The philosophy for quality vocational education programs,edc las vegas 3lau waterloo,standard first aid course regina,what causes a red swollen tongue - 2016 Feature

The philosophy provides the necessary orientation and motivation to our employees and, at the same time, ensures a uniform corporate image for the public. The qualities of high performance that today characterize our most competitive companies must become the standard for the vast majority of our companies, large and small, local and global. In vocational-technical education, the educational goals focus on preparing students to adapt to the needs of the workplace. This study was conducted to develop a total quality management implementation model that can guide instructional supervision practices in community college Voc-Tech programs.
Thirteen TQM experts and fourteen instructional supervision experts from across the United States agreed to participate in this study. Based on the results of first round, refine the model and generate the second round questions.
Based on the results of the second round questions, calculate the mean and standard deviation of each item and analyze the opinions derived from each open ended question.
In order to obtain critical information to revise the implementation model, the mean and standard deviation for each question were calculated. The accessible population of the survey was comprised of administrators and teachers of vocational-technical programs in Iowa community colleges.
An attitude measuring instrument was developed in order to obtain the attitudes regarding the TQM model from the subjects.
Modify the questions in the Delphi study to reflect the components and the procedures in the refined model. A cover letter that introduced the purpose of the study and assured confidentiality of data was enclosed with each instrument. The data obtained from each subject were analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS).
Two rounds of surveys were completed in the Delphi study, with 27 experts participating in the first Delphi round and 20 experts completing the second Delphi round. Seven instructional supervision components were also confirmed based on the suggestions by the instructional supervision experts.
Two hypotheses were tested to determine the degree of consensus and the change of attitude scores on the same questions in Round One and Round Two. In order to verify the attitude of the Voc-Tech professionals in different demographic categories, six hypotheses were tested. There were no differences in the overall variance of scores between Round Two and Round One. There were different attitudes between Voc-Tech professionals who belonged to different vocational programs.
There were different attitudes between Voc-Tech professionals who belonged to different community colleges.
This research focused on developing a quality instruction model for use in Voc-Tech programs. After conducting the literature review, Delphi study, and attitude survey, a quality instruction model was generated and improved.
Systematic Instructional System Development processes are appropriate for use in the model. Understand that different TQM training at different community colleges affects thrusts of TQM training programs. Increase positive attitudes toward the process by providing TQM training and developing team communication skills prior to model implementation.
Focus of the quality improvement team should be on a single course or a group of related courses. A suitable area to initiate the model in a community college may be the health care program. Three recommendations are also made to those interested in implementing a quality instruction model or conducting similar research. Apply the Quality Instruction Model in a Voc-Tech Program in Iowa community colleges so that the effectiveness of the model can be measured. Continuously improve the quality instruction model so that local needs can be addressed and the model will be more effective. Seven instructional supervision components (teamwork, customer driven quality, peer coaching, student feedback, supervisor observation, continuous improvement, and the utilization of statistical methods) were also confirmed based on the suggestions by the instructional supervision experts.



