Diabetes in dogs urine test results,diabetic neuropathy hand pain exercises,diabetes weight loss shake gnc - Easy Way


What tests are suggested for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus?-->-->Generally, the following screening tests are recommended when diabetes mellitus is suspected in your dog: a complete blood count (CBC), a serum biochemistry profile, and a urinalysis. We also offer free, instant access to over 1,500 related articles on your pet's health including preventive medicine, common and not so common diseases, and even informative case studies. Even though I blood test my cats I still urine test with a Keto-Diastix whenever the opportunity presents itself, just to make sure that ketones aren’t building up.
Cats are notoriously private with their toilet habits, which is what makes urine testing harder to accomplish than home blood testing!
If your cat uses a litter tray, you can replace your normal cat litter with aquarium gravel. If your cat goes in the garden, you could try an enforced imprisonment with a litter tray filled with aquarium gravel and see if you get a sample that way. If you can’t get hold of aquarium gravel, you can try it with your normal pet litter.
Speaking of non-absorbent litters, Eryl in Lancashire wrote to me about Katkor - recommended to her by her vet.
I did write to the company and asked if they would deliver to England, but unfortunately got no reply.
You could try this neat little trick sent to me by Audrey Jacobson, which she has found works well with her cats. As odd as it might sound, raiding the kitchen cupboards worked a treat for Sarah and her cat - dried lentils!! Another reader who raided the kitchen cupboards yold me My vet suggested replacing litter box with one full of torn wax paper. If you can be near but not right next to your cat, try attaching a 35mm film canister (or similar small container) to the end of a long stick or pole. I had an e-mail from Liana who uses this ingenious method to get a sample from her cat, Cupid. If your cat sprays outside to mark territory, a dripping shrub leaf can give ample drops for a sample. Having collected your sample, dip your strip into the urine and remove it immediately and count to exactly fifteen seconds.
As you can see in this picture, there are no ketones in the urine, but this strip has gone dark brown on the outer glucose square, indicating that the urine contains about 2% glucose. Some of the symptoms of a diabetic dog include sudden weight loss or gain, excessive drinking and urination, and general fatigue.
We encourage you to read any of these popular articles below or search our extensive pet health library. With over 600 hospitals and 1,800 fully qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, we strive to give your pet the very best in medical care. Firstly you want to determine whether your cat’s blood sugar levels are going so high that the renal threshold is exceeded. Keto-Diastix are very sensitive to light, heat and moisture and you mustn’t touch the little squares. Urine test strips can only tell you if the renal threshold was exceeded at any time since your cat last had a pee. You cannot say (for example) that 0.5% on a urine test strip is equivalent to a blood sugar reading of 20 or whatever. Although using Keto-Diastix is straightforward, you’ll probably find that collecting your urine sample will be slightly more problematic! But with a bit of sneakiness, patience, and luck you’ll come up with a method that works for you.
Again, test it with water prior to using it for your cat to ensure it doesn’t give you a false reading. Eryl says my vet gave me a super litter replacement product to collect my cat’s urine sample. John Says “Was reading your website and thought you should know about this litter box. Audrey says “I take a plastic kitchen garbage bag and slip it over the box of litter and press it down a little over the litter. Sarah says that her cat wasn’t impressed with the non-absorbent cat litter or the aquarium gravel, but a tray of dried lentils met with approval and resulted a urine sample!


