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An impeded flow of blood and lowered immunity form the fundamental changes which make diabetics prone to various skin ailments (as compared to non-diabetics). This comprehensive article covers the possible skin conditions that may stem from diabetes so that you are able to spot them at the earliest. Damage to the nerves as a result of diabetes may negatively affect the working of the sweat glands, leading to dry skin, mainly on the lower legs or feet. This problem is fortunately easy to control via daily moisturization of the skin, proper use of sunscreen protection and by drinking adequate amounts of water that allow the skin to stay moist for long.
Individuals dealing with diabetes are highly vulnerable to attacks caused by fungal species, especially those initiated by Candida Albicans. Such infections are found most commonly in moist areas of the body; for example, the small area between toes or fingers, in the vaginal, groin or armpit area. There are a variety of bacterial infections that can be repeatedly seen in patients with diabetes. Acanthosis nigricans is most frequently associated with insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes), resulting in an escalated amount of insulin in the blood circulation.
Mostly, the creases and folds in the body, as seen in the elbows, knees, armpits, under the breast etc, show such changes.
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum is a rare diabetic complication (affects roughly 0.3% of diabetics) which has a strong predilection for adult women.
Pathologic degenerative changes that take place in collagen and fat reserves below the skin result in this inflammatory skin disorder. Bullosis diabeticorum, also known as diabetic blister is an infrequent skin condition wherein an individual with diabetes may experience blister formation. The good news is that such blisters subside on their own in a matter of few weeks (2-3 weeks). It appears as a yellow coloured, small sized bump (not more than the size of a pea) and is lined by an erythematous halo. In Disseminated Granuloma Annulare, the diabetic sufferer notices formation of distinct elevated areas on the skin, with an arch or ring form. Atherosclerosis refers to arterial thickening that may result in skin changes (mainly the skin on legs). Diabetes coupled with neuropathy results in the leg and foot injuries which are not noticed by the patient due to lack of pressure or temperature sensation. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease caused by changes in the retinal blood vessels. In diabetic retinopathy, the retinal blood vessels may swell and leak in some patients, while in others new vessels can grow on the surface of the retina too, resulting in loss of light sensitivity of retina, affecting vision.
As the name indicates, people with diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. Pregnancy can precipitate the diabetic retinopathy therefore pregnant diabetic women are advised to undergo eye examinations in each trimester. People with Down’s syndrome having 3 copies of chromosome 21 almost NEVER acquire diabetic retinopathy!
If you experience any of the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy consult your eye specialist as soon as possible to have a comprehensive eye examination.


