Causes and symptoms of diabetes type 2 leeftijd,gl hf zkratka,life expectancy after type 2 diabetes diagnosis nz,number of hospital medication errors statistics - How to DIY


Normally the body’s digestive system breaks down carbohydrates into the blood sugar glucose and the pancreas creates insulin. Over the course of time, the body will become less able to handle all of this excess glucose and these high sugar(glucose) levels will lead to complications with diabetes, which can be kidney failure, heart disease or blindness. There are several risk factors that will increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes in children.
Children, who have excess weight and are overweight or obese, have the highest risk of developing childhood type-2 diabetes. Similar to type 2 diabetes in adults, children who have excess belly or abdominal weight increase the likelihood of developing insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The nerve damage can occur in the hands in feet do to poor blood circulation which increases the risk of complications, without treatment, untreated cuts and blisters become infections.
The causes of type-2 diabetes are not fully known, although weight and genetic factors are important. Insulin the hormone from the pancreas gland behind the stomach produces insulin as a child eats.
Diabetes may damage the blood vessels clusters in the liver, that filters waste, and severe damage can lead to failure or kidney disease. Eye damage occurs because blood vessels in the retina become damage leading to glaucoma or cataracts.
Skin conditions may occur, leaving your child susceptible to skin infections or fungal infections.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) it is recommended that the child receives insulin even if it’s not clear which type of diabetes he or she has.
The APP also recommends that children with type 2 diabetes, get there hemoglobin A1c levels measured at least, every three months. Blood glucose monitoring is an important component of managing a child’s diabetes, there are medications such as sulfonylureas. It is recommended that a child receives nutritional counseling and moderate to vigorous exercise for an hour a day. Younger adults will show slower destruction of the ? cells in comparison to younger children . Today there are so many advances in the field of science which brought about the discovery of insulin, the glucometer devices which could even store data of previous readings, smart phones which could guide one to monitor ones diet, remind to take medicines and even plot their progress, have alternate sources to deliver insulin, alternate devices to check sugar levels painlessly and stem cell therapy and transplantation of the pancreas.
Those people who lose weight dramatically, do not thrive properly, get admitted for vomiting and abdominal pain are found to have diabetes mellitus type 1.
Blood tests such as GAD 65 antibodies ( Glutamate acid decarboxylase), IAA ( Insulin auto antibodies), ICA ( Islet cell antibodies) , are some of the commonly used tests run to diagnose type 1 diabetes. There are advances coming up in the self monitoring devices and also novel ways to administer insulin.
Young adults or children must be informed about a partial remission of the diabetes where either a low dose of insulin or no insulin may be needed in the early phase.
One has to take multiple injections a day to match the food intake just because the pancreas refuses to secrete insulin which keeps the sugars down.
Insulin has to be stored in the refrigerator ( not the freezer compartment) when not in use. Never skip a dose of insulin as the sugars may increase and cause even an unconscious state which can kill if not treated in time. Likewise, if you inject too much, the sugars can drop to dangerously low levels and can make you unconscious and can kill. When sick, it is a common mistake to either reduce the dose of insulin or omit the dose as there is reduced food intake. Teenage girls can have eating disorders and may omit the dose of insulin with a hope to control their weight, with grave consequences. As you grow up or have stress during exams, job interviews, marriage or family matters, the sugar levels can increase.
If having a party or attending a buffet, you are allowed to take insulin in two separate doses like 30% before the party and 70% after the party. Self monitoring of blood glucose can help detect low sugar or high sugar levels, help titrate the dose of insulin, can be used to assess sugar levels when sick or pregnant and also to check how the levels are after a workout. Earlier good control of sugar levels will delay the onset of the feared complications of diabetes such as the retinopathy ( eye) , neuropathy( nerves), nephropathy( kidney), heart disease. Educational programs such as DAFNE ( Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating habits) help in flexible plans for diet which help to overcome the rigid dietary control and fixed doses of insulin. Do not exercise immediately after injecting insulin as it can get absorbed soon and cause low sugars. Warm up for 5 minutes, stretch for 5 minutes and then go into activity for about 20 minutes and allow 5 minutes for cooling down. If the doctor says you have retinopathy ( eyes are affected by Diabetes), avoid lifting heavy weights and strenuous workouts. If hypoglycemia ( when sugar levels fall down) develops, drink orange juice or take sugar or dates.
If less than 8 years of age or weighing less than 25 kg give 500 mcg of glucagon Intramuscularly.
The condition of gangrene is a serious one, primarily marked by loss of adequate supply of blood to the tissues of the body, ultimately resulting in its necrosis or death.
Injury to the tissues, infection (mostly of bacterial origin) and presence of any underlying health ailment that inflicts damage to the blood carrying vessel structure form the three key underlying mechanisms that are responsible for initiation and development of irreversible tissue damage and life threatening condition of gangrene. As already explained, one of the causes of gangrene in the toes and fingers is linked with damaged blood vessels.
High level of blood glucose associated with diabetes mellitus also damages the nerves (known as peripheral neuropathy), especially the nerves in the lower extremities. The dullness or lack of sensation puts diabetic individuals at an increased risk of injuring the skin of their fingers or feet without having any realization (it mostly goes unnoticed in the feet region). The sore or foot ulcer formed takes an extended time to heal because of both, poor circulation of blood through the injured area as well as lesser number of defence cells.
Bacterial infection also forms another causative factor that makes the diabetic individual more prone to developing gangrene. Such type of infection is marked by noticeable skin discolouration and dryness along with the formation of skin blisters. The weakened immune system (seen in diabetes) further raises the risk of incurring serious infection, which later develops, into gangrene.


