Medications for type 2 diabetes quizlet,january 3rd 7th,cure for diabetes in quran - Good Point


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is specifically a group of metabolic disorders which is characterized by high blood sugar level for long period of time.It is one of the most commonly occurring disease around the world.
Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include high blood sugar level, frequent urination with urgency, ketoacidosis, increased thirst.
New medications for diabetes treatment include invokana, jardiance, farxiga, Victoza, Bydureon, Tradjenta and Onglyza.All of them have different mechanism, side effects and dosage. Most common side effects of invokana are bladder pain, bloody or cloudy urine, burning, itching in vagina, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite. Jardiance is available in tablet forms and price of each tablet is approximately $14-$14.50. Farxiga causes heavy glycosuria (sometimes up to about 70 grams per day) which may increase in weight loss and tiredness.Other side effects include fever, chills, breathing problem, itching and pain.
Arslan Malik is noted health blogger, public health activist, aspiring dreamer and avid reader. This webinar will highlight the key elements of the 2015-2016 Medication Guidelines by AACE and ADA..
Footer Left DescriptionDiabetes Education Services offers education and training to diabetes educators in the areas of both Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes for the novice to the established professional. Footer Bottom DescriptionDiabetes Educational Services (DES) has established this website to provide information and education to health care professionals. Canadian diabetic supply store offering discounts on all brands of insulin pump supplies.
If you are a Type 1 Diabetic chances are you have heard doctors, nurses, friends and family rave about how fantastic Insulin Pump Therapy would be for you. INVOKANA™ is indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Janssen also will offer a dedicated INVOKANA™ CarePath support program to patients and caregivers. The new drug application for INVOKANA™ was based on a comprehensive global Phase 3 clinical program, which enrolled 10,285 patients in nine studies and is one of the largest clinical programs in type 2 diabetes submitted to health authorities to date. Results from this program showed that the 100 mg and the 300 mg doses of INVOKANA™ improved glycemic control and, in prespecified secondary endpoints, were associated with significant reductions in body weight and systolic blood pressure.
The Phase 3 studies for INVOKANA™ were presented at the American Diabetes Association (ADA) Annual Scientific Sessions in June 2012, at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Annual Meeting in October 2012, and at the World Congress on Controversies to Consensus in Diabetes, Obesity, and Hypertension (CODHy) in November 2012. Janssen and its affiliates have rights to INVOKANA™ through a license agreement with Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation. Approximately 60 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes in the United States are obese, while another 30 percent are overweight.
INVOKANA™ is a prescription medicine used along with diet and exercise to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. INVOKANA™ is not for people with diabetic ketoacidosis (increased ketones in blood or urine). It is not known if INVOKANA™ is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age. Talk to your doctor about what to do if you get symptoms of a yeast infection of the vagina or penis. Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for a list of these medicines if you are not sure if your medicine is one that is listed above.
If you take too much INVOKANA™, call your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.
Your doctor may do certain blood tests before you start INVOKANA™ and during treatment as needed.
Your doctor will check your diabetes with regular blood tests, including your blood sugar levels and your hemoglobin A1C. As a member of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Our company provides medicines for an array of illnesses and disorders in several therapeutic areas. Glycemic index, also called glycaemic index (GI), is a ranking system for carbohydrates based on their effect on blood glucose levels in the first two hours after eating. Glycemic index has been described in these words: "The glycemic index (GI) is a ranking of carbohydrates on a scale from 0 to 100 according to the extent to which they raise blood sugar levels after eating. A high GI food causes a more rapid rise in blood glucose levels and is suitable for energy recovery after endurance exercise or for a person with diabetes experiencing hypoglycemia.
Glycemic index may is used to determine the suitability of diet in person with conditions of obesity, diabetes and heart disease. The GI does not take into consideration other factors besides glycemic response, such as insulin response.
The GI of a food varies depending on the kind of food, its ripeness, the length of time it was stored, how it was cooked, its variety, etc., and how it was processed or manufactured.
The GI of a food varies from person to person and even in a single individual from day to day, depending on blood glucose levels, insulin resistance, and other factors. This criticism can be addressed by taking the Glycemic load (that is, ranking system for carbohydrate content in food portions based on their glycemic index (GI) and the portion size) into account. The comparison of foods that behave differently by a common consideration of the area under their blood glucose curves has no scientific basis and is fundamentally incorrect. What's New: Learn all you need to know about Type 1 Diabetes in our brand new Type 1 Section. Common adverse events (excluding hypoglycemia) reported for Toujeo included Nasopharyngitis and Upper respiratory tract infection. Despite the proven efficacy of different basal insulin products, ensuring effective titration and maintenance can be challenging.
Toujeo, at three times the concentration and with a design to release the insulin more gradually, can provide good glycemic control with lower rates of hypoglycemia.
