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When you have this disease, your body does a poor job turning the carbohydrates in food into energy.
As your blood sugar levels get higher, you may have other problems like headaches, blurred vision, and fatigue.
In many cases, type 2 diabetes isn't discovered until it takes a serious toll on your health. Regular exercise, like strength training or walking, improves your body's use of insulin and can lower blood sugar levels. If diet and exercise can’t get your blood sugar under control, your doctor may add medication. If you don't treat diabetes with a healthy diet and exercise, you're more likely to get plaque in your arteries than people who don't have it. High blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of your eye. For a contribution of $45 (or MORE!), walkers will receive a VERY COOL Shooting Stars Team T-Shirt along with FREE pastries, bagels, and coffee or juice. Recent breakthroughs in type 2 diabetes treatments promise new treatment options for type 1 diabetics. Less than 20 years ago, the only thing type 1 and type 2 diabetes seemed to have in common was a shared name; they were related conditions but only as distant cousins, and once removed, at that. Doctors and researchers discovered the last decade that, for a variety of reasons, many type 2 diabetics could benefit from taking insulin.
There are numerous causes for this, according to Andrea Penney, RN, CDE, with the Joslin Diabetes Center. That change in thinking about the ways type 2 diabetes evolves indirectly opened the door to considering new ways of thinking about how type 1 diabetes behaves. There is only one treatment besides 54 varieties of insulin approved by the Federal Drug Administration for use by type 1 diabetics, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center, and that drug is pramlintide acetate, which is marketed under the name Symlin. Pramlintide is a small peptide hormone produced in the pancreas and, in people without diabetes, is released alongside insulin after meals or food ingestion, to help reduce high blood sugar. According to the FDA, which approved Symlin for use in treating type 1 diabetes in 2005, “Symlim is an injectable medicine for adults with type 2 and type 1 diabetes to control blood sugar. Symlin’s manufacturer, Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc., says that Symlin works to reduce blood sugar by generating a feeling of fullness after meals, slowing the rate that the stomach empties after meals, and reduces the release of glucagon from the liver after meals. Some doctors are also prescribing metformin, which is the most prescribed oral type 2 diabetes treatment in the United States, off label as an adjunct to insulin for type 1 diabetics.
Other drugs used to treat type 2 diabetics are being studied to see if they should be submitted to the FDA for approval to treat type 1 diabetics.
GLP-1 is a naturally occurring hormone released in the intestine that stimulates the release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells when carbohydrates are absorbed in the intestine.
Some limited research suggests that GLP-1 treatments might be effective in helping type 1 diabetics better control their blood sugar.
A full-scale clinical trial of Victoza on type 1 diabetics is potentially in the works from the maker of Victoza. Then, this January Novo Nordisk started recruiting more than 1,400 subjects for a 52-week trial on the effects of Victoza on type 1 diabetics. Until that trial is completed and the FDA acts, however, Byetta, Victoza, and Bydureon are explicitly not approved for use by type 1 diabetics, according to the product warnings on each drug.


If any type 1 diabetic wishes to try the drugs off label (which is the medical jargon for when patients receive a prescription to use a drug for a purpose for which it has not been FDA approved) researchers and doctors suggest consulting with a qualified endocrinologist experienced both in prescribing GLP-1 drugs and treating type 1 diabetics. Metformin is the least expensive, most effective and most common medication that is prescribed by doctors. Not only for this type 2 diabetics condition, doctors also prescribe this medication for people who experience fasting blood sugars that are more than normal but are not in the range of diabetic. Metformin is available in the form of tablet, as a liquid form and extended release tablet. Metformin is safe for majority of people who have normal liver, kidney and lung function, but all medicines have side effects. Being active also helps get rid of body fat, lower blood pressure, and protect you from heart disease.
It can also help people with type 2 diabetes who develop "beta-cell failure." This means the cells in your pancreas no longer make insulin when blood sugar is high. Symptoms include tingling, numbness, pain, and a pins and needles sensation -- often in your fingers, hands, toes, or feet.
You might not notice wounds. At the same time, hardening of the arteries reduces blood flow to the area.
It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
Navigating this world of new, and apparently improved drugs, however, is anything but simple or straightforward. The paradigm at the time was that type 1 and type 2 diabetes required different treatments because they were, in fact, very different conditions.
The recently realized realities regarding the ways each condition evolves and behaves has led to new ways of treating each type of diabetes and a sharing of therapies between the two.
That shift led to considering whether that door swung both ways and if type 1 diabetics might benefit from treatments designed to treat type 2 diabetes. Symlin is recommended for type 1 diabetics who have not achieved good blood sugar control, which is decided on a case-by-cases basis by a person’s physician.
These drugs, once-daily injectable Victoza, Byetta, and once-weekly injectable Bydureon, are all GLP-1 agonists.
Additionally, GLP-1 (which stands for “glucagon like peptide”) is also present in the brain, where it acts as an appetite suppressant and produces one of the same effects of taking Symlin.
In type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. It is a member of the category of diabetes medications called biguanides, medicines that reduce the blood sugar level by lowering the glucose produced by the liver. It also has been proposed for women who experience gestational diabetes, a condition where level of blood sugar are more than normal at the time of pregnancy. Over time it raises your risk for heart disease, blindness, nerve and organ damage, and other serious conditions. Others include dry mouth, bigger appetite, peeing a lot -- sometimes as often as every hour -- and unusual weight loss or gain.
They enter the bloodstream, prompting your pancreas to release the hormone insulin in just the right amount. It helps your cells use the sugar for fuel. If you have a condition called insulin resistance, your body makes the hormone, but your cells don’t use it or respond to it like they should.


If you already have symptoms, he might give you a random blood glucose test, which shows what your current level is.
How often and when you test will be based on how well controlled your diabetes is, the type of treatment you use, and how stable your blood sugar is. It leads to hardening of the arteries (called atherosclerosis), which makes you more likely to have a heart attack or stroke.
It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas stops making insulin so type 1 diabetics injected insulin to replace what the body was no longer producing.
Either body doesn’t generate plenty of insulin or the cells just ignore insulin in type 2 diabetes.
It is also prescribed often for treating a condition associated with insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome. If you’ve had type 2 diabetes for a while but haven’t treated it, your pancreas will make less insulin. Keep amounts the same at every meal, watch how much fat and protein you eat, and cut calories. Common testing times are when you wake up, before and after meals and exercise, and at bedtime. Controlling your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol can lower your risk for this complication. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site.
Type 2 diabetes, however, was a condition in which a person’s pancreas was producing insulin, but their body was not metabolizing and using the hormone efficiently. People can also become insulin resistant due to weight gain or chronic emotional or physical stress.
There are many treatments you can select that depend on your requirements and the level of your disease. Unlike many diabetes medications, it doesn’t cause weight gain, but it can cause weight loss in patients of type 2 diabetes who are obese or overweight.
Between 35% and 70% of men who have the disease will have at least some degree of impotence in their lifetime. Ask your doctor to refer you to a dietitian to help you make healthy choices and an eating plan.
Type 2 diabetics took oral medications to help improve their ability to metabolize the insulin their bodies were producing. Allergies with this medicine are also possible, so if you observe any type of reaction, you should call your doctor immediately. Throat swelling, lip swelling, tongue swelling, face swelling are some of the other serious side effects that should be informed to your doctor.



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