Preventing low blood sugar in diabetes,gl yachting,guideline for diabetic ketoacidosis,how do i dispose of diabetic needles - New On 2016


Diabetic ketoacidosis develops when the level of toxic acids called ketones rises dramatically in the bloodstream. For diabetics, keeping the blood sugar level under control is the only option for preventing diabetes-related complications including diabetic ketoacidosis.
Occasionally, physicians may ask their patients to check their blood sugar level during the night. People suffering from type 2 diabetes should check their blood sugar level one or more times daily. The risk of developing ketoacidosis is particularly high in people who have been recently diagnosed with diabetes or diabetics who do not monitor their blood sugar level regularly. Therefore, when you are ill or under stress, your body uses its glucose reserve to release the excess glucose in the bloodstream. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be prevented by checking the ketone level in the urine and blood when you are ill, stressed, your blood sugar level is high or after you start a new diabetes medication.
Fruits are known to provide the body with numerous health benefits due to the presence of vitamins, minerals, as well as antioxidants. Diabetics must include this fruit in their diet as they are low-glycaemic fruits, contain few calories and can be used as a portable delicious snack. You can do this by adding some sliced apple, which is sprinkled with ground cinnamon in the microwave, cooking it till it is tender. Plums and Pears are known to be low-glycaemic fruits that are considered to be of high nutritive value. A single pear is known to provide you with around 15 grams of slow-digesting carbohydrates. Citrus Fruits are known to be rich sources of Vitamin C, which is a vitamin that plays a crucial role in building a strong immune system. You must avoid drinking the packed variety of citrus fruit juices as they contain high amounts of sugar. Peaches are also known to be low-glycaemic fruits and are beneficial for those who suffer from diabetes. Diabetes acquired during gestation period, a period of fetal development in the uterus from conception to birth is termed as gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Being one of the most common health problems for pregnant women, gestational diabetes affects about 18% of pregnant women, as per the records of American Diabetes Association. Since, the rise in blood sugar levels occur after the development of the body of the fetus, no birth defects or body deformities are observed, unlike babies who are born to women who have been diagnosed of diabetes prior to pregnancy.
High levels of insulin interfere with fat metabolism, leading to an increase in the size of the baby and the formation of macrosomia or a “fat baby”. Elevated levels of glucose can also affect the lungs of the newborns, thus requiring more oxygen and causing breathing problems, commonly termed as respiratory distress syndrome.
Often women are subjected to constant hormonal fluctuations, more so during pregnancy, which in turn, affects the functioning of insulin. However, the transfer from the blood and the utilization of glucose by cells requires a hormone called insulin that is released by the pancreas. Failure of the pancreatic beta cells to produce adequate amounts of insulin or insulin resistance developed by the body’s cells in pregnant women does not allow her body to counteract the effect of the rise in the blood sugar levels, thus leading to hyperglycemia and gestational diabetes. No symptoms have been identified so far for gestational diabetes, which makes it mandatory for conducting glucose-screening tests during the 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. She is then made to drink large quantities of a sugar drink and the measurement of the blood sugar levels is done two hours after the consumption of the drink. If left untreated, gestational diabetes can pose serious health problems for both the baby and the mother.
Once you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, a team of health care providers including a gynecologist, a registered dietician, a diabetes specialist or a diabetes educator can advice you on the different ways of bringing your blood sugar levels under control. Frequent breast feeding or feeding using a feeding tube that goes directly into the stomach of the baby is one of the most effective ways of keeping blood sugar levels at an optimum level in babies. Yet another treatment involves the intravenous infusions of glucose in the infants to make up for the low levels of glucose.


