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Diabetes, described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
Normally, the pancreas produces the right amount of insulin to accommodate the quantity of sugar.
The cause of Type I diabetes is genetically based, coupled with an abnormal immune response.
Frequent urination, increased thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, extreme fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, nausea and vomiting. Any Type I symptom, plus: unexplained weight gain, pain, cramping, tingling or numbness in your feet, unusual drowsiness, frequent vaginal or skin infections, dry, itchy skin and slow healing sores.
Christopherson Eye Clinic wants to remind people that knowing your risks for glaucoma can save your sight.
Glaucoma is a disease that causes a gradual degeneration of the cells that make up the optic nerve which carries visual information from the eye to the brain. With today’s improved treatments, glaucoma patients no longer face inevitable blindness, but preserving vision depends on seeing an eye doctor at the right time and carefully following a prescribed plan. When you have this disease, your body does a poor job turning the carbohydrates in food into energy.
As your blood sugar levels get higher, you may have other problems like headaches, blurred vision, and fatigue.
In many cases, type 2 diabetes isn't discovered until it takes a serious toll on your health. Regular exercise, like strength training or walking, improves your body's use of insulin and can lower blood sugar levels. If diet and exercise can’t get your blood sugar under control, your doctor may add medication.
If you don't treat diabetes with a healthy diet and exercise, you're more likely to get plaque in your arteries than people who don't have it. High blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of your eye.
Gilman & Vorster Optometry provides this information to help you better understand some of the more common and not so common vision related subjects. Nearsightedness, or myopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus. Farsightedness, or hyperopia, as it is medically termed, is a vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close ones do not come into proper focus. Astigmatism is a vision condition that occurs when the front surface of your eye, the cornea, is slightly irregular in shape. Presbyopia is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects.
Lazy eye, or amblyopia, is the loss or lack of development of central vision in one eye that is unrelated to any eye health problem and is not correctable with lenses. Symptoms may include noticeably favoring one eye or a tendency to bump into objects on one side. Treatment for lazy eye may include a combination of prescription lenses, prisms, vision therapy and eye patching. Macular degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina, the inside back layer of the eye that records the images we see and sends them via the optic nerve from the eye to the brain. A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil.
Retinoblastoma is a relatively uncommon tumor of childhood that accounts for about 3% of the cancers in children under the age of 15. Retinitis Pigmentosa is the name given to a group of inherited eye diseases that affect the retina.

As the disease progresses and more rod cells degenerate, patients lose their peripheral vision. Ocular albinism in an inherited condition in which the eyes lack melanin pigment, while the skin and hair show normal or near-normal coloration. Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) presents with mild to severe, sudden, painless, visual loss. A retinal artery occlusion occurs when the central retinal artery or one of the arteries that branch off of it becomes blocked. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry. However, if the person has diabetes, either the pancreas produces little or no insulin or the cells do not respond normally to the insulin. Medical experts believe that Type II diabetes has a genetic component, but that other factors also put people at risk for the disease. It is a lot easier to pretend nothing is wrong than it is to take the steps required to stay healthy. Being active also helps get rid of body fat, lower blood pressure, and protect you from heart disease.
It can also help people with type 2 diabetes who develop "beta-cell failure." This means the cells in your pancreas no longer make insulin when blood sugar is high. Symptoms include tingling, numbness, pain, and a pins and needles sensation -- often in your fingers, hands, toes, or feet.
You might not notice wounds. At the same time, hardening of the arteries reduces blood flow to the area. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. Nearsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, so the light entering your eye is not focused correctly.
Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, so light entering your eye is not focused correctly. This irregular shape prevents light from focusing properly on the back of your eye, the retina.
Vision therapy teaches the two eyes how to work together, which helps prevent lazy eye from reoccurring. It occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The retina's central portion, known as the macula, is responsible for capturing the central vision in the eye It controls our ability to read, drive a car, recognize faces or colors, and see objects in fine detail. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. It arises from the pigmented cells of the choroid of the eye and is not a tumor that started somewhere else and spread to the eye.
Patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa often experience a ring of vision loss in their mid-periphery with small islands of vision in the very far periphery.
The majority of patients will either have systemic hypertension, chronic open-angle glaucoma, or significant atherosclerosis. The classic and most common ocular presentation is a retinal infection and associated inflammatory response, characterized by retinitis and uveitis of the eye. Sugar builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine and then passes from the body unused. Many people with Type II do not discover they have diabetes until they are treated for a complication such as heart disease, blood vessel disease, stroke, blindness, skin ulcers, kidney problems, nerve trouble or impotence. But family members can play an important role in helping their loved one with diabetes, take the steps they need to control their diabetes.

Over time it raises your risk for heart disease, blindness, nerve and organ damage, and other serious conditions.
Others include dry mouth, bigger appetite, peeing a lot -- sometimes as often as every hour -- and unusual weight loss or gain.
They enter the bloodstream, prompting your pancreas to release the hormone insulin in just the right amount. It helps your cells use the sugar for fuel. If you have a condition called insulin resistance, your body makes the hormone, but your cells don’t use it or respond to it like they should. If you already have symptoms, he might give you a random blood glucose test, which shows what your current level is. How often and when you test will be based on how well controlled your diabetes is, the type of treatment you use, and how stable your blood sugar is.
It leads to hardening of the arteries (called atherosclerosis), which makes you more likely to have a heart attack or stroke.
It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health.
Lazy eye is often associated with crossed-eyes or a large difference in the degree of nearsightedness or farsightedness between the two eyes. The lens also adjusts the eye's focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. Malignant means that the tumor is a cancer which may metastasize, that is, spread to other parts of the body.
Others report the sensation of tunnel vision, as though they see the world through a straw.
The condition is potentially blinding, though one eye is typically more severely affected than the other.
Becoming physically active on a regular basis is one of the most important lifestyle changes that an individual with diabetes can make for control of the condition as well as long-term health. If you’ve had type 2 diabetes for a while but haven’t treated it, your pancreas will make less insulin. Keep amounts the same at every meal, watch how much fat and protein you eat, and cut calories.
Common testing times are when you wake up, before and after meals and exercise, and at bedtime. Controlling your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol can lower your risk for this complication.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. People with severe astigmatism will usually have blurred or distorted vision, while those with mild astigmatism may experience headaches, eye strain, fatigue or blurred vision at certain distances. Although some choroidal melanomas are more life-threatening than others, almost all should be treated as if they were malignant. Many patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa retain a small degree of central vision throughout their life. Between 35% and 70% of men who have the disease will have at least some degree of impotence in their lifetime. Ask your doctor to refer you to a dietitian to help you make healthy choices and an eating plan.
Early detection is vital to stopping the progress of the disease.It was once thought that high pressure within the eye, also known as intraocular pressure or IOP, is the main cause of this optic nerve damage.

Insulin therapy in diabetes management 8th
Safest medicine for type 2 diabetes


  1. Romantic_oglan

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  2. RuStam_AhmedLi

    Insulin in controlling post-meal glucose levels carb weight loss.


  3. Alisina

    Headache include photophobia (increased sensitivity are all at increased.