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Intake of certain medications like antidepressants, blood pressure control medications, hormones, and steroids.
Swelling can occur as the result of any number of causes ranging from edema to food allergies, an insect bite, inflammation from gout or a sports injury.
Homeopathic Arnica is indicated for internal bleeding, bruising and shock as well, injuries to the bodily tissues. Green tea may be helpful for reducing swelling internally due to digestive disorders or gallbladder colic.
Another herb used by herbalists in both Eastern and Western herbal medicine is burdock root. Burdock root may be especially useful to help remove swelling from edematous tissues in the legs and feet.
Cranberries and cranberry juice have shown some efficacy in preventing the formation of certain kinds of kidney stones in those with kidney disease, reports British Journal of Urology. The British Journal recommends combining 1 cup of pure cranberry juice with 3 cups water and drinking the total contents daily in several doses. Permission is granted to copy the title and first one hundred words with the provision that the author's name be included and a link to the original article be added.
JB Bardot is trained in herbal medicine and homeopathy, and has a post graduate degree in holistic nutrition.
The information included on this website is for educational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose or treat disease. There are many causes for swollen feet and ankles.  Most are likely to resolve quickly, however, some of the causes can be the sign of a health concern which needs to be addressed.
When the swelling affects only one of your feet, most likely the swelling is the result of a local problem, ie an injury or a problem with one of the veins.  Swelling in both feet is considered a systemic problem – a problem which affects the entire body. 1)  Pitting Edema:  Usually results from water retention and is associated with things such as heart failure, pregnancy and systemic diseases.
2)    Non-pitting Edema: Is the most common type of foot swelling, usually a result of injury. Soft tissue injuries of the foot and leg can lead to localised swelling.  The severity of the swelling can depend on the injury. Liver disease can cause a change in the levels of hormones and fluid-regulating chemicals leading to fluid retention. Swelling from arthritis tends to be sporadic, coming and going at different times.  It is most commonly caused by active inflammatory synovitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the joint) associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Severe swelling of feet in pregnancy can be a sign of pre-eclampsia which is a medical emergency.
Veins work to pump blood back up from the feet and legs to the heart through one-way valves.  If these valves stop working properly due to weakness or damage, fluid can seep back down and pool causing a swollen ankle and foot.
Cellulitis is treated with antibiotics and can last anything from a few days to a number of months. Please note: the information provided is of a general nature and should not be used as a diagnosis! There are certain instances when the swelling only occurs the moment a person gets out of bed in the morning.
When ankle swelling is accompanied by edema especially on deep cavities, there’s a likelihood that small pits will form. Since there may be fluid build up in an area surrounding the ankle it is likely that there will be indentation especially when the skin is being pinched. This may also manifest in people suffering from swollen ankles especially if the cause is something related to trauma and injury such as strain and sprain. When the kidney fails to work properly, fluid may easily build up resulting to swelling especially in the ankle area. Since there will also be an increase in the fluid amounts in the body of a pregnant woman, swelling especially in the ankle region is prominent.
In order to effectively treat swollen ankles, it is critical to know its underlying causes.
By elevating the affected side, the fluid is returned into the upper extremities to be properly circulated. When you know that your specific medication is causing you ankle swelling, the best thing you can do is to change the drugs and look for an alternative. When tight stockings are causing you swollen ankles, look for loose ones which will not impede circulation. Among the primary goal of treatment for swollen ankles is to decrease or even halt the inflammatory process. Swelling of the ankles or ankle oedema, as it is known in medical parlance can be caused by a minor problem or could indicate a major medical condition. Some of the common causes of swelling in the ankles are injury or trauma to the ankle joint, maintaining the same posture for a long time as the gravity can cause fluids to accumulate in lower parts of the body. Lymphedema : When there is excess of fluid accumulation in the lymph vessels it may cause swelling. Finally, it can be due to side effects of any drugs of calcium channel blockers and antidepressant medicines. Apart from swelling in the ankles or legs, there may be moderate to severe pain while walking or moving the legs. You can keep your legs in the elevated position (above the heart) for facilitating easy blood flow. In case of minor foot injury and sprain, you can use ice packs or wrap the foot with compressions. Your doctor will first identify the underlying cause of swelling in the feet before giving treatment.
