Treatment of cranial diabetes insipidus treatment,how many grams of sugar type 2 diabetes yahoo,how prevent diabetes type 2 x9 - 2016 Feature


Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which your ability to control the balance of water within your body is not working properly. The treatment and cure of Diabetes Insipidus is aimed at reducing the amount of urine produced by the body. The preliminary stages of cranial diabetes insipidus do not require any clinical interventions and can be treated by including adequate intake of water throughout the day. The symptoms of cranial diabetes insipidus in this stage can be alleviated by drinking enough quantities of water to keep the body hydrated.
If the stage of cranial diabetes insipidus is more severe, then simply increasing the water intake will not be enough. Desmopressin contains ADH, and when taken orally, proves to be stronger in nature than the antidiuretic hormone produced in the body. It functions just like the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) produced in the body and stops the kidney from producing excessive urine. If the patient is using desmopressin nasal spray, then the same should be should be used 2-3 day for best results. Desmopressin tablets are usually considered to be less effective than the nasal spray as they take longer to get absorbed in the blood stream. In the event of excessive intake of liquids and hydrating agents along with Desmopressin, the patient may complain of dizziness, a feeling of being bloated, headaches and hyponatraemia, which results in dangerously low levels of sodium in the body.
This type of medication is usually administered to increase the quantity of urination and so may seem to be counterproductive in the treatment of cranial diabetes insipidus.
However, their useful side effect, which helps in making the urine more concentrated, helps in the eviction of high levels of waster products from the body.
There are very side effects of Thiazide diuretics, but few patients may suffer from dizziness while standing, indigestion, enhanced sensitivity of the skin and erectile dysfunction in men. The use of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) along with Thiazide diuretics results in further decrease in the volume and frequency of urination and is prescribed in the case of severe cases of cranial diabetes insipidus. In certain cases nephrogenic diabetes insipidus may be caused by the intake of medicines which contain tetracycline or lithium. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is caused due to the failure of the kidneys to respond to the presence of ADH in the body. In the event of mild nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, doctors may advise a change in the dietary intake to include lower quantities of sodium or salt. In the case of patients who are diagnosed for severe nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the doctors usually prescribe a combination of NSAID drugs and thiazide diuretics, to treat the symptoms and causes of the disease.
Patients suffering from the signs and symptoms of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus or cranial diabetes insipidus should consult the doctor at the earliest to prevent the condition from worsening and for encouraging timely diagnosis and treatment of the conditions.
Your kidneys are not able to retain water and this causes you to pass large amounts of urine.


The two types of Diabetes Insipidus-cranial diabetes insipidus and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, are treated in different ways and the measures taken to cure the same are dependent on the signs and symptoms shown by the progressive stages of the disease.
Patients suffering from the milder form of cranial diabetes insipidus produce around 3-4 liters of urine across the day. A visit to the endocrinologist or a general physician would bring forth a recommendation of minimum 2.5 liters of water intake over 24 hours.
Patients suffering from the signs and symptoms of advanced stages of cranial diabetes insipidus present a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
If the patient is suffering from cold or blocked nasal passage, then he may be advised the intake of tablets by the doctor. If the patient is advised oral intake of Desmopressin, then he should take it more than 2 times every day or as prescribed by the medical expert. If the patient ha prolonged periods of headaches, nausea or unexplained gain in weight then the medication should be stopped and a doctor should be consulted immediately. As the urine gets more concentrated, its frequency decreases and results in lesser dehydration in the patient.
If these side effects remain for a long period of time, then the medicine should be discontinued temporarily. Under these circumstances the general physician or endocrinologist usually discontinues the medication and suggests other milder medicines which alleviate the signs and symptoms of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. As a result Desmopressin cannot be administered to patients suffering from the signs and symptoms of this condition. Avoiding or cutting down on processed food and those rich in proteins , such as nuts, eggs and meat, goes long way in alleviating the signs of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in its preliminary stages.
The patient should take plenty of water and other hydrating agents and should cut back on his intake of sodium and salt in the diet.
The signs and symptoms of diabetes insipidus can be extremely discomforting and should be treated at the earliest. Desmopressin can be taken orally in the form of a tablet or through a nasal spraying system.
As long term usage of these medicines may lead to the development of the symptoms of stomach ulcers, additional medicines such as proton pump inhibitor (PPI) are prescribed along with NSAIDs to counter their long term effects and complications.
However, they have to continue drinking lots of water and other liquids to prevent dehydration.
Green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits and other natural ingredients which serve to improve the water balance in the body are very helpful in treating the causes of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
Also, water levels in your body help to control the levels of some important salts, particularly sodium and potassium. It is then transported to another part of your brain, the pituitary gland, from where it is released into your bloodstream.


It causes your kidneys to pass out less water in your urine (your urine becomes more concentrated). However, sometimes it can occur with other problems because the production of other hormones that are released by the pituitary gland is also affected. Cranial diabetes insipidus is sometimes called central diabetes insipidus or neurogenic diabetes insipidus. In nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, ADH is still being released by your brain but your kidneys become resistent to the effects of ADH.
This means that ADH is not able to work properly to allow your kidneys to concentrate your urine. Again, this means that you will develop polyuria (where you pass large amounts of diluted urine) and polydipsia (where you are excessively thirsty and so drink more). Older children may have problems with bedwetting at night-time and also incontinence of urine during the daytime. The volume of urine that you produce will be measured to see if there is any change in the amount. If your body is working normally, the amount of urine that you produce should reduce if you have not drunk anything for a long time.
However, if you have diabetes insipidus, there will be little change in your urine production.
For example, if you are found to have a tumour affecting your hypothalamus or pituitary gland. The aim is that the medicine should replace the ADH that your body is lacking and so will help to control the amount of urine that you pass.
If you have mild nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, your doctor may suggest that you drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. They may also suggest some changes to your diet to help reduce the amount of urine that you produce.
For example, eating fewer salty and processed foods and fewer foods that contain protein (such as meat, fish and eggs). You also need to take care in hot weather because you will sweat more and so may become dehydrated more easily. This is so that healthcare professionals know about your condition, even if you have an accident or are unwell and become unconscious and so are not able to tell them yourself.



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