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The major advantage of carb counting is that it gives flexibility to eat a meal or snack when ever you wish and gives a freedom to choose any food you like.
The carbohydrate content of a meal is quantitatively a determining factor of the mealtime insulin doses. Initially carbohydrate counting and insulin dose calculation may sound like a difficult task. The good news is that the technology for the management of type 1 diabetes is moving fast and is making living with type 1 diabetes a lot easier. At ACE diets we can help you to learn the differences between carbohydrate counting and general diabetes control. Following a diet designed to keep blood sugar from rising after meals helped diabetic people keep their disease under control.
People with type 2 diabetes who ate what is known as a low-glycemic-index diet for six months had greater blood sugar control and fewer heart disease risk factors than those who followed another eating plan. Both diets were high in fiber and low in saturated fat, and both derived about 40% of their calories from carbohydrates. But the low-glycemic-index diet emphasized carbohydrates that had less impact on blood sugar levels, such as beans, pasta, nuts, and certain whole grains. The basic premise behind the low-glycemic-index diet is that all carbs are not created equal.
Specifically, the glycemic index measures how much a 50-gram portion of a carbohydrate raises blood sugar levels compared to pure glucose, which has a glycemic index score of 100. Typically, foods that score higher than 70 are considered high-glycemic-index (GI) foods; those that score 55 and under are considered low-GI foods.
Many highly refined foods, including white bread, corn flakes, and instant potatoes have high GI scores; unprocessed, high-fiber foods tend to have lower GI scores.
Foods such as carrots and potatoes can either be high-GI or low-GI foods, depending on several factors, including how long they are stored and how they are cooked or processed. Research suggests that the GI response to a given food also varies from person to person and can even vary within the same person from day to day.
You can eat low GI foods to control blood sugar levels, and still not losing weight, because low GI does not mean low in calories. Is It a Common Sore Throat or Strep?We all know that raw, scratchy feeling in the back of the throat. Arnold-Chiari Malformation is a pathological condition in which some tissues of brain tend to extend into the spinal canal. Causes of Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I: This form of malformation occurs when the section of the brain which contains the cerebellum is misshapen or deformed thus pressurizing the brain. Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type II: This is most commonly caused due to a medical condition called as myelomeningocele. Now the question is what happens when the cerebellum is pushed into the top part of the spinal canal. Some studies point to a genetic link to development of Arnold-Chiari Malformation even though this is still a matter of ongoing research and investigations. As stated, Arnold-Chiari Malformation is classified into two main types and the symptoms caused by them are mentioned below. Symptoms of Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I: In this type the child may not experience any symptoms until late childhood or early adolescence and this malformation is usually an incidental finding on imaging studies conducted to rule out some