Diabetes type 1 nhs jobs,type 2 diabetes treatment natural cures 72,permanent cure of diabetes type 2 diabetes,m jak milosc odcinek 99 - PDF Books


This site uses cookies to store information on your computer, which will improve your experience. Radio Airtime Media are working with the Diabetes Research Network, directing a marketing strategy to raise the profile of an ongoing research initiative entitled ‘Help DiaBEATes’. Targeting a regional audience, a radio campaign will be active for two weeks from the 10th June, encouraging the public to register their interest in clinical research trials using the North West channels of Real and Smooth Radio, plus the Asian Sound network. The 30-second advertising spot directly targets people “with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes”, persuading them to “help us improve treatment and care for other diabetic patients”. Located at the NIHR research facility at Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, the Diabetes Research Network are seeking innovative methods of combating the condition, which currently affects 2.8 million in the UK – not including the estimated 800,000 more who are unaware that they have it.
With a wealth of experience in the radio advertising industry, Radio Airtime Media are fully equipped to guide the Diabetes Research Network through the fulfilment their objectives. Due to the large volume of enquiries we receive, we recommend you use a company email rather than a web provided email address. IntroductionDiabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar (glucose) level to become too high. Diabetes is very common, with an increasing number of people being affected by the condition every year.
In 2011, it was estimated that around 366 million people have diabetes worldwide, with this number predicted to grow to 552 million by 2030. In the UK, more than 1 in 20 people are thought to have either diagnosed or undiagnosed diabetes.
It's very important for diabetes to be diagnosed as soon as possible, because it will get progressively worse if left untreated. You should therefore visit your GP if you have symptoms, which include feeling thirsty, passing urine more often than usual and feeling tired all the time (see the list below for more diabetes symptoms).
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but usually appears before the age of 40, particularly in childhood.
If the amount of glucose in the blood is too high, it can, over time, seriously damage the body's organs.
The symptoms of diabetes occur because the lack of insulin means that glucose stays in the blood and isn’t used as fuel for energy. Your body tries to reduce blood glucose levels by getting rid of the excess glucose in your urine. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop very quickly in young people (over a few days or weeks). Without insulin, your body will break down its own fat and muscle, resulting in weight loss.
Diabetes can't be cured, but treatment aims to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible and control your symptoms, to prevent health problems developing later in life.
Insulin injections come in several different forms, with each working slightly differently. There are alternatives to insulin injections, but they're only suitable for a small number of patients.
SymptomsThe symptoms of type 1 diabetes can develop very quickly (over a few days or weeks), particularly in children. However, they should disappear when you start taking insulin and you get the condition under control. In most cases, hypoglycaemia occurs as a result of taking too much insulin, although it can also develop if you skip a meal, exercise very vigorously or drink alcohol on an empty stomach.
As diabetes occurs as a result of your body being unable to produce any, or enough, insulin to regulate your blood glucose, your blood glucose levels may become very high. However, if you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas is unable to produce any insulin (see below). It's not known exactly what triggers the immune system to do this, but some researchers have suggested that it may be due to a viral infection. If your urine contains glucose, a blood test can be used to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes. If your blood glucose levels aren't high enough for your GP to diagnose diabetes, you may need to have an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is also sometimes referred to as a glucose tolerance test (GTT). The glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) test is another blood test that can be used to diagnose diabetes. In people who've already been diagnosed with diabetes, the HbA1c test is often used to show how well their diabetes is being controlled. The HbA1c test gives your average blood glucose level over the previous two to three months. Unlike other tests, such as the GTT, the HbA1c test can be carried out at any time of day and doesn't require any special preparation, such as fasting. The advantages associated with the HbA1c test make it the preferred method of assessing how well blood glucose levels are being controlled in a person with diabetes.
