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Understanding your options for type 2 diabetes medications is important, as different medications have different side effects. Glucosidase Inhibitors: Acarbose and Miglitol work by slowing carbohydrate absorption from the gut. More information about diabetes medication can be found on the American Diabetes Association’s website. Lori is the author of a book entitled Healthy Choices, Healthy Children, A Guide to Raising Fit, Happy Kids (pre-order it at Amazon).
This entry was posted in Diabetes, Hot Topics, Medication, Special Needs and tagged diabetes medication, insulin, type 2 diabetes. The primary goal of this educational program is to update primary care physicians on the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. Current guidelines recommend metformin for most patients when starting hypoglycemic agents.7 However additional patient factors determine which other agents are selected either at diagnosis or once HbA1c goals are no longer being achieved on monotherapy.
These recommendations are based on current evidence about medication efficacy in relation to clinical outcomes and not only HbA1c levels, as well as data on drug side effects. The content of this website is educational in nature and includes general recommendations only; specific clinical decisions should only be made by a treating physician based on the individual patient’s clinical condition. Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylureas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 33). Effect of intensive blood-glucose control with metformin on complications in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 34).
When a patient chooses a diabetes medication, it is important to look at the side effects of the drugs to find the safest option. The drug metformin, also known by its name brands of Glucophage and Glumetza, is one option to help regulate blood glucose levels. Acarbose—a drug that falls under the category of an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor—prevents high blood sugar by blocking the body from breaking down starches.


Another option for managing one’s diabetes through medication is the drug glipizide, which goes by the brand name Glucotrol.
Please note the kidneysteps information is for educational purposes only, is not a rendering of medical advice, and is not intended as a substitute for professional care from your own health care provider. Published articles and chapters in publications including the American Dietetic Association's "Kids Eatright" blog, and Play Outdoors blog and magazine. Celiac disease is an auto-immune, inherited disease that causes intolerance to the protein gluten. We present the risks and benefits of the different treatment options and provide guidance on selecting the most appropriate agent for each patient. National diabetes statistics report: estimates of diabetes and its burden in the United States. Projection of the year 2050 burden of diabetes in the US adult population: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality and prediabetes prevalence.
The influence of age on the effects of lifestyle modification and metformin in prevention of diabetes. Effects of aerobic and resistance training on hemoglobin A1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Issues with the cardiovascular system are just one type of problem that occurs in patients who do not control their diabetes. Although insulin was never considered to treat type 2 diabetes in the past, it is now a safe treatment option that is sometimes given in correlation with other medications, in particular oral diabetes medications.
It may cause a variety of side effects, both severe and mild, but it does not have the severe side effects of some diabetes medications.
This drug is a safe option that classifies as a sulfonylurea, meaning that it works by stimulating cells within the pancreas to produce more insulin. They work in different ways, which is why you often have two or three of them at the same time.


Prescribing the right diabetes drugs depend on many factors, so what works for your friend with type 2 diabetes may be very different from what works for you. However a tighter target, such as ?6.5%, may be appropriate for younger patients and newly diagnosed patients without existing cardiovascular disease. In many cases of diabetes, a patient must take diabetes medication to further assist with keeping hyperglycemia under control. These issues include atherosclerosis or narrowing of the arteries, hypertension, stroke, heart attack and coronary artery disease (CAD).
Although drinking orange juice is a method to counteract low blood glucose levels, it will not work when the patient has hypoglycemia due to this drug. These should not be given along with a DPP4 inhibitor, as incretin mimetics have a similar but much stronger action than DPP4 inhibitors. For patients with multiple comorbidities, frail elderly, those at greatest risk of hypoglycemia or with a limited life expectancy, a less stringent HbA1c ?8% may be reasonable. It is imperative that patients discuss their options with their physician to find the correct drug or combination of drugs to deal with the condition. Uncontrolled diabetes is also associated with nerve damage, and in severe cases may cause a complete loss of feeling in the affected limb or limbs.
Another complication is kidney damage, which can eventually turn into kidney failure or end-stage renal disease, requiring a kidney transplant or dialysis. Filing an Actos lawsuit is becoming a common theme for the patients severely affected by this drug.
According to the American Diabetes Association, diarrhea and gas may occur from taking this drug.



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