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Understanding the links between mind and body is the first step in developing strategies to reduce the incidence of co-existing conditions and support those already living with mental illnesses and chronic physical conditions. Both mind and body are affected by changes to physiological and emotional processes, as well as by social factors such as income and housing. People living with mental illnesses experience a range of physical symptoms that result both from the illness itself and as a consequence of treatment. Furthermore, the way that people experience their mental illnesses can increase their susceptibility of developing poor physical health. Canadians who report symptoms of depression also report experiencing three times as many chronic physical conditions as the general population. Canadians with chronic physical conditions have twice the likelihood of also experiencing a mood or anxiety disorder when compared to those without a chronic physical condition. One out of every two Canadians with major depression and a co-existing chronic physical condition report limitations in their day-to-day activities. People living with mental illnesses often face higher rates of poverty, unemployment, lack of stable housing, and social isolation. Some chronic physical conditions can cause high blood sugar levels and disrupt the circulation of blood, which can impact brain function.4 People living with chronic physical conditions often experience emotional stress and chronic pain, which are both associated with the development of depression and anxiety. Mental and physical illnesses also share many symptoms, such as food cravings and decreased energy levels, which can increase food consumption, decrease physical activity and contribute to weight gain.
People living with the most common chronic physical conditions in Ontario also face worse mental health than the general population.
People with serious mental illnesses face a greater risk of developing a range of chronic physical conditions compared to the general population, impacting almost every biological system in the body.7 Table 1 summarizes the risk of people with a mental illness developing various chronic physical conditions.
Conversely, people with diabetes have nearly twice the rate of diagnosed mental illnesses as those without diabetes.
People with serious mental illnesses often experience high blood pressure and elevated levels of stress hormones and adrenaline which increase the heart rate. Conversely, there are significantly elevated rates of depression among people with heart disease. People with serious mental illnesses have a significantly increased likelihood of developing a range of chronic respiratory conditions including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis and asthma.21,22 Smoking is commonly identified as a risk factor for respiratory illnesses. People living with chronic respiratory diseases experience significantly elevated rates of anxiety and depression.
People living with cancers face a higher risk of developing depression, due in part to high levels of stress, emotional upset, and changes in body image.30 A co-existing mental health problem can interfere with cancer treatment and remission. Research has consistently found a lower rate of arthritis in people with serious mental illnesses than the general population.
By comparison, people with arthritis are at significantly elevated risk of developing mood and anxiety disorders.34 These rates are strongest among younger age groups and are also linked to experiences with frequent or chronic pain. The stigma associated with mental illness also continues to be a barrier to the diagnosis and treatment of chronic physical conditions in people with mental illnesses. People with serious mental illnesses who have access to primary health care are less likely to receive preventive health checks.
The mental health of people with chronic physical conditions is also frequently overlooked. Some community mental health agencies have established primary health care programs to ensure their clients with serious mental illnesses are receiving preventive health care and assistance in managing co-existing chronic physical conditions.
However, these initiatives currently lack sufficient infrastructure, incentives and momentum.
We have also launched the Minding Our Bodies initiative in partnership with YMCA Ontario and York University’s Faculty of Health, with support from the Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion through the Communities in Action Fund, designed to increase capacity within the community mental health system in Ontario to promote active living and to create new opportunities for physical activity for people with serious mental illness. Government of Canada, The Human Face of Mental Health and Mental Illness in Canada, Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada (Catalogue No.
May is The Stroke Association's stroke awareness month so we are focusing this blog on the cause of this debilitating illness that affects over 150,000 people every year in the UK. Although strokes are more common over the age of 55, they can occur at any age and are becoming more common in the younger population. When a stroke occurs it is crucial to get treatment as soon as possible as the brain cells begin to die within a few minutes of the stroke. Almost 7% of young Canadians meet new physical activity guidelines, with a larger proportion of boys (9%) meeting the guidelines than girls (4%). For health benefits, children (aged 5 to 11) and youth (aged 12 to 17) should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity activity daily. Just under 7% of Canadian children and youth achieve the guideline of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day at least 6 days a week.
