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There are many causes for swollen feet and ankles.  Most are likely to resolve quickly, however, some of the causes can be the sign of a health concern which needs to be addressed. When the swelling affects only one of your feet, most likely the swelling is the result of a local problem, ie an injury or a problem with one of the veins.  Swelling in both feet is considered a systemic problem – a problem which affects the entire body.
1)  Pitting Edema:  Usually results from water retention and is associated with things such as heart failure, pregnancy and systemic diseases. 2)    Non-pitting Edema: Is the most common type of foot swelling, usually a result of injury. Soft tissue injuries of the foot and leg can lead to localised swelling.  The severity of the swelling can depend on the injury.
Liver disease can cause a change in the levels of hormones and fluid-regulating chemicals leading to fluid retention.
Swelling from arthritis tends to be sporadic, coming and going at different times.  It is most commonly caused by active inflammatory synovitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the joint) associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Severe swelling of feet in pregnancy can be a sign of pre-eclampsia which is a medical emergency. Veins work to pump blood back up from the feet and legs to the heart through one-way valves.  If these valves stop working properly due to weakness or damage, fluid can seep back down and pool causing a swollen ankle and foot. Cellulitis is treated with antibiotics and can last anything from a few days to a number of months. Please note: the information provided is of a general nature and should not be used as a diagnosis! This content is created by the Healthline editorial team and is funded by a third party sponsor. Please note that we are unable to respond back directly to your questions or provide medical advice. As the fastest growing consumer health information site a€” with 65 million monthly visitors a€” Healthlinea€™s mission is to be your most trusted ally in your pursuit of health and well-being. Coronary artery spasm is a temporary, sudden narrowing of one of the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply blood to the heart). The spasm often occurs in coronary arteries that have not become hardened due to plaque buildup (atherosclerosis).
Coronary artery spasm occurs most commonly in people who smoke or who have high cholesterol or high blood pressure.
Cocaine use and cigarette smoking can cause severe spasms of the arteries, and can cause the heart to work harder.
Unlike angina that is caused by hardening of the coronary arteries, chest pain and shortness of breath due to coronary artery spasm are often not present when you walk or exercise. The disorder may be a sign that you have a high risk for heart attacks or potentially deadly irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmias).

Back to TopWhen to Contact a Medical Professional Immediately call your local emergency number (such as 911) or go to the hospital emergency room if you have a history of angina and the crushing or squeezing chest pain is not relieved by nitroglycerin.
If you have this condition, you should avoid coronary artery spasm triggers, including exposure to cold, cocaine use, cigarette smoking, and high-stress situations. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. To prevent congenital heart diseases, women should avoid alcohol and drugs during pregnancy. If you are obese or have type 2 diabetes, you probably have a disorder called metabolic syndrome. Knobler H, Schattner A, Zhornicki T, Malnick SD, Keter D, Sokolovskaya N, Lurie Y, Bass DD. The reason for this is that excess body fat compresses the leg and abdominal veins, this increases pressure within the blood vessels which then promotes fluid leakage into the soft tissues – swelling the feet and ankles.
The content is objective, medically accurate, and adheres to Healthline's editorial standards and policies. Both of which will support, guide, and inspire you toward the best possible health outcomes for you and your family.
The spasm slows or stops blood flow through the artery and starves part of the heart of oxygen-rich blood.
In many people, coronary artery spasm may occur without any other heart risk factors (such as smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol).
The outlook is generally good if you follow your doctor's treatment recommendations and avoid certain triggers. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Michael A. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
The congenital heart disease brings a problem in the structure and function of the heart because of abnormal heart development before birth. In most of the cases, the diseases occur alone without a combination of any other diseases. Some diseases are possible to treat with medicines alone, whereas, others need to be operated with surgeries, in some cases, more than one surgery which involve risk of death but only less than 5%. The central feature of metabolic syndrome is insulin resistance, and cortisol is a major cause of insulin resistance.
Prevention of the metabolic syndrome insulin resistance and the atherosclerotic diseases in Africans infected by Helicobacter pylori infection and treated by antibiotics. Severity of ultrasonographic liver steatosis and metabolic syndrome in Korean men and women.

Abnormal cortisol metabolism and tissue sensitivity to cortisol in patients with glucose intolerance.
If you are inactive, this inactivity leads to blood pooling, which further increases pressure within the leg veins. The content is not directed, edited, approved, or otherwise influenced by the advertisers represented on this page, with exception of the potential recommendation of the broad topic area.
Chen, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, Washington. However, some drugs such as retinoic acid for acne, chemicals, alcohol, and infections during pregnancy may cause congenital heart problems.
To keep in control the blood sugar level is also an important step to take during pregnancy because diabetes is also associated with congenital heart diseases.
The drawing shows how chronic infections and stress lead to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Reaven intentionally omitted obesity from his definition of Syndrome X because obesity follows Syndrome X. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. In cyanotic type diseases like tetralogy of fall out, transposition of the great vessels, tricuspid atresia, total anomalous pulmonary venous return, truncus arteriosus, hypoplastic left heart, hypoplastic right heart, some forms of total anomalous pulmonary venous return and ebstein’s anomaly are included.
The genetic factor is also involved; therefore regular ultrasounds are suggested to expectant mothers to scan child’s position and condition. Reaven brought together information that had been accumulating for sixty years and tied it  together in a very readable book.
Definitions of metabolic syndrome usually include obesity and elements of Reaven's Syndrome X.
Non cyanotic diseases include ventricular setal defect, atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis, pulmonic stenosis, coarctation of the aorta and Atrioventricular canal (endocardial cushion defect). This has obscured the fact that insulin resistance and early metabolic syndrome precede the development of obesity. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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