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Patients with hypoglycemia may present with confusion, agitation, or focal neurologic findings. Central nervous system injury from ischemia, hemorrhage, or trauma can present with altered mental status. My cat (yes, I know this is Dogster, and I swear I’m going somewhere with this) was in the kitchen. Seizures in cats and dogs (see, I told you I was going somewhere with this) come in three stages. Finally, most animals experience a post-ictal stage lasting anywhere from a few minutes to a several hours or longer. Our understanding of what should be done when an animal suffers a seizure has been evolving over time. Seizures that do not rapidly (within two to three minutes) resolve can cause severe complications including brain damage and high body temperature. I therefore recommend that dogs who have suffered seizures receive immediate veterinary attention, with two aims in mind. Other causes of seizures in young dogs may include, among others, exposure to toxins, liver problems (especially a problem called liver shunt in small breeds), and head trauma. In older dogs, especially those over seven years of age, the most common cause of seizures is so-called intracranial disease. I recommend blood tests, urine tests, radiographs (X-rays), and blood pressure measurement for dogs who suffer seizures. In an ideal world, we would be able to identify those dogs for whom the long-term side effects of chronic medication outweigh the risks. The best option for owners of dogs who have suffered a seizure or seizures is to consult with a large referral center where a veterinary neurologist and a veterinary internist (who can look out for the liver and pancreas) can work together to tailor an optimal protocol. Owners for whom such specialist intervention is not feasible due to geographic or financial reasons will have to rely on less information and work with their family vet.
When you start losing hair substantially, it marks the presence of a medical condition, one that is fortunately preventable as well as curable. Hair loss in women is absolutely normal, and on an average, women lose fifty to hundred hair a day. This is a condition that occurs after pregnancy, drastic weight loss, major surgery, or extreme stress, and is often characterized by loss of handfuls of hair. Androgenetic Alopecia, one of the top causes of hair loss in women, can be countered with a chemical called Minoxidil. Women experiencing heavy periods and women who are not consuming enough iron in their diets are prone to anemia.
As hair loss in women is caused by various factors, it is necessary to get to the underlying cause of hair loss to treat this condition. This entry was posted in Wellness and tagged causes of hair loss in women, loss of hair in women by Zipheal Editorial Staff.
8)    Interactive Medical Media LLC, Fitzpatrick's Color Atlas & Synopsis of Clinical Dermatology, Dr. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease responsible for excess growth of skin cells and red, scaly patches on the skin.
Salicylic acid is an over-the-counter medication that can be taken without a doctor’s prescription.
Psoriasis is likely to occur in both sexes equally, occurs at all ages, and is prevalent in 2-3% of the western population. Adaptogenic herbs are health supplements believed to improve the body's ability to resist environmental stressors. Disclaimer: All content on this website is for informational purposes only and should not be considered to be a specific diagnosis or treatment plan for any individual situation. Common causes include pneumonia, pneumothorax, and pulmonary embolism as well as acute exacerbations of underlying illnesses, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Severe hypercalcemia from malignancy, hyperparathyroidism, or renal failure can present with agitation and confusion. Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are always a concern in patients with altered mental status.
Other drugs, including sympathomimetics and hallucinogens, may also present with delirium and the diagnosis is often made by recognizing the related toxidrome. Severe vitamin B deficiency presenting with altered mental status (Wernicke's encephalopathy) can be treated with thiamine if properly identified. With the nationwide availability of stroke and trauma centers, timely recognition of injury must occur at the prehospital level and proper triage to the appropriate centers made. In fact, the first seizure I witnessed was one of the most frightening things that had happened in my short life to that point.
She suddenly got a strange look in her eyes, vocalized several times, collapsed, urinated, defecated, and began to convulse. At that point I realized that this traumatic, inexplicable event from my childhood actually was common and had an explanation.
The first is called the pre-ictal stage and it is not always seen, especially since many animals will seize in their sleep.
During this time they may exhibit symptoms of blindness, they may vocalize, pant, stagger or fall, behave in a markedly disoriented fashion, and not respond to sensory stimuli. Brain cells transmit electrical impulses along their length; these electrical impulses cause communication with connected cells. After the electrical storm of a seizure subsides, additional areas of the brain may be left with residual electrical over-activity — this can lead to escalating seizures in the future. After a seizure, those residual areas of extra activity are all left firing away with the potential to trigger more problems. Diazepam (which has gained no shortage of notoriety for its use and misuse by humans in the form of Valium) is the mainstay of treatment in acute cases, but it appears that supply issues are looming with this medication. Intracranial disease includes brain tumors, encephalitis, meningitis, and vascular events similar to strokes. I generally hospitalize them for observation and treatment with diazepam to prevent escalating seizure clusters in the short term. Many veterinary neurologists recommend starting long-term anti-seizure medications such as phenobarbital, potassium bromide, zonisamide, levetiracetam, or (rarely) gabapentin after any seizure. Be aware that the neurologist will probably want to run an MRI and obtain a sample of cerebrospinal fluid for analysis. At this time most vets are not recommending long-term anti-seizure medications for most dogs who have experienced single seizures.


