Complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus pdf journal,diabetes type 1 quotes klaus,type 2 diabetes salad recipes easy,january 2016 telugu calendar - Videos Download


Note: There are other types of diabetes such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LATA).
The world population had reached 7 billion, and approximately 382 million are suffering from the effects and long term complications of diabetes mellitus. The WHO (World Health Organization) has predicted that by the year 2030, the 7th leading cause of death worldwide will be diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is 1 of 4 top non-communicable diseases (the others are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke and ischaemic heart disease) which kill people globally. In New Zealand there is an estimated number of more than 240,000 people living with diagnosed diabetes. For this article, we’ll be focusing our attention on DM type 2 because we can prevent it unlike DM type 1. Note: The classic triad of symptoms of diabetes are excessive urination, excessive thirst, and excessive hunger. However if your cells become insulin resistant the insulin has a hard time unlocking the door to let the glucose into your cells. Hyperglycaemia caused by long term (years) insulin resistance leads to the complications of diabetes mellitus type 2.
Hopefully this has convinced you that improving your diet, lifestyle and overall health are much easier and definitely the preferred option. We are a team of people - passionate about health & researching the latest information for you! Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Diabetes Mellitus Complications Diabetes is a serious disease and you should not be lulled into thinking that having diabetes is “no big deal.” Complications of diabetes mellitus are not only life threatening, but life altering. Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation.
Diabetic-ShockAlarmingly low level of blood sugar leads to Diabetic Shock or Insulin shock. Diabetic-CareDiabetic Care involves- regular exercise, foot care, controlled diet, avoidance of alcohol and cigarette, and regular monitoring of blood glucose level. HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia is the indication of decline in the blood sugar level below normal.
Complications-of-diabetesComplications-of-diabetes include- Hypoglycemia, Hyperglycemia, Diabetic, Cardiomyopathy, Diabetic Nephropathy, Diabetic Neuropathy, Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetes MellitusAn imbalance in the blood glucose level may indicate low blood sugar or high blood sugar. Diabetes-and-DepressionDiabetes leads to Depression and sometimes even more complications.
Causes-of-DiabetesVarious Causes of Diabetes can be-genetic, obesity, abnormal functioning of pancreas and liver, unhealthy Food and lifestyle and certain infections. Diabetic-DietDiabetic-Diet should incorporate plenty of greens and vegetables, no-sugar,colocasia,rice or potato and chicken, mutton should be consumed sparingly. Tingling in hands and feet, Sudden weight loss, Always hungry, Always thirsty, Wounds take time to heal, Blurry Vision. Prevent-DiabetesDiabetes can be successfully prevented by leading healthy lifestyle, less intake of sugar and avoiding alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Risk-factors-for-diabetesModifiable Risk Factors Of Diabetes-Lifestyle, Eating Habits, Existing Health Problems. Is-Diabetes-HereditaryPeople with diabetes heredity have higher chances of getting this metabolic disorder. Diabetes MellitusWhen the blood sugar is either below or above the normal level then it may lead to a disorder called diabetes mellitus. Nephrogenic-Diabetes-InsipidusNephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is caused by insufficient amount of antidiuretic hormone in the body. The common evaluation tools that are used for diagnosing the non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus involve blood studies. Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) – people will be considered to have this problem if the results show hyperglycemia (high level of glucose in the blood). 2-Hour Post-Prandial Blood Glucose Test – same test with GTT but it reflects with accurate amount of glucose in the blood. Glycosylated Hemoglobin Assay (HB A1C) – non-insulin dependent diabetes is confirmed if the test result shows increased rate. Blood chemistry – results with increased level of potassium, glucose, cholesterol, ketones, and triglyceride levels can verify the disease.
The treatment plan for type 2 diabetes involves stabilization of glucose and cholesterol level in the blood. During the past several years, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased.  Type 2 diabetes is an outcome of a combination of lifestyle and genetic elements. Diabetes poses the risk for many conditions mainly because due to poorly controlled blood sugar levels.
With time, the high glucose levels in the blood can cause damage to the nerves and small blood vessels affecting the eyes, kidney and heart. Other long term complications can appear as poor circulation (leading to amputation), diabetic retinopathy, kidney failure and ketoacidosis. Hyperglycemia is an outcome arising out of an excessively raised blood sugar level in diabetes. Due to the buildup of sugar in blood, there can be increased urination causing the kidneys to lose glucose (through urine).
It is practically feasible for people with type 2 diabetes to lead an active life with limited medical intervention.
The resounding message: Conventional measurements underestimated the risk of fracture among patients with type 2 diabetes and loss of bone material strength, or bone quality, is a clear, downstream consequence of the disease. Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit worldwide leader in medical care, research and education for people from all walks of life.
Journalists can become a member of the Mayo Clinic News Network for the latest health, science and research news and access to video, audio, text and graphic elements that can be downloaded or embedded.