According to World Health Organization database list of top 10 causes of death is arranged in all over the world. Human factors in accidents include all factors related to drivers and other road users that may contribute to a collision.
A 1985 report based on British and American crash data found driver error, intoxication and other human factors contribute wholly or partly to about 93% of crashes. Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.
Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency.
Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection, primarily in the lungs (a pneumonia), caused by bacteria calledMycobacterium tuberculosis. The lupus rash is a skin condition associated with the presence of the autoimmune disease called Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Lupus is an autoimmune inflammatory disease which means that a patient with the illness has antibodies that are faulty and attack the patient’s own tissue because they mistakenly identify these as foreign and unfamiliar. The lupus rashes are primarily treated through the topical application of skin creams such as corticosteroids and antimalarial drugs like hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine.
SLE patients with rashes should always put on sunscreen with high SPF values before getting exposed to sunlight.
They may be caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or from another condition, like dermatitis caused by allergies or irritants. Practicing safe and protected sex is the best way to avoid genital sores, but many can be treated with medication. Please note that we are unable to respond back directly to your questions or provide medical advice. As the fastest growing consumer health information site a€” with 65 million monthly visitors a€” Healthlinea€™s mission is to be your most trusted ally in your pursuit of health and well-being. There was once a time when if you had diabetes as a child it was always considered to be type 1 or juvenile-onset, diabetes. Most children are diagnose with diabetes at the start of puberty, within insulin resistance grows. This insulin travels through the blood stream and this unlocks other cells in the body so that glucose is based to these cells from the blood.
The doctor can examine your child to see if he or she is overweight or obese based on your child’s age, height and weight. If it is determined that your child has type 2 diabetes, then certain lifestyle changes will need to be implemented for you child as well as taken medication, which is Metformin. This medication could be part of a change or start of a new treatment plan, for those children who previous plans haven’t been as effective. To prevent diabetes children should eat much less processed food, and eat greens, vegetables, fruits and whole grains. Most of the cases of type 1 diabetes are caused by unknown triggers which results in varying amounts of destruction of beta cells in a genetically susceptible person. They all  went through a tough time when diabetes management was at a very primitive stage. It is generally seen younger the patient at time of diagnosis of diabetes, higher the chances of having type 1 diabetes.
However, all these may not be positive in the early stages as that depends on the damage to the islet cells of pancreas. This is called the “honeymoon” phase of diabetes when there will be some activity of the pancreas but not enough to maintain sugar levels.
Some may need to take a combination of long acting insulin at night time and one with each main meal of the day.
If you take 30 units at night of rapid insulin, take 10 units before the party and 20 units after the party to cover the food intake.
Ideally, a pre meal and 2 hour post meal sugar check will be needed.( 7 tests a day) This will have to be done at the initial stages till you know the “signals” your body sends. It is important to have the eyes checked, the feet checked and urine checked for microalbumin leak once annually after the age of 12 years. If the blood sugars are high and if there are ketones in the blood the following can be done before going to the hospital.
If weighing more than 25 kg or more than 8 years of age, give 1 mg of glucagon intra muscularly. However, it is better to check the sugar levels an hour, half an hour and just before diving. Death of cell and tissue may target any part of the body, however, it has been typically observed in the extremities, such as the toes, fingers and hands. In both, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the raised level of sugar is capable of causing damage to the blood vessels and reducing blood supply.
Owing to the nerve damage, the transmission of sensation, particularly those of pain to the brain gets impaired.
A notorious bacterial organism, Clostridium perfringes is often linked with gas gangrene; after it attacks the site of injury or sometimes, surgical wound.
Examples include driver behavior, visual and auditory acuity, decision-making ability, and reaction speed. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissue and, eventually, into other parts of the body.
As an autoimmune disease, SLE does not usually present itself with a predictable set of symptoms in each of the patients suffering from it, but its distinctive rash remains as a consistent sign in most SLE patients.
The reactions that the antibodies make start up an inflammatory response, causing swelling and tissue damage to organs as well as to the skin.
Both of which will support, guide, and inspire you toward the best possible health outcomes for you and your family.


