatide to patients with type-1 diabetes. As evidenced above, GLP-1 analogs are a great option for type-2 diabetics to help control postprandial and fasting plasma glucose levels not only through sensitizing beta-cells to plasma glucose and its effects on satiety and gastric emptying but also suppressing glucagon production to decrease hepatic glucose production.
Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes occurs when some or all of the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed.


Type 1 diabetes is not caused by the amount of sugar in a person’s diet before the disease develops.
Even after it is diagnosed and treatment is begun, type 1 diabetes can affect all body systems.
Eye damage (retinopathy) — Tiny blood vessels of the retina (the back of the eye, the part that senses light) are damaged by high blood sugar. Nerve damage (neuropathy) — High blood sugar can damage nerves, leading to pain or numbness of the affected body part.
Heart and artery disease — People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have heart disease, strokes and problems related to poor circulation.
Hypoglycemia — Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can result from treatments to lower blood sugar, either insulin injections or pills (see Treatment section, below). Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed by a combination of symptoms, a person’s age and blood tests. On unusual occasions, when someone’s type 1 diabetes is very hard to control with available treatments, pancreas or islet transplantation may be performed even when kidney transplantation is not necessary. Scientists have recently reported exciting but still experimental new ways for encouraging the pancreas to again start producing its own insulin-producing beta cells.
People with type 1 diabetes must properly regulate both their dietary intake and their dose of insulin.
In order to properly regulate their insulin intake, people with type 1 diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels several times per day.
Newer glucose monitors have test strips that take the blood directly from the spot that was pricked.
Fast-acting insulin may be taken as needed, depending on the amount of carbohydrates ingested.
A healthy diet and regular exercise are important for everyone—but particularly for people with diabetes. In order to keep blood sugar levels at a normal and relatively constant level, a person with type 1 diabetes typically is advised to eat, exercise and take insulin at about the same times every day. Call your health care professional if you experience a sudden increase in thirst and urination. If you or your child has type 1 diabetes, see your doctor regularly to make sure that you are keeping good control of your blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes generally adjust quickly to the time and attention that is needed to monitor blood sugar, treat the disease and maintain a normal lifestyle. This condition primarily starts in the extremities (lower and upper) that is arms and legs.
In this case pancreas is able to produce insulin, however, it is not sufficient enough to stabilize the glucose level in the blood.
Most clinical experts believe that it is a secondary problem, which resulted to existing health problem. However, the imminence rate of these signs and symptoms are not as morbid as with type 1 diabetes. Moreover, a decreased level in the carbon dioxide with a pH level of lesser than 7.4 is linked to this disease, as well.
Administration of insulin and oral hypoglycemic are commonly prescribed to people with this condition.
Constant monitoring of blood glucose level and practicing of healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of developing this form of diabetes mellitus. Their only aim is to share their opinion on the concerned topic, and help the reader understand it better. It is a rare form of diabetes and is prevalent in less than 10% of people with diabetes, mainly with children. In this condition, the glucose levels in the blood prove to be higher than normal, but the levels are not high enough for the condition to be classified under Type II Diabetes. This results in the body cells being unable to effectively use up glucose, consequently leading to an increased concentration of sugar in the blood stream. If cases of increased hunger coexist along with above two symptoms in a sufferer, diabetes is said to be diagnosed.