other disorder. Symptoms of Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type II: As stated, this type of malformation usually occurs with a medical condition called as myelomeningocele. To begin with the treating physician will take a detailed history of the patient as to when the symptoms started and how severe the symptoms are. The treatment options for treating Arnold-Chiari Malformation are dependent on the type of the malformation and the severity of it. Teeth braces or “tooth clips” as they are more commonly called in India, is a routine treatment for a condition known in dentistry as “malocclusion. If your lower and upper jaws do not meet properly when you close your mouth, it’s called a “bad bite.” Such tooth and jaw alignment problems could occur due to injuries, thumb-sucking in childhood or simply malformation at birth. Bhalla dental clinic India advises that you take kids to the dentist by age 8 if you observe uneven teeth or bad bite.
Modern orthodontic treatments offer a variety of options including both visible and invisible dental braces. Traditional metal braces involve brackets bonded to each tooth, connected in a series by arch wire, and tightened by ligature elastic. Dr Bhalla, a Dental Surgeon since 1983 and a Panel Dental Surgeon at Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) and ONGC Ahmedabad, having a world class hospital with best dental practice.
A 99-Year-Old Patient Dadi Janki Set Ever Happy with Successful Dental Implants by Dr Bhalla. Muscle cramps can be categorized into four major types as per the causes and muscle groups affected. In dystonic cramps, muscles that are not needed for the intended movement are stimulated to contract. Aside from these muscle cramps, some other types of muscle cramps are also in existence due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, radiculopathy, diabetic neuropathy and primarily dystonic muscle diseases. Hyper-excitably in the nerves stimulates the muscles and then resulted in to muscle cramps.
Potassium is the major electrolyte which is present inside all body cells, including muscle and nerve cells.
Potassium deficiency can occur with conditions such as fasting, diarrhea, and regular diuretic use. Mainly an insufficient concentration of magnesium in the blood directly increases the excitability of both the nerve endings and the muscles they stimulate. When injury occurs in the body, persistent muscle spasm may take place as a protective mechanism.
During rest, cramps are also very common and can be practiced at any age including childhood.
Excessive fluid loss can take place from perspiration by sports and other vigorous activities. In case of a calf muscle cramp, one should stand 2 or 2.5 feet from the wall, lean towards the wall, place the forearms against the wall, keep knees and back straight and heels in contact with the floor or pull the toes upwards towards the head, while lying in bed and keeping the leg straight as possible.
For people with Type 1 Diabetes, blood glucose control is best achieved by matching rapid acting insulin dose directly to the amount of carbohydrate consumed; this method is called Carbohydrate Counting.
Find your individual “correction factor” – extra units of insulin to correct a high blood glucose level that is above your personal targets.
However, you will gradually become more familiar with the process and it will eventually become second nature. If you are using insulin pump therapy, you are probably already using the bolus calculators built into most pumps.