A Pragmatist's Guide for LivingIt's easy to make a financial decision based on what you need right now, but making an informed choice will benefit you in the long run. No, it’s not something you can prevent by putting on a protective suit or by taking antiviral drugs. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic debilitating disease that happens when an organ inside your body called the pancreas doesn’t produce sufficient amounts of insulin OR when your body doesn’t know how to handle the insulin it makes. Type 2 diabetes is predominantly caused by lifestyle factors and isn’t simply something you can blame on your bad genes. The signs and symptoms of DM type 2 can be gradual making it hard for you to detect if you have it.
But this triad is seen more often among diabetics who don’t manager their blood glucose levels well and also in type 1 diabetics.
Insulin simply does its best to escort the glucose in your blood into your cells where its either used as fuel or stored as fat. So the glucose stays in your blood causing your blood glucose levels to increase (hyperglycaemia). The infographic below shows you that DM type 2 doesn’t paint a pretty future for you if you choose to let it overcome your health. This simply measures the level of glucose in your blood after you have fasted (not eaten) for 8 to 10 hours.
You don’t want to become just another number in the history of the diabetes pandemic do you? Diabetes Mellitus complications are not an inevitable part of diabetes if you know how to reverse your diabetes. FACT: 75% of all deaths related to diabetes are caused by a heart attack or another form of heart disease.
High blood sugar can injure nerve fibers throughout your body, but diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in your legs and feet.” When loss of feeling occurs in the feet and legs a sore or cut may go unchecked. This condition primarily starts in the extremities (lower and upper) that is arms and legs.
In this case pancreas is able to produce insulin, however, it is not sufficient enough to stabilize the glucose level in the blood. Most clinical experts believe that it is a secondary problem, which resulted to existing health problem. However, the imminence rate of these signs and symptoms are not as morbid as with type 1 diabetes. Moreover, a decreased level in the carbon dioxide with a pH level of lesser than 7.4 is linked to this disease, as well.
Administration of insulin and oral hypoglycemic are commonly prescribed to people with this condition.
Constant monitoring of blood glucose level and practicing of healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of developing this form of diabetes mellitus. Their only aim is to share their opinion on the concerned topic, and help the reader understand it better. Many people are not aware of the risk factors and complications which type 2 diabetes mellitus can bring along with, both in the short and long run. Consequently, glucose (sugar) cannot get into the body’s cells and their functioning gets impaired. Many of them can be controlled when you know what puts your health at risk for the illness and the adverse effects which are likely to come.
It may create an overwhelming reaction creating apprehensiveness of the long-term health outcomes and effects on everyday life. This damage can also appear as atherosclerosis, or hardening of the large arteries, making way for heart attack and stroke. Type 2 diabetes can also reduce life expectancy by about 10 years and can be especially concerning for the health and well being of children. Severe illness may develop into a life-threatening complication. Type 2 diabetes, also referred to as non-insulin dependent diabetes, can pose problems in the short run also. Some people may even not remain drug-dependant if they bring in favorable lifestyle changes. The Mayo researchers validated that assumption in a clinical study of 60 postmenopausal women, 30 of whom had type 2 diabetes. The new technology may help in studying other conditions where fractures occur at higher than expected bone density, says co-author and rheumatologist Shreyasee Amin, M.D. If you have excess adipose tissue in your body (aka visceral and subcutaneous fat), you’ll also have an excess of hormones called adipocytokines.
We are spending more and more time sitting on our butts staring at our various gadgets, computers and TV’s.
A diet rich in carbohydrates (grains, starches and sugars) will seal the deal for you when it comes to developing diabetes.
This can occur especially at night to the point that it keeps you up all night because of frequent trips to the loo. Your cells aren’t able to get enough energy (glucose) because insulin is not doing its job properly. HbA1c is important because it tells you how well you are managing your blood glucose levels (i.e. This loss of pain sensation coupled with a decrease in blood flow to the feet and legs can lead to diabetic ulcers which can be very hard to heal often leading to amputation of toes, feet or part of the leg.
Hypertension and obesity are the two lifestyle diseases that have been contributed to the development of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
It means that the severity of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is lesser compared to the others. Thus, cellular resistance to insulin may develop and several physiologic changes can occur. Moreover, diabetic dietary plan is exclusively designed to meet the needed nutrients, which are allotted for people with this metabolic disorder.
Good or bad, Right or wrong is solely readers decision and should be taken under the guidance of a medical expert.