Even though, it is normal to gain weight during pregnancy, it is advisable to keep your blood sugar levels under control by balancing your intake of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Consult a professional nutritionist, who will help you design a well-balanced diet including the correct ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Gestational diabetes is a temporary phase and pregnant women, generally do not remain diabetic after the delivery. This diabetes-related complication occurs when abysmally low levels of insulin in your blood impairs absorption of glucose from the bloodstream, thereby depriving your body of its main source of energy. Ketones are produced as byproducts of fat metabolism. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal if left untreated. A healthy diet combined with regular physical activities can help to keep your blood sugar level close to the normal level. Type 1 diabetes patients should check their blood sugar level three or more times each day. Multiple blood sugar tested is usually needed to monitor the glucose level during illnesses, when a patient is introduced to a new diabetes medication or when the daily routine changes. The blood sugar level is usually tested before meals, especially in the morning or after fasting for eight or more hours. It may occur after your physician changes the dosage of the insulin medication or changes your diabetes medication. However, if you do not have enough insulin to absorb the glucose, your body will switch to fat as a source of energy. They are also known to be good sources of fiber and water, which are helpful in promoting weight loss as well as preventing dehydration. Fruits are known to be excellent for those who suffer from diabetes as they possess a low glycaemic index as well as low amount of calories. Health Experts have stated that berries are known to be low-glycaemic foods, which means that they do not cause a sudden increase in the blood sugar levels. The berries that provide such benefits include strawberries, blackberries as well as raspberries. They are considered to be helpful for those who want to lose weight due to the fact that they contain very few calories. This dessert made by apples is not only tasty but good for those who are suffering from diabetes. Health Experts suggest that you should consume the fresh kind of plums rather than the dried ones, which are known as prunes. Citrus Fruits are considered to be low-glycaemic fruits that are helpful for those who are suffering from diabetes. Women who have never experienced diabetes and have been diagnosed with abnormal blood sugar levels only during pregnancy suffer from gestational diabetes. However, insulin imbalances in the mother can certainly affect the metabolism of glucose in the growing fetus. This not only predisposes newborns to obesity and diabetes but also subjects them to many birth traumas like collar bone fracture, damaged shoulder nerves, etc. Excess production of red blood cells gives a flushed and red appearance to the newborn babies skin and makes them more prone to jaundice. Reduction in the levels of minerals is yet another sign of a hypoglycemic newborn, which manifests itself in the form of muscle twitching and cramping.
Our body converts carbohydrates from the diet into glucose and releases it into the bloodstream. The hormones released by the placenta, a channel used for the movement of nutrients, blood and water from the mother to the fetus, render the insulin dysfunctional, thereby requiring three times more than the normal levels that are maintained in the mother’s body. Strong family history of diabetes, obesity, an age over 35, high blood pressure, an unexplained still birth in the past, etc., can also increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes in pregnant women. An oral glucose tolerance test is conducted to test for the ability of the woman’s body to metabolize sugar. A higher than normal range of glucose levels indicates a higher susceptibility of the pregnant women to develop gestational diabetes and makes it extremely important for her to constantly monitor her blood sugar levels. Hence, maintaining a healthy weight through a healthy diet and exercise can help a woman suffering from gestational diabetes in controlling her blood sugar levels and giving birth to a healthy baby.


Physical activity or moderate exercises during pregnancy including walking for about 30 minutes a day, yoga and light aerobic exercises that do not place a lot of strain on your abdominal area can mimic the effects of insulin in driving the movement of glucose into the cells from the bloodstream.
Moreover, studies have found that breast feeding has a strong impact on glucose metabolism in babies and hence can help in stabilizing the blood sugar levels.
Babies diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome require an external source of oxygen or a breathing tube to enable the proper functioning of their lungs. Make healthy food choices and stay active to allow your body to utilize glucose more efficiently.
In order to stabilize your glucose levels, do not skip meals and avoid foods containing animal fat, trans fatty acids, refined sugar and other high sugar containing foods like cakes, ice creams, candies, cookies , chocolates, soft drinks and soda. It can, however, put them at a higher risk of developing diabetes during the next pregnancy or diabetes mellitus during the later stages of their lives. It can be prevented by keeping the blood sugar under control and monitoring the glucose and the ketone levels.
For insulin-dependent diabetes, it is necessary to take insulin and other diabetes medications as directed by the physician. Blood sugar is normally tested before and after meals, before going to bed and before and after workouts or physical activities.
Sometimes, your physician may instruct you to check your serum glucose level after meals, especially when your doctor changes the dosage of your insulin medication or introduces a new medication.
You should seek emergency medical care if the ketone level in your urine is higher than normal. Frozen berries are also a good option, but it is advisable that you make sure that the berries are not soaked in sugar syrup.
They are also good sources of Antioxidants as well as Vitamin A, and are helpful in preventing the development of cancer. Even though, insulin cannot cross the placenta, glucose and other nutrients can pass through, leading to the accumulation of glucose in the blood of the fetus, which forces the fetus’s pancreas to produce ample amount of insulin for metabolizing glucose.
Moreover, delivery becomes possible only through a cesarean operation, which causes discomfort to the mother during her post-delivery period. Other prominent symptoms of hypoglycemic newborns include poor suck, refusal to feed, jitteriness, high pitched cry, lethargy, temperature instability, hypothermia, listlessness, etc. Glucose enters the cells and is metabolized further, to be used as a primary source of energy. After being made to fast for 4-6 hours, the blood sugar levels of the expectant women are measured.
Besides monitoring the mother’s glucose levels, it is just as important to frequently regulate and monitor the blood sugar levels in infants to avoid complications like seizures. Keep a track of your calorie and sugar intake and constantly monitor your glucose levels using a glucose meter or strips. If the blood glucose levels remain high, despite a change in your eating habits, you should consider consulting a doctor and taking oral medication or insulin injections for controlling blood sugar levels. Moreover, regulating blood glucose levels in pregnant women plays a crucial role in preventing obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, among other things in children.
However, type 2 diabetes patients can keep their blood glucose level under control with diet, exercise and non-insulin medications may skip daily blood sugar testing.
Research Studies have shown that peaches help in retarding the growth of cancer cells in the colon.
Do not adhere to crash diets that deplete your body of all the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals.



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