In humans, high carbohydrate diets have been linked to changes in brain electrical activity that seem to promote seizures in some individuals.
Hair loss in women can be attributed to various factors such as nutritional deficiencies and scalp conditions. It may also be the result of certain kinds of medication, such as antidepressants, beta-blockers, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is also called hereditary hair loss, as the gene that causes this condition is inherited either from the mother or the father. This condition is characterized by fatigue, loss of energy, weakness, pale skin, and potential hair loss.
Examples of such conditions include seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff), psoriasis, and fungal infections such as ringworm. In many cases, ensuring a regular intake of healthy food and keeping the hair clean can go a long way in preventing and countering hair loss.
It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
Inverse psoriasis occurs mainly in skin folds, armpits, groin, buttocks, behind ears, and under the breasts. Use of this website and the information contained herein does not create a doctor-patient relationship. The underlying etiology must be identified and treated in order to attain resolution as soon as possible and, thus, decrease mortality. Patients with COPD may have baseline elevations in pCO2, but an acute rise can lead to lethargy and coma.
Alcohol dependent patients with a sudden cessation can present with a severe form of withdrawal known as delirium tremens. However, when it occurs animals may exhibit vocalization, disorientation, a glazed look in their eyes, and agitation.
When an area of the brain begins to fire electrical impulses excessively, those impulses can spread to the connected brain cells, and to the cells connected to them, and so on until the brain is overrun with electrical activity. And, just as aftershocks are common after an earthquake, subsequent seizures are common in the period immediately after a seizure has occurred.
Fortunately, other similar medications such as midazolam and lorazepam, and the unrelated medication propofol, also work well. The term epilepsy is rapidly becoming outdated because of the implication that it is a single disease. Other problems such as exposure to toxins, liver failure, other metabolic or endocrine disorders, and head trauma also may cause seizures in dogs.
However, these medications have potential side effects or issues that must be considered, especially in young dogs who might be looking at a lifetime of medication. This means that they works well in most dogs for a while, but then may become less effective. That could change as our understanding of epilepsy changes or as newer and better drugs become available. I have yet to see any evidence of such a link in dogs, but this area of study is definitely something to watch.
But when the hair loss starts to escalate, it is definitely a cause for concern and you need to consult your physician or dermatologist immediately.
To reverse this condition, people can use a substance called minoxidil, which works quite satisfactorily.
When there is a deficiency in the production of this hormone, the condition is called hypothyroidism. To reverse this condition, women must consume more of iron-rich foods such as beef, pork, fish, leafy greens, fortified cereals, and beans—preferably, along with foods rich in vitamin C. Each condition usually requires a clinical prescription: a medicated shampoo for seborrheic dermatitis, medication or light therapy for psoriasis, and oral antifungal medication for ringworm. Some types cause warts and are usually harmless, but others may lead to cervical or anal cancer. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. The symptoms of psoriasis and chronic joint inflammation often develop separately for psoriatic arthritis patients.
Always consult with your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.
At times, as in the case of sepsis, therapeutic interventions may be initiated even before a specific underlying etiology is identified. In this subset of patients, as well as in asthmatics, bedside capnography is a useful tool. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemia state (HHS) can present with altered mental status, lethargy, and coma. Associated symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, joint pain, polyuria, and constipation. Risk factors from this study included an immunocompromised host, recent neurosurgical procedure, and sinusitis. Humans with uncontrolled seizure disorders are prone to cognitive and memory problems later in life. Unlike aftershocks, however, the subsequent seizures may often be bigger than the original one. In fact, epilepsy almost certainly encompasses a spectrum of conditions that cause seizures for unknown reasons in dogs. Phenobarbital works well but can cause liver problems, weight gain, and possibly pancreatitis.
It is unlikely that switching to a lower carb (but still fully balanced) diet will harm a dog with seizures; therefore this step is one that might not be unreasonable for owners of epileptic dogs who have decided not to start chronic medication (and also for those who have). Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. Examples of reversible, immediately life threatening causes of delirium include hypoxia, hypoglycemia, and hypotension. Sepsis can present with delirium or coma and management must focus on prompt antibiotic administration. Vital signs are consistent with severe sympathetic hyperactivity (hypertension, hyperthermia, and tachycardia). These problems are harder to identify in dogs, but there is no reason to believe that their potential to suffer from such issues is any lower.