Wilma says “When he was first diagnosed, I would follow him to the litter box with a small china coffee cup and try to stick it under his butt when he started to pee. I wait until he’s squatting down and started to pee, then quietly walk up to him in the garden, place the Keto-Diastix directly under his bum, and then walk away before he was finished. You can then crouch a distance away from your cat and catch enough drops for a sample (hopefully!) Your neighbours will be highly amused, even if it doesn’t work! One day my Mum was at my house and she just happened to see Paris out in the garden spraying up his favourite laurel bush. Can't diabetes be diagnosed by an elevated blood sugar value alone?While confirmation of elevated fasting blood and urine glucose (sugar) values is absolutely essential for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, other screening tests may give us additional information regarding the severity of the diabetes, any conditions that may be contributing to the diabetes, and any complications related to the diabetic state. Not good toward boarding, grooming, prescription and non-prescription medication, and retail items. You can get from any chemists without prescription, but they’re normally behind the counter so you have to ask for them.
The only way to accurately determine your cat’s blood glucose level is by doing a blood test. If you’re going to try this, first test the litter itself, by wetting a teaspoon of it and then dip-sticking it.
This didn’t work so well because the cup is too tall and Dave would just get stressed out.
Put a bit of pliable plastic (cling film or a plastic bag) over the normal peeing place and put some aquarium gravel or a bit of dirt around the edges to stop it blowing away.
He is never quite happy about it, and never quite sure about what is going on, but as I completely ignore him he lets me do it!
I strongly recommend that you use Keto-Diastix, as they have a huge advantage over the other two. Aquarium gravel can be dusty though, so you might have to rinse it first, and then dry it before using it.
If the Keto-Diastix changes colour at all, you can’t use your litter as it will give you a false reading. After your cat’s been to the loo you should be able to get enough of a sample off the plastic to get a reading.
Whilst I believe everything on this site to be accurate, you must not follow any advice on this site without consulting your vet.
Early detection can help you seek professional treatment for your pet, as well as offer adequate care. Turns out she’d used a strip for testing the Ph level of the pond to urine test the cat! Diabetes in dogs occurs when the pancreas fails to secrete the right level of insulin needed by the dog to utilize all of the glucose produced by the body.The home urine test kit is strictly for dogs only to determine whether or not their symptoms have something to do with diabetes. Although most diabetic animals drink large quantities of water, they still lose a lot of body water because they produce such dilute urine. Dehydration can be indicated on the CBC by increases in the packed cell volume (PCV - the proportion of the blood volume that is actually occupied by red blood cells) as well as increases in the total red blood cell count. In some severe diabetic states, lysis (rupture) of red blood cells within the blood stream may occur because of the loss of electrolytes.
A reduction in the PCV and red blood cell count will be seen on the CBC if this is occurring. The presence of an infection may be indicated on the CBC by an increased number of white blood cells.
What might the serum biochemistry profile indicate if my dog has diabetes mellitus?The serum biochemistry profile is performed on a separate blood sample from which the serum (the liquid portion of blood) has been separated from the cellular portion. Serum contains many substances including glucose, enzymes, lipids (fats), proteins, and metabolic waste products. Determination of the serum glucose concentration is vital to the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. A fasting sample is best because even in healthy dogs, the serum glucose may be mildly increased for up to four hours following a meal. Most diabetic dogs will have moderate to marked increases in fasting serum glucose concentrations.
These increases are usually far greater than those mild, transient increases noted after eating.


They are involved in many of the body's daily functions, including nerve conduction and maintenance of proper hydration.
Because of the large volume of dilute urine that diabetic dogs produce, excessive amounts of electrolytes may be lost in the urine.
For example, severe deficits in the electrolyte phosphorus may result in the rupture of red blood cells within the blood stream. The liver related enzymes ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and AST (aspartate transaminase) may be increased mildly in diabetic dogs. These increases may reflect mild liver cell damage that is related to decreased blood flow due to dehydration.
Alterations in lipid (fat) metabolism because of diabetes may also contribute to increases in these liver enzymes. What might a urinalysis indicate if my dog has diabetes mellitus?-->-->A urinalysis is necessary for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Other important features of the urinalysis that need to be evaluated in diabetic animals include evidence of urinary tract infection. The presence of glucose in the urine makes conditions ideal for bacterial growth; therefore, urinary tract infections are common.
The urine is evaluated for the presence of red blood cells, white blood cells and bacteria.
If a bacterial infection is identified or suspected, a culture of the urine may be indicated to identify the types of bacteria and determine the most appropriate antibiotics to treat the infection. The presence or absence of ketones in the urine should always be evaluated in diabetic animals.
Increased utilization of fat occurs in diabetic animals because their insulin deficiency results in poor utilization of carbohydrates as an energy source.
Depending upon your dog's clinical signs, the presence of ketones in the urine may indicate a more severe or long-standing case of diabetes.
Once my dog has been started on insulin therapy, what monitoring tests will be necessary?-->-->When insulin therapy is first started, we will need to monitor your dog's blood glucose values frequently.
Typically, this involves serial blood or serum glucose determinations, often in the form of a glucose curve.
Blood samples will then be taken every 2 hours throughout the day, and the results will be plotted on a graph. This will show how well the insulin is controlling his blood glucose, when the insulin reaches its peak effect, and how long the action of the insulin lasts.
While further adjustments in your dog's insulin dosage will undoubtedly need to be made, the blood glucose curve is valuable in evaluating your dog's response to the prescribed insulin product. At home, one of the most simple and important things you can do for your dog is to monitor his appetite, water consumption, energy level, and urine output. Additional home monitoring can involve the evaluation of urine for the presence of glucose.
This involves 'catching' a urine sample in a clean container and simply dipping a urine test strip that has an indicator pad for glucose.
The presence of large amounts of glucose for two or three days in a row, or the complete absence of glucose, may indicate the need for adjustments in insulin dosage. Once your dog's optimal insulin dosage has been determined and his diabetes is well regulated, monitoring may involve weekly 'spot checks' of urine for the presence of glucose. Serum fructosamine concentrations are another way of evaluating your dog's response to insulin therapy. Fructosamine forms through the irreversible binding of glucose to proteins in your dog's blood stream.
Serum fructosamine provides us with a retrospective view of the average blood glucose concentration that your dog has achieved over the past 2 to 3 weeks. However, recent changes in blood glucose concentrations will not be detected with the serum fructosamine test. Therefore, if your dog is showing any behavioral changes that might signal changes in his insulin requirements, then a direct blood glucose test will be more appropriate.



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