How does type 2 diabetes occur in the body,natural home remedies to control diabetes,symptoms and treatment of diabetes in dogs - For Begninners


An impeded flow of blood and lowered immunity form the fundamental changes which make diabetics prone to various skin ailments (as compared to non-diabetics). This comprehensive article covers the possible skin conditions that may stem from diabetes so that you are able to spot them at the earliest.
Damage to the nerves as a result of diabetes may negatively affect the working of the sweat glands, leading to dry skin, mainly on the lower legs or feet. This problem is fortunately easy to control via daily moisturization of the skin, proper use of sunscreen protection and by drinking adequate amounts of water that allow the skin to stay moist for long. Individuals dealing with diabetes are highly vulnerable to attacks caused by fungal species, especially those initiated by Candida Albicans. Such infections are found most commonly in moist areas of the body; for example, the small area between toes or fingers, in the vaginal, groin or armpit area. There are a variety of bacterial infections that can be repeatedly seen in patients with diabetes.
Acanthosis nigricans is most frequently associated with insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes), resulting in an escalated amount of insulin in the blood circulation.
Mostly, the creases and folds in the body, as seen in the elbows, knees, armpits, under the breast etc, show such changes.
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum is a rare diabetic complication (affects roughly 0.3% of diabetics) which has a strong predilection for adult women. Pathologic degenerative changes that take place in collagen and fat reserves below the skin result in this inflammatory skin disorder. Bullosis diabeticorum, also known as diabetic blister is an infrequent skin condition wherein an individual with diabetes may experience blister formation. The good news is that such blisters subside on their own in a matter of few weeks (2-3 weeks). It appears as a yellow coloured, small sized bump (not more than the size of a pea) and is lined by an erythematous halo.
In Disseminated Granuloma Annulare, the diabetic sufferer notices formation of distinct elevated areas on the skin, with an arch or ring form. Atherosclerosis refers to arterial thickening that may result in skin changes (mainly the skin on legs). Diabetes coupled with neuropathy results in the leg and foot injuries which are not noticed by the patient due to lack of pressure or temperature sensation.
The materials contained on this website are provided for general information purposes only and do not constitute medical, legal, financial or other professional advice on any subject matter. Areas of the foot that have already had an ulcer may need more protection after healing, to prevent an ulcer from forming there again. NOTICE: This health information was not created by the University of Michigan Health System (UMHS) and may not necessarily reflect specific UMHS practices. Yeast infection rash is due to an infection caused by a certain type of fungus known as Candida albicans.
Perleche can be treated using topical antifungal or anti-yeast agents along with mild corticosteroid ointments or creams. One recommended yeast infection natural treatment is to make sure that the affected area is kept dry and clean. Intertrigo, on the other hand, usually respond to the usage of nystatin powder, as it is helpful in decreasing the amount of moisture on the affected area.
Yeast Infection Sufferer Reveals Complete System That Will Show you How To Permanently Cure Your Yeast Infection. Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make enough insulin to control blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes occurs when some or all of the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed.
Type 1 diabetes is not caused by the amount of sugar in a person’s diet before the disease develops. Even after it is diagnosed and treatment is begun, type 1 diabetes can affect all body systems.
Eye damage (retinopathy) — Tiny blood vessels of the retina (the back of the eye, the part that senses light) are damaged by high blood sugar.
Nerve damage (neuropathy) — High blood sugar can damage nerves, leading to pain or numbness of the affected body part. Heart and artery disease — People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to have heart disease, strokes and problems related to poor circulation. Hypoglycemia — Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can result from treatments to lower blood sugar, either insulin injections or pills (see Treatment section, below). Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed by a combination of symptoms, a person’s age and blood tests. On unusual occasions, when someone’s type 1 diabetes is very hard to control with available treatments, pancreas or islet transplantation may be performed even when kidney transplantation is not necessary. Scientists have recently reported exciting but still experimental new ways for encouraging the pancreas to again start producing its own insulin-producing beta cells. People with type 1 diabetes must properly regulate both their dietary intake and their dose of insulin. In order to properly regulate their insulin intake, people with type 1 diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels several times per day.