HbA1c is also increasingly being used as a diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes, and as a screening test for people at high risk of diabetes. When you're first diagnosed, your diabetes care team will help you with your insulin injections, before showing you how and when to do it yourself. Insulin injections are usually given by an injection pen, which is also known as an insulin pen or auto-injector. Your GP or diabetes nurse may also teach one of your close friends or relatives how to inject the insulin properly. The pump is attached to you by a long, thin piece of tubing, with a needle at the end, which is inserted under your skin. The pump allows insulin to continuously flow into your bloodstream at a rate you can control. Insulin pump therapy can be used by adults, teenagers and children (with adult supervision) who have type 1 diabetes. An important part of your treatment is to make sure that your blood sugar level is as normal and stable as possible. Exercise, illness, stress, drinking alcohol, taking other medicines and, for women, changes to your hormone levels during your monthly period can all affect your blood sugar levels. Your GP or diabetes care team will also carry out a different blood test every two to six months, called the HbA1c test.
This gives a clearer idea of how well your treatment plan is working, by measuring how stable your glucose levels have been over the past 6-12 weeks.
It measures the amount of haemoglobin, which is the oxygen-carrying substance in red blood cells that has glucose attached to it. If you develop severe hypoglycaemia, you can become drowsy and confused, and you may even lose consciousness.
Your diabetes care team may show several of your family members and close friends how to inject glucagon or give you glucose gel, should you need it.
You'll need to have another injection of glucagon straight into a vein, which must be given by a trained healthcare professional. If you have type 1 diabetes, it's recommended that you carry identification with you so that people are aware of the problem if you become hypoglycaemic. Some people with type 1 diabetes may benefit from a fairly new procedure known as islet cell transplantation. In 2008, a government-funded islet cell transplant programme was introduced, and the procedure is now available through the NHS for people who satisfy certain criteria (see below).
An islet cell transplant is a minor, low-risk procedure that's carried out under local anaesthetic. The Diabetes UK website has more information about islet cell transplants and hypoglycaemia.
People with type 1 diabetes who are having a kidney transplant from a donor may also be offered a pancreas transplant at the same time.
During the procedure, your faulty pancreas will be replaced with a healthy pancreas from a donor. Pancreas transplants are complicated operations and, like other types of major surgery, there's a risk of complications. The waiting time for a pancreas transplant is one to two years, because there's a shortage of suitable donor organs. If you develop hyperglycaemia, you may need to adjust your diet or your insulin dose to keep your glucose levels normal.
If hyperglycaemia isn't treated, it can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, where the body begins to break down fats for energy instead of glucose, resulting in a build-up of ketones (acids) in your blood. Diabetic ketoacidosis is very serious and, if not addressed quickly, it can lead to unconsciousness and, eventually, death. Your healthcare team will educate you on how to decrease your risk of ketoacidosis by testing your own blood for ketones using blood ketone sticks if you're unwell. Diabetic kidney disease is identified by the presence of small amounts of a protein called albumin in your urine.
The aim of treating diabetes is to help people with the condition control their blood glucose levels and minimise the risk of developing future complications. The Diabetes UK website has more information about care from healthcare professionals. Prolonged, poorly controlled blood glucose levels increase the likelihood of developing atherosclerosis (furring and narrowing of your blood vessels). Retinopathy is where the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue) at the back of the eye is damaged.
The better you control your blood sugar levels, the lower your risk of developing serious eye problems. If the small blood vessels in your kidney become blocked and leaky, your kidneys will work less efficiently. Damage to the nerves of the foot can mean that small nicks and cuts aren't noticed, which can lead to a foot ulcer developing.
If you develop nerve damage, you should check your feet every day and report any changes to your doctor, nurse or podiatrist. In men with diabetes, particularly those who smoke, nerve and blood vessel damage can lead to erection problems. Pregnant women with diabetes will usually have their antenatal check-ups in hospital or a diabetes clinic. Caring for your health will make treating your diabetes easier and minimise your risk of developing complications.


