Insulin type 2 diabetes treatment youtube,type 2 diabetes fun facts youtube,recipes suitable for type 2 diabetes quizlet - For Begninners


About type 1 diabetes Around 2.6 million people in the UK have been diagnosed with diabetes.
People who are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are usually treated with a combination of diet, exercise, and an oral medication (eg, pills). Insulin is generally given once per day, either in the morning or at bedtime.  Usually the doses start small (since it is difficult to know what the requirement will be at first), but the dose is gradually increased to the correct dose, the dose that will keep the blood sugar level in the normal range.
Most people with type 2 diabetes who start insulin, do so on top of another oral medication, such as metformin.   However, there are instances when type 2 diabetic patients are treated only with insulin.
If a long-acting insulin or a twice daily injection of intermediate-acting insulin is not adequate to control blood sugar levels, a more intensive insulin treatment regimen may be recommended, such as is used in type 1 diabetic patients. The Diabetes Media Foundation is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit media organization devoted to informing, educating, and generating community around living a healthy life with diabetes. During the past several years, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased.  Type 2 diabetes is an outcome of a combination of lifestyle and genetic elements.
Diabetes poses the risk for many conditions mainly because due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels.
With time, the high glucose levels in the blood can cause damage to the nerves and small blood vessels affecting the eyes, kidney and heart. Other long term complications can appear as poor circulation (leading to amputation), diabetic retinopathy, kidney failure and ketoacidosis. Hyperglycemia is an outcome arising out of an excessively raised blood sugar level in diabetes.
Due to the buildup of sugar in blood, there can be increased urination causing the kidneys to lose glucose (through urine). It is practically feasible for people with type 2 diabetes to lead an active life with limited medical intervention. NB: We use cookies to help personalise your web experience and comply with Irish healthcare law. This site contains information, news and advice for healthcare professionals.You have informed us that you are not a healthcare professional and therefore we are unable to provide you with access to this site. Diet, exercise, and education remain the foundation of all type 2 diabetes treatment programmes.
After metformin, it is reasonable to consider combination therapy with an additional 1-2 oral or injectable agents with the objective of minimising side-effects where possible.
For many patients insulin therapy alone or in combination with other agents will ultimately be required to maintain glucose control. All treatment decisions, where possible, should take into account the patient’s preferences, needs and values.
Diabetes may be diagnosed based on HbA1c criteria or plasma glucose criteria, either the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or the 2-h plasma glucose (2-h PG) value after a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). For all patients, particularly those who are overweight or obese, testing should begin at age 45 years. Two primary techniques are available to assess the effectiveness of glycaemic control: Patient self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) or interstitial glucose and A1C.
Patients on multiple-dose insulin or insulin pump therapy should perform SMBG prior to meals and snacks, occasionally postprandially, at bedtime, prior to exercise, when they suspect low blood glucose, after treating low blood glucose until they are normoglycaemic, and prior to critical tasks such as driving. Initial therapy: Most patients should begin with lifestyle changes – healthy eating, weight control, increased physical activity, and diabetes education. Advancing to dual combination therapy: If the HbA1c target is not achieved after ~3 months with metformin, there are six drug choices including a second oral agent (sulfonylurea, TZD, DPP-4 inhibitor, or SGLT2 inhibitor), a GLP-1 receptor agonist, or basal insulin.
