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Diabetes is an incurable condition in which the body cannot control blood sugar levels, because of problems with the hormone insulin. Under normal circumstances, the hormone insulin, which is made by your pancreas, carefully regulates how much glucose is in the blood. After a meal, the amount of glucose in your blood rises, which triggers the release of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, and the immune system attacks the cells of the pancreas. The exact mechanisms that lead to Type 2 diabetes are not fully understood, but an underlying genetic susceptibility is usually present. Gestational Diabetes - During pregnancy, some women experience heightened blood sugar levels and can't produce enough insulin to absorb it all. Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) - Caused by a mutation in a single gene and is also very rare.
If people living with Type 1 diabetes don't receive treatment they can develop very high blood sugar levels - hyperglycaemia - within days. At the same time, the body starts breaking down fat for fuel to counter the low levels of sugar available to the cells. Those with Type 1 can also suffer a dangerous complication of treatment known as hypoglycaemia, which can cause a coma.
If treatment doesn't effectively control high blood sugar levels, it leaves a person with diabetes more vulnerable to infections. Type 2 diabetes tends to develop more gradually, which is one of the reasons why medical professionals think that so many cases go undiagnosed. In the long-term, diabetes raises the risk of many conditions, including peripheral vascular disease (when the arteries to the extremities are damaged by atherosclerosis) and peripheral nerve damage. Preventing a strokeEvery year, more than 10,000 people in Ireland have a stroke.  Stroke is the biggest cause of acquired disability and the third biggest cause of death in this country.
I'm a ThinkBuzan Licensed Instructor and everything I will share with you here will remain connected somehow to Tony Buzan's world. This triangle-shaped nutrition guide is divided into sections to show the recommended intake for each food group.
Many other countries and organizations have also published food pyramids with different purposes and alternatives (or controversy) in the sections and for different target audiences. Although water is typically recommended in plentiful amounts, it is treated in very different ways by different food guides. Starting from the food pyramid illustration - the most widely used version of it, excluding water - I have imagined and designed a new creative mind map.
From an empty picture (only the pyramid outline where all keywords and images are deleted), invite students to guess what are the food groups, what are examples of associated products and what could be the role of each group in the diet. For younger audience, organise a puzzle activity that consists to place each food products in the correct food group. Another possibility is to use the creative mind map as a support for your lesson or explanation.
I was not surprise and even pleased to hear last week that the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has received $1.5 million to support a new centre seeking to integrate the arts into university curriculum and research. From an artistic point of view, I’m always adding a creative dimension to the mind maps, as a vehicle for the expression or communication of emotions and ideas, offering you a mean for exploring and appreciating the material.
My goal (and challenge) is to invite you to consume a new, innovative and creative educational curriculum, made of ready-to-use mind map resources that you will be able to operate within this revolutionary digital world and create unique experience with your audience.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend an average individual consume two cups of fruit and two and a half cups of vegetables every day. If you find yourself blaming your lack of fruit and vegetable consumption on lack of time, don’t be afraid to try canned or frozen fruits and vegetables. For those of you, who find little appeal to certain fruits and vegetables, don’t give up hope.
Whether you grown your own, support local farmers, or buy from a grocer, take advantage of the diverse selection of seasonal fruits and vegetables and eat to a healthier life! Just about everyone loves to eat berries.  And why wouldn’t they?  They’re delicious!  But a recent study has found that berries may do more than just tickle our taste buds. If you think your ability to remember things is starting to get a little fuzzy, it may be time to add more berries to your diet.  Those little flavonoids can work wonders!
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Exchange lists are foods listed together under different food groups because each serving of a food has about the same amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calories as the other foods on that list. Insulin stimulates cells all over your body to absorb enough glucose from the blood to provide the energy, or fuel, that they need. It tends to affect people before the age of 40, and often follows a trigger such as a viral infection.
In most cases it develops between the 14th and 26th week of pregnancy, known as the second trimester, and disappears after the baby is born. Because there is no insulin to drive the sugar from the blood into the cells, the kidneys try to remove the excess glucose.