Note that the above mentioned options simply slow down the progress of disease or may even stop it, but they don’t treat the damage already occurred and can’t reverse it. Low Vision SpecialistsIf you or a loved one have vision loss, call today for a free phone consultation.
Low Vision Specialists Specialists of Maryland and Virginia servicing Annapolis, Baltimore, Bethesda, Columbia, Rockville, Silver Spring, Towson, and other locations.
Serving the following areas since 1975 MARYLAND: Annapolis, Baltimore, Bel Air, Bethesda, Bowie, Carney, Cockeysville, Columbia, Crofton, Elkton, Essex, Fallston, Fredrick, Gaithersburg, Glen Burnie, Glenwood, Hampstead, Havre de Grace, Jarrettsville, Kingsville, Laurel, Lutherville, Manchester, Monkton, Parkton, Parkville, Perry Hall, Phoenix, Pikesville, Potomac, Randallstown, Reisterstown, Rockville, Severn, Severna Park, Silver Spring, Sparks-Glencoe,Sparrows Point, Towson, Westminster, and Whitemarsh. Three weeks ago, 12-year-old, Alexis Shapiro, underwent a life saving weight loss operation to correct a rare metabolic problem. Since her surgery on March 21, Alexis has already shed an impressive 12 pounds, and her doctor estimates that she will lose at least 40 pounds within the first year.  Even better, she’s in good spirits and has hope for the first time since a brain tumor operation more than two years ago caused her metabolism to be severely altered, resulting in Alexis tipping the scales upwards of 200 pounds. The procedure known as sleeve gastrectomy surgery, took place last month at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, and it successfully reduced the size of Alexis’ stomach by 80 percent. Alexis is enjoying the benefits of her new transformation, sharing with her mom that she can see a lot better now. Alexis famously made headlines earlier this year when the family’s insurance company refused to fund her surgery, which doctors said was the child’s last hope for better health.
12-Year-Old Alexis Shapiro Elated After Obesity Surgery Alexis Shapiro brain tumor operation Chibolo Texas Cincinnat Children's Hospital Dr. Early detection and prompt treatment prevent many skin problems from getting out of control. The yeast like fungal skin infection results in an inflamed, itchy rash, usually encircled by small blisters or scales.
Other common fungal problems associated with diabetes cover Athlete’s foot, ringworm and jock itch. Some of them take up the form of boils, nail infection, carbuncles or folliculitis (infection involving the hair follicles). This type of diabetic skin complication does not resolve entirely, but losing excess weight certainly improves the condition. This necrotizing type of skin condition is marked by irregularly formed hard lesions which are raised above the skin surface. The sites where necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum is usually seen range from legs, hands, trunk or upper arms. The tender skin is prone to ulceration on slightest of trauma.
This particular skin complication is characterized by thick, tight skin on the dorsal surface of both hands and results due to raised levels of blood glucose.
Such blisters typically surface on the feet, legs, arms (extending below the elbow to the wrist), hands or dorsal aspect of fingers.
The sole mode of treatment for diabetic blister is to bring the blood sugar within normal limits. Unlike Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum, Eruptive xanthomatosis affects young males who have both, abnormally high triglycerides, as well as cholesterol levels. It is essentially a red or skin coloured rash which targets those parts of the body which are farther away from the trunk.


As the blood supply to the leg muscles diminishes, in case of any injury or infection, the healing process remains sluggish. Therefore anyone with diabetes should be vigilant about any vision related changes and issues and get a detailed eye examination regularly every year at least. This is believed to be due to elevated endostatin levels which is an anti-angiogenic protein derived from a collagen located on chromosome 21. Your doctor should take a detailed history, including family history, and do various tests at your eye examination. There are certain other treatments that seem promising but are under trial and development phases. In the short time span, she has become a new person, as she is visibly slimmer and healthier, but most of all, happier. It also “triggered a cascade of biological responses that reversed her type 2 diabetes immediately,” said Dr. Before her surgery, her appetite was insatiable, even though she was eating very little, she packed on the weight.
Supporters seeking to assist the young girl with the rare affliction, donated more than $86,000 helping to offset the family’s medical costs. According to the American Diabetes Association, roughly 33 percent of the entire diabetic population has or is currently living with skin complications induced by diabetes. The affected skin becomes hyper pigmented (it turns dark), hyperplastic (that is, it begins to show incremental growth), and is thick and velvet-like in texture. Other than the hands, joints such as those of the knees or elbows are also targeted, resulting in limited movement of the digits or joints. The common sites affected by eruptive xanthomatosis include the buttocks, arms or even the facial region.
However, this type of rash is easy to handle with certain medicines (mostly a steroid for topical application).
This common skin trouble takes the appearance of brown coloured, scaly patches with a circular shape.
She also got in some exercise earlier this week, and for the first time in a year, she was able to walk two blocks.
Skin dryness, sluggish blood circulation or development of a yeast infection form some of the prominent causes responsible for itchy skin. Of all the bacterial strains, Staphylococcus is the main culprit behind the development of many skin infections. This type of skin condition mostly affects those who are overweight or diagnosed with diabetes.
Mostly noticed in the front aspect of lower legs, diabetic dermopathy remains asymptomatic.



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Comments

  1. A_M_I_Q_O

    Whether such drugs will achieve their potential therapeutic impression years of patient data!), almost.

    09.02.2014

  2. Linkin_Park

    (T2D), or metabolic syndrome, (MS), their net impact chronic metabolic disease that destroys.

    09.02.2014