Type 2 diabetes nerve damage reversible,type 2 diabetes medicine side effects cs6,how to treat nerve damage in the foot hier - 2016 Feature


Print Email Diabetic neuropathy is a complication that affects about 70% of people with diabetes. For people suffering from diabetic nerve pain, maintaining a stable and healthy blood sugar level is extremely important.
Certain vitamins and nutrients which may be lower in diabetics in general can help prevent or control symptoms of neuropathy, so ask your doctor if you should have your levels checked or take supplements. Avoid drinking alcohol if you can: it adversely affects blood sugar levels (especially when consumed on an empty stomach), leeches B12 from the body, and is harmful to nerves, even those that are not already damaged. These are just a few complications that go hand in hand with uncontrolled or poorly managed blood sugar levels.
Mostly, the root cause of diabetic foot complications occur when the nerve supply is damaged, also known as neuropathy which attenuates the sensation in the feet.
Of all the foot complications observed in diabetes, foot ulcer is perhaps one of the most grave and expensive complications. Diabetics should not take foot ulcers lightly as delay in the treatment can lead to greater chances of losing the limb. Most likely, your doctor will take X-rays of the affected foot to verify that the infection has not reached the bone surface. In combination with the tough skin, pressure on that part may lead to damage to the capillaries and the surrounding tissue.
According to medical data, of the American diabetic population (which is nearing 16 million), almost one-fourth of them end up with foot problems, courtesy, diabetic nerve damage or neuropathy.
Thus, the patient is unable to perceive sensations, such as those of pressure, heat, cold or even pain.
The key feature of diabetics is the intensification of the complication and the slow process of healing. Atherosclerosis or thickening of the walls of blood vessels results in hampered flow of blood to many organs, including feet. Unfortunately, men and women with uncontrolled blood sugar levels are more likely to have severe foot problems which necessitate foot amputation.
Neuropathy means damage to the nerves that run throughout the body, connecting the spinal cord to muscles, skin, blood vessels, and other organs.
Gastroparesis is a long standing problem which stems from weakening or complete nerve damage (mainly, the vagus nerve).
Gastroparesis in diabetic individuals is characterized by symptoms, such as those of frequent belching, feelings of nausea or vomiting and fall in the level of appetite. It is a well known fact that foods, which are packed with fiber, substantially lengthen the time required for moving bolus of food through the digestive tract.
Foods, which are packed with high fat content, are nothing but a cause for trouble, especially in case of diabetics suffering from gastroparesis. Products; for example, cheese, full fat milk, fried or greasy food, fruits like avocado and even yoghurt must be slashed off your meal plan. If you are worried as to how to supplement the body with the required amount of energy and nutrients, there are plenty of healthy choices to look for. There is unequivocally no harm in consulting your medical care provider about churning food in the blender so that the consistency can be modified for easy digestion. Also, if you are in the habit of taking a nap after every meal, it is time to let go off this unhealthy habit.
For diabetics keeping an acceptable blood sugar level is a daily chore and quite a hassle, so what is a acceptable blood sugar level? It is caused by damage to the nerves as a result of high blood sugar and poor circulation, and although it can affect all parts of the body, it most often occurs in the legs and feet.
The food you are consuming is at the heart of this: a diet low in sugar and fat, filled with vegetables, fruit, and whole grains is best for this. Eat foods high in B vitamins – especially B12 – such as red meat, fish and poultry, as well as eggs and dairy.
If nothing else, moderation is key – no more than four drinks per week at the most, and always with a snack. It is best to eat smaller meals every few hours in order to prevent blood sugar levels from crashing. The vicious interaction of this troublesome metabolic disorder with multiple risk factors leads to many complexities, either involving the skin, leg, feet or significant micro vascular and macro vascular changes.