This leads to toxic levels of acids building up in the blood - a life-threatening condition known as ketoacidosis. This occurs when blood sugar levels fall dangerously low as a result of taking too much insulin, or sometimes by skipping a meal.
Over time it can also damage the small blood vessels and nerves throughout the body, including the smaller vessels at the back of the eye, which can result in blindness, and the kidneys, leading to kidney failure. I extended it to a new piece of educational content that you will be able to use for informing or teaching kids, students or patients. The most known food pyramid was introduced by the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, an organization of the U.S. Some exclude the category, others list it separately from other food groups, and yet others make it the centre or foundation.
Each portion is shaped by a freeform branch radiating from the centre and representing one of the food groups. As soon as you have this access to the white space, it’s an open door for generating more ideas and connecting more information.
If participants don’t know, you can propose to use the mind map for brainstorming for a while, generating ideas, presenting their findings, dialoguing with the rest of the group, completing the mind map.
I designed the pyramid with a set of product images (all coming from the public domain and royalty free, mainly downloaded from the openclipart.org). With projection facilities in your classroom and the presentation mode offered by the iMindMap application, you audience will benefit from a rich content with an engaging support.
From a scientific point of view, I will more and more explain the mental processes behind the mind mapping activity and how it relates specifically to pedagogy science. Do not hesitate to share some of your success stories and feedback with me and the community. Despite the known health benefits of consuming fruits and vegetables, Americans as a whole do not consume the recommended amounts each day. To learn more about the health benefits of fruits and vegetables, more ways to incorporate them into your diet, and local nutrition education programs available in Bosque County, contact your local Kate Whitney at the Extension Office at 254-435-2331.
Carbohydrates are found in mainly foods rich in starches and sugars, proteins are found mainly in meats, poultry, seafood, eggs, dairy and legumes and fats and oils are found mainly in butter, hydrogenated fats, margarine and all oils. It can also be produced by carbohydrates such as potatoes, pasta or bread when they are digested and broken down. In Type 2 diabetes, either the pancreas cells do not make enough insulin, or the body's cells do not react properly to it.
The condition is then triggered by lifestyle factors - such as obesity - and it usually appears in people over the age of 40.
The brain requires a constant supply of glucose from the blood otherwise it can't function properly. One third of strokes happen in people under sixty-five years of age.Your risk of having a stroke is increased by certain things in your lifestyle which you can change, such as stopping smoking and managing your weight.
I offer you all the resources and explanations so that you can operate in the classroom or at home in the best conditions, with the maximum of efficiency and return. As usual, I offer you all the resources and explanations so that you can operate in the classroom or at home in the best conditions, with the maximum of efficiency and return. It’s also widely used in schools under various formats (game, poster, etc) to inform and educate kids. Sub-branches provide additional information about the importance of a group, the products that belong to it and the role it plays in our daily diet. As a facilitator, your role is to guide them toward the right answers and to ensure they leave the exercise with the expected knowledge and interest.
You may present and discuss the pyramid step by step (branch by branch) without revealing the whole content at once. Finally, from a technology point of view, I always put my work in perspective with the world of software (e.g.
Another great benefit of summer is the abundance of fresh delicious, fruits and vegetables available.
Carbohydrates, proteins and fats yield calories and a person with diabetes must make sure that there is no overload of any or all of these nutrients in a day's meal. Your risk of stroke is also increased by certain things which you cannot change, such as your age and family history. It was established in 1994 to improve the nutrition and well-being of Americans, by developing and promoting dietary guidance that links scientific research to the nutrition needs of consumers. Ask the participants to drag and drop the products on the appropriate section (branch) of the pyramid (map). When you shop for frozen vegetables, choose those without sauces which can add unwanted salt, fat, and calories.
That is why with an Exchange List, any food on the list can be exchanged or traded for any other food on the same list.
It was updated in 2005 with a program called MyPyramid, and then replaced in 2011 by MyPlate. If it is not (yet) possible, I hope you will be inspired by the approach for proposing the same kind of exercise on paper.