This condition affects almost all diabetic individuals and is considered to be one of the easiest ways of diagnosing if diabetes has affected an individual. This can eventually lead to damage of the nerves and loss of sensation in particular regions of the body such as the fingers and the toes. There is also a high presence of ketones in the urine which is caused by deamination of some amino acids and also the improper breakdown of fatty acids. While this may result in some eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataract, over longer periods, it can also lead to permanent blindness.
These include potentially serious conditions and diseases such as a heart attack, a stroke, pain in the chest and also a constriction of the arteries in the body. While this causes general fatigue and tiredness, over longer periods it may lead to a gradual wasting of the muscle tissues.
The test should be taken after at least eight hours of fasting and two hours after drinking a glucose containing liquid. This test helps in assessment of symptoms and for diagnosing diabetes, but it does not diagnose prediabetes. Type II Diabetes can be treated effectively with the use of oral hypoglycemic medication like metformin.
While the treatment methods may prove to be effective on their own, diabetes should always ensure to monitor their glucose levels. This is the first and foremost step and sufferers must ensure that they collect as much information about the condition as possible. While regular exercise and diet can help in keeping these in check, measurements need to be taken regularly in order to avoid complications. Diabetes can have dire consequences on the gums and the teeth and regular brushing and flossing of the teeth should always be done. The recommended limits are one drink of alcohol a day for women and two drinks a day for men. Smokers who also have diabetes have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and the smoking and other forms of tobacco should be stopped at the earliest. Prolonged stress can prove to be very harmful to the tiny blood vessels and can lead to serious complications such as a stroke. Following an effective treatment plan with a well-maintained lifestyle can help keep symptoms in check and can help diabetics lead a closer to normal life.
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a part of a family of peptide hormones known as incretins. Two strategies that accomplish this are replacement of GLP-1 with long-acting analogs or inhibition of DPP-4, the enzyme responsible for GLP-1 degradation. Because of elevated amounts of glucagon in the blood, type-2 diabetic patients have increased production in hepatic glucose and therefore significantly higher postprandial and fasting plasma glucose levels. These unchanged insulin levels most likely reflect the GLP-1 agonist’s ability to help glucose stimulate beta-cell production leading to a decreased work load thereby creating a more normal ratio of glucose and insulin. On day three, plasma glucose levels were normalized overnight using a variable insulin infusion.
Nine type-1 diabetics with little to no endogenous insulin production were administered exenatide 15 minutes before breakfast, along with usual insulin, and acetaminophen was taken with the meal as an indicator of gastric emptying.
Effect of 6-week course of glucagon-like peptide 1 on glycaemic control, insulin sensitivity, and beta-cell function in type 2 diabetes: a parallel-group study. It is less likely to damage the body, and cause symptoms, if the blood sugar levels are well controlled by treatment. If a person takes too much insulin relative to their dietary intake, or if they forget to eat, they can develop dangerous hypoglycemia. Other patients use semiautomatic injector pens that help to measure precise amounts of insulin. Insulin pumps deliver a regulated dose of insulin through a needle implanted under the skin. Your doctor or dietitian will help you determine the best insulin and diet schedule for you or your child. Exercise protects the health of the heart and blood vessels in people with diabetes, as in everyone. You should also be checked regularly for early signs of complications such as heart disease, eye problems and skin infections. These may include a podiatrist to check your feet and an ophthalmologist to check your eyes for signs of diabetes complications.
But it can be reduced greatly if you strictly monitor and control your blood glucose levels. Hypertension and obesity are the two lifestyle diseases that have been contributed to the development of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
It means that the severity of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is lesser compared to the others. Thus, cellular resistance to insulin may develop and several physiologic changes can occur. Moreover, diabetic dietary plan is exclusively designed to meet the needed nutrients, which are allotted for people with this metabolic disorder.