The proportion of young people accumulating 60 minutes of daily MVPA declines with increasing age. Overall, boys average just over an hour a day (61 minutes) of MVPA, while girls average about three-quarters of an hour (47 minutes). The new Canadian physical activity guidelines state that children and youth should include vigorous-intensity activities at least 3 days per week. Sedentary time among children and youth averages 8.6 hours a day, or 62% of their waking hours.
Overweight and obese boys accumulate 51 and 44 minutes of MVPA per day, respectively, while boys who are neither overweight nor obese average 65 minutes a day.
According to results of the CHMS, boys average 12,100 steps per day compared with 10,300 for girls. Overweight boys average significantly fewer steps than do boys who are neither overweight nor obese, a relationship that does not exist for girls.
The new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines in this fact sheet are presented by the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. The CHMS used activity monitors to collect objective measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour for a nationally-representative sample of Canadians aged 6 to 79 from 2007 to 2009. Some examples of moderate physical activity include bike riding or playground activities, while examples of vigorous activity include running, rollerblading or swimming. Regular physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of various health conditions, including cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety. It's important to know that not all people with Cushing's syndrome exhibit the same symptoms.1,2 Everyone is different. Warfarin was introduced in the 1940s as a pesticide and was later found to be an effective blood thinner in humans. There are major mishaps causing substantial complications and adverse effects with warfarin that can be prevented.
Avoiding them could significantly reduce the chances of warfarin related bleeding risk and hospitalization. Please let me know about your own experience if you are or know somebody on this treatment? Large numbers of the population believe that supplements and herbal products are safe with no side effects. Any longer lasting sickness as simple as diarrhea, vomiting, cold and mild fever should be reported to your physician. With new healthcare changes and availability of so-called store clinics access to antibiotics have increased. No women should be on warfarin if there is any chance of becoming or being pregnant.  Taking warfarin while pregnant can be very dangerous to the fetus.
This E-book will provide you with exclusive tips and the knowledge necessary to prevent and control high blood pressure.
Contact us with a description of the clipart you are searching for and we'll help you find it. Flotation and sensory deprivation provides an array of extremely important health benefits. Below is a list of some of the know health problems that can be prevented with regular floatation therapy. It is well documented that maintaining healthy testosterone (T) levels is key to all aspects  of men’s health.
Many factors can contribute to Hypogonadism and often the line between cause and effect is blurred. So it can be concluded that Cortisol directly and indirectly inhibits the production and benefits of healthy T levels in the male body.


If you show many of the symptoms mentioned above for Hypogonadism and have concerns about a lack of testosterone in your body it is advised that you discuss this with a doctor.
Maintaing healthy levels of magnesium in the body will help you raise T and build muscle because magnesium improves the body’s antioxidant capacity, decreases inflammation, which allows for a robust release of T and IGF-1. Maintaining healthy magnesium levels is essential for hormone balance and keeping you lean. It enables the production of enzymes that allow vitamin D to help with calcium absorption and bone building. A series of studies have shown that a single night of reduced sleep will alter T release, leading to lower T levels in the morning. The study was meant to show how poor sleep patterns increase the risk of type II diabetes, and this was evident with the subjects experiencing the beginning of insulin resistance in less than a week. Essentially, getting less than 7 or 8 hours of sleep per night is going to lead to higher levels of Cortisol and lower levels of testosterone. A study at the university of Birmingham exploring the transdermic absorption of MgSO4 (Magnesium sulphate ((Epsom salt)) found in a solution of 1% MgSO4, the body would absorb magnesium through the skin effectively. As noted earlier, healthy magnesium  levels are essential to the production of testosterone and also for healthy sleep levels which lead to lower cortisol production. A routine of aerobic exercise followed by an evening session of Floatation therapy on a regular basis is highly likely to keep Cortisol levels down and Testosterone levels up in male users.