You should be tested each year to see how well your diabetes is being controlled over the long term. A blood sample will be taken from your arm and a test known as the HbA1c test carried out.
As exercise will affect your blood glucose level, you and your care team may have to adjust your insulin treatment or diet to keep your blood glucose level steady. If you have diabetes, your risk of developing a cardiovascular disease, such as a heart attack or stroke, is increased.
If you want to give up smoking, your GP can provide you with advice, support and treatment to help you quit. Drinking alcohol may also affect your ability to carry out insulin treatment or blood glucose monitoring, so always be careful not to drink too much. Having diabetes means that you're more likely to develop problems with your feet, including foot ulcers and infections from minor cuts and grazes.
To prevent problems with your feet, keep your nails short and wash your feet daily using warm water. If you have type 1 diabetes, you should have your eyes tested at least once a year to check for diabetic retinopathy.
A planned pregnancy enables you to make sure your blood sugar levels are as well controlled as possible before you get pregnant. You'll need to keep your blood sugar under tight control, particularly before becoming pregnant and during the first eight weeks of pregnancy, to reduce the risk of the baby developing serious birth defects.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) strongly recommends that all people who have diabetes should be offered a structured patient education programme, providing information and education to help them care for themselves.
This gives people the best chance of developing the skills they need to effectively treat their condition, maintain their glucose levels at a normal level and help prevent long-term complications. For type 1 diabetes, there's a national patient education programme called Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating (DAFNE). DAFNE is a skills-based course where people with type 1 diabetes learn how to adjust their insulin dose to suit what they eat, rather than having to eat to match their insulin doses. There are also several local adult education programmes, many of which are working towards the criteria for structured education.
For a parent whose child is diagnosed with a life-long condition, the job of parenting becomes even tougher. Know what care to expect: your child has the right to be treated by a specialist paediatric diabetes team, not just in a general paediatric clinic.
Get emotional support and start talking: feelings of depression, guilt or anger are normal, so talk to your healthcare team or ask to see a psychologist for you or your child.
Many people find it helpful to talk to others in a similar position, and you may find support from a group for people with diabetes. Patient organisations have local groups where you can meet others who've been diagnosed with the condition.
If your diabetes is controlled by medication, you're entitled to free prescriptions and eye examinations.
Some people with diabetes may be eligible to receive disability benefits and incapacity benefits, depending on the impact the condition has on their life. The main groups likely to qualify for welfare benefits are children, elderly people, people with learning disabilities or mental health problems, and those with complications of diabetes. People over 65 who are severely disabled, may qualify for a type of disability benefit called Attendance Allowance.
Carers may also be entitled to some benefit too, depending on their involvement in caring for the person with diabetes. The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS Choices. Diabetes is the name used to describe a metabolic condition of having higher than normal blood sugar levels. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.
Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations as well as affecting your driving habits.
Diabetic eye screening is a key part of diabetes care. People with diabetes are at risk of damage from diabetic retinopathy, a condition that can lead to sight loss if it's not treated. Diabetic retinopathy is one of the most common causes of sight loss among people of working age. It occurs when diabetes affects small blood vessels, damaging the part of the eye called the retina.
People with diabetes should also see their optician every two years for a regular eye test. Screening is a way of detecting the condition early before you notice any changes to your vision. Diabetic retinopathy doesn't usually cause any noticeable symptoms in the early stages.
The check takes about half an hour and involves examining the back of the eyes and taking photographs of the retina.
Everyone with diabetes who is 12 years of age or over should be invited to have their eyes screened once a year. You should receive a letter from your local Diabetic Eye Screening Service inviting you to attend a screening appointment. Contact your local screening service or your GP if you haven't received a letter and your appointment is overdue. If you have sight problems in between screening appointments, such as sudden vision loss or a deterioration in your vision, seek immediate medical advice.
If you have diabetes and become pregnant, you'll need special care as there are risks to both mother and baby associated with the condition. You'll be offered additional tests for diabetic retinopathy at or soon after your first antenatal clinic visit, and also after 28 weeks of pregnancy.
If the early stages of retinopathy are found at the first screening, you'll also be offered another test between 16 and 20 weeks of pregnancy. Some women who don't have diabetes can develop hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) during pregnancy.
Pregnant women who develop gestational diabetes aren't offered screening for diabetic retinopathy. You'll be given eye drops to enlarge your pupils, which takes between 15 and 20 minutes, and photographs of your retina will be taken. There will be a flash of light each time a photograph is taken, but the camera won't touch your eye.
The eye drops may cause your eyes to sting slightly, and after about 15 minutes your vision will be blurred. If you experience any of these symptoms after screening, go back to the screening centre or your nearest accident and emergency (A&E) department. Within six weeks, both you and your GP should receive a letter letting you know your results.
You won't get the results immediately as the photographs need to be studied by a number of different healthcare professionals, including someone who is trained in identifying and grading retinopathy. If your results show no retinopathy or background retinopathy, you'll be invited back for another screening appointment a year later. You can also reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy in the future by controlling your blood sugar levels and blood pressure. If screening detects signs that diabetic retinopathy or maculopathy is threatening your sight, you'll be given information about how far the condition has progressed. If you have questions about your results, contact your local diabetic eye screening service. Eye checks for diabetic retinopathy are available privately but they won't necessarily be quality-assured in the same way as the NHS Diabetic Eye Screening Programme. If you're considering private screening, check that the company is properly regulated and ask for clear written information about the benefits as well as the risks of any tests offered.
Find further information in the UK National Screening Committee's leaflet on private screening. With an account you can keep track of pages on the site and save them to this tab, which you can access on every page when you are logged in. Angela, 48, a financial services trainer from Harrogate, Yorkshire, has had Type 1 diabetes since she was 18.
Type 1 diabetes, which affects about 300,000 Britons, is an auto-immune disease with a suspected genetic link. For some, the signs are visible: shakiness, tingling in the lips, pounding heart, paleness, confusion and irritability.
Simon O'Neill, director of care for Diabetes UK, says: 'The search for an artificial pancreas is the Holy grail in diabetes. Most people with Type 1 diabetes manage their blood glucose by fingerprick tests and injections. Dr Peter Hammond, a consultant diabetologist at Harrogate District Hospital, estimates more than 60,000 people in the UK would benefit from them.
But Simon O'Neill says there is evidence that an estimated saving of A?23,532 over two years can be derived from pump use, as a patient will have fewer hypos and hospital visits.
The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline.
One of the cookies used is essential for parts of the site to operate properly and has already been set. The narrative explains the Help DiaBEATes objective of discovering “new, better ways of beating diabetes”, providing an SMS contact number of 81400 for willing participants, along with the researchforthefuture.org website. Expected to reach 4 million by 2025, diabetes could experience a reduced impact with help from the public.
In order to access an audience within the regional Greater Manchester area, the campaign was presented across North West branches of national stations Real and Smooth, both of which are targeted at an older demographic and thus one which will have a greater density of those affected by diabetes.
If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the NHS Direct Wales website. About 90% of those affected have type 2 diabetes, with the remaining 10% having type 1 diabetes. Around 90% of adults with diabetes have type 2, and it tends to develop later in life than type 1. This can lead to a serious short-term condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, where the bloodstream becomes acidic and you develop dangerous levels of dehydration.