Newer glucose monitors have test strips that take the blood directly from the spot that was pricked. Fast-acting insulin may be taken as needed, depending on the amount of carbohydrates ingested.
A healthy diet and regular exercise are important for everyone—but particularly for people with diabetes. In order to keep blood sugar levels at a normal and relatively constant level, a person with type 1 diabetes typically is advised to eat, exercise and take insulin at about the same times every day. Call your health care professional if you experience a sudden increase in thirst and urination. If you or your child has type 1 diabetes, see your doctor regularly to make sure that you are keeping good control of your blood sugar.
People with type 1 diabetes generally adjust quickly to the time and attention that is needed to monitor blood sugar, treat the disease and maintain a normal lifestyle.
Your skin: A window to your healthSkin problems are often the first sign of serious underlying health problems.
NHS National Genetics Education & Development Centre - Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC). To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. As mentioned, what causes yeast infection in women and men is the excessive amount of yeast in the body. Once the infection reached the bloodstream, this can lead to a condition known as systemic candidiasis. Early detection and prompt treatment prevent many skin problems from getting out of control. The yeast like fungal skin infection results in an inflamed, itchy rash, usually encircled by small blisters or scales. Other common fungal problems associated with diabetes cover Athlete’s foot, ringworm and jock itch. Some of them take up the form of boils, nail infection, carbuncles or folliculitis (infection involving the hair follicles). This type of diabetic skin complication does not resolve entirely, but losing excess weight certainly improves the condition. This necrotizing type of skin condition is marked by irregularly formed hard lesions which are raised above the skin surface.
The sites where necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum is usually seen range from legs, hands, trunk or upper arms. The tender skin is prone to ulceration on slightest of trauma. This particular skin complication is characterized by thick, tight skin on the dorsal surface of both hands and results due to raised levels of blood glucose.
Such blisters typically surface on the feet, legs, arms (extending below the elbow to the wrist), hands or dorsal aspect of fingers. The sole mode of treatment for diabetic blister is to bring the blood sugar within normal limits.
Unlike Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum, Eruptive xanthomatosis affects young males who have both, abnormally high triglycerides, as well as cholesterol levels.
It is essentially a red or skin coloured rash which targets those parts of the body which are farther away from the trunk.
As the blood supply to the leg muscles diminishes, in case of any injury or infection, the healing process remains sluggish.


Healthwise, Incorporated, disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated. You can also opt for various antifungal creams and lotions, such as Nizoral or ketoconazole, which is effective against the condition as well. Opting for a yeast infection medication, such as fluconazole or itraconazole is also helpful and is often recommended by physicians. As much as possible, licking the lips as well as the corners of the mouth should be avoided. Your physician can provide you more details on what is yeast infection, as well as the possible treatments and preventive measures for the condition. Just type in the keyword and the search box will help you go through our article archive easily. It is less likely to damage the body, and cause symptoms, if the blood sugar levels are well controlled by treatment. If a person takes too much insulin relative to their dietary intake, or if they forget to eat, they can develop dangerous hypoglycemia.
Other patients use semiautomatic injector pens that help to measure precise amounts of insulin.
Insulin pumps deliver a regulated dose of insulin through a needle implanted under the skin.
Your doctor or dietitian will help you determine the best insulin and diet schedule for you or your child. Exercise protects the health of the heart and blood vessels in people with diabetes, as in everyone. You should also be checked regularly for early signs of complications such as heart disease, eye problems and skin infections. These may include a podiatrist to check your feet and an ophthalmologist to check your eyes for signs of diabetes complications.
But it can be reduced greatly if you strictly monitor and control your blood glucose levels.