If you have a projector and a magnetic board in your classroom, you can prepare magnets that can be placed on the projected pyramid (for your paper cut, you can download the collection of images here). Your audience will remember this moment of collaborative research, interactive content creation and creative learning with a new type of education material. If you’re grilling steaks, marinate fresh bell peppers, onion, and squash and throw them on the grill as well.
There are three main groups - the Carbohydrate group, the Meat and Meat substitute group, and the Fat group. The good news is that by making small changes to your lifestyle and by taking medications for certain conditions as directed by your doctor, you can reduce your risk of stroke.
While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience.
Life style factors – risk for stroke that you can change High blood pressure (Hypertension)High blood pressure or hypertension is the leading cause of stroke. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.
The stiffening and narrowing of arteries can result in a blockage or clot forming.  The weakening in the walls of small vessels can cause bleeds to occur.
Throughout the game, you will provide additional information about the different food groups and their role. Clots and bleeds can cause strokes.High cholesterolCholesterol is a type of fat found in your blood. This unique experience will have a higher impact on your participants thanks to the support used (both hardware and software), the visual and kinesthetic learning offered by the approach and the collaborative dimension of the activity. There are two main types of cholesterol – HDL or good cholesterol and LDL or bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol mops up the cholesterol left behind in your arteries and carries it to the liver where it is broken down. Five years after you stop smoking your risk of a stroke is similar to that of a non-smoker.Poor dietA diet high in salt increases your risk of developing high blood pressure.
Eating foods high in saturated fats (butter, hard margarine, lard, cream, fatty meat, cakes, biscuits and chocolates) can raise your cholesterol levels.
If your body does not produce enough insulin, or your body does not respond well to insulin the sugar levels in your blood rise.
Atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat)Atrial fibrillation causes an irregular heart-beat.
A blood clot can enter your bloodstream and get stuck in a blood vessel supplying your brain.
This blockage may then cause a stroke to occur.Risk factors for stroke that you cannot changeAgeAs you get older your blood vessels harden and become less elastic which puts you at increased risk of stroke and heart disease. Two thirds of strokes occur in people aged 65 years and older.GenderStroke is more common in men under 75 years of age than in women of the same age.
What is high blood pressure?        About half of Irish adults over 50 years of age have high blood pressure. Blood pressure shows the amount of work your heart has to do to pump blood around the body. One number records blood pressure at its highest point as the heart muscle squeezes out the blood from the heart. The other number records the blood pressure as the heart relaxes and allows the blood to flow back into the heart.
What is a normal level of blood pressure?The normal level of blood pressure is usually about 120 (systolic) over 80 (diastolic), but this can vary with age, how you feel and your level of activity. If your blood pressure is higher than 135 over 85, you should discuss this with your doctor.
Your doctor will usually want to check your blood pressure several times, before deciding whether or not you have high blood pressure.What causes high blood pressure?A number of factors combine to cause high blood pressure. These include age, family history, eating too much salt, not eating enough fruit and vegetables, drinking too much alcohol, being overweight and not taking enough physical activity.  Your blood pressure can be measured by your doctor.
Medication If you have been prescribed medication for high blood pressure, you will usually have to take it for your whole life. Medication that lowers blood pressure prevents early ageing of the blood vessels and heart and reduces your risk of stroke.Manage or reduce cholesterolYour cholesterol can be measured by your doctor. If you need to change any aspects of your cholesterol, your doctor will advise you on changes in lifestyle and may recommend medication.
Stop smokingStopping smoking will almost halve your chances of having a stroke regardless of how long you have been a smoker, or how old you are. Within 24 hours of stopping smoking, your risk of having a stroke begins to fall.Read the Irish Heart Foundation's Stop smoking for a healthy and happy heart leaflet. Using the Food Pyramid can help make sure you get all the vitamins, minerals, fibre and goodness you need.



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Comments

  1. RAFO

    And MenApril 18, 2012 By Trudy Banks.

    11.11.2015

  2. qedesh

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    11.11.2015