All of the drugs used to treat seizures work by reducing brain activity, and therefore all of them can cause sedation or behavior changes which fortunately in most cases wear off within a few weeks. By history, the last drink is typically more than 48 hours before presentation, with a range from one to five days.
If you have hypothyroidism, consult an endocrinologist for a prescription of thyroid hormone medication to repair the hormonal imbalance, which will then help fight hair loss. The good news is that is can be reversed through many different natural remedies, most of which should resolve the symptoms before ever requiring medication. The term comes from the shape of the tiny parasites, which look very different from head or body lice.
ScabiesScabies is an itchy infestation caused by a tiny mite that burrows into human skin to lay eggs.
The Clap (Gonorrhea)Gonorrhea spreads easily and can lead to infertility in both men and women, if untreated.
Later there may be a rash on the soles, palms, or other parts of the body (seen here), as well as swollen glands, fever, hair loss, or fatigue. In the late stage, symptoms come from damage to organs such as the heart, brain, liver, nerves, and eyes. This virus is usually not an STD; it spreads easily among household members or through kissing. But it can be spread to the genitals through oral or genital contact with an infected person. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2Most cases of genital herpes are caused by a virus called HSV-2. It's highly contagious and can spread through intercourse or direct contact with a herpes sore. Aloe Vera The gel from the aloe vera plant has long been known for its skin-soothing properties and for helping the skin heal from minor wounds and burns. Research in the 1990s appears to have extended the plant’s repertoire of possible benefits to include clearing psoriasis plaques.
If you want to try aloe, you can buy the plant itself, split open one of its leaves, and smear the gel onto the plaques. For larger areas of plaque or a more portable balm, you can instead purchase a bottle of pure aloe vera gel at many health-food stores.8. People can be infected through sex, needle sharing, and at birth, as well as by sharing razors and toothbrushes.
Indeed, dermatologists often treat psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis patients with ultraviolet (UV) light, in part because it promotes vitamin D production. Sunlight is your best source but using vitamin D3 supplementation may be an alternative.10.
Milk Thistle Taking extract of milk thistle (Silybum marianum), two capsules twice a day for at least three months heal most cases of psoriasis.11.
Evening Primrose Oil Taking Evening Primrose Oil interferes with the production and storage of arachnidonic acid (a natural substance that aggravates the inflammatory response in psoriasis lesions).
As a natural source of GLA (gamma-linolenic acid), take 500mg if evening primrose oil twice per day.12. Vitamin B Complex Vitamin B complex is needed for healthy skin and only helps psoriasis sufferers. Take 50mg three times daily with meals.Lifestyle and Dietary Modifications Use a humidifier to keep the air in your home or office moist. One limitation is the "window period" of up to six months after exposure to HIV when these antibody tests sometimes do not find the virus.
Sensitive-skin moisturizers are also great at keeping your skin supple and from forming plaques.Avoid soaps and perfumes which have dyes and fragrances in them.
People take a combination of antiviral drugs in hopes of preventing the infection from advancing to AIDS. Additional treatments can help prevent or fight off serious infections, if the immune system has weakened.
Material shown by Get Holistic Health is for educational purposes only and isn't meant to substitute for the recommendation of a doctor and other medical professional. ChancroidChanchroid is a bacterial STD that is common in Africa and Asia but rare in the U.S. LGV (Lymphogranuloma Venereum)LGV is caused by a type of chlamydia that is usually rare in the U.S. Pelvic Inflammatory DiseaseNot an STD itself, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious complication of untreated STDs, especially chlamydia and gonorrhea. Who's at Risk for STDs?Anyone who is sexually active is at risk for an STD, regardless of gender, race, social class, or sexual orientation.
The CDC has noted that some STDs are on the rise in men who have sex with men, including syphilis and LGV.
Many STDs spread through any type of sexual activity, including skin-to-skin contact and oral sex. Preventing STDsThe best ways to avoid getting an STD are to abstain from any sexual contact and be in a monogamous, long-term relationship with an uninfected partner. These infections can spread through contact with skin lesions that are not covered by a condom.
How to Tell Your PartnerIf you think you have an STD, tell your partner(s) as soon as possible. You may be able to spread the infection even if you have already begun treatment or are using condoms. Many STDs can be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or after the baby is born.
STDs' effects on babies can include stillbirth, low birth weight, neurologic problems, blindness, liver disease, and serious infection. Treatment during pregnancy can cure some STDs and lower the risk of passing the infection to your baby.  Can STDs Come Back?Most STD treatments do not protect you from getting the same infection again. A course of drugs may cure gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia or trichomoniasis, but a new exposure can start a new infection.
And if you're not taking the right precautions to protect yourself, you can be re-infected quickly or even pick up a second STD.



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