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There are certain instances when the swelling only occurs the moment a person gets out of bed in the morning.
When ankle swelling is accompanied by edema especially on deep cavities, there’s a likelihood that small pits will form. Since there may be fluid build up in an area surrounding the ankle it is likely that there will be indentation especially when the skin is being pinched.
This may also manifest in people suffering from swollen ankles especially if the cause is something related to trauma and injury such as strain and sprain.
When the kidney fails to work properly, fluid may easily build up resulting to swelling especially in the ankle area. Since there will also be an increase in the fluid amounts in the body of a pregnant woman, swelling especially in the ankle region is prominent.
In order to effectively treat swollen ankles, it is critical to know its underlying causes.
By elevating the affected side, the fluid is returned into the upper extremities to be properly circulated. When you know that your specific medication is causing you ankle swelling, the best thing you can do is to change the drugs and look for an alternative. When tight stockings are causing you swollen ankles, look for loose ones which will not impede circulation.
Among the primary goal of treatment for swollen ankles is to decrease or even halt the inflammatory process. Preeclampsia is a pregnancy condition in which high blood pressure and protein in the urine develop after the 20th week (late 2nd or 3rd trimester) of pregnancy. Causes The exact cause of preeclampsia is not known. Please enable JavaScript in your browser to experience all the custom features of our site, including the ability to make a purchase. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Ulcers occur when the skin breaks down allowing air and bacteria to get into the underlying tissue. Associated symptoms of a venous leg ulcer are caused by blood not flowing properly through your veins. Years of research have shown that the usual causes of leg ulcers are not a problem with the skin itself, but rather with the underlying blood supply to the skin. Because blood supply to the skin is crucial, ulcers can occur as a result of poor circulation and so it is also mostly associated with disorders that affect circulation, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension.
Diagnosis is usually made based on symptoms, location and the way the surrounding skin of the ulcer looks. Leg ulcers usually occur in the elderly more so than any other age group, due to poor circulation in aging limbs.
Two conditions that add to the complications of leg ulcers in the elderly are obesity and diabetes. Venous (Varicose) Ulcers mostly occur due to improper functioning of the valves connecting the superficial and deep veins. Arterial (Ischemic) Ulcers are caused by poor blood circulation as a result of narrowed arteries or by damage to the small blood vessels from diabetes.
Treatment for leg ulcers should include weight loss if you are overweight and regular exercise to promote good circulation.
Once the causes of leg ulcers are under control, (for example the blood sugar level in diabetes) the ulcer should heal by itself.
If an underlying disease is one of the causes of leg ulcers, it's important that it is treated - for example hardening of the arteries. Sit with your legs raised whenever you have the opportunity - above heart level if possible. If your work requires a lot of standing or sitting, try to vary your stance as much as possible. What is a stroke?Stroke is a medical emergency and the third leading cause of death in the UK. To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. This condition takes place when there is fluid accumulation in between joints and tissue surrounding the ankle.
When there is failure in the contractility and pumping mechanism of the heart, fluid retention will likely occur resulting to edema and swelling of the extremities especially of the ankles.
An example of a drug that can cause ankle swelling belongs to the calcium channel blocker group.
Once the primary cause has been known, it would be easier to treat the underlying condition and relieve ankle swelling.
When you are obese and it’s causing you swollen ankles, the best way to treat the condition is through regular exercise routines.
Therefore successful prevention for leg ulcers and successful treatment for leg ulcers must be directed at correcting the underlying cause, not the ulcer itself. A diagnosis is determined by the patient’s medical history, a thorough physical examination by a wound specialist or physician, and laboratory tests, which may include X-rays, MRIs, CT scans and noninvasive vascular studies to help develop a treatment plan.


Ulcers in the elderly affect their quality of life, especially if they are affected by them chronically. Since many elderly individuals spend a majority of their time sitting, one of the best remedies is to keep their legs elevated, preferably above the heart.
The failure of these valves causes blood to improper flow of the veins, causing varicose veins. Decreased circulation from diabetes is the main reason for the development of diadetic leg ulcers.
Treatment may involve wound cleansing, anti-inflammatory treatment and application of dressings.
Leg and foot ulcers have a tendency to recur in elderly people, and sometimes may require years of therapy. It occurs when a blood vessel in the brain bursts or, more commonly, when a blockage develops. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. There are certain instances wherein ankle edema signifies serious underlying pathologic conditions such as congestive heart problems, infections, deep tissue trauma, circulatory problems and other imbalance in the body’s homeostasis. This medication is specifically indicated to correct high blood pressure but its side effects may include ankle swelling. In pregnant women, this may indicate a potentially dangerous condition called pre-eclampsia. Associations among perceived and objective disease knowledge and satisfaction with physician communication in patients with chronic kidney disease.
Limited knowledge of chronic kidney disease among primary care patients—a cross-sectional survey.
Patient perception of risk factors associated with chronic kidney disease morbidity and mortality. Chronic kidney disease awareness, screening and prevention: rationale for the design of a public education program. Community perspectives on kidney disease and health promotion from at-risk populations in rural North Carolina, USA. Prevalence of silent kidney disease in Hong Kong: the screening for Hong Kong Asymptomatic Renal Population and Evaluation (SHARE) program. Many elderly individuals are inactive, making it very hard to treat ulcers in a traditional manner. Treatment for leg ulcers greatly depends on the factors that cause the ulcer or have prevented healing. So long as there is no arterial disease, venous leg and foot ulcers will benefit from elevation and compression dressings. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Ankle swelling should not be just taken for granted since this may indicate an impending doom. Steroids and antidepressants are also known to cause swollen ankles owing to the fact that these enlarge the small blood vessels causing fluids to leak in the extra-vascular space thereby resulting into swelling. However, this may not be true at all times since swollen ankles during pregnancy can be brought by an increase in the fluid amounts of the mother’s body which will help sustain the pregnancy.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site.
This can also be caused by the baby’s weight putting pressure on the extremities of the mother thereby resulting into swollen lower extremities especially the ankles. Therefore, it is imperative to immediately seek medical attention when ankle swelling is noted. When the latter of the previously mentioned things are the causes, there’s really nothing to worry about.
Prompt medical attention is especially needed when ankle swelling is accompanied with symptoms like shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, confusion and other clusters of serious symptoms. However, it is still imperative to pay attention when ankle swelling is noted so as to prevent further damage. Tests to monitor the baby's well-being include pregnancy ultrasound, non-stress test, and a biophysical profile. Now that you know something about ankle swelling, its causes and symptoms, it would be easier for you to find an appropriate treatment. You may receive different treatments to help trigger labor, or you may need a c-section. If your baby is not fully developed and you have mild preeclampsia, the disease can often be managed at home until your baby has a good chance of surviving after delivery. The further along you are in the pregnancy before you deliver, the better it is for your baby. The severity of the preeclampsia. However, sometimes the high blood pressure will get worse in the first several days after delivery. A woman with a history of preeclampsia is at risk for the condition again during future pregnancies.
The infant's risk of death depends on the severity of the preeclampsia and how prematurely the baby is born. Possible Complications Preeclampsia can develop into eclampsia if the mother has seizures. This allows the health care provider to find and treat conditions such as preeclampsia early. Proper prenatal care is essential.


