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Research by scientists from Oxford University and the University of Exeter in Britain into the genetic origins of disease, funded by the Wellcome Trust and published Friday in Science, led to the discovery of the FTO gene. For this research, the genomes of 2,000 people with type 2 diabetes were compared with the genomes of 3,000 healthy individuals. Fifty percent of people are likely to carry one high-risk copy and one low-risk, putting them at a 30-percent greater vulnerability of developing obesity. The extra weight in each case was found to come neither from greater height nor from developed muscle but exclusively from extra body fat. The scientists point out that FTO is not the only gene that will have an impact on obesity. This news will come as a relief to people who pay attention to their diet -- and who cannot understand with their eating and exercise habits why they should be carrying extra weight -- that their genes may be responsible.
So in this spring season when there's no reason to bypass the produce aisles and head for the ready-made food shelves in the supermarket, think green.
Out shopping, grab bunches of vegetables that are in their infancy, like broccolini, the smallest french beans, snow peas and more, and steam them just until they've lost their stiffness and still have a bit of crunch. Then toss them in a glug of excellent olive oil and sprinkle with a pinch of sea salt and freshly ground black pepper. For the protein, per serving lay two slices of prosciutto ham, then a 4-ounce fillet of firm white fish on a piece of greaseproof paper large enough to wrap around and enclose it. Put a couple of fresh springs of tarragon on top and two or three thin slices of lemon on that, season to taste, then bring any of the ham round and over the fillet, fold up the paper tightly to close, then microwave for 4 minutes for a 1-inch thick fillet, or until opaque.
Serve on top of a mixed mound of the steamed vegetables and relish the flavor and the start of a new way of life.
A glucose tolerance test is a lab test used to detect Type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes (diabetes that occurs in pregnant women.)The test, also called the oral glucose tolerance test, measures how your body breaks down glucose or sugar. If your doctor wants you to have a glucose tolerance test, you will need to properly prepare for the testing time. To make fasting easier, you may wish to schedule your appointment for early morning and simply fast through the night. It is also important that you refrain from strenuous exercise and smoking the day of the test. To begin the test, a sample of your blood will be taken either by a finger prick or a needle inserted into a vein in your arm.
The results of the test may show that your body processes glucose (the sugar it uses for energy) regularly. If you have diabetes or are at risk of developing the disease, you will need to talk to your doctor to learn about how you can control your condition and enjoy a healthy life.


Diseases such as type 2 diabetes, Crohn’s disease and even smoking addiction has been passed on to us by our ancestors. Researchers have discovered that the modern human population carries more than a fifth of archaic Neanderthal human DNA. The two separate human subspecies co-existed on earth thousands of years ago, until the Neanderthals became extinct around 30.000 years ago. This finding allows scientists to study over 20% of the Neanderthals genomes without having to extract the genetic material from fossils. The researchers found that non-Africans carried 1 to 3% Neanderthal DNA, but the total amount in current humans reached about 20%.
The Neanderthal genes that live on today, make keratin and protein used for the skin, nails and hair. Professor Chris Stringer, a leading expert in human origins at London’s Natural History Museum said the findings added a twist to the debate about how early humans related to the Neanderthals. Some other factors that increase the risk of lung cancer are the age at which the person started smoking, the period for which the person has been smoking and how many cigarettes he smoked. The social determinants are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age. The review draws attention to the evidence that most people in England aren’t living as long as the few people who are best off in society. Marmot says that to address health inequalities we need to create the conditions for people to take control of their own lives. 1000 Lives was funded by the Public Health department of Stoke on Trent City Council, to support people to take action to tackle the social determinants of health in their communities.
Posted September 21, 2012 Recent study reveals that smoking is one of the main causes for pancreatic cancer. It's the main cause of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and has been described as a greater danger than smoking, alcohol and poverty. They established that particular versions of FTO appeared more frequently among people with type 2 diabetes. They were found to have two copies of the high-risk version and to carry an average of 7 pounds excess weight, with 15 percent more body fat.
Nor does inheriting a variant of the gene automatically mean that a person will become overweight.
It would be a mistake for anyone carrying more body fat than they should to persist in their present poor habits while waiting for some drug to come along that will magically make them thin and healthy. It is important that you eat a normal, balanced diet in the days leading up to the procedure.


If the body’s response is abnormal, the doctor may inform you that you have type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes (meaning you are at risk of developing diabetes), or gestational diabetes. Information and other content provided on this blog, including information that may be provided on this blog directly or by third-party websites are provided for informational purposes only. Neanderthals have been dead for tens of thousands of years, but their genetic code still lives on. Scientists have compared genetic variants of the DNA of 176 people from sub-saharan Africa, a toe bone from a 50,000 year old Neanderthal woman and 846 people from non-African heritage.
This uses layers to show the way that lots of things affect people’s health and well being.
According to the recent study, this deadly disease can be developed at an early stage to those people who are addicted to smoking and drinking liquor. With the lowest danger of becoming obese are the 34 percent of people who have two low-risk copies. If you take any prescriptions, be sure to talk with your doctor about whether or not they will affect results.
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These cause damage to the cells of the lungs and these damaged cells can turn into cancerous ones after some time.
The other causes of lung cancer include exposure to radiation and cancer causing substances.
Curious as to whether FTO had an influence upon obesity, they tested their hypothesis on a vastly increased sample of 37,000 people.
There is a massive -- the word is deliberately chosen -- difference between 7 pounds excess weight and 20, 50 and 100-plus pounds excess weight.
Obviously, those who are addicted to smoking and drinking are more prone to the said disease, they are more likely to be affected with it. It has been informed by the American Cancer Society that people at the age 70 and above are more prone to developing pancreatic cancer. Actually not often do I encounter a weblog that’s both educative and entertaining, and let me inform you, you have hit the nail on the head.
Your idea is outstanding; the issue is something that not sufficient persons are speaking intelligently about.



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