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Diabetes affects over 29 million people in the United States, and 1 in 4 of those affected are unaware that they have diabetes.[1] Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in younger people and occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin. Type 1 DiabetesType 2 DiabetesDefinition Beta cells in pancreas are being attacked by body's own cells and therefore can't produce insulin to take sugar out of the blood stream. Diet related insulin release is so large and frequent that receptor cells have become less sensitive to the insulin. Until recently, the only type of diabetes that was common in children was Type 1 diabetes, most children who have Type 2 diabetes have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, and are not very physically active. When the body doesn't produce or process enough insulin, it causes an excess of blood glucose (sugar). The most common diabetes, type 2, is known as adult-onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes.
Because people with type 1 diabetes can’t produce enough or any insulin, they are required to take insulin every day.
The pancreas produces and secretes insulin, a hormone that helps the body turn food into energy. With low levels of insulin, the blood glucose (sugar) level rises or declines beyond normal range; fluctuating levels are especially common in type 2 diabetes. People are more likely to get diabetes if they smoke, have high blood pressure or cholesterol, or, in women, if they had gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and extreme tiredness. Type 1 diabetics are required to take regular insulin injections to move sugar from the bloodstream. Type 2 diabetics can use diet, weight management, expercise, and—in many cases—medication as the treatment. There is some scientific evidence that Type 2 diabetes can be reversed with a strict dietary regimen.
A study published in May 2014 found that from 2001 to 2009, prevalence of type 1 diabetes increased 21%, and type 2 diabetes increased 30% among children and adolescents in the U.S. One month later, in June 2014, the CDC released the latest statistics on diabetes and pre-diabetes. Without weight loss and physical activity, 15 to 30% of those with pre-diabetes will develop diabetes within 5 years. Being overweight and leading a sedentary lifestyle are the biggest risk factors for diabetes.
People with diabetes are more prone to developing eye-related conditions and have a higher risk of developing blindness.
Glaucoma involves pressure build-up in the eye, which typically causes slow drainage in the aqueous humor — a protective, fluid-filled anterior chamber through which light enters from the cornea. Depending on the severity of cataracts, it may only be necessary to wear glasses with lenses that reduce glare. Probably the most common eye condition linked to diabetes is retinopathy, which concerns all eye disorders associated with the retina — the part of the eye that records and transmits images to the brain.


Symptoms associated with diabetic retinopathy may include pressure in the eyes, difficulty with peripheral vision, double vision, blurring, dark spots and light flashes.
Retinopathy risk factors include genetics, blood pressure and blood sugar issues and length of time living with diabetes. Join us on Facebook, Twitter & Instagram to keep up on our weekly contact deals, exam specials, and other news and updates. Please download the latest version of the Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, or Windows Internet Explorer browser.
When the body's level of glucose is too high, that becomes the chronic condition known as diabetes.
This is called type 1 diabetes, which usually develops in children and teens; however, type 1 can develop at any time in a person's life.
This is called type 2 diabetes, and it is the most common form of diabetes, mainly affecting overweight adults over the age of 40 who have a family history of type 2 diabetes. Insulin also helps store nutrients as excess energy that the body can make use of at a later time.
The disease is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can technically strike at any age. Higher-risk ethnic groups include African Americans, Latinos and Hispanics, Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, Asians, and those with Pacific Islander American heritage.
A free diabetes risk test is provided by Diabetes.org and only takes a few minutes to complete.
Occasionally, especially later in life, a person with type 2 may be placed on insulin to better control blood sugar.
Specifically, this "Newcastle diet" recommends reducing calorific intake to 800 calories for 8 weeks. They are also at increased risk for serious health problems like blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, and loss of toes, feet, or legs. Adults who lose weight and engage in even moderate physical activity can significantly increase their chances of preventing or delaying the onset of diabetes. The slow drainage compromises blood vessels in the retina and optic nerve, causing damage to both and eventually, loss of vision. However, cataracts can advance to a debilitating loss of vision, which often requires surgical removal of the lens.
Non-proliferative retinopathy causes mild, moderate or severe blood vessel blockage in the back of the eye. Proliferative retinopathy is usually the result of severely progressed blood vessel damage, to such a degree that the vessels close off, causing the formation of weaker blood vessels and leading to hemorrhaging, scar tissue, and ultimately, vision loss and detached retina. However, because of the propensity, diabetic patients should schedule regular eye exams to safeguard vision and health of the eyes.
Glucose comes from foods such as breads, cereals, pasta, rice, potatoes, fruits, and some vegetables. These cells are called beta cells, and they make insulin, a hormone that prompts cells to absorb glucose.


In type 2 diabetes, insulin production is too low or the cells have become resistant to the hormone, essentially ignoring it. While some type 2 diabetics manage to avoid needing insulin for decades or even their whole lifetime, type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease, meaning it worsens over time in most individuals.
When a person eats, insulin releases blood glucose to the body's cells, where it becomes an energy source for making proteins, sugars, and fat.
Scientists do not know yet exactly what causes type 1 diabetes but suspect the disease involves a combination of genetic, environmental, and autoimmune factors.
Symptoms include unexpected weight loss, blurred vision, feeling tired or sick more frequently, more frequent urination (especially at night).
Researchers who studied this diet found that Type 2 diabetes is caused by fat clogging up the pancreas, preventing it from producing sufficient insulin to control blood sugar level. It’s also very important for people with type 1 and 2 to keep in close contact with a diabetes specialist (endocrinologist).
Over time, high blood sugar levels can be harmful to the eyes, due to an increase in pressure and resulting damage to the blood vessels. Macular edema is the most serious type of non-proliferative retinopathy and can cause blurred vision and vision loss if left untreated. Once the condition has progressed to the point of retinal detachment, proliferative retinopathy can be extremely difficult to treat.
To manage diabetic retinopathy, an annual eye exam is necessary to monitor and prevent the progression of the disease.
This means that insulin levels can be low, high, or normal, and may even fluctuate if a diabetic is not careful with treatment.
Because of this, type 2 diabetics may require insulin and other medications later in life or if they do not carefully manage their diets and exercise.
Between meals, insulin regulates the body's use of these stored proteins, sugars, and fats. These specialists work with other professionals (diabetes nurse educators, dietitian educators, etc.) to give patients the best care possible.
Learn more about eye problems linked to diabetes and find out what you can do to prevent or manage these related conditions.
In other cases, the process of lens removal can trigger retinopathy, which can also lead to glaucoma.
The daily 800-calorie diet comprises either three 200g liquid food supplements of soups and shakes, and 200g of non-starchy vegetables or the tastier 800g equivalent of calorie-shy meals you measure out yourself, plus 2-3 liters of water.
After the 8 weeks of "starvation", calorific intake can be increased but only to a maximum of two-thirds of the pre-diagnosis level. Insulin resistance causes an over-release of fatty acids, a negative condition frequently seen in obesity-related diabetes.



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