Doing exercise and physiotherapy can help the person to overcome various causes of swelling.
Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Edema is swelling caused by fluid retention - excess fluid is trapped in the body's tissues.
You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by MNT's news stories. The cause of edema may be diagnosed by chest X-ray, blood tests, urine tests, liver function tests or heart function tests.
If the capillaries (tiny blood vessels) leak fluid into the surrounding tissue the area will start to swell. Leaking capillaries will cause the kidneys to accumulate higher than normal quantities of sodium (salt) and water in order to compensate for the capillary fluid loss. If a person stands or sits still for long periods of time, there is a much higher chance of swelling. When a woman is resting in a reclined position the enlarged uterus occasionally compresses the inferior vena cava, causing obstruction of both femoral veins, leading to edema. A pregnant woman's blood is hypercoaguble (clots more easily), raising the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), a cause of edema. Around the period of the menopause, as well as after, hormone fluctuations can cause fluid retention. Such as vasodilators (drugs that open blood vessels), calcium channel blockers, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), estrogens, several chemotherapy drugs, and some diabetes drugs, such as thiazolidinediones. Dietitians say low consumption of thiamine (vitamin B1), as well as insufficient vitamins B6 and B5, may contribute toward fluid retention.
Patients with kidney disease may not be able to eliminate enough fluid and sodium from the blood. Damage to the capillaries in the kidneys (glomeruli) that filter waste and excess fluids from the blood can result in nephrotic syndrome.



Chronic lung disease includes many lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, COPD, emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis. A patient with diabetes may have edema for several different reasons, including cardiovascular disease and its associated complications, acute renal failure, acute liver failure, protein-losing enteropathy (disease of the intestine causing protein loss) and some medications. People with arthritis most commonly have swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, and calves - peripheral edema.
A brain tumor will accumulate water around itself, especially as it builds new blood vessels.
A blow to the head may result in an accumulation of fluids in the brain or between the brain and the skull. If the damage is due to lymphedema it is called primary lymphedema, if it is caused by disease or medical condition, such as an infection or cancer, it is caused secondary lymphedema. Individuals with diabetes have a significantly higher risk of developing diabetic eye disease. New research has found that in cases of lung edema, or fluid in the lungs, not only do the lungs fail to keep water out as previously believed, but they are also allowing water to pump in. On the next page we look at the symptoms of edema, how it is diagnosed and the treatment options for edema. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:MLANordqvist, Christian.
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Please note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional.
Learn all about DVT (deep vein thrombosis), a blood clot that forms in a vein in the body (commonly the leg). A musculoskeletal traumatic injury or some type of repetitive force injury that causes direct insult to the feet or ankles is a very common reason for swelling in the area. I want to mention that if you are experiencing consistent swelling in the feet, you need to consult your health care provider as soon as possible to determine if there may be a serious underlying health condition. So on to some things that you may do on your own to help reduce foot and ankle swelling or even prevent swelling in your feet. The cold water will constrict the blood vessels and shunt the blood and fluid out of the area. Asking questions are in fact good thing if you are not understanding something totally, but this post provides good understanding even.
Regardless of why you have swelling, a variety of foods, herbs and home remedies may help reduce the pain, inflammation and swollen tissue. The herb has diuretic properties and will increase kidney function and the rate of urination.
Herbal Arnica extract is used only for topical applications such as a sprained ankle or swelling with bruising from muscle strain.
Green tea helps reduce bloating and swelling due to its high content of polyphenols, antioxidants that lessen inflammation and irritation in the gut. It may relieve edema in swollen ankles and help clear the body of excess fluids during a woman’s menstrual cycle. It can be mashed and applied topically as a poultice, eaten raw in salads, cooked like carrots and eaten as a hot vegetable, or the dried root makes an herbal tea. Cranberry juice is also known to be an effective agent in fighting lower urinary track infections due to its high vitamin C content, antibacterial properties and the presence of anthocyanin, a potent antioxidant. Bardot retired from a 25-year natural healthcare practice caring for both people and animals. JB Bardot does not provide personal consultations, treatments or suggestions for individuals regarding dosing or experiencing any health conditions or diseases.
