Fatal complications of type 2 diabetes yahoo,diabetes medication that causes weight loss quotes,3m chemie,healthy blood sugar levels for type 2 diabetes quizlet - You Shoud Know


Prof John Betteridge reviews the impact of various diabetic drugs on glycemic control, vascular prevention and Beta cell function. Prof John Betteridge, London, discusses the evolution of diabetes therapy, the epidemic rise in diabetes, current and emerging diabetes therapies.
This meta-analysis of all prospective CV outcome trials with DPP-4 inhibitors provided more reliable data regarding the overall CV safety and the effect of DPP-4 inhibitors on specific CV and important non-CV endpoints. In the TECOS-trial (Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin) with the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin, the primary endpoint of non-inferiority for the composite cardiovascular endpoint was met.
Linagliptin was well tolerated including in the elderly with normal renal function to severe renal impairment; overall incidence of adverse events was similar for linagliptin compared to placebo. Lancet, Jan 2013, The DURATION-6 trial compared the efficacy and safety of exenatide once weekly with liraglutide once daily in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Note that people who are diagnosed with diabetes can take their medicines and live normal lives.
Often I hear a news report or read a magazine article on diabetes and unfortunately the majority of the time the author will fail to distinguish between type 1 and 2 diabetes.
There is a clear difference between type 1 and 2 and it would not be difficult to explain so that the public do not stereotype those with diabetes as “overweight” or “obese.” In a previous blog entry I explained how my sister has type 1 diabetes. The WHO are right in publishing the report to make the public aware of the complications of being overweight, however they should have separated data on type 1 and 2 diabetes because they are effectively two different conditions. 1 in 3 people are now overweight and this is obviously the major cause for type 2 diabetes which needs to be prevented.
The effect of type 2 diabetes is becoming an ever increasing burden on our NHS and the health of the world population. According to experts, your peepers may hold clues to undiagnosed health ­problems and a routine eye test could reveal the truth. Optician Andy Hepworth explains: “The eyes are the window into the body offering a great pre-warning for many life-threatening illnesses.
Meanwhile, here are some common eye symptoms that can be detected by opticians and what they could reveal about your health. When an optician shines a light into your eyes, they see the tiny blood vessels in your retinas – the sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. High blood pressure can make these blood vessels appear twisted – or even cause them to burst so the eyes look red. White rings around the iris – the coloured part of the eye – are a sign of high cholesterol levels. Another clue is “xanthelasmas” – flat, white fat deposits under the skin on or around your eyelids. If the inside of your lower eyelids look pale when pulled down, you may be anaemic – lacking iron, which helps makes red blood cells.
Prominent-looking eyes can run in families, but eyes that appear to bulge may be evidence of an overactive thyroid. More rarely, it could also be evidence of a brain tumour or an autoimmune disease that is known as myasthenia gravis. Liver conditions, including hepatitis and cirrhosis, can turn the whites of your eyes yellow – a symptom which requires an immediate doctor’s trip. The colour is caused by bilirubin, a chemical created by the breakdown of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying molecule inside red blood cells.