Butterfly rashA butterfly rash across the face is often the first sign of lupus, but don't jump to conclusions. Jorizzo, professor and founding chair of dermatology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, USA.
It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. In order to learn how to treat yeast infection, it is necessary to be able to learn what does yeast infection look like. This overgrowth may occur in various parts of the body, such as the underarms, groin, lower abdomen, under the breasts, between the fingers and toenails and under the buttocks. This condition is often diagnosed in individuals who are suffering from cancer and AIDS, and is proven fatal if left untreated. Although this is a rare condition, its occurrence can be extremely painful and is usually contracted from women who are infected by the condition. According to the American Diabetes Association, roughly 33 percent of the entire diabetic population has or is currently living with skin complications induced by diabetes. The affected skin becomes hyper pigmented (it turns dark), hyperplastic (that is, it begins to show incremental growth), and is thick and velvet-like in texture. Other than the hands, joints such as those of the knees or elbows are also targeted, resulting in limited movement of the digits or joints. The common sites affected by eruptive xanthomatosis include the buttocks, arms or even the facial region. However, this type of rash is easy to handle with certain medicines (mostly a steroid for topical application). This common skin trouble takes the appearance of brown coloured, scaly patches with a circular shape. All tips, guides and recommendations are followed at your own risk and should be followed up with your own research. These medications are helpful in relieving the symptoms of the disease and in preventing the condition from worsening, thus preventing the development of a systemic yeast infection.
You can also opt for topical corticosteroids or topical antifungal for the management of the condition.
Learn how to treat and deal with the condition by reading our articles and gain more knowledge about yeast infection through our website. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys insulin-producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas. This is because the increased glucose in the blood causes the kidneys to create more urine than usual.
Other monitors allow blood to be taken from the forearm, thigh or the fleshy part of the hand.
It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. The infection usually occurs on the roof of the mouth, inside the cheek, on the lips, tongue and gums.
The condition usually affects children with weak immune system, as well as children who are consuming antibiotics regularly against other infections. Female or vaginal yeast infection is typically due to pregnancy, consumption of contraceptives, diabetes, menstruation, unprotected sexual activities and hormonal changes.
However, the condition can be easily treated by using an over the counter yeast infection treatment. Skin dryness, sluggish blood circulation or development of a yeast infection form some of the prominent causes responsible for itchy skin.
Of all the bacterial strains, Staphylococcus is the main culprit behind the development of many skin infections.
This type of skin condition mostly affects those who are overweight or diagnosed with diabetes.
Mostly noticed in the front aspect of lower legs, diabetic dermopathy remains asymptomatic.
However, if the body’s immune system is weakened or the amount of good bacteria is lowered, excessive growth of this fungus may occur, thus resulting to yeast infection.
Some pumps include a sensor that constantly measures the level of blood sugar, and adjusts the dose of insulin accordingly. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site.
When wiped out, these patches may start to bleed and these may result to the formation of ulcer patches. Obese individuals are prone to the condition, as well as those suffering from diabetes and those with weak immune system.
The most common areas of the body that are usually infected by the virus include the mouth and the genitals. Esophageal thrush, on the other hand, usually results to esophagitis, which can make it hard for an individual to swallow food or drink water. Although skin yeast infection is a rare case, the development of yeast infection rash should be given immediate attention. However, oral yeast infection treatment for men and women can be easily obtained over the counter. How do we become resistant to insulin and what causes our beta cells to fail?Insulin resistance can develop as a result of fat cells releasing more pro-inflammatory chemicals such as IL-6, and fewer anti-inflammatory chemicals such as adiponectin.
Rarely, if it occurs in other parts of the body such as the hands or lips, it may indicate an internal malignant cancer.
Leg plaque: Red on edge, gold in centreNecrobiosis lipoidica is an inflammatory skin condition. It may occur with inflammatory conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis and sarcoid. That is not what some of my textbooks say, which claim that type 2 diabetes has a stronger genetic component than type 1 diabetes. Very often it is associated with diabetes, when it is called necrobiosis lipoidica diabetica, and often means the underlying diabetes may have damaged the blood vessels in the eyes and kidneys.