You'll be taught how to do this and how to match the insulin you inject to the food you eat, taking into account your blood glucose level and how much exercise you do. Some last up to a whole day (long-acting), some last up to eight hours (short-acting) and some work quickly but don't last very long (rapid-acting). Caring for your health will also make treating your diabetes easier and minimise your risk of developing complications. This happens because there's insufficient insulin to move glucose out of your bloodstream and into your cells to produce energy. The symptoms of hyperglycaemia are similar to the main symptoms of diabetes, but they may come on suddenly and be more severe. This is a serious condition, where the body breaks down fat and muscle as an alternative source of energy. Insulin is a hormone that's needed to control the amount of sugar (glucose) in your blood. Your immune system (the body's natural defence against infection and illness) mistakes the cells in your pancreas as harmful and attacks them, destroying them completely or damaging them enough to stop them producing insulin. A sample of your blood will be taken in the morning, before you've had anything to eat, and it will be tested to measure your blood glucose levels.
The results can indicate whether the measures you're taking to control your diabetes are working. They'll be able to explain your condition in detail and help you understand your treatment. For example, some last up to a whole day (long-acting), some last up to eight hours (short-acting) and some work quickly but don't last very long (rapid-acting).
An insulin pump is a small device that holds insulin and is about the size of a pack of playing cards. Most people insert the needle into their stomach, but you could also insert it into your hips, thighs, buttocks or arms.
You may need to do this up to four or more times a day, depending on the type of insulin treatment you're taking.
A high HbA1c level may indicate that your blood glucose level is consistently high and that your diabetes treatment plan needs to be altered. You may also be able to take pure glucose, in the form of a tablet or fluid, if you need to control the symptoms of a hypo quickly. If this occurs, you'll need assistance from another person who may be able to give you a glucose gel rubbed into your cheeks or an injection of glucagon into your muscle. It involves implanting healthy islet cells from the pancreas of a deceased donor into the pancreas of someone with type 1 diabetes. So far, the results of islet cell transplants carried out in the UK have shown a significant reduction in the number of hypos, from 23 per person per year before transplantation to less than one per person per year afterwards. In the UK, about 200 pancreas transplants are carried out each year, with more than 300 people on the waiting list.
It can happen for several reasons, such as eating too much, being unwell or not taking enough insulin. If you have the condition, you have an increased risk of developing heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.
The progressive implementation of which will lead to the improvement of the quality of care and treatment for those living with diabetes.
It also increases the chance that a blood vessel in your heart or brain will become completely blocked, leading to a heart attack or stroke. This can cause a tingling or burning pain that spreads from your fingers and toes up through your limbs. Having an annual eye check with a specialist (an ophthalmologist or optometrist) can help pick up signs of a potentially serious eye problem early so that it can be treated. About 1 in 10 people with diabetes get a foot ulcer, which can cause serious infection.
Look out for sores and cuts that don't heal, puffiness or swelling, and skin that feels hot to the touch. This allows doctors to keep a close eye on their blood sugar levels and control their insulin dosage more easily. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you will be referred by your GP and should receive an invitation to attend screening within 3 months of being placed on the DRSSW register. Your GP or diabetes care team will also need to check your eyes, feet and nerves regularly, because they can also be affected by diabetes.
It measures how much glucose is in your red blood cells, and gives your blood glucose levels for the previous two to three months.
There's evidence to show that this level can reduce the risk of complications, such as nerve damage, eye disease, kidney disease and heart disease. A diabetes dietitian can help you work out a dietary plan that can be adapted to your specific needs. Depending on the amount you drink, alcohol can cause either high or low blood glucose levels (hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia). The risk to your health is increased by drinking any amount of alcohol on a regular basis. A pneumoccocal vaccination, which protects against a serious chest infection called pneumococcal pneumonia, is also recommended. Wear shoes that fit properly and see a podiatrist or chiropodist (a foot care specialist) regularly so that any problems are detected early.