2 Bhasin S, Cunningham GR, Hayes FJ, Matsumoto AM, Snyder PJ, Swerdloff RS, Montori VM; Task Force, Endocrine Society. Cardiovascular diseases leading to heart attacks are the major cause of death in the Western world. Knowing that someone is at a high risk of a heart attack doesn’t help, however, in predicting when, if at all, the attack would happen. A paper published in The Lancet by scientists from the University of Edinburgh describes the use of specific tracer compounds which are able to accumulate at the sites of plaque in the blood vessels. Researchers used the new scanning method to study the hearts of 40 patients who recently experienced a heart attack. Having a tool capable of detecting plaque can be a huge advantage to both patients and practitioners. A newly developed tomography technique allows the visualization of the presence of cholesterol plaque in the blood vessels of heart. People living with a serious mental illness are at higher risk of experiencing a wide range of chronic physical conditions. These three pathways of biology, illness experience, and the social determinants of health can increase the likelihood of someone living with a mental illness or chronic physical condition developing a co-existing condition. Mental illnesses can alter hormonal balances and sleep cycles, while many psychiatric medications have side-effects ranging from weight gain to irregular heart rhythms.2,3 These symptoms create an increased vulnerability to a range of physical conditions. Mental illness can impact social and cognitive function and decrease energy levels, which can negatively impact the adoption of healthy behaviours. Experiences with disability can also cause distress and isolate people from social supports.
These factors increase the risk of developing chronic physical conditions and can also have a detrimental impact upon an individual’s mental well-being. People living in poverty with chronic physical conditions are at risk of developing mental health problems and may face barriers to accessing mental health care, contributing to worsening mental health problems. Figure 1 illustrates the elevated rates of mood disorders in Ontarians with diabetes, heart disease, cancer, arthritis and asthma. Higher rates of diabetes, heart disease and respiratory conditions in people with serious mental illnesses have been well-established by the research; the links to cancer are still emerging and preliminary findings vary depending on type of cancer. Antipsychotic medication has also been linked with the development of an abnormal heart rhythm.
People with mental illnesses have high smoking rates, due in part to historical acceptability of smoking in psychiatric institutions, the impact of nicotine on symptom control, and the positive social aspects of smoking. It has been previously suggested that schizophrenia may reduce the risk of developing arthritis due to genetics, the anti-inflammatory side effects of antipsychotic medications, and more sedentary lifestyles linked to institutionalization and illness. These barriers are complex and range from the impact of poverty on the ability to afford transportation for medical appointments to systemic barriers related to the way that primary health care is currently provided in Ontario.
Diagnostic overshadowing can mask psychiatric complaints, particularly for the development of mild to moderate mental illnesses. The Chronic Disease Prevention and Management Framework being implemented in Ontario has the potential to address the importance of emotional and mental health care for people living with a chronic physical condition.
We do this by advocating for increased access to primary health care, as well as for more affordable housing, income and employment supports, and for healthy public policies that address the broad determinants of health.
The recommendations address the prevention and management of mental health problems in people with chronic physical conditions, and the prevention and management of chronic physical conditions in people with serious mental illnesses. May et al., “Does Psychological Distress Predict the Risk of Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack? This is caused when a blood clot blocks an artery or a blood vessel breaks and the blood flow to the brain is interrupted. This can happen when a blood vessel on the brain’s surface burst and blood fills the space between the brain and the skull, or when a broken artery in the brain bursts and blood fills the surrounding tissue. There are many different factors than can increase the risk of stroke and steps can be taken to reduce the risk. It is therefore important to be able to recognise the common symptoms quickly and know what to do when you see them. Cognitive and communication problems may also develop and aphasia is one of the main communicative problems that can occur. These averages increase with age, with sedentary time surpassing 9 hours a day among teenagers aged 15 to 19.
This gradient was not significant among girls – regardless of their body mass index, girls average 44 to 48 minutes of MVPA a day.
On average in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS), 27% accumulate at least 13,500 steps per day.
Learn about healthy eating, nutrition, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol and much more from the true experts. Despite the introduction of many newer blood thinners, warfarin is still prescribed and consumed.