When the insulin produced by the pancreas is not sufficient to break down the excess sugar in the blood, it can lead to Type II Diabetes. The insulin produced by the body is not sufficient to break down the sugar which is then converted into fats and leads to obesity. Most common symptoms include a feeling of sickness and tiredness with increased appetite and loss of weight. Type II diabetes can be controlled with diet and exercises, but, if the patient develops insulin resistance, then he may need a combination of fast acting insulin along with the intermediate, long lasting insulin via injections. Patients with type II diabetes often resort to frequent insulin injections to keep the sugar levels in check. The use of an insulin pump can take care of your daily insulin requirements and since it is a computerized device you can program it to suit your condition.
These medicines (glimepiride, tolazamide and glyburide) signal the pancreas to produce more insulin for effective management of the disease. Biguanides like Metformin control the production of sugar by the liver thereby reducing the blood glucose levels. This injectable drug is prescribed when metformins and sulfonylureas fail to control the blood sugar levels.This drug has a similar mode of action as the naturally occuring hormone GLP-1 and it acts by increasing insulin production. These medicines (such as rosiglitazone) improve the body’s response to insulin by increasing the sensitivity of individual cells towards insulin. They reduce the glucose levels in the body by preventing the absorption of carbohydrates from the digestive tract. Meglitinides like repaglinide and nateglinide increase the production of insulin by the pancreas. Although not common, it occurs when pregnant women who have never had diabetes develop a high blood sugar level. It can result in many health complications such as heart disease, stroke, nerve damage and blindness.
Type 1 is an autoimmune condition, whereby the body’s pancreas cannot produce the hormone insulin to maintain blood glucose levels. They may be diagnosed in the same way but the treatment and causes are completely different.
Hence, it seems low and middle income countries are now experiencing a burden of type 2 diabetes. Treatment for type 2 diabetes is much simpler than type 1; focusing on 3 major areas- diet, weight and physical activity.
We need to act in order to prevent it dominating our future health and generations to come.
A quarter of adults with high blood pressure don’t know they have the condition, which can cause strokes.
Anaemia can be treated with iron supplements, but can be a sign of internal bleeding, so see your GP.
Abnormal levels of thyroid hormone cause the tissues around the eye to swell, making it appear the eye is popping outwards. If one pupil is bigger or shrinks more slowly, there could be a problem, such as a stroke, brain or optic nerve tumour, a brain aneurysm or MS. Type II Diabetes is mostly a lifestyle related disease where the consumption of excess fatty and starchy food releases a lot of sugar in the body.


Over a period of time the blood sugar develops resistance to the insulin produced by the body and therefore leads to fluctuations in the overall sugar levels.
However, in the cases where symptoms are produced, the patient may feel unusual thirst and increase in the frequency of urination. Fasting blood glucose test in combination with non-fasting glucose test confirms the diagnosis. These injections need to be taken regularly and the dosage administration is a major cause of concern for the diabetics. At times medicines may be prescribed to control your sugar levels in combination with insulin and lifestyle changes. Sulfonylureas can be used in combination with metformin and is generally prescribed for the patients who cannot take metformin. Metformin is the part of early medication for treating Type II Diabetes in overweight patients.
Lower absorption of carbohydrates leads to lower break down products and hence reduced sugars levels. Type II Diabetes can lead to severe health complications and even organ damage if left unchecked.However, with a proper treatment plan and regular care you can manage the disease better and improve the quality of your life. In Type2 Diabetes, even though the pancreas can produce the hormone insulin, it does not produce enough.
It is always important that you get clearance from your doctor first; just to be sure you are OK to do anything. Whereas type 2, which is more common, is predominantly due to individuals eating unhealthy and leading an inactive lifestyle. I often feel it is unfair that type 2 diabetes is always the focus of our concern; indeed it affects many more people than type 1 but the majority of type 2 sufferers could have prevented such diagnosis in the first place. High levels of sugar in the blood and urine can lead to serious complications and even prove to be fatal if left unchecked. An inadequate insulin dosage can lead to complications like weight gain and even organ damage.
They may cause side effects like nausea, diarrhoea, weight gain and even hypoglycaemia due to increased activity of insulin.
If type 2 could be prevented in the first place the NHS would have to fund less treatment for the complications it causes such as strokes, kidney failure, blindness, etc.
In conclusion, type 2 diabetes needs to be dealt with and controlled, but we must not forget about the need for a cure for type 1 diabetes to improve the quality of lives of those suffering from it.
More funding could then go into researching for a cure for type 1 diabetes and improving the quality of those with this type of the condition, for example ensuring that all diabetics have the choice whether to use an insulin pen or insulin pump, particularly diabetic children. This is why the condition is sometimes called a€?juvenile diabetes.a€? The most common age of diagnosis is between 11 and 14 years old.
People with type 1 diabetes regularly measure their blood sugar to figure out how much insulin they need. Diet and Exercise People with type 1 diabetes should eat regular meals and snacks to keep blood sugar stable.




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