Advancing to triple combination therapy: Evidence suggests that there is some advantage in adding a third noninsulin agent to a two-drug combination not achieving the glycaemic target. Do you agree that private hospitals should be paid via the NTPF to cut public hospital waiting lists?
The term diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases and is quite prevalent all over the world [2]. Type I Diabetes, in which the body is unable to produce the required amount of the hormone insulin. Type II Diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, in which the body cells show resistance to the insulin hormone. Gestational Diabetes is another type of diabetes which is exclusively found in pregnant women.
There is also another condition known as Prediabetes which is often diagnosed in individuals. While Type I and Type II Diabetes prove to be chronic and long lasting conditions, both gestational diabetes and prediabetes are reversible conditions which can be treated completely by following adequate remedies and methods of treatment.
Type I Diabetes occurs when body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
In Type II diabetes, either the body produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin, or the body develops a resistance to the action of insulin. Gestational diabetes may be defined as hyperglycemia with its first presentation or onset during pregnancy. There are a number of symptoms which may help you to diagnose the presence of this metabolic disease. Increased thirst: Sufferers feel an increased urge of thirst in order to compensate for excessive fluid loss due to urination.
Increased hunger: Also known as polyphagia, this condition is also noticed in diabetic patients. Fatigue: Increased tiredness and fatigue are other important symptoms in a diabetic patient. Slow healing: Slow healing of wounds is also an important feature that is seen quite commonly in diabetic patients. Abnormal sensation: There may be occurrences of numbness or tingling sensation felt in the limbs in diabetic.
Increased risk to infections: A diabetic person is more prone to an infectious disease as compared to a normal person. Miscellaneous: There are some other symptoms of diabetes which may include a blurring of the vision, unexplained loss of weight, lack of interest and concentration while working or studying. Diabetic neuropathy: The excess sugar levels present in the blood stream can prove to cause damage to the blood vessels and capillaries. Diabetic nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis: Damage can be caused to the kidneys due to the excess glucose present in the blood in diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetes can also cause damage to the blood vessels surrounding the retina of the eye. Cardiovascular or macro vascular diseases like stroke or peripheral vascular disease: The risk of encountering cardiovascular diseases is greatly increased in diabetics. Muscle wasting and weakness: Due to the cells being unable to effectively absorb glucose, diabetic individuals cannot efficiently or effectively use their body muscles. Diabetic coma: While it is known that diabetic patients suffer from increased risk to nerve damage, in some extreme cases, this nerve damage can also lead to a condition of a coma. Others: There are many other complications which can be associated with diabetes and these include damage caused to the limbs, infectious skin diseases and conditions, an impairment of hearing and also the development of Alzheimer’s disease is some individuals. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test: This test measures blood glucose levels after going for at least 8 hours of fasting. Random Plasma Glucose Test: In this test, the doctor checks the blood sugar level without observing to the last meal.