The randomized and non-randomized studies have shown the efficiency of Insulin Pump Therapy across all age groups. We are experts in advising people with multiple daily injection therapy (MDI) as well as those on insulin pump therapy (CSII). The same is true with potatoes and the riper the fruit or vegetable, the higher the GI score. Eating only low GI will also not help you to reverse Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. By taking the Manna Blood Sugar Support supplement with each meal, you can lower the GI of the food you ate by up to 43%, meaning that you can stay satisfied for longer due to stable blood sugar levels.
It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. This usually happens if the skull is extremely small and out of shape pressurizing the brain to move in a downward direction.
When this happens, it tends to interfere with the flow of the CSF or cerebrospinal fluid which protects the brain and the spinal cord. A physical examination will also be conducted to look for certain reproducible neurological symptoms. In case if the malformation produces no symptoms at all then the physician may just plain observation of the condition with serial MRIs looking for any changes in the malformation and no specific treatment is rendered. Flaws in jaw structure, protruding teeth, cross bites and other problems become apparent in children from the age of 6 onwards.
For adults, he recommends braces or other orthodontic treatment to straighten out irregular jaws or to produce a nice smile. They include titanium, stainless steel alloys, bonded lingual, gold plated, ceramic and clear dental braces.
Muscles of arms and legs can voluntarily be controlled and they contract and relax as the person moves the limbs. Though, they are very common in adults and increase with age, they can also be experienced by children. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is energy chemical in the cell that prevents muscle fiber relaxation.
Dystonic cramps affects muscles that work in the opposite direction of the intended movement or those that exaggerate the movement. Purging causes the depletion of potassium level in the body and the potassium deficiency symptoms like spasms and muscle cramps are produced. In the generation of electrical impulses in the nerves and the muscles, potassium works in close relationship with sodium and chloride.
Magnesium deficiency can take place because of low supply or through an intensive excretion of magnesium, such as sweating, which results in a more spontaneous responsiveness of the nerves that are responsible for the contractions of the muscle, especially within calf and thigh muscles. If you are on  MDI therapy there are now several blood glucose meters available with a built in mealtime (bolus) insulin calculator for calculating suggested insulin doses which means that it eliminates the need for you to make any mathematical calculations when estimating your mealtime insulin dose. However, to make most of the technology, you also need to know about carbohydrates, how to monitor your blood glucose regularly, how to re-address insulin to carb ratios and about correction factors, how to re-address the adequacy of your background basal rate and use correct strategies for high and low blood glucose.
But sometimes the culprit is strep, a bacterial infection that can be dangerous if untreated. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Arnold-Chiari Malformation is quite rare but with advancement of medical science and the technology available these days this disease is diagnosed more frequently and easily.
This impaired flow of CSF causes signals transmitted from the brain to other parts of the body to get blocked or accumulation of CSF into the brain or the spinal cord resulting in symptoms.
If Arnold-Chiari Malformation is suspected then imaging studies will be ordered to include MRI scan of the brain and spinal cord which will give three dimensional images of the brain and spinal cord and clearly show a misshapen skull and the cerebellum going into the spinal canal. Pain medications may be given for symptoms of frequent headaches and other pains which may be experienced by the patient.
This could be either because they are crowded or crooked or prominent or because your jaw is not in perfect alignment. It’s just that cosmetic or structural dental defects can easily be corrected in growing children. Failing to correct crooked teeth or misaligned jaws can result in tooth decay due to food stuck in gaps between teeth, periodontal gum disease, speech impediment and chewing problems. Springs or O-rings are sometimes used to concentrate force on specific areas or in a particular direction. Ceramic are the type of clear dental braces that usually match to our teeth color or come in clear brackets to fix to the teeth. The dentist may decide to adjust braces about once month to loosen, tighten or shift them according to alignment requirements.
Generally, the term tetany is applied to muscle cramps because of conditions like low blood level of calcium and magnesium.
Sometimes small groups of muscles like eyelids, neck, jaws, and larynx are usually affected by such cramps.
The pain related with muscle cramps are caused by poor circulation to the legs that worsens with walking. Muscle weakness, fatigue, depression and irritability are the other symptoms of the potassium deficiency. Fresh vegetables, potatoes, certain fruits (melon, bananas, berries, and citrus fruit), milk, meat, and fish are good sources of potassium. Similarly, muscle fatigue from sitting or lying for an extended period in an awkward position, or any repetitive use can cause cramps.
While not life-threatening, night cramps can be painful, disturbing of sleep, and they can recur repeatedly. In warm weather, these cramps are more likely to be happen and can be an early sign of heat stroke. For example, 1 unit of rapid acting insulin may be appropriate for every 10g of carbohydrate in a meal. Once you have worked out and programmed the information into the meter along with your insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio and correction factors, the rest is then calculated by the meter. Using fasting tests help you learn about your individual background insulin requirements over 24-hour period and allow programming of your pump to your individual needs. Only your doctor can make a firm diagnosis, but there are warning signs that you might have strep and not an average sore throat.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. Once Arnold-Chiari Malformation is confirmed, repeated MRIs may be taken so as to check the status of the condition. These days “orthodontics,” the branch of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw reshaping, is sufficiently advanced to treat teeth displacement and jaw irregularities at any age, given moderate bone health.