With proper education, I believe that Toujeo will bring another option to patients with diabetes that will improve medication compliance and improve glycemic control. Genital herpes also called simply as “herpes” is the most common sexual infection affecting millions of people in the USA. Though there is no cure for genital herpes still medications are available for reducing the intensity of its symptoms. HSV-1 is the virus affects your mouth causing cold sores being the symptoms of oral herpes.
In most of the cases genital herpes will not produce any symptoms and if at all they have symptoms it is only mild.


The symptoms are self sufficient for detecting genital herpes on physical examination of the genitals. Mostly, doctors will give antiviral drugs like Acyclovir, Famvir or Valacyclovir for treating genital herpes. Usually the first episode will be severe and recurring episodes would be mild causing mild discomfort. According to a survey which was recently conducted, approximately 382 million people have diabetes in which 90% cases belong to type 2 diabetes.
You health care provider may have better idea which one is better for you depending upon your health condition and severity.
According to clinical studies 100 mg once a day is recommended but dose may increased depending upon the tolerance. Empagliflozin also belongs to gliflozin class. Jardiance mechanism of action is almost like invokana with pharmacokinetic differences. With doctor in pharmacy, he has worked closely with various health organizations, multinational pharmaceuticals and community health programs. We will explore clinical factors to consider when determining the best strategy to improve glucose control in patients with type 2 and discuss new medications. Nothing in this website constitutes medical advice nor is it a substitute for medical advice.
Type 1 diabetics aren't the only ones using these pumps but type 2 diabetics likewise utilize them to manage their blood glucose levels.
As glucose is filtered from the blood into the kidneys, it is reabsorbed back into the bloodstream.
INVOKANA™ has been studied as a single agent (monotherapy), in combination with metformin, and in combination with other glucose-lowering agents, including insulin, in patients who need further glucose control. The program provides important support and information regarding affordable access, adherence and education, thereby helping patients to start and appropriately manage their disease and therapy over time. There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with INVOKANA™ or any other antidiabetic medication.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes, 90 to 95 percent of which is type 2 diabetes.
In most people at risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity causes the body to resist the action of insulin, and if the pancreatic beta cell cannot produce enough insulin, hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes ensue.
INVOKANA™ can cause some people to have dehydration (the loss of body water and salt).
Certain men who are not circumcised may have swelling of the penis that makes it difficult to pull back the skin around the tip of the penis. Low blood sugar can happen more often when INVOKANA™ is taken with certain other diabetes medicines. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. When your body is under some types of stress, such as fever, trauma (such as a car accident), infection, or surgery, the amount of diabetes medicine you need may change. Your doctor may change your dose of INVOKANA™ based on the results of your blood tests. If you take INVOKANA™ with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar, such as a sulfonylurea or insulin, your risk of getting low blood sugar is higher. If you have any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, stop taking INVOKANA™ and call your doctor right away or go to the nearest hospital emergency room. Aguilar was not associated with the INVOKANA™ clinical trials and was not compensated for any media work. National diabetes fact sheet: national estimates and general information on diabetes and prediabetes in the United States, 2011. The prevalence of meeting A1C, blood pressure, and LDL goals among people with diabetes, 1988–2010. It compares carbohydrates gram for gram in individual foods, providing a numerical, evidence-based index of post-meal (medically called: postprandial) glycemia.
Foods with a high GI are those which are rapidly digested and absorbed and result in marked fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Recent studies from Harvard School of Public Health [1] "indicate that the risks of diseases such as type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease are strongly related to the GI of the overall diet. This combined approach is, however, somewhat more complicated, and therefore harder to use in giving dietary advice. Liquid foods or easilly dissolved foods where all carbohydrate is immediately available for conversion to glucose cannot be compared to solids where only the surface of the food is immediately available and a further portion released later . This formulation of glargine insulin is said to have an onset of action of 6 hours and it’s full glucose lowering effect may not be apparent for at least 5 days. As a clinician, I often stumble upon patients that may require significantly high doses of once daily basal insulin or even twice daily long-acting basal insulin products to improve glycemic control.
It is the Herpes Simplex Virus that gets transmitted through sexual intercourse from one person to another. The outbreak of this infection will be high if the immunity of the infected person becomes weak due to hormonal imbalance, stress or any other infection. It will gain entry into the vagina or men’s genital when a person has oral sex with the infected person.
There will be mild itching and pain on the genital area few weeks after sexual contact with the infected person. The initial symptoms are observed only after two weeks causing itching of the genitals and redness of the skin.
Apart from genital herpes you are inviting risk for getting other sexually transmitted diseases. Your doctor may request for blood test for detecting the presence of HSV and also viral culture taking the sample tissue from the inflamed area. In case of severe symptoms the infected person will be hospitalized to give antiviral drugs intravenously. In case of suspicion you need to take antiviral medications before 24 hours of initial outbreak. For some it can be 1-2 outbreaks during a year but for others it can be more than 8 outbreaks also.