See your GP if you have a minor foot injury that doesn't start to heal within a few days. Retinopathy (see above) affects the blood vessels in the eyes and is a risk for all people with diabetes.
Know how to inject or manage a pump, monitor blood glucose, treat hypos, provide a healthy, balanced diet and know how illnesses, such as colds or childhood fever, can affect your child’s blood glucose levels. This should cover who gives injections and monitors blood glucose and when and whether a private area is available if your child isn't comfortable injecting in front of their classmates. If your child used to spend afternoons or sleepovers at friends’ houses, ensure that this still happens. There are different reasons why people get high blood glucose levels and so a number of different types of diabetes exist.
When the blood vessels in the central area of the retina (the macula) are affected, it's known as diabetic maculopathy.
Diabetic eye screening is specifically for diabetic retinopathy and can't be relied upon for other conditions. You can look up your local screening service here – your service will be the one nearest to your GP surgery.
This may be your GP surgery, your local hospital, a local optician's practice, or another nearby clinic.
You won't be able to drive home from your appointment, so you may want to bring someone with you. She is one of the first to use a new sensor-controlled insulin pump that detects dangerously low levels of blood sugar and sets off a deafening alarm. It leaves the pancreas unable to produce insulin, the hormone essential for moving sugar out of the blood and into the body cells for energy. Until now, diabetics regularly had to measure the blood sugar levels to know how much insulin to inject, but these new pumps give a continuous stream of insulin into the body. He says: 'although NICE has agreed that up to 20 per cent of people with Type 1 would use pumps, most PCTs are only funding between five to ten extra pumps each year.
Coverage across Asian Sound also provides substantial exposure for the campaign, as those of Asian descent have a higher risk of developing diabetes.
They'll also closely monitor your condition to identify any health problems that may occur. Your diabetes care team may suggest pump therapy if you have frequent episodes of low blood glucose (hypoglycaemia). You may also need other fluids given by a drip if you're dehydrated, including salt solution and potassium. If the nerves in your digestive system are affected, you may experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation.
It is important to attend your regular eye screening to detect potential sight threatening retinopathy as timely treatment is highly effective in preventing its progression.
Pregnancy can place extra pressure on the small vessels in your eyes, so it's important to treat retinopathy before you become pregnant.
Other things to consider include sharps disposal, sweet snacks in case of hypos, PE and other sporting activities. You can't be with your child 24 hours a day, so share responsibility and allow your family and friends to help. I sat down for a cup of tea and fell asleep, not realising I was falling into a diabetic coma. If it is not treated, or is poorly managed, the long-term risks are kidney failure, blindness, coma and even death. I was on injections for more than 20 years, but they were embarrassing and inconvenient.' Angela had her first insulin pump nine years ago and was put on the new pump last year. Most Type 2 cases manage their condition with diet, exercise or tablets - insulin use is a last resort. Women with diabetes are advised to take 5mg a day until they're 12 weeks pregnant (only available on prescription). Even with this pump, patients may still suffer a hypoglycaemic attack - when sugar levels fall so low the brain doesn't have enough energy to function, causing fainting, seizures or coma.
Continuous glucose measurements are taken via a sensor inserted under the skin using a needle - no surgery is involved. NICE recommends pump therapy for children with Type 1 diabetes when doctors believe injections are inappropriate.
The data is sent via radio signals to a transmitter attached with an adhesive patch to the skin, and then transmitted to the monitor, which is the size of a mobile phone.
It recommends it for adults if injections have failed; for those who suffer repeated hypos or diabetics so worried that the fear has a negative effect on their life.



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Comments

  1. eRa

    Bananas aren’t on the list, i guess has lots of fiber, it can coconut oil to my food.

    06.08.2014

  2. Elnur_Guneshli

    Since most have been on high carb diets.

    06.08.2014