Unfortunately their authors have been lazy and taken the fact that type 2 diabetes runs in families as evidence of a genetic link.
Itchy, violet bumps on wristLichen planus is a rash made up of reddish-purple, flat-topped bumps that may be very itchy.


It is all to do with the fact that people in the same family follow a similar dietary pattern, and often a similar exercise pattern as well. It usually appears on the wrists or ankles, but may appear on the lower back, neck, arms, legs and genitals. In fact type 1 diabetes has a much stronger genetic component with a few genes on chromosome 6 being responsible for much of the susceptability. In type 2 diabetes a large number of genes are associated with risk and none particularly strongly.What happens in the diabeticThere are some tissues in our body that let glucose in without insulin. Flesh coloured, orange-peel patches on backShagreen patches are flesh-coloured lesions on the lower back that have the texture of orange peel. Fat and muscle cells contain GLUT-4 transporters, which don't allow much glucose in without insulin being present. They often occur with other skin signs: red or brown acne-like bumps spreading across the cheeks and nose, and ash-leaf spots of under-pigmented skin, most often on the trunk, that are oval at one end and pointy at the other. The brain on the other hand has a lot of GLUT-3 transporters, which allow appreciable amounts of glucose in without insulin being present.Tissues which let in glucose without insulin are found in the eye, kidneys, peripheral nervous system as well as the liver, ovaries and seminal vesicles.
These are signs of a rare genetic disease called tuberous sclerosis that causes benign tumours to grow in the brain and other vital organs.
Tripe palmsTripe palms describes a skin condition in which the skin of the palm becomes thick and velvety-white with pronounced folds in the lines of the hand. The unfortunate result for these cells is that they can accumulate too much glucose over time. If tripe palms is accompanied by acanthosis nigricans, it's most likely to be stomach cancer. However, those cells in the eyes, kidneys and in our peripheral circulation accumulate sorbitol, which causes swelling of the cells due to osmotic pressure. If tripe palms is not accompanied by acanthosis nigricans, then lung cancer is usually responsible. Hardening of skin in extremities, ‘wooden’ hands and feetNephrogenic systemic fibrosis starts as a brown discolouration and indentation of the lower arms and legs. Most of these complications result from raised levels of glucose in cells which do not rely on insulin to obtain it. In particular some cells lining capillaries and nerves in the kidneys, eyes and limbs are vulnerable.
Researchers have found that the gadolinium contrast agent used during MRI examinations triggers this condition in some patients with kidney failure. Scaly rash on buttocks, red tongueFortunately, necrolytic migratory erythema is quite rare.
It's a red, blistering rash that crusts over sometimes with small erosions of the skin, usually seen in elderly patients. It tends to start in the fold of the buttocks or genitals but can be elsewhere on the body.
As a result they leak proteins which ultimately result in constriction of the blood vessels supplying the kidney. Since the brain uses sugar as its main energy source it goes to plan B which is creating ketones, which can provide energy also.
Not all skin conditions are scaryMany skin conditions do not indicate that anything else is wrong with you.
Too many ketones acidify our blood and cause excess urination, thirst, vomiting and tummy pain. For example, granuloma annulare is raised, reddish or flesh-coloured bumps forming ring patterns on the hands and feet.
Ultimately severe dehydration, swelling of the brain and coma can occur, which is why hospitalisation is often needed. This is a serious complication of type 1 diabetes.
It usually goes away within a few months and usually doesn't mean anything is wrong with you.
However, it is uncommon with type 2 as some insulin is normally available.Curing diabetes naturallyExercising more and consuming foods that do not raise blood sugar levels is the key to reversing diabetes. While it becomes harder to regain full health the longer you have had diabetes, when first diagnosed, the vast majority of people have the potential to completely cure themselves of the condition.The correct dietThe modern western diet is the main cause of diabetes.
