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Diabetes, described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Normally, the pancreas produces the right amount of insulin to accommodate the quantity of sugar.
The cause of Type I diabetes is genetically based, coupled with an abnormal immune response. Frequent urination, increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, extreme fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, nausea and vomiting. Any Type I symptom, plus: unexplained weight gain, pain, cramping, tingling or numbness in your feet, unusual drowsiness, frequent vaginal or skin infections, dry, itchy skin and slow healing sores. Copyright © 2014 Special Gift, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners. Diabetes is a medical condition which currently affects more than 200 million people in the world including children, young adults, grown ups as well as older people. Diabetes is basically a condition where the levels of glucose in your blood stream become too high as the body is unable to break it down properly. To break down the glucose in your system, the body needs the help of a hormone known as Insulin that is produced by the pancreas and allows glucose to be used by the body cells. Type 1 diabetes also known as Insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes is a condition where the body doesn’t produce insulin which is an essential hormone required by the body to convert glucose into energy. Once the insulin producing cells known as islet cells are destroyed, the body either produces insufficient insulin or stops producing insulin completely.  Now since insulin helps glucose reach the various body cells to provide energy to the muscles and tissues, sugar builds up in the bloodstream because of the lack of insulin causing life-threatening complications.
Other known causes apart from genetic behavior include viral infections that act as catalyst to trigger Type 1 diabetes in susceptible individuals. There have also been cases of patients diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes having no family history of the disease. Fortunately, many of the life threatening complications associated with Type 1 diabetes can be successfully prevented or delayed by keeping blood sugars under good control. People from South Asian communities are known to be up to 6 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes than the general population.
South Asians without diabetes are also 3 times more likely to develop cardiovascular disease, but combined with type 2 diabetes, this risk rises even further, particularly for adults with type 2 diabetes aged 20 to 60. Furthermore, the survival rates in these young patients are also significantly lower compared to the caucasian population. A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia).
Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight.
Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Men whose testosterone levels are low have been found to have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet.
Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard University found that women whose diets before becoming pregnant were high in animal fat and cholesterol had a higher risk for gestational diabetes, compared to their counterparts whose diets were low in cholesterol and animal fats.
As the concentration of blood sugar increases, the brain triggers a thirst signal in an effort to get you to drink water and dilute the excess sugar in the blood. In an all out effort to control the sugar level, your Pancreases will increase the production of insulin. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry.


However, if the person has diabetes, either the pancreas produces little or no insulin or the cells do not respond normally to the insulin. Medical experts believe that Type II diabetes has a genetic component, but that other factors also put people at risk for the disease. It is a lot easier to pretend nothing is wrong than it is to take the steps required to stay healthy. While Type 1 diabetes is mostly diagnosed in children and teens, it is not uncommon for adults to be diagnosed later in life. According to recent medical research epidemics of Coxsackie virus, as well as mumps and congenital rubella, have been associated with incidence of type 1 diabetes.
Scientists are also associated various environmental factors including enteroviral infections as one of the possible causes of Type 1 diabetes in patients across the globe.
It may not display this or other websites correctly.You should upgrade or use an alternative browser. In addition, South Asians tend to have poorer diabetes management, putting them at higher risk of serious health complications.
After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop. This is because the body either does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, orearly-onset diabetes.
They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease - it gradually gets worse - and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk.
Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise our risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, researchers from Imperial College London reported in the journal Diabetologia.
Experts are not completely sure why, but say that as we age we tend to put on weight and become less physically active. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, say that low testosterone levels are linked to insulin resistance.
Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose. Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood-glucose-controlling medications. Here’s what happens; normally your body metabolizes glucose and converts it to energy which in turn powers up your activity. If you were drinking an average three glasses of water a day and now instead you have been drinking 5 or more glasses than you should seriously consider a blood glucose test. Insulin however, apart from breaking down glucose in the blood also triggers sensation of hunger. Sugar builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine and then passes from the body unused.
Many people with Type II do not discover they have diabetes until they are treated for a complication such as heart disease, blood vessel disease, stroke, blindness, skin ulcers, kidney problems, nerve trouble or impotence. But family members can play an important role in helping their loved one with diabetes, take the steps they need to control their diabetes. 26, 2011) show that as much as 25.8 million children and adults in the United States alone suffer from diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes that affects about 3 million people in the United States alone need to take insulin injections each day to make up for the loss of insulin being produces by the body. That is because, in diabetes type 1, the immune systems destroy insulin-producing cells located in the pancreas.


However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present - insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose.
People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
The scientists believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks on diabetes risk may be a direct one, rather than simply an influence on body weight. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. Becoming physically active on a regular basis is one of the most important lifestyle changes that an individual with diabetes can make for control of the condition as well as long-term health.
There are many examples of people suffering from diabetes have managed to achieve their goals without being hampered by the disease in any way whatsoever by cleverly making some positive changes in their life. Insulin-producing cells in question are beta cells.In normal conditions, the immune system will attack and fortify the body from bacteria and viral substances or who infiltrate into the body. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood - it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies. This alternate method however is not efficient and the body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue. However, in diabetes type 1, with no definite reason, the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys the beta cells and causes inhibition of the production of the hormone insulin.Diabetes type 1 occurs when the body lacks insulin, so the glucose (blood sugar) rises above normal. So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements. Insulin serves to absorb nutrients and sugars in the blood, and then circulate it to the various cells of the body to be used as an energy source.People with diabetes type 1 produce insulin only in very few or even none at all. As a result, increasing blood glucose (hyperglycemia) and the body’s cells do not get enough energy intake. High levels of sugar in the blood will increase the frequency of urination in response to lowering blood sugar. When blood sugar is out with urine, the body will lose a lot of water, causing dehydration.Losing weight. Glucose is wasted with urine also contains many nutrients and calories needed the human body. Therefore, people with diabetes type 1 will also lose weight drastically.Damage to the body. The risk of developing diabetes type 1 be inherited through genetics.Also, several other supporting factors in the environment can lead to the development of this type of diabetes. This condition will cause minor scratches on the feet quickly turn into a serious injury and infection. In severe cases, foot infection must be amputated in order to wound not continue to spread.Retinal damage. Keeping glucose levels remain normal will reduces the risk of damage to the retina.Kidney damage. This risk will continue to increase over time, especially after suffering from diabetes for 15-25 years. These complications can lead more serious conditions such as kidney failure or heart attack. Share on: Twitter Facebook Google +Posts Related to Type 1 Diabetes Causes Symptoms Treatment4 Differences Between Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2Most people do not understand what the difference between diabetes type 1 and type 2. Most people think that diabetes is just one disease that occurs due to high sugar levels in the blood.
This condition (prediabetes) almost always comes before a person has type 2 diabetes that more severe.



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