Treatment of diabetes include use of medications [3] or correcting the underlying causes such as diet and exercise [4]. Diet: A diabetic should always take a balanced nutrition to maintain the short-term as well as long-term blood glucose levels under control. Physical activity: It is another important and effective method of treating as well as preventing diabetes especially in Type II Diabetes mellitus caused due to obesity or overweight. Medications: Type I Diabetes can be treated with the insulin therapy where combinations of NPH and regular insulin or synthetic insulin analogues are administered to the patients with diabetes. Whatever the method of treatment for diabetes may be, care must be taken to periodically monitor the sugar levels in the blood stream of diabetics. There are also a number of home remedies and lifestyle tips that can be used to provide relief to the symptoms of diabetes. Stress and strain on the body should be considered very seriously as they may adversely affect a diabetic. Regular visits to the doctor and frequent eye checkups are required to be a part of a diabetic’s life.
While diabetes cannot be cured completely, following proper medication which is coupled with a healthy lifestyle with lots of physical activity can provide relief to sufferers. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy].
Some oral medications, such as metformin help insulin that is available in the body to work better. People taking insulin alone often require two injections of intermediate-acting insulin or one injection of long-acting insulin per day. Many people are not aware of the risk factors and complications which type 2 diabetes mellitus can bring along with, both in the short and long run. Consequently, glucose (sugar) cannot get into the body’s cells and their functioning gets impaired. Many of them can be controlled when you know what puts your health at risk for the illness and the adverse effects which are likely to come. It may create an overwhelming reaction creating apprehensiveness of the long-term health outcomes and effects on everyday life. This damage can also appear as atherosclerosis, or hardening of the large arteries, making way for heart attack and stroke. Type 2 diabetes can also reduce life expectancy by about 10 years and can be especially concerning for the health and well being of children.
Severe illness may develop into a life-threatening complication. Type 2 diabetes, also referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes, can pose problems in the short run also.
Some people may even not remain drug-dependant if they bring in favorable lifestyle changes. Diabetes may be identified in seemingly low risk individuals who happen to have glucose testing, in symptomatic patients, and in higher-risk individuals who are tested because of a suspicion of diabetes.
When lifestyle efforts alone have not achieved or maintained glycemic goals, metformin monotherapy should be added at, or soon after, diagnosis (in patients intolerant, or with contraindications for, metformin, select initial drug from other treatment options).
It is a rare form of diabetes and is prevalent in less than 10% of people with diabetes, mainly with children.
In this condition, the glucose levels in the blood prove to be higher than normal, but the levels are not high enough for the condition to be classified under Type II Diabetes. This results in the body cells being unable to effectively use up glucose, consequently leading to an increased concentration of sugar in the blood stream. If cases of increased hunger coexist along with above two symptoms in a sufferer, diabetes is said to be diagnosed.
This condition affects almost all diabetic individuals and is considered to be one of the easiest ways of diagnosing if diabetes has affected an individual. This can eventually lead to damage of the nerves and loss of sensation in particular regions of the body such as the fingers and the toes.
There is also a high presence of ketones in the urine which is caused by deamination of some amino acids and also the improper breakdown of fatty acids.
While this may result in some eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataract, over longer periods, it can also lead to permanent blindness. These include potentially serious conditions and diseases such as a heart attack, a stroke, pain in the chest and also a constriction of the arteries in the body. While this causes general fatigue and tiredness, over longer periods it may lead to a gradual wasting of the muscle tissues. The test should be taken after at least eight hours of fasting and two hours after drinking a glucose containing liquid. This test helps in assessment of symptoms and for diagnosing diabetes, but it does not diagnose prediabetes. Type II Diabetes can be treated effectively with the use of oral hypoglycemic medication like metformin. While the treatment methods may prove to be effective on their own, diabetes should always ensure to monitor their glucose levels. This is the first and foremost step and sufferers must ensure that they collect as much information about the condition as possible. While regular exercise and diet can help in keeping these in check, measurements need to be taken regularly in order to avoid complications. Diabetes can have dire consequences on the gums and the teeth and regular brushing and flossing of the teeth should always be done. The recommended limits are one drink of alcohol a day for women and two drinks a day for men. Smokers who also have diabetes have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and the smoking and other forms of tobacco should be stopped at the earliest. Prolonged stress can prove to be very harmful to the tiny blood vessels and can lead to serious complications such as a stroke. Following an effective treatment plan with a well-maintained lifestyle can help keep symptoms in check and can help diabetics lead a closer to normal life. It can develop at any age, but usually affects people before the age of 40, and most commonly during childhood.
But it is simply another medication that, unfortunately, needs to be given as a shot, instead of as a pill. Being diagnosed with diabetes may not only affect you but your loved ones as well who now need to be aware of your additional medical and non-medical needs in living a healthy life.
Weight management is an important aspect of managing and living with type 2 diabetes as it promotes the body to utilize insulin appropriately. Shared decision making with the patient is important to help in the selection of therapeutic option. Since diabetes is associated with progressive beta-cell loss, many patients, especially those with long-standing disease, will ultimately need to be transitioned to insulin. Diabetes is caused due to an increased level of blood sugar or glucose in the blood stream, which in turn can be caused by a number of different factors, most primarily, the role of the hormone insulin in the body. It is the most prevalent form of diabetes accounting for almost 90% of the total number of people with diabetes. It is suspected that heredity and genes have a major role to play in an individual encountering Type I Diabetes as it is passed on from one generation to another. While this is the most common type of diabetes in individuals, the actual causes of Type II Diabetes are yet to be known.


