Type 1 diabetes symptoms and treatment,type 2 diabetes map of medicine tekst,virus that cause diabetes type 1,how to treat lithium induced diabetes insipidus jelent?se - Easy Way

Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels, disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism resulting from either insulin secretion and or insulin action. The International Diabetes Federation predicts that there will be 334 million diabetics by 2025.
The classical symptoms of diabetes mellitus are Polydypsia, Polyphagia, Polyuria and unexplained weight loss. By increased frequency of urination (Polyuria) the body tries to remove the dangerously elevated levels of glucose in the blood and excretes it through urine, hence diabetes mellitus commonly was referred to as sweet urine disease in the earlier times.
Increased appetite (Polyphagia) in a diabetic is a result of the body cells inability to take up nutrients and glucose (due to inefficient insulin secretion and or insulin action) and also because the unused glucose comes out of body through urine.
As the body needs energy and is unable to use glucose (due to inefficient insulin secretion and or insulin action), it converts fat into free fatty acids for energy leading to weight loss despite a normal appetite.
Due to the high blood glucose levels, some of it is taken up by lens leading to a distorted blurred vision. Recurrent skin infections is often seen in diabetics as the glucose provide a rich environment for the micro organisms to grow.
The feeling of fatigue is a common symptom as the cells are unable to use glucose to produce energy. Breath that smells sweet and like nail polish remover needs immediate medical attention as it is probably due to diabetes ketoacidosis which is a deadly complication.
This may be accompanied by feelings of nausea, weakness, rapid heartbeats, abdominal pain and deep and rapid breaths. In hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) the diabetic experiences weakness, fainting spells, rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, trembling, irritability, hunger or suddenly drowsiness. People with Type – I diabetes mellitus develop symptoms over a short period of time whereas type – II diabetes mellitus symptoms are often not as noticeable as in Type – I. Another form is the Gestational diabetes mellitus which occurs only in pregnancy and disappears after the birth of the child. Although the exact trigger of clogged arteries is unknown, contributing factors include increasing age, high cholesterol, high triglycerides (a type of fat, or lipid, in your blood), high blood pressure, obesity, excessive smoking, diabetes, inflammatory disease, and a family history of hardening of the arteries.Plaque buildup in the arteries is slow and progressive. However, shortness of breath can also be due to heavy workouts, lack of oxygen in high-altitude areas, anemia, respiratory infection or disease, chronic bronchitis, and allergies.3.
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Insulin is made by the islet cells located in the pancreas, and is responsible for regulating the blood sugar levels.

In Type-I either the body have stopped making insulin or the amount of insulin produced is less whereas in Type –II there may be decreased or nil insulin levels and or the insulin levels may be normal but it is not being utilized by the body (Insulin resistance). Symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and are related to elevated blood glucose levels.
Excessive thirst(Polydypsia)is due to dehydration resulting from excessive urination and sweating. This is a temporary change and the vision improves as the blood sugar level returns to normal.
Slowly healing ulcers, sores, wounds cuts are due to decreased immunity and blood circulation to the wound.
Diabetics are usually irritable and or depressed due to decreased glucose supply and nutrition to the brain. One should be given a carbohydrate snack or a glucose drink quickly to avoid more serious complications.
Clogged arteries result from the build up of plaque along the arterial walls.Plaque can buildup in coronary, carotid, peripheral and renal arteries.
Erectile DysfunctionErectile dysfunction (ED), the most common male sexual problem that affects up to 30 million men in the United States, can also be a sign of clogged arteries and heart problems.According to a 2011 article published in the Circulation journal, ED is common sign of atherosclerosis or hardening of arteries. It is mostly prevalent in young children and teens, who must take multiple insulin injections daily to replace the insulin the body is not making.when glucose levels rise (hyperglycemia) the pancreas responds by releasing the hormone insulin to convert the excess glucose into energy for the cells to use as fuel. It is made up of fat, cholesterol, and other substances in the blood that ultimately harden and narrow your arteries.
Angina (Chest Pain)Angina, or chest pain, caused by reduced blood flow to the heart is a possible sign of clogged arteries due to plaque buildup.This type of chest pain leads to a feeling of tightness, heaviness and pressure behind the breastbone.
Request if you also suggest if a person suffers from above, what should be next step and what all test should be done.
In Type 1 diabetes there is no insulin production, thus depriving the cells of the fuel they need for proper functioning. It is usually triggered by physical or emotional stress and tends to get worse with physical activity and go away when you rest.Chest pain doesn’t always indicate clogged arteries. Male Pattern BaldnessSevere baldness at the crown of a man’s head may also indicate the presence of clogged arteries.

If blood sugar levels are not brought under control, complications can occur and cause damage to the major organs of the body.
At times, it can be due to a muscle spasm, stomach ulcer, upper respiratory infection, bladder disease or indigestion.2. Along with hair loss on the scalp, you may notice hair loss on your legs.A 2000 study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine highlighted the link between male pattern baldness and coronary heart disease (CHD), especially among men with hypertension or high cholesterol levels. Due to plaque in the arteries, the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs, leading to shortness of breath or extreme fatigue with exertion.In a 2005 study done at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, researchers found that patients with shortness of breath have a higher risk of dying from cardiac disease than patients without symptoms, and even than patients with typical cardiac pain. Specifically, an angled crease that runs obliquely from the ear canal to the lower edge of the earlobe is linked with coronary artery disease.
An ear crease can be a sign of poor circulation due to clogged arteries in the heart.A 1989 study published in the British Heart Journal pointed out the link between diagonal earlobe creases and fatal cardiovascular disease.
This is due to damage of the vagus nerve, which is responsible for moving food through the digestive tract.Persons who have been diagnosed with diabetes require specialized care to to stay in the most optimal health. It is important to monitor daily blood glucose levels to keep them within normal limits to prevent the many complications that can occur. There is extra work involved as diabetics must do for their bodies what their bodies can't do.
When the body ceases to make insulin, or the insulin being produced is not being used effectively, one must take over that job by closely monitoring their glucose levels and administering to the body the insulin that is lacking. Be mindful of your salt intake as too much sodium in the diet can raise the blood pressure.
Consistently high blood pressure causes damage to the major organs of the body leading to added complications of diabetes.Make regular visits with your health care provider to catch any potential problems in their early stages when they are most easily treated.

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