The reason for this is that excess body fat compresses the leg and abdominal veins, this increases pressure within the blood vessels which then promotes fluid leakage into the soft tissues – swelling the feet and ankles. This condition takes place when there is fluid accumulation in between joints and tissue surrounding the ankle. When there is failure in the contractility and pumping mechanism of the heart, fluid retention will likely occur resulting to edema and swelling of the extremities especially of the ankles.
An example of a drug that can cause ankle swelling belongs to the calcium channel blocker group. Once the primary cause has been known, it would be easier to treat the underlying condition and relieve ankle swelling.
When you are obese and it’s causing you swollen ankles, the best way to treat the condition is through regular exercise routines. Thus it is always advisable to see a doctor to know the reason of the swelling in the ankles.
This happens when there is inadequate supply of blood that is moving upwards from the legs to the heart. For some people, swelling happens in the evening indicating retention of salt and heart failure. Some people will be comfortable while sitting but feel intense pain while walking or moving their legs.
It can appear suddenly, but usually develops subtly - the patient may first gain weight, or wake up with puffy eyes. This results in more blood circulating in the body, which in turn causes even more capillary leakage into the surrounding tissue, which produces additional swelling - a vicious cycle. Acute mountain sickness can lead to high altitude pulmonary edema or high altitude cerebral edema. During high temperatures, the body is less efficient at removing fluid from tissues, especially around the ankles. Eclampsia, which results from pregnancy-induced hypertension (high blood pressure), can also cause edema. During the days before menstrual bleeding, there will be a reduction in the levels of the hormone, progesterone, which may cause fluid retention.
Low levels of albumin may also play a part - low albumin levels can also be caused by kidney disease. This results in more pressure on the blood vessels, which causes some of the liquid to leak out. Among the many symptoms of nephrotic syndrome is an insufficient level of blood albumin, which leads to edema. If one or both of the lower chambers of the heart lose the ability to pump blood effectively, the blood can accumulate in the limbs, causing edema. This affects liver function, which causes the secretion of hormones and fluid-regulating chemicals to change. Arthritis may cause swelling for many reasons, for example, sporadic ankle swelling in rheumatoid arthritis is common and occurs mainly, as a result, of active inflammatory synovitis (inflammation of the synovial membrane, the lining of the joint). This causes an increase in pressure in the vein, which may result in leakage of fluids into the surrounding tissue, causing edema.
Varicose veins usually occur because valves become damaged; static pressure increases, resulting in the bulging veins. If this system is damaged the lymph nodes and lymph vessels which continually drain an area may not work as they should, it could result in edema.
But new research reveals that less than 50% of US adults with diabetic macular edema - retina swelling that can lead to blindness - are told by their doctor that diabetes is the cause of their condition, and less than 60% had a dilated eye exam in the last year.
Stephen Canuel, a Melbourne Chiropractor who is known as the Hand and Foot Chiropractor in my town.
One such injury may occur from excess walking causing stress to the joints, muscles and ligaments and ultimately the culprit for the swelling in your feet or ankles.
If this sounds like you then a solution I found that works is to elevate the foot of the bed by a couple of inches.


With an area like the knee or shoulder an ice pack or bag of frozen peas works well however, I found that this is much less effective on a foot or ankle due to the shape. Stephen Canuel would like to invite you to his office at 1070 South Wickham Road West Melbourne Florida 32904 for a complimentary consultation.
Treatment Foot, cure, Description of disease Foot, Foot, home remedies for ankle swelling, leg, treatment on October 24, 2012 by admin.
If you over-exercise and have sore muscles, fall and bruise any part of your body, or experience any other kind of physical affront to your body, like a black eye or an auto accident, Arnica will relieve the shock and help reduce pain and swelling. If the leaves of the burdock plant are used topically, sometimes their small hairs may cause skin irritation and a rash upon contact. Cranberry juice may also be helpful in reducing edema in the feet and ankles because it stimulates increased urination and flushing of the kidneys.
Do not use any commercially prepared cranberry juices unless they are 100 percent cranberry. If you are inactive, this inactivity leads to blood pooling, which further increases pressure within the leg veins.
There are certain instances wherein ankle edema signifies serious underlying pathologic conditions such as congestive heart problems, infections, deep tissue trauma, circulatory problems and other imbalance in the body’s homeostasis.