Being diagnosed with diabetes may not only affect you but your loved ones as well who now need to be aware of your additional medical and non-medical needs in living a healthy life.
Weight management is an important aspect of managing and living with type 2 diabetes as it promotes the body to utilize insulin appropriately. Using a new tool (OsteoProbe®), the researchers performed micro indentation testing of the tibia (actually causing a microscopic crack) to measure bone material strength. She says this will be especially relevant to many forms of autoimmune arthritis where glucocorticoids are used, such as in rheumatoid arthritis. Take note of your lifestyle and dietary habits that could be contributing to you developing DM type 2. Some of which are thought to make your tissues become resistant to insulin so that the actions of insulin are ignored. If you accumulate fat in the abdomen (apple shaped) compared to accumulating it in your thighs, buttocks and hips (pear shaped), then you’re at a higher risk for developing DM type 2. If you smoke, it’s time to add smoking cessation to the top 3 of your bucket list, ASAP. Some people may not experience any symptoms at all until a late complication develops (such as a wound that won’t heal on the toe or even a stroke).
If your triglycerides are high your risk for developing both DM type 2 and heart disease is greatly increased.
Though you don’t have to have diabetes to start making better dietary and lifestyle choices. Neuropathy can also cause tingling, burning or pain that begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and slowly spreads upward. Other preventive measures such as exercising and avoidance of addictive vices can help prevent the worsening of the condition.
Even though type 2 diabetes is the form affecting most people suffering from diabetes, it is possible to lead a healthy and active life with minimum complications with the right resources like appropriate information and support.
Compared to the control group of women, aged 50 to 80, the group with type 2 diabetes had significantly lower bone material strength. The team says more research needs to be done, as this was a small study in a limited population. As you can see obesity and diabetes go hand in hand.The WHO predicts that by 2015, 700 million adults worldwide will be obese or overweight, that’s next year!New Zealand isn’t spared from obesity. Exposure of the foetus to diabetes during pregnancy is thought to be a contributing factor to the increase in type 2 diabetes in children. Usual complications like eye and nerve damage, stroke, heart disease and kidney problems will be kept to a minimum if you do your best to keep your glucose levels on track and within the normal range. You can use the glucometer just before a meal and 1-2 hours after a meal to find out how the meal has affected your blood glucose levels. Lookout for part two of this article with secrets to preventing diabetes or maybe even reversing it if you already have type 2 diabetes. In a recent study half of diabetes patients participating received drugs to lower their systolic blood pressure to 120 and this failed to prevent heart attacks and heart related deaths.
There was no difference between the microarchitecture of the bone or bone density between the two groups.
The studies were supported by the National Institutes of Health, including funding from Mayo’s Clinical and Translational Science Award. You can then adjust your diet to foods that do not send your blood glucose levels through the roof.
The study showed that diabetic women with lower bone material strength had also experienced higher levels of hyperglycemia over the previous 10 years, suggesting potential detrimental effects of poor glucose control on bone quality. Insulin also helps move glucose (blood sugar) into cells, where it can be stored and used for energy.
Your doctor will probably request another test called an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to confirm whether you have pre-diabetes or diabetes.
You will be able to work out which foods are best for you personally and which to steer clear of. I would like to extend my thanks to the person who wrote this article for helping me on this life altering journey of a lifetime. Getting a diagnosis of pre-diabetes should make you even more proactive to making the necessary dietary and lifestyle changes to prevent yourself from developing full blown diabetes. Measuring your blood glucose after you eat will give you a different reading than the one you took before the meal.
A type 1 diabetes diet is designed to provide maximum nutrition, while limiting sugar, carbohydrates, and sodium.
Without proper diet, exercise, and insulin therapy, a person with type 1 diabetes could suffer adverse health effects. Health complications associated with this type of diabetes include: vision problems high blood pressure, which increases risk for heart attack, stroke, and poor circulation kidney damage nerve damage skin sores and infections, which can cause pain and may lead to tissue death Following proper dietary guidelines can help mitigate the difficulties of type 1 diabetes, keep your health free from complications, and make your life better overall.
A nutritionist or dietitian can help you come up with meal plans, and create a diet that works for you in the long term. Having a well-stocked kitchen or carrying healthy snacks with you can cut down on unnecessary sugar, carbohydrates, sodium, and fat that can spike blood sugar.
To maintain blood sugar levels, dont skip meals, and try to eat around the same time each day. Fruits Fruits are natural sources of sugar and should be counted as carbohydrates if youre using a diet plan. These include: most green leafy vegetables asparagus beets carrots celery cucumber onions peppers sprouts tomatoes Always choose fresh or frozen vegetables without added salt or sauces. Carbohydrates can come in the form of beans, starchy vegetables, fruit juices, pasta, or bread. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and other foods travel easily and are great to have on hand when you need them.




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Comments

  1. Q_R_O_M

    And phosphorus By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps health, I see people with such pronounced.

    09.05.2015

  2. Love_Is_Bad

    Big no-no on this diet, even if its snack around 4pm and then a lighter.

    09.05.2015