Without insulin the blood glucose levels become unstable and other parts of the body don’t receive the glucose it needs. This complications may be thought of as issues adults only have, but they can affect children just as well. Metformin and insulin are currently the only to approved medications that lowers blood sugar, for people younger than the age 18. However, in some cases the pancreas can be damaged by auto immune diseases in which the body cells are destroyed by some cells due to unknown causes. There were no sophisticated blood glucose monitors, no good hospitals or technology to support them, no education materials, no support groups or no insulin as well. There are a lot of young people and adults who are being diagnosed as having type 1 diabetes. There are some people who are diagnosed with diabetes when they visit the hospital with either failing vision or kidney problems. The estimation of Insulin levels and its precursor, C peptide done in fasting and after food are also used to define type 1 diabetes.
There different insulin preparations which have been detailed in the post titled,”insulin in diabetes”. It can get frustrating and depressing at times and definitely may even lead to quarrels with parents. Before exercising, check your sugar levels , if high, check on blood ketone levels as well. In the absence of a continuous supply of nutrient and oxygen rich blood, the cells within the body begin to fail in carrying out their normal function and finally give up. As a result of restricted blood circulation to the extremities, such as the feet, the area becomes deprived of those cells (white blood cells) which aid in fighting off any infection. Most cancers that start in lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas that derive from epithelial cells. The lupus rash appears on areas of the skin which receives the most exposure to sunlight, such as on the face. The rash in SLE patients is a result of the inflammatory process in combination with an abnormally increased sensitivity to the heat of the sun. The CDC has stated that more than 186,000 people who are under the age of 20 have diabetes, including type 1 or type 2.
Exercise is critical to your child’s health, and will dramatic reduce inulin resistance. A simple viral fever may cause the virus to attack the heart or pancreas leading onto diabetes.
People had to monitor the urine and be on a starvation diet to try and find a cure for this.
Islet cell transplantation and pancreas transplantation have also been done at selected centers round the world, but the prohibitive costs, the post transplantation medications to reduce the rejection and the uncertainty of life long cure have not led to much enthusiasm.
There are machines that require a lot of blood sample for the testing and some which need very less. If sugars are low before the exercise, have a carb snack ( biscuits or juice) before the program. Swelling and inflammation resulting from the infection causes the local temperature of the area involved to be slightly elevated, and also leads to pain.
It is also known as a “butterfly rash” for the shape it assumes as it is spread horizontally across the patient’s cheeks and nose. Normally the rapid acting insulin is given on the abdomen and the long acting given on the thighs. The most recent guidelines state a 3 month average sugar level of 7.5% for any age of child till the age of 18.
Preferably do not use heavy weights while exercising as it increases the pressure in your eyes which can cause a bleed into the eyes.
However if you look at it as a fact of life that requires attention and discipline, the child will be prepared for a healthier future. The child’s body is resistant to insulin, so the glucose begins to build up within the bloodstream. The people who have lived long to see the 2 world wars, have told they have learned this from life: “ Learn to live in spite of having Diabetes” and “take one step at a time” and “Live life to its fullest- enjoy every moment of it and thank the Almighty”. Some may need insulin to be administered by a pump which delivers insulin in small doses based on food intake and physical activity.
This is a very sensitive area and the repeated pricks for the rest of your lives can affect the sensation of these wonderful parts. If you cannot feel either hot or cold sensations, please mention to your doctor or nurse urgently. You will need to have a glucometer machine that will check the blood sugar and blood ketones as well.
Most of the machines have data storage facilities and also some can be connected to a network and data can be transferred to a remote system such as ones parents or doctors or nurse.
If not feeling well, losing consciousness or dehydrated or vomiting with abdominal pain, go immediately to the hospital. If vomiting or abdominal pain or losing consciousness, get the child to hospital immediately. If there is a problem such as difficulty in seeing while at class, please inform the teacher or parents.
The child should be allowed to snack if low sugar levels are detected while in class, must have their parents notified in an emergency, but must not be restricted from regular playing and activities.



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Comments

  1. sex_ledi

    Two or thrice the RDA for protein.

    06.08.2014

  2. SweeT

    Which uses a mix of carbs and enable you feel.

    06.08.2014