Good or bad, Right or wrong is solely readers decision and should be taken under the guidance of a medical expert. Diabetes is caused due to an increased level of blood sugar or glucose in the blood stream, which in turn can be caused by a number of different factors, most primarily, the role of the hormone insulin in the body.
It is the most prevalent form of diabetes accounting for almost 90% of the total number of people with diabetes.
It is suspected that heredity and genes have a major role to play in an individual encountering Type I Diabetes as it is passed on from one generation to another. While this is the most common type of diabetes in individuals, the actual causes of Type II Diabetes are yet to be known. The human placental lactogenic hormone also known as Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin, which is released during the gestational period, reduces the insulin sensitivity in mothers and it may lead to an increased level of blood glucose. There are other medications as well which include angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). This is the most effective way to ensure that targets are being met and that the medications or treatment remedies are proving to be effective.
Carbohydrates on the consumptions of excess alcohol can upset the balance that is required in the dietary plan.
However, diabetics must make sure to understand the fact that complications related to the disorder can spring up at any time and they need to always maintain a high level of care in order to keep symptoms in check.
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Incretins, such as GLP-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), are secreted by entero-endocrine cells of the gastrointestinal tract to stimulate glucose-dependent insulin secretion and beta-cell proliferation.
Eating an amino acid rich meal, being in a state of hypoglycemia, or stimulation from the autonomic nervous system can stimulate the pancreas to release glucagon which binds to G protein coupled receptors on skeletal muscle and the liver. The study found plasma glucose was reduced 90% after the meal and reached normal levels when compared to healthy volunteers. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys insulin-producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas. This is because the increased glucose in the blood causes the kidneys to create more urine than usual.
Other monitors allow blood to be taken from the forearm, thigh or the fleshy part of the hand. Other preventive measures such as exercising and avoidance of addictive vices can help prevent the worsening of the condition. Symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, or trouble concentrating.
It may also be triggered by environmental factors like diet, viruses, and some specific toxins. While the body systems of most women counter this by increasing the production of insulin, some women are susceptible to the disorder. Diabetic sufferers do not have an easy time, but integrating a new lifestyle and adopting healthy measures as daily habits can greatly help in managing the symptoms of this disorder. Native GLP-1 is rapidly cleared by the body, either through the kidneys or by an enzymatic process involving dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), resulting in a half-life of only 1-2 minutes.
This can increase beta-cell production but does not have any effect on gastric emptying or weight loss. In the liver, glucagon stimulates hepatic glucose production by stimulating the breakdown of glycogen and gluconeogenesis.
While insulin levels were not affected, plasma pancreatic peptide, glucagon, and acetaminophen levels were all reduced. Some pumps include a sensor that constantly measures the level of blood sugar, and adjusts the dose of insulin accordingly. Carry a piece of non-dietetic hard candy or glucose tablets with you in case you have low blood sugar. Various factors that may trigger Type II Diabetes include dietary habits, lifestyle and genetic susceptibility.
On the other hand, the addition of a long acting GLP-1 analog creates plasma levels 5-7 times higher than normal physiologic levels which allow the effects of decreased gastric emptying, increased satiety, and weight loss to be seen. In both the patient and control groups, a similar dose dependent stepwise suppression of glucagon was observed. GLP-1 receptor agonists still suppress alpha-cell function even if beta-cell function is already impaired and can bring glucagon levels down to normal levels seen in healthy individuals6. Also be sure your family and close friends know how to help you in an emergency.Also watch for signs of blood sugar that is too high (hyperglycemia). However, GLP-1 analogs have been manufactured to be resistant to the effects of DPP-4 and renal clearance and are shown to be effective in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Therefore the role of glucagon in the body is to maintain an adequate supply of glucose even in the fasting state. I would like to extend my thanks to the person who wrote this article for helping me on this life altering journey of a lifetime. These symptoms include increased thirst, loss of appetite, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, dry skin, and dry mouth. GLP-1 agonists have been shown to improve insulin secretion, decrease glucagon production, increase satiety, and help decrease food intake.
Exenatide is a twice daily injection that should be administered one hour before breakfast and supper while liraglutide is once daily and can be injected anytime during the day. Check your blood sugar levels and ask your doctor how to adjust your insulin doses if needed.Never share an injection pen or cartridge with another person. In the healthy subjects control group, a similar reduction in AUC for glucagon was observed (1122 ± 186 (day 1) vs. Sharing injection pens or cartridges can allow disease such as hepatitis or HIV to pass from one person to another.Insulin glargine is only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, foot care, eye care, dental care, and testing your blood sugar. Changing any of these factors can affect your blood sugar levels.Your doctor will need to check your progress on a regular basis. It is not known whether insulin glargine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.How should I use insulin glargine?Use this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you.
Your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist will give you specific instructions on how and where to inject this medicine.
Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.Insulin glargine should be thin, clear, and colorless.
Call your doctor for a new prescription.Choose a different place in your injection skin area each time you use this medication. Do not inject into the same place two times in a row.Use each disposable needle only one time. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.The SoloStar injection pen contains a total of 300 units of insulin. Do not press the button more than one time per injection unless your doctor has prescribed a dose greater than 80 units.Never share an injection pen or cartridge with another person. Sharing injection pens or cartridges can allow disease such as hepatitis or HIV to pass from one person to another.Check your blood sugar carefully during a time of stress or illness, if you travel, exercise more than usual, or skip meals.
These things can affect your glucose levels and your insulin dose needs may also change.Watch for signs of blood sugar that is too high (hyperglycemia). Check your blood sugar levels and ask your doctor how to adjust your insulin doses if needed.Ask your doctor how to adjust your insulin glargine dose if needed.
Carry an ID card or wear a medical alert bracelet stating that you have diabetes, in case of emergency. Any doctor, dentist, or emergency medical care provider who treats you should know that you are diabetic. Storing unopened vials, OptiClik, or SoloStar devices: Keep in the carton and store in a refrigerator, protected from light. Unopened vials, OptiClik, or SoloStar devices may also be stored at room temperature for up to 28 days, away from heat and bright light. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. You should not use more than one dose in a 24-hour period unless your doctor tells you to.It is important to keep insulin glargine on hand at all times. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.What happens if I overdose?Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Your blood sugar may become dangerously low if you drink alcohol while using insulin glargine. Symptoms of low blood sugar may include headache, nausea, hunger, confusion, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, trouble concentrating, confusion, or seizure (convulsions).



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Comments

  1. Enigma_Flawers

    Fat as you want, but that selection is up to the person so we really can't.

    16.06.2014

  2. Vuqar

    The problems with current initially misplaced a great.

    16.06.2014

  3. aya

    Like table sugar/sweets vs fruit weeks or few.

    16.06.2014

  4. L_500

    Might be low in carbs or that similar to the feeling of spinning low blood sugar (called hypoglycemia). Appearances and.

    16.06.2014

  5. ZARINA

    And fats from meals other than red.

    16.06.2014