However, new medications for diabetes treatment are far more better than previously used anti-diabetes drugs.
Beside his professional practice, he has an avid interest in writing and teaching Physiology and Medicines. References in this website to any and all specific products, services or processes do not constitute or imply an endorsement or recommendation by Diabetes Educational Services.


Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved INVOKANA™ (canagliflozin) for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. An important carrier responsible for this reabsorption is called sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2). A1C is the percent of red blood cell hemoglobin with glucose attached to it and an indicator of average blood glucose over the previous two to three months. Additional data are being collected to further characterize the cardiovascular profile of INVOKANA™. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body's ability to metabolize sugar, or glucose, and is characterized by the inability of pancreatic beta cell function to keep up with the body's demand for insulin1. Dehydration may cause you to feel dizzy, faint, lightheaded, or weak, especially when you stand up (orthostatic hypotension).
Talk to your doctor right away if you use an over-the-counter antifungal medication and your symptoms do not go away.
If you are pregnant, talk with your doctor about the best way to control your blood sugar while you are pregnant. Talk with your doctor about the best way to feed your baby if you are taking INVOKANA™. Tell your doctor right away if you have any of these conditions and follow your doctor's instructions. The dose of your sulfonylurea medicine or insulin may need to be lowered while you take INVOKANA™.
Driven by our commitment to patients, healthcare professionals, and caregivers, we strive to develop sustainable and integrated healthcare solutions by working in partnership with all stakeholders on the basis of trust and transparency.
Low-GI foods, by virtue of their slow digestion and absorption, produce gradual rises in blood sugar and insulin levels, and have proven benefits for health. The curve for solids will be extended in time due to the delayed release of carbohydates and thus always give a larger area than liquids. Here is some information for both people just beginning an insulin regimen and for those who are experienced insulin users. To avoid medication errors between toujeo and other insulin products, instruct patients to always check the insulin label before each injection.
Both men and women are infected with herpes and the main symptoms of herpes are itching and painful sores in the genitals.
Herpes virus gains entry through tiny tears on the skin of the genital organs and travels through the nerve roots finding suitable place in the spinal cord. It takes several weeks or months to develop red blisters or tiny white bumps on the genitals. In addition it may cause inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) and whitish vaginal discharge. Pregnant women have increased chance to transmit the infection to the fetus causing more complications for the newborn. Some doctors may conduct polymerase chain reaction test for detecting the genetic material of the virus. All the treatment given for genital herpes can reduce the symptoms and prevent further infection. You can start using the drug if you feel sudden tingling sensation or indication of formation of sores in the genital area after having sexual contact with some person.
Instead of putting the blame on others you have to take steps for preventing further infection.
Long-term complications include retinopathy, kidney failure, cardiovascular diseases, leg ulcers, impaired wound healing, muscular weakness etc. Dapagliflozin inhibits sub-type 2 of the sodium-glucose transport proteins (SGLT2) which are responsible for at least 90% of the glucose re-absorption in the kidney. He covers variety of topics from Nutrition and Natural Care to Diseases, Treatments, Drug Interactions, Preventive Care and Clinical Research. INVOKANA™ is the first in a new class of medications called sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors to be approved in the United States. INVOKANA™ selectively inhibits SGLT2, and as a result promotes the loss of glucose in the urine, lowering blood glucose levels in adults with type 2 diabetes.
The most common adverse events with INVOKANA™ are genital mycotic (fungal) infections, urinary tract infections, and increased urination. In the two studies, the overall incidence of adverse events was similar with INVOKANA™ and the comparators. Our daily work is guided by meeting goals of excellence in quality, innovation, safety, and efficacy in order to advance patient care. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from the expectations and projections of Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Low GI diets have been shown to improve both glucose and lipid levels in people with diabetes (type 1 and type 2).
A recent study considering this issue based on the consolidated test results of over 600 foods concluded that the GI significantly underestimated the glycemic effect of liquids and readilly dissolved substanced and that real GI of sugar and its close cousin fruit juice should be around 100 and 80 respectively. Even if a person has no visible sore he can infect virus to others if he carries the virus. Painful sores can cause inflammation of the cervix and urethra making it difficult to urinate and pass stools. Taking strong drugs in the initial stage will reduce the risk of transmitting the infection to other partners. The FDA approved dapagliflozin on January 8, 2014 for glycemic control, along with diet and exercise, in adults with type 2 diabetes. It is also the only oral, once-daily medication available in the United States offering improved glycemic control while also showing reduced body weight and systolic blood pressure in clinical trials. These specific adverse events were generally mild to moderate in intensity and infrequently led to discontinuation in Phase 3 studies. Once the virus becomes active it would again travel to the original site of infection causing painful sores and blisters.
In rare cases, this infection can travel to your brain through cerebrospinal fluid causing meningitis.



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