This medication is also famous for its unpredictable blood level fluctuations affected by nutrition, medication, herbal products and the degree of adherence with recommended warfarin (Coumadin) dosage and instructions. Warfarin can be a helpful medication but at the same time if suggested instructions are not followed it could result in unnecessary and preventable complications. It is important to know that supplements and herbal products do have side effects and also can interact with other prescription medication especially warfarin. Less is better but most importantly you should keep the alcohol intake stable (usually not more than two drinks for men and one drink for women), binge drinking can cause problems, nothing new, right? They can change the metabolism of warfarin in your body and cause major fluctuations of blood levels. You may want to read my article about these machines.  There has been slow acceptance in using these machines in the medical community but I am sure that it will  improve in the future. Some are caused by the Magnesium Sulphate in the tanks, others are derived from the meditative quality associated with sensory deprivation. For example, it is unclear whether lower T levels can lead to Type II Diabetes or whether Type II Diabetes leads to lower T levels. The interrelationship between Cortisol and Testosterone, when compromised, can put you on a downhill spiral to a poor body composition and ill health.
They can test your blood to see if your T levels are below normal and they can then offer you the advice and hormonal drugs you may require. A recent study found that giving martial artists approximately 750 mg of magnesium daily for 4 weeks raised free T by 26 percent at rest and by 18 percent after a shuttle running test. A 2011 Italian study was one of the first to show that older men with low magnesium had lower free and total T than those with the highest magnesium levels. Higher levels of cortisol lead to more stress which leads to poorer quality of sleep and a further decrease in T levels. This worked on both men and women however it seemed to show a greater increase in men, particularly following aerobic exercise.
Therefore one hour of floatation, especially following aerobic exercise will be able to boost magnesium levels in the body to a healthy normative state in most users.


A typical session will be around 90 minutes and though some users do fall asleep in the tank during that time, which is perfectly safe and healthy, a 90 minute nap is not enough sleep for someone with sleep deprivation, nor is it intended to be. This will result in a better quality of sleep, higher lean muscle mass, faster rate of muscle growth and injury recovery, increased sexual virility and fertility, a reduction in stress levels, blood pressure and cholesterol , a faster rate of fat metabolism  and a lower risk of bone and heart disease. Testosterone therapy in men with androgen deficiency syndromes: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline.
Testosterone and cardiovascular risk in men: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Doctors have no direct methods or techniques to find out if the heart of a particular patient does indeed contain dangerously high levels of plaque. The compound can be easily detected by a specific method of computer tomography called positron emission tomography (PET-CT) and therefore helps in direct visualization of heart’s blood vessels affected by fatty deposits. Early identification of plaque formation in the heart would allow the use of more aggressive drug regiments, recommend patients’ serious lifestyle changes or even undertake a preventative surgery such as the placement of stents that prevent further deterioration of the blood vessel conditions. Conversely, people living with chronic physical health conditions experience depression and anxiety at twice the rate of the general population. For example, people who are unable to afford healthier food options often experience nutritional deficiencies.
Housing insecurity can be particularly stressful and lead to poorer mental and physical health.
The biological impact of high blood sugar levels is also associated with the development of depression in people with diabetes. These physical changes interfere with cardiovascular function and significantly elevate the risk of developing heart disease among people with mental illnesses.14 Similarly, people with serious mental illnesses also experience higher rates of many other risk factors for heart disease, such as poor nutrition, lack of access to preventive health screenings, and obesity.
Social factors such as poverty, unstable housing, unemployment and social exclusion may also impact upon both smoking rates and the development of respiratory conditions, but there has been little research on this topic among people with serious mental illnesses.
People who experience asthma attacks similarly have a greater likelihood of experiencing anxiety and panic disorders.24 This is thought to be related to the life-threatening possibility of a severe asthma attack. For example, people with mental illnesses who live in precarious housing may not have an OHIP card due to the lack of a permanent address or a safe place to store identification. It can directly prevent people from accessing health care services, and negative past experiences can prevent people from seeking health care out of fear of discrimination.
Short appointment times are often not sufficient to discuss mental or emotional health for people with complex chronic health needs.40 Finally, mental illnesses and chronic physical conditions share many symptoms, such as fatigue, which can prevent recognition of co-existing conditions. Collaborative mental health care initiatives such as shared care approaches are linking family physicians with mental health specialists and psychiatrists to provide support to primary health care providers serving people with mental illnesses and poor mental health. The Stroke Association promotes their FAST campaign to help raise awareness of the symptoms.