Those living with diabetes are at an increased risk of suffering from diverse foot related problems. Other than neuropathy, less than sufficient blood circulation and heightened susceptibility of infections also has a role to play in causing foot problems. After carefully debriding the devitalized skin tissue, you may be put on an antibiotic course. The effect of this disorder on the capillaries which supply nutrition and blood to the skin of the leg and feet results in thickened skin layer known as callus or corn. If bleeding takes place within the callus area, a haematoma can be visible which causes an itchy or burning sensation within the callus. To prevent its formation, one can wear therapeutic shoes with specially designed inserts that relieve pressure accumulation. Peripheral neuropathy is the most prevalent form of diabetes induced neuropathy which targets the peripheral nerves. Therefore, doctors repeatedly emphasize that diabetic people must under no circumstances ignore the formation of any skin infection or ulcer on the feet. This change encourages the bacterial and fungal species to establish dangerous foot infections. Some diabetics also complain of pain and discomfort in their calves whilst walking on a hard surface.
The vascular changes along with nerve damage make them easy targets for infections and ulcers which in turn may require amputation.
People with diabetes can develop nerve problems at any time, but risk rises with age and longer duration of diabetes. Early testing, new medical treatments and improvements in diabetic control are protective measures. This type of neuropathy retards the rate at which food digests and exits the stomach and occurs as a long term consequence of an elevated blood sugar level.
In fact, fiber strands pose a risk of obstructing the gastrointestinal tract as high fiber collects into a rounded mass termed as bezoar.
Some of the fiber rich foods to avoid include raw fruits and vegetables, dried fruits, broccoli to oatmeal. The same stands true for high fiber supplements as they also have a tendency to hamper stomach motility and proper digestion. To avoid slow rate of digestion, diabetic patients with gastroparesis must opt for those items which have a considerably low amount of fat. In mild cases, milk shakes (these should not be too thick in consistency) are well tolerated and can be taken for proper calorie as well as nutritional intake. Those with diabetic gastroparesis are able to tolerate liquid foods easily as compared to solids. You can also opt for soups, vegetable juice, high protein smoothies as these hasten the process of gastric emptying.
To aid quicker and efficient assimilation of food without feeling full or bloated each time, it is always better to go out for a short walk.
Get plenty of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids from fish like salmon, and from certain oils including sunflower and safflower.
With diabetes, even seemingly harmless injuries may take a turn for the worse, leading to serious complications. Once the outermost, protective skin layer weakens or breaks, the underlying deep tissues, become unprotected and opens to infection by bacteria.
In addition to this, he or she may also place a protective cast or brace around the ulcerated foot. As compared to unaffected people, the incidence rate of stiff corn formation is increasingly more in those living with diabetes. If overlooked, the exposure of blood (due to disintegration of callus) may subsequently result in the initiation of an infection or ulceration.
As a result, sensory and motor nerves that supply muscles, skin, glands and other organs is drastically impaired. Neuropathy may also lead to other types of deformities in the feet, namely, hammer toes, bunions or Charcot feet. It has been noted that the process of tissue breakdown advances at a faster rate in such individuals and many a time manages to invade deep enough to reach the bone too.


Due to the lack of sufficient nourishment, injuries or sores on the foot require an exceedingly long time to subside. This particular condition is termed as intermittent claudication. Doctors may recommend daily exercise or prescribe medications to enhance blood circulation to the lower extremities. For such reasons, those diagnosed with diabetes must take utmost care of their feet by controlling blood sugar and taking other preventive measures, such as abstinence from smoking and use of proper, comfortable shoes. Slow and sluggish gastric emptying can be seen in patients dealing with either type of diabetes (type 1 and type 2). It is, therefore, recommended cutting down on the volume of food, and instead opting for small proportions of food at frequent intervals throughout the day. Diabetes is where the body’s organ called the pancreas fails to produce the amount of insulin that is needed to keep the body healthy. Although many medications are effective at reducing pain and other symptoms, they come with side effects; treating from the inside, out – with a stable and healthy diet – can help slow the progression of the disease and ease symptoms. You may also take a lipoic acid supplement if your levels are low, since this may exacerbate symptoms. Diabetic neuropathy may hide the symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), making it difficult to know when your body is in need, so regularity is important.
Such bacterial attacks progress quickly resulting in development of ulcers mostly on the undersurface of the big toe or the ball portion of the foot. Its formation is, in fact, regarded as an initial sign that the person may be at an escalated risk for diabetic foot ulcer too. The most typical symptom of peripheral neuropathy is loss of sensation and numbness in either the hands or feet.
It is thus imperative for such people to carefully observe the feet each day for changes in the colour, swelling, hot spots or deep cracks. It is important to moisturize the skin but make sure you don’t overdo it as surplus moisture from lotions or creams can increase the risk of skin infection. Others may have symptoms such as pain, tingling, or numbness-loss of feeling-in the hands, arms, feet, and legs. Insulin is used for the changing of the body’s blood sugar into fuel that the cells can use.
In order to manage your blood sugar you should talk to your doctor about getting a glucose meter to help keep an acceptable blood sugar level.
Nerve problems can occur in every organ system, including the digestive tract, heart, and sex organs.
They carry information to the brain about shape, movement, texture, warmth, coolness or pain from special sensors in the skin and from deep in the body.
Without suffient amounts of insulin the blood sugar levels skyrocket which damages the body. The damage that is most often done is eye damage, heart damage, an increase in the chance of heart disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, and even kidney failure. These nerves have functions such as controlling the pace of heartbeats, maintaining blood pressure, and controlling sweating.Some symptoms of neuropathy occur when the nerve fibers are lost. Making this one of the most common and most mobile glucose machines, and a wonder at helping you maintain an acceptable blood sugar level.
If the loss affects the sensory fiber, it can cause loss of feeling and of the loss of functions not normally under conscious control like digestion.Neuropathy symptoms can also be caused by nerves that are damaged or are healing. These symptoms include prickling, tingling, burning, aching or sharp jabs of needle-like pain. There are signs of the increased nerve activity that occurs in damaged or healing nerves.For more interesting and very important health related and medical articles, click on the links below1.



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