However, some difficulties were found, such as combining the perceptions of experts representing two different areas (TQM and instructional supervision), analyzing the open-ended questions, and the time-consuming nature of the process. The attitude survey was used as the final step to determine the attitudes regarding the model of the Voc-Tech professionals.
Since the TQM and instructional supervision components of the model were confirmed through the literature review and the Delphi study, these components were also used in the development of the attitude instrument regarding the model. The instructional supervisor should focus on helping the teacher improve during the process, not just check the instruction quality at the end of the process. Students are the main customers in Voc-Tech programs, and they are more important than the employers.
Voc-Tech professionals recognize that the students must be involved in the instructional process but not at all steps. Professional improvement plans that are created by the instructional supervisors and teachers can be used to continuously improve the quality of instruction.
Dugger is Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Industrial Education and Technology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. The nation's schools must be transformed into high-performance organizations in their own right.
These concerns need to be addressed, especially in vocational-technical (Voc-Tech) education where students are prepared to enter the workplace. At present, some school districts have begun to use the TQM approach in an effort to find and reap the benefits that businesses have enjoyed; however, many schools are awaiting further information before adopting the TQM approach.
Therefore, the continuous improvement of the quality of educational products in order to match employer needs is a critical and necessary goal for Voc-Tech educators. Such a model promises to improve the quality of instruction in Iowa community college vocational-technical programs. A literature review was used to obtain an initial TQM implementation model for instructional supervision.
The experts were selected based on their experience as consultants and teachers of TQM or instructional supervision.
Calculate the mean and standard deviation for each question and analyze the opinions derived from each open-ended question. Afterward, make comparisons between the results from the first and second rounds to obtain the degree of consensus from the experts. The first round questions focused on determining the basic components of the model and collecting the perceptions regarding the initial model. When the degree of importance for each component was above the midpoint on the Likert scale, the component was confirmed or added to the model.
This instrument was approved by the Iowa State University Human Subjects Committee before the survey was conducted. Means and standard deviations were generated and the ANOVA, general linear model, and bivariate correlational procedures were used to test the hypotheses. Each item contained a seven-point Likert-type scale with space for comments about improvement. After conducting the attitude survey, the mean and standard deviations for each question were calculated. The independent variables included school, program, job title, TQM training in hours, and work experience in years. This modified model includes seven assumptions, ten guidelines, and an overall flowchart (see Figure 1).
However, trying to obtain consensus opinions from TQM and instructional supervision experts was difficult. Through the combined process, the final survey instrument was validated and the reliability was confirmed at the 0.97 level using the Kuder-Richardson 21 formula. Since the standard deviation was larger than that of other questions, no strong consensus opinions were present. Department of Education, 1991), "A new American school does not necessarily mean new bricks and mortar, nor does a new American school have to rely on technology; the quality of learning is what matters" (p.
Enhancing the quality of educational products in order to solve problems is an important responsibility and an exciting challenge for educators. Companies that have used TQM practices have achieved better employee relations, higher productivity, greater customer satisfaction, increased market share, and improved profitability (General Accounting Office, 1991).


Solving teaching and learning problems to improve the quality of education is a main purpose of instructional supervision, and TQM helps define quality measures and provides a system for improving the process. They were also authors of articles or professional books on TQM or instructional supervision. The responses from the open-ended questions were analyzed, and consensus opinions that evolved from the experts were used to revise the initial model. Since the number of teachers and administrators was large, a stratified sampling method was used, with 150 professionals selected from six community colleges: Des Moines Area Community College, Hawkeye Community College, Iowa Western Community College, Kirkwood Community College, Northwest Iowa Community College, and North Iowa Community College. Section one had two different questions used to solicit the perceived degree of importance for each TQM and instructional supervision component. Since these TQM and instructional supervision components exceeded 4.00 in the Likert-type scale, they were confirmed and included in the model used for the second round Delphi.
However, the raw attitude scores in the second round were higher (more positive) than those in the first round indicating a greater degree of consensus. There were differences in attitude scores between the groups for each of the following independent variables: job title, program, and TQM training in hours. Figure 2 provides a procedure for utilizing the model, and Figure 3 is a graphic representation of model processes and sub-processes. This model promises to improve the quality of instruction in Iowa community college vocational technical programs. Since these experts represented two areas, an improved means of communication should be addressed in future applications of the Delphi technique. Supervisor observation and the utilization of statistical methods received the lowest scores. The philosophy behind Dutch education reflects Dutch society and aims to encourage students to be open-minded, and able to think and learn in a creative manner.
In the United States, many businesses are using the principles of Total Quality Management with positive results (Walton, 1991). When considering the transfer of the TQM approach to the educational sector, there is a need to determine whether instructional supervision practices can be modified to include TQM concepts. Finally, an attitude survey of Voc-Tech administrators and teachers was conducted regarding the model.
In the first part, a Likert-type scale was used to gather perceptions regarding the degree of importance for each TQM and instructional supervision component.
Two t-tests for two dependent samples were utilized to compare the variance and means in the first and second round questions to examine the degree of consensus (Hinkle, Wiersma, & Jurs, 1988). The 25 participants from each community college included 15 vocational-technical teachers and 10 administrators. Section two consisted of 14 questions designed to measure the panel's attitude regarding the model.
In addition, there was a significant interaction between school and TQM training in hours (see Table 3). The model was refined by building on these important components of TQM and instructional supervision. However, a positive attitude did not necessarily mean that the Voc-Tech professionals would totally accept the model.
A total quality management model for instructional supervision in vocational technical programs. High performance is the standard for most competitive companies and it must become the standard for schools (U.S.
Based on the results of the attitude measurement, the model was revised to enhance the probability of successful implementation. Materials, structures, components meet requirements will follow ocucos established quality. Educational supervision educational supervision educational supervision working with intimate.



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