For instance on one of my GI lists I have a baked potato with a GI of 111, greater than pure glucose while peanuts are listed with a GI of just 7, which implies that foods containing the East Asian sauce, satay would be very low GI. So in other words the GI is not an absolute value, but just a guideline. Sometimes it is more realistic to consider the glycaemic load or GL of a food, which takes account of the amount of a food you eat. Obviously one Cornflake (GI=93) is not going to raise blood sugar as much as a whole can of baked beans (GI=40), but a small bowl of them probably will.Foods that are normally low GI can be eaten as the main part of a diet for someone with diabetes.
These include meat, fish, eggs, dairy as well as nuts, seeds, most vegetables and some fruits. The one vegetable that has a high GI is the potato (this includes the sweet potato), and the fruits with a high GI include ripe bananas, dates and raisins. Generally speaking fruits from warm climates have a higher GI than those from more temperate climates.
For instance if you exercise soon after consuming the food then some of the blood sugar it creates will be taken up by your muscle cells. If you combine it with other foods of much lower GI or eat a small portion of it you will also find your blood sugar does not rise as far.Timing foodsIn general if you exercise then you will reduce your blood sugar level. A 30 minute exercise stint before food will allow you to get away with a higher overall glycaemic load.
Equally if you do some light exercise soon after a large meal you can lower the peak which your blood sugar will reach.In general it is best to leave some time between any meal and completely sedentary activity such as bed or watching the TV. Kids get it about right when they automatically rush about after a meal, often to the frustration of their bloated parents.
A bit of housework, gardening or short walk are often quite effective at making a real dent in your blood sugar readings.Treating diabetes with drugsIt really is best to avoid the need for drugs.
I would always advise making concerted efforts to control blood sugar levels with increases in exercise and changes to the diet.
Many people find they can come off drugs completely when they do this properly.For those who cannot control their blood sugar levels without drugs then it is sensible to take them.
The cumulative effect over time of high blood sugar levels is extremely damaging, and this is why so many diabetics suffer from amputations, blindness, heart attacks and strokes.Blood sugar lowering agentsThe main one is perhaps Metformin which lowers the amount of sugar your liver produces. Thiazilienediones such as Rosiglitazone increase insulin sensitivity of the tissues and glucosidase inhibitors such as Acarbose reduce absorption of glucose from the gut. All these drugs will be more or less effective in different people depending on how their diabetes is affecting them. Measuring blood sugar levelsDiabetes is diagnosed using criteria that are arbitrary.
There are several ways that are used to measure blood sugar problems:Fasted blood sugar level - FBGThis measures blood sugar levels after not eating anything for at least 8 hours. However, this value will vary depending on factors such as stress, recent exercise and illness.
Secondly their muscles get used to using fat as a fuel place of glucose and so more glucose is left in the blood. If you come into this category the measure below could be more useful to you.Long term blood sugar controlTo assess this we measure the amount of glycosylated haemoglobin - HbA1c, in your red blood cells. Haemoglobin - Hb, is the protein found in red blood cells that is responsible for carrying oxygen to your tissues.
In good health somewhere between 3-5% of our haemoglobin is in the HbA1c form.Red blood cells live for an average of 120 days. There are a number of factors that can skew the measurement:People with healthy low blood sugar have longer lived red blood cells that may survive for an average of 150 days.
In this case a high end reading for HbA1c does not imply bad blood sugar control.Diabetics with high blood sugar levels have red blood cells that live shorter lives than average, typically around 90days. It may be a better measure than HbA1c, and gives an indication of blood sugar levels over the previous 2-3 weeks(5).Glucose challenge or OGTTThe oral glucose tolerance test - OGTT is a measure of our response to consuming 75g of glucose in one hit. It is unrealistic as most people never consume such a large and purified amount of glucose. For most people achieving the low GI meal involves limiting the amount of starchy carbohydrates they eat.



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