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Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. Enfermedad que se caracteriza por alta concentracion de glucosa o azucar en sangre, debido a la incapacidad del organismo para aprovecharla.
En condiciones normales, la glucosa que ingresa a traves de los alimentos es utilizada por tejido adiposo (que almacena grasa) y musculos gracias a la insulina, hormona producida por el pancreas que hace que el azucar llegue a las celulas y se emplee como fuente de energia. Al presentarse diabetes mellitus tipo 2, el cuerpo no responde al estimulo de la insulina, de modo que los tejidos no permiten el paso de la glucosa. Comenta el tema o, si tienes alguna consulta medica, da clic aqui y los especialistas de la seccion Pregunta al Medico responderan tus dudas. Si tienes alguna consulta medica, da clic aqui y los especialistas de la seccion Pregunta al Medico responderan tus dudas. A clinical trial at the Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System and the University of Washington will address new approaches to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes or slow its progression. The Restoring Insulin Secretion, or RISE, Study will examine the effects of three such medication regimens.  Each will be administered for 12 months. Thestudyis a nationwide program looking at the effects of various treatments to preserve insulin secretion and thereby prevent the development of diabetes or its progression early in the disease. The study, sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, is currently recruiting patients. More details are available at the National Institute of Health’s clinical trials website, identifier: NCT01779362. The term diabetes refers to a group of metabolic diseases and is quite prevalent all over the world [2]. Type I Diabetes, in which the body is unable to produce the required amount of the hormone insulin. Type II Diabetes, which is the most common type of diabetes, in which the body cells show resistance to the insulin hormone. Gestational Diabetes is another type of diabetes which is exclusively found in pregnant women.
There is also another condition known as Prediabetes which is often diagnosed in individuals. While Type I and Type II Diabetes prove to be chronic and long lasting conditions, both gestational diabetes and prediabetes are reversible conditions which can be treated completely by following adequate remedies and methods of treatment.
Type I Diabetes occurs when body’s own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. In Type II diabetes, either the body produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin, or the body develops a resistance to the action of insulin.
Gestational diabetes may be defined as hyperglycemia with its first presentation or onset during pregnancy. There are a number of symptoms which may help you to diagnose the presence of this metabolic disease. Increased thirst: Sufferers feel an increased urge of thirst in order to compensate for excessive fluid loss due to urination.
Increased hunger: Also known as polyphagia, this condition is also noticed in diabetic patients. Fatigue: Increased tiredness and fatigue are other important symptoms in a diabetic patient. Slow healing: Slow healing of wounds is also an important feature that is seen quite commonly in diabetic patients. Abnormal sensation: There may be occurrences of numbness or tingling sensation felt in the limbs in diabetic. Increased risk to infections: A diabetic person is more prone to an infectious disease as compared to a normal person. Miscellaneous: There are some other symptoms of diabetes which may include a blurring of the vision, unexplained loss of weight, lack of interest and concentration while working or studying. Diabetic neuropathy: The excess sugar levels present in the blood stream can prove to cause damage to the blood vessels and capillaries. Diabetic nephropathy and diabetic ketoacidosis: Damage can be caused to the kidneys due to the excess glucose present in the blood in diabetics.
Diabetic retinopathy: Diabetes can also cause damage to the blood vessels surrounding the retina of the eye.