About 4% accumulate 20 minutes of vigorous physical activity at least three days a week, 6% accumulate 10 minutes, and 11% accumulate 5 minutes. The dosage and timing of taking warfarin is essential and can make a huge difference in keeping the blood levels stable. Nasal or rectal bleeding  may start very mildly but this situation can worsen quickly and managing it may become more complicated. Some of the most important ones are listed here.  There is a significant misconception in the patient population who believe that consuming green vegetables is not recommended for patients on warfarin. There are also some physiological benefits given by the high levels of bouyancy over an extended period.
There are also  many things you can do by yourself which have been shown in multiple studies to keep testosterone levels up and Cortisol levels down. Magnesium was independently associated with IGF-1 and T in these men after adjusting for complicating factors such as body fat and disease. Our floatation tanks contain significantly higher levels of MgSO4 however, the study also noted that they did not believe higher concentrations would influence the rate or levels of absorption and posed no risk. That boost in magnesium will provide all the follow-on benefits noted earlier in the article.
But a 90 minute evening session significantly reduces Cortisol levels within the body and provides muscular relaxation and a slight slowing in brainwave frequency. Effects of testosterone on body composition, bone metabolism and serum lipid profile in middle-aged men: a meta-analysis.
Impact of Five Nights of Sleep Restriction on Glucose Metabolism, Leptin, and Testosterone in Young Adult Men. Usually, heart attacks are caused by the accumulation of dangerous plaque on the walls of the heart’s blood vessels.
This may change very soon with the introduction of a new scanning technique that allows the direct visualization of fatty deposits in the heart muscle.
It still remains to be seen if the technique can be used to visualize the danger zones in the heart before, rather than after a heart attack. Wlassoff has a PhD in Biomedical Sciences and has worked for 20 years as a researcher and lecturer in several universities around the world. Co-existing mental and physical conditions can diminish quality of life and lead to longer illness duration and worse health outcomes.1 This situation also generates economic costs to society due to lost work productivity and increased health service use. Or, they may adopt unhealthy eating and sleeping habits, smoke or abuse substances, as a consequence or response to their symptoms, contributing to worse health outcomes. Poor nutrition is a significant risk factor for the development of heart disease and diabetes. Left untreated, co-existing diabetes, poor mental health and mental illnesses can hinder self-care practices and increase blood sugar levels, contributing to worsening mental and physical health. In Canada, women with depression are 80 percent more likely to experience heart disease than women without depression.15 This is attributed to both biological and social factors. Furthermore, stigma can lead to a misdiagnosis of physical ailments as psychologically based.
Not doing this can be a major mistake that causes unnecessary complications and inconvenience. If a medication is prescribed by somebody other than your doctor, he or she should be informed as early as possible. A lack of sexual activity also reduces testosterone production but then lower T levels often lead to reduced sexual desire. A recent US study concluded that around 80% of North American’s magnesium levels were too low. Patients with insomnia go home immediately after their float and find they can enjoy a quality of sleep they cannot otherwise experience.
This plaque consists of fatty deposits and their gradual formation and growth is connected to the increased level of cholesterol in the blood, particularly so-called “bad cholesterol”. Similarly, it is more difficult to be physically active when living in an unsafe or unhealthy neighbourhood. Sometimes it is necessary to stop the medication for a couple of days and then to restart it again. You can continue eating your green vegetables as long as the amount is consistent every day. Another key observation in the occurrence of Hypogonadism is concerned with the production of another steroid hormone; Cortisol.
Thus it cannot be emphasized enough how beneficial Floatation therapy can be to men’s health. Thus allowing a further reduction in Cortisol levels, allowing T levels to rise once again. When a plaque becomes too concentrated, it can block the blood vessels leading to the insufficient supply of oxygen and nutrients to a part of the heart muscle. Elderly patients who have difficulty understanding the instructions of their doctor may need to ask one of their family members or friends to help them in managing the treatment. The measurement of cholesterol levels and other biochemical parameters helps to identify people who are at higher risk of heart attack.
Whilst Cortisol is a vital hormone in normal levels, all too often Cortisol levels are found to be too high.



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