This medication is specifically indicated to correct high blood pressure but its side effects may include ankle swelling. In pregnant women, this may indicate a potentially dangerous condition called pre-eclampsia. You need to consult your doctor if there is excess of swelling with headaches, abdominal pain and nausea. Sometimes, there may be injury in the ligaments which is holding the ankle when it is stretched beyond limit. Certain allergic reactions, varicose veins and using contraceptive pills may also cause swollen feet.
He will suggest you to wear support stockings if your problem is due to venous insufficiency. When a woman is pregnant, her face will typically swell, as will her hands, lower limbs and feet. People with cirrhosis of the liver also have increased pressure within the portal vein - the large vein that carries blood from the intestines, spleen and pancreas, into the liver. The static pressure also increases the risk of leakage of fluids into the surrounding tissue.
The lump may press against a vein causing a build-up of pressure in that vein, which may result in fluids leaking into surrounding tissue.
I often see patients with swollen feet or ankles and asked how to reduce foot and ankle swelling and what causes it. Other reasons may be from an unbalanced diet that includes too much sodium (salt) and not enough fluids. This is easily done with two by four blocks or even a couple of thick books like the phone book.
Start in the lower region at the toes first working back toward the heal then work up higher into the ankle, calf and up into the leg. Table salt may be drastically reduced which will help but, unfortunately the table salt is not as much as the culprit as the actual foods we eat. Harvest your own dandelion greens from your yard or in the wild as long as they are pesticide-free. Caffeine can produce nervousness, irritability and sleeplessness; so if you are bothered by any of these symptoms, purchase decaffeinated tea. Stop using the burdock if this occurs and consult a health practitioner if symptoms persist.
Ankle swelling should not be just taken for granted since this may indicate an impending doom.
Steroids and antidepressants are also known to cause swollen ankles owing to the fact that these enlarge the small blood vessels causing fluids to leak in the extra-vascular space thereby resulting into swelling. However, this may not be true at all times since swollen ankles during pregnancy can be brought by an increase in the fluid amounts of the mother’s body which will help sustain the pregnancy. Venous insufficiency occurs when there is any problem in the valves thus leaking the blood down into the vessels of the lower legs. Inadequate secretion of albumin can cause liver disease which can create swelling in the ankles. If swelling is due to edema, you will be put on diuretic drugs for increasing the output of urine. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) estimates that the number of cases of diabetic retinopathy will triple from 5.5 million in 2005 to 16 million in 2050. So here are a few tips on what you can do to reduce foot and ankle swelling along with some of the common causes. A few other causes include pregnancy, overweight or obesity and even serious health conditions such as kidney, liver or heart diseases. Stephen Canuel is a full body chiropractor who founded Chiropractic Hand and Foot Clinic of Melbourne. If you don’t have a handy patch of fresh dandelions, purchase either the extract or fresh greens at health food stores. This can also be caused by the baby’s weight putting pressure on the extremities of the mother thereby resulting into swollen lower extremities especially the ankles. If you’re watching TV in a recliner then elevating your feet a little higher with a pillow is usually sufficient. With most Americans their diet comes from a box, bag or can of highly processed foods that contain an absorbent amount of sodium. Therefore, it is imperative to immediately seek medical attention when ankle swelling is noted.
When the latter of the previously mentioned things are the causes, there’s really nothing to worry about.
By limiting these processed foods and choosing a diet rich with vegetables and real meats you can drastically reduce your sodium intake. Prompt medical attention is especially needed when ankle swelling is accompanied with symptoms like shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, confusion and other clusters of serious symptoms.
However, it is still imperative to pay attention when ankle swelling is noted so as to prevent further damage. Now that you know something about ankle swelling, its causes and symptoms, it would be easier for you to find an appropriate treatment.
Drop about a dozen ice cubes in the water and wait about five minutes or for the cubes to melt while the water cools down. Another good tip is most of the food you are eating should come from the perimeter of the grocery store and not the center isles. Mix with cool water for a topical application that you can apply to painful, swollen joints. Simply becoming more active and going for short walks will improve your circulation therefore reducing the swelling.
One last consideration to diet is to make sure you substitute water for high sugar and sodium drinks.
During this time you may experience extreme cold which I find painful followed by burning then it will become almost numb. It should not be below fifty degrees but should be at least sixty degrees for maximum effectiveness to reduce foot and ankle swelling.



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