After braces are removed, the patient may need to wear “retainers” for a short period to hold teeth in their new positions! Blood vessel wall, intestinal tract and urine passages are made up of involuntary muscles and they are also susceptible to cramps. Dystonic cramps may affect the hands and arms during the performance of repetitive activities such as those associated with handwriting (writer’s cramp), typing, playing certain musical instruments, and many others. Muscle cramps can also be caused due to deficiencies of certain vitamins, including thiamine (B1), pantothenic acid (B5), and pyridoxine (B6). Both potassium and magnesium deficiencies have an effect on one another and are closely connected.
During performing vigorous or strenuous physical activities, older adults are more at risk for these types of cramps.
This ratio is individualized from patient to patient, and it may even vary for the same patient at different times of the day. It is also important to make full use of the extra features available on your pump, such as temporary basal rates and multi wave and square wave boluses.
Look for Unusual SpotsMom had the right idea when she told you to say "Ahhh." A peek down the hatch can give clues to what’s causing the pain.
Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type I develops when the child is growing and the child may not experience any symptoms until late childhood or early adolescence. The procedure that is done is to relieve the pressure that is put on the brain and the spinal cord due to the malformation and thus stop progression of the disease and relieve the symptoms.
Thus, a muscle cramp can be described as an involuntarily and forcibly contracted muscle which does not relax. Arnold-Chiari Malformation Type II which is the more common form of Arnold-Chiari Malformation is congenital and is present at the time of the birth of the child. Once the procedure is completed successfully then the pressure on the brain and spinal cord is significantly reduced and there is relief from the lot of the symptoms.
Muscle cramp may be associated to part of a muscle, the entire muscle or a group of muscles.
Patients will also have to take into account pre-meal blood glucose level and give a correction dose if blood glucose is above the target range. Treating Arnold-Chiari Malformation depends on the severity of the malformation and the type of malformation with observation, medications and surgery being the preferred choice of treatment. The most common surgical procedure performed for Arnold-Chiari Malformation is known as posterior fossa decompression where the surgeon will remove a small portion of the bone behind the skull to make more room for the brain to expand an thus relieving the pressure from the brain. The supplementary changes of sensation or other nerve functions that happen with tetany may not be obvious because the cramp pain is masking or distracting from it. The correction factor is again individualized to each patient and it may vary at different times of the day.
The surgeon may also remove a part of the spinal column to relieve pressure being put on the spinal cord. If so, it’s not strep for sure -- other conditions also cause these signs -- but it’s clear that something’s wrong, and you should call the doc. As is the case with all surgical procedures, there are inherent risks in this surgery as well to include risks of infection, accumulation of fluid in the brain, CSF leakage, and delayed wound healing. Are There Cold Symptoms?Coughing and postnasal drip can make your throat feel bad, but you're less likely to get them with strep.
Almost all of the symptoms of Arnold-Chiari Malformation are relieved after successful completion of the surgery but in case of there is a nerve injury in the spinal cord then surgery may not be able to reverse the damage already done.
A virus causes the congestion, runny nose, sore throat, and other symptoms that come with a cold. Postprocedure, the patient will require regular checkups in the form of serial MRIs and other imaging tests to look at the status of the brain and spinal cord and check the status of Arnold-Chiari Malformation. When part of your body is infected, the nearest lymph nodes spring into action and swell as they carry out their job. How Much Does It Hurt?A sore throat caused by a cold can be plenty painful, but it usually goes away after a couple of days. Antibiotics can ease strep symptoms, get rid of it faster, and lower the risk of complications. Also, bacteria that are exposed to antibiotics over and over can turn into "superbugs" that don’t respond to standard medications at all.
If the result says you don't have it, the doc may decide to double-check with another quick test. Antibiotics for StrepIf you do have this throat infection, your doctor may give you a shot or prescribe 5 to 10 days of antibiotic pills. You'll probably feel better in a day or two, but it's vital to take the entire course of medication anyway -- otherwise some of the bacteria may survive. Remember, strep can still be contagious until you’ve been taking the meds for 24 to 48 hours. Wash your hands often, don't share utensils, and throw away your toothbrush after you’ve had strep. Home Care for Sore ThroatsNo matter what’s causing your pain, you can take steps at home to relieve the ache. Spit out the saltwater when you’re finished.  Try a Humidifier or VaporizerBreathing in steam from one of these gadgets can keep your throat moist and cut down on pain. Indulge in Soothing FoodsIf you need an excuse to eat ice cream, a sore throat is a good one.
Stay HydratedIf you have a fever or if you aren’t drinking a lot because it hurts to swallow, your body will lose moisture.
Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen can temporarily dull the pain of a sore throat.
Don’t give aspirin to children and teenagers because of the risk of a rare but potentially fatal condition called Reye's syndrome.
Check Out DecongestantsThese meds can dry up a stuffy nose that’s draining into your throat and making it feel raw. People with certain medical conditions and those who take specific medications may need to avoid these products. What if It Doesn’t Get Better?If a sore throat lasts over a week or gets worse, check with your doctor again -- even if your first strep test showed you were in the clear. A long-term sore throat could also be a sign of acid reflux, mononucleosis, or another condition.



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Comments

  1. AnGeL_BoY

    Amount of peer-reviewed published studies in major scientific.

    05.12.2014

  2. pause

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    05.12.2014

  3. mamedos

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    05.12.2014