Cardiovascular or macro vascular diseases like stroke or peripheral vascular disease: The risk of encountering cardiovascular diseases is greatly increased in diabetics.
Muscle wasting and weakness: Due to the cells being unable to effectively absorb glucose, diabetic individuals cannot efficiently or effectively use their body muscles. Diabetic coma: While it is known that diabetic patients suffer from increased risk to nerve damage, in some extreme cases, this nerve damage can also lead to a condition of a coma.
Others: There are many other complications which can be associated with diabetes and these include damage caused to the limbs, infectious skin diseases and conditions, an impairment of hearing and also the development of Alzheimer’s disease is some individuals. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test: This test measures blood glucose levels after going for at least 8 hours of fasting. Random Plasma Glucose Test: In this test, the doctor checks the blood sugar level without observing to the last meal.
Treatment of diabetes include use of medications [3] or correcting the underlying causes such as diet and exercise [4].
Diet: A diabetic should always take a balanced nutrition to maintain the short-term as well as long-term blood glucose levels under control. Physical activity: It is another important and effective method of treating as well as preventing diabetes especially in Type II Diabetes mellitus caused due to obesity or overweight.
Medications: Type I Diabetes can be treated with the insulin therapy where combinations of NPH and regular insulin or synthetic insulin analogues are administered to the patients with diabetes. Whatever the method of treatment for diabetes may be, care must be taken to periodically monitor the sugar levels in the blood stream of diabetics.
There are also a number of home remedies and lifestyle tips that can be used to provide relief to the symptoms of diabetes. Stress and strain on the body should be considered very seriously as they may adversely affect a diabetic. Regular visits to the doctor and frequent eye checkups are required to be a part of a diabetic’s life. While diabetes cannot be cured completely, following proper medication which is coupled with a healthy lifestyle with lots of physical activity can provide relief to sufferers.
Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy]. Como resultado, esta aumenta su concentracion en la sangre.Sin tratamiento, el azucar excedente afecta la vision y el funcionamiento de los rinones, dana a nervios y paredes de venas y arterias, y predispone infartos. Participants will be treated with medications normally used for people who have had diabetes for at least one year. The UW and VA diabetes research group in Seattle is one of three recruiting adult patients for the medication trial, along with the University of Chicago and Indiana University in Indianapolis.
Steven Kahn, professor of medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Nutrition, at the University of Washington,  leads the Seattle clinical trial and is also chairs the national study. To be eligible, patients must be between 20 and 65 years old, have prediabetes or self-reported type 2 diabetes for less than one year, and must not have taken any medications to treat diabetes in the past. It is a rare form of diabetes and is prevalent in less than 10% of people with diabetes, mainly with children.
In this condition, the glucose levels in the blood prove to be higher than normal, but the levels are not high enough for the condition to be classified under Type II Diabetes. This results in the body cells being unable to effectively use up glucose, consequently leading to an increased concentration of sugar in the blood stream.
If cases of increased hunger coexist along with above two symptoms in a sufferer, diabetes is said to be diagnosed.
This condition affects almost all diabetic individuals and is considered to be one of the easiest ways of diagnosing if diabetes has affected an individual.
This can eventually lead to damage of the nerves and loss of sensation in particular regions of the body such as the fingers and the toes. There is also a high presence of ketones in the urine which is caused by deamination of some amino acids and also the improper breakdown of fatty acids.
While this may result in some eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataract, over longer periods, it can also lead to permanent blindness.
These include potentially serious conditions and diseases such as a heart attack, a stroke, pain in the chest and also a constriction of the arteries in the body. While this causes general fatigue and tiredness, over longer periods it may lead to a gradual wasting of the muscle tissues. The test should be taken after at least eight hours of fasting and two hours after drinking a glucose containing liquid.


This test helps in assessment of symptoms and for diagnosing diabetes, but it does not diagnose prediabetes. Type II Diabetes can be treated effectively with the use of oral hypoglycemic medication like metformin. While the treatment methods may prove to be effective on their own, diabetes should always ensure to monitor their glucose levels.
This is the first and foremost step and sufferers must ensure that they collect as much information about the condition as possible. While regular exercise and diet can help in keeping these in check, measurements need to be taken regularly in order to avoid complications. Diabetes can have dire consequences on the gums and the teeth and regular brushing and flossing of the teeth should always be done. The recommended limits are one drink of alcohol a day for women and two drinks a day for men. Smokers who also have diabetes have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and the smoking and other forms of tobacco should be stopped at the earliest. Prolonged stress can prove to be very harmful to the tiny blood vessels and can lead to serious complications such as a stroke. Following an effective treatment plan with a well-maintained lifestyle can help keep symptoms in check and can help diabetics lead a closer to normal life. Tales consecuencias pueden evitarse con diagnostico oportuno y siguiendo el tratamiento adecuado, que consiste, basicamente, en llevar dieta saludable, practicar ejercicio con regularidad y, cuando se requiere, tomar medicamentos o aplicar insulina.
The study will enroll individuals who have prediabetes or have been recently diagnosed with diabetes, but who are not taking medications to treat the condition. The expectation is that the use of these medications before diabetes has developed will preserve or enhance the body’s ability to produce insulin, the hormone that is crucial to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Diabetes is caused due to an increased level of blood sugar or glucose in the blood stream, which in turn can be caused by a number of different factors, most primarily, the role of the hormone insulin in the body. It is the most prevalent form of diabetes accounting for almost 90% of the total number of people with diabetes. It is suspected that heredity and genes have a major role to play in an individual encountering Type I Diabetes as it is passed on from one generation to another. While this is the most common type of diabetes in individuals, the actual causes of Type II Diabetes are yet to be known. The human placental lactogenic hormone also known as Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin, which is released during the gestational period, reduces the insulin sensitivity in mothers and it may lead to an increased level of blood glucose. There are other medications as well which include angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or the angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). This is the most effective way to ensure that targets are being met and that the medications or treatment remedies are proving to be effective. Carbohydrates on the consumptions of excess alcohol can upset the balance that is required in the dietary plan. However, diabetics must make sure to understand the fact that complications related to the disorder can spring up at any time and they need to always maintain a high level of care in order to keep symptoms in check. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.This website is for informational purposes only. The investigators aim to enroll 85 patients who will participate in the trial for 21 months. It may also be triggered by environmental factors like diet, viruses, and some specific toxins. While the body systems of most women counter this by increasing the production of insulin, some women are susceptible to the disorder. Diabetic sufferers do not have an easy time, but integrating a new lifestyle and adopting healthy measures as daily habits can greatly help in managing the symptoms of this disorder.
Various factors that may trigger Type II Diabetes include dietary habits, lifestyle and genetic susceptibility.



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