At each pregnancy checkup, yor health care provider will check your weight, blood pressure, and urine (through a urine dipstick test) to screen you for preeclampsia. As with any pregnancy, a good prenatal diet full of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, and the basic food groups is important.
There are clot-busting drugs that can help prevent brain damage, but they have to be used within four and a half hours of the initial stroke symptoms.
Cutting back on processed foods, refined sugars, and cutting out caffeine, alcohol, and any medication not prescribed by a doctor is essential.
Diagnosing a strokeWhen someone with stroke symptoms arrives in A&E, the first step is to determine which type of stroke is occurring. A CT scan can help doctors determine whether the symptoms are coming from a blocked blood vessel or a bleeding one. Additional tests may also be used to find the location of a blood clot or bleeding within the brain. Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)A transient ischaemic attack (TIA), sometimes called a 'mini-stroke', is more like a close call. Blood flow is temporarily impaired to part of the brain, causing symptoms similar to an actual stroke. What causes a strokeA common cause of stroke is atherosclerosis – narrowing of the arteries. Plaque made of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances builds up in the arteries, leaving less space for blood to flow through.
Haemorrhagic strokes often result from uncontrolled high blood pressure that causes a weakened artery to burst.
Risk factors you can’t controlSome stroke risk factors are beyond your control, such as getting older or having a family history of strokes.
South Asian, African or Caribbean people are at greater risk compared to people of other ethnicities. Stroke: Emergency treatmentFor an ischaemic stroke, emergency treatment focuses on medicine to restore blood flow. A clot-busting medication is highly effective at dissolving clots and minimising long-term damage, but it must be given within four and a half hours of the onset of symptoms. Treatment usually involves attempting to control high blood pressure, bleeding and brain swelling.
Stroke: Long-term damageWhether a stroke causes long-term damage depends on its severity and how quickly treatment stabilises the brain.
Common problems after a stroke include weakness or paralysis in the arms or legs, difficulty walking, vision problems, trouble swallowing and problems with speech and comprehension. These problems can be permanent, but people often regain their abilities to varying degrees. Stroke rehab: Speech therapyRehabilitation is the centrepiece of the stroke recovery process. It helps patients regain lost skills and learn to compensate for damage that can't be undone. Stroke rehab: PhysiotherapyMuscle weakness, as well as balance problems, are very common after a stroke. For fine motor skills, such as using a knife and fork, writing and buttoning a shirt, occupational therapy can help.
Stroke rehab: Talk therapyIt's common for stroke survivors and their loved ones to experience a wide range of intense emotions, such as fear, anger, worry and grief. A psychologist or mental health counsellor can provide strategies for coping with these emotions.
A therapist can also watch for signs of depression, which frequently strikes people who are recovering from a stroke. Anti-platelet medicines, including aspirin, keep platelets in the blood from sticking together and forming clots. Anti-clotting drugs, such as warfarin, may be needed to help ward off stroke in some patients.  Finally, if you have high blood pressure or high cholesterol, your doctor will prescribe medication to lower it. Stroke prevention: SurgeryIn some cases, a stroke results from a narrowed carotid artery – the blood vessel that travels up each side of the neck to bring blood to the brain. People who have had a mild stroke or a TIA due to this problem may benefit from surgery known as carotid endarterectomy. This procedure removes plaque from the lining of the carotid arteries and can prevent further strokes. Stroke prevention: Balloon and stentDoctors can also treat a clogged carotid artery without major surgery in some cases. The procedure, called angioplasty, involves temporarily inserting a catheter into the artery and inflating a tiny balloon to widen the area that is narrowed by plaque. Life after a strokeA third of people will make an almost full recovery physically after a stroke. While the risk of a second stroke is higher in the weeks or months after a stroke, this risk decreases over time.



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