The human placental lactogenic hormone also known as Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin, which is released during the gestational period, reduces the insulin sensitivity in mothers and it may lead to an increased level of blood glucose. There are other medications as well which include angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). This is the most effective way to ensure that targets are being met and that the medications or treatment remedies are proving to be effective. Carbohydrates on the consumptions of excess alcohol can upset the balance that is required in the dietary plan.
However, diabetics must make sure to understand the fact that complications related to the disorder can spring up at any time and they need to always maintain a high level of care in order to keep symptoms in check. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.This website is for informational purposes only.
Using a combination of treatments (oral medication plus insulin) often means that the person can take a lower dose of insulin, compared to insulin treatment used alone. Even though type 2 diabetes is the form affecting most people suffering from diabetes, it is possible to lead a healthy and active life with minimum complications with the right resources like appropriate information and support. The choice is based on patient and drug characteristics, with the over-riding goal of improving glycaemic control while minimising side-effects. Update to a position statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Position statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.
It may also be triggered by environmental factors like diet, viruses, and some specific toxins.
While the body systems of most women counter this by increasing the production of insulin, some women are susceptible to the disorder. Diabetic sufferers do not have an easy time, but integrating a new lifestyle and adopting healthy measures as daily habits can greatly help in managing the symptoms of this disorder.
Various factors that may trigger Type II Diabetes include dietary habits, lifestyle and genetic susceptibility. Insulin also helps move glucose (blood sugar) into cells, where it can be stored and used for energy.
In using triple combinations the essential consideration is obviously to use agents with complementary mechanisms of action. A type 1 diabetes diet is designed to provide maximum nutrition, while limiting sugar, carbohydrates, and sodium. Without proper diet, exercise, and insulin therapy, a person with type 1 diabetes could suffer adverse health effects. Health complications associated with this type of diabetes include: vision problems high blood pressure, which increases risk for heart attack, stroke, and poor circulation kidney damage nerve damage skin sores and infections, which can cause pain and may lead to tissue death Following proper dietary guidelines can help mitigate the difficulties of type 1 diabetes, keep your health free from complications, and make your life better overall. A nutritionist or dietitian can help you come up with meal plans, and create a diet that works for you in the long term.
Having a well-stocked kitchen or carrying healthy snacks with you can cut down on unnecessary sugar, carbohydrates, sodium, and fat that can spike blood sugar.
To maintain blood sugar levels, dont skip meals, and try to eat around the same time each day.
It can cause you to vomit, breathe faster than usual and have breath that smells of ketones (like pear drops or nail varnish).
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency and can be fatal if you aren’t treated in hospital immediately. Fruits Fruits are natural sources of sugar and should be counted as carbohydrates if youre using a diet plan. However, the way in which type 1 diabetes first starts isn’t fully understood at present, but it's possible it may be caused by a virus or run in families. These include: most green leafy vegetables asparagus beets carrots celery cucumber onions peppers sprouts tomatoes Always choose fresh or frozen vegetables without added salt or sauces. Carbohydrates can come in the form of beans, starchy vegetables, fruit juices, pasta, or bread.
Your GP will arrange for you to have a sample of blood taken from your arm to test for glucose. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and other foods travel easily and are great to have on hand when you need them. You will usually inject yourself before meals, using either a small needle or a pen-type syringe with replaceable cartridges. These may be appropriate if you find it difficult to control your blood glucose with regular injections, despite careful monitoring. Ask your doctor or diabetes specialist nurse for advice on which type and method is best for you. Smoking is unhealthy for everyone, but it's especially important to stop if you have diabetes because you already have an increased risk of developing circulatory problems and cardiovascular disease. These are four to five day intensive courses that help you learn how to adjust your insulin dose.
This involves regularly taking a pinprick of blood from the side of your fingertip and putting a drop on a testing strip.
HbA1C is a protein that is produced when you have high blood glucose levels over a long period of time. The HbA1C test is done by taking blood from a vein in your arm or sometimes a drop of blood from a fingerprick.
If you don’t monitor your condition regularly and your blood glucose levels get low, you may become very unwell. It can also be caused if you miss a meal, don’t eat enough foods containing carbohydrate or if you take part in physical activity without eating enough to compensate for it.
Another cause can be drinking too much alcohol or drinking alcohol without eating beforehand.
You may need to make changes to your meals if you work shifts, or if food isn't readily available.
Also, you won’t be allowed to hold a heavy goods vehicle (HGV) licence or be a pilot.
You will need to contact the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) to inform them about your condition. The DVLA will contact your doctor for more information about how your condition is managed and whether you have any complications that might make you unsafe to drive. Carry diabetes identification and a letter from your doctor, and check with the airline you're flying with before you go.
Within these groups there are different types of insulin that work at different speeds and for different lengths of time in your body. These should be injected about 15 to 30 minutes before meals and can last up to eight hours. You will learn to adjust your insulin dose yourself day-to-day so that your blood glucose levels stay stable.



X s n d
Diabetes mellitus types 1 2
Diabetes mellitus treatment nice guidelines
Research diabetes type 1 cure




Comments

  1. Sevka

    Scared to eat more carbs for fear.

    01.07.2016

  2. KURTOY_PAREN

    Program your body preferentially burns have been linked to cardiovascular disease this data relating to their.

    01.07.2016

  3. azercay_dogma_cay

    Energize you and help who.

    01.07.2016

  4. Alisina

    Post- workout diet to lose belly fat for men with an extra three.5 ounces.

    01.07.2016

  5. Alisina

    Not been diagnosed (a rise eggs.

    01.07.2016