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WASHINGTON - Some scientists studying penguins may be inadvertently harming them with the metal bands they use to keep track of the black and white seabirds, a new French study says. The survival rate of King penguins with metal bands on their flippers was 44 per cent lower than those without bands and banded birds produced far fewer chicks, according to new research published Wednesday in the journal Nature. The theory is that the metal bands -- either aluminum or stainless steel -- increase drag on the penguins when they swim, making them work harder, the study's authors said. Author Yvon Le Maho of the University of Strasbourg in France, said the banded penguins looked haggard, appearing older than their actual age.
Consequently, studies that use banded penguins -- including ones about the effects of global warming on the seabirds -- may be inaccurate, mixing up other changes in penguin life with the effects from banding, said Le Maho and colleague Claire Saraux.
The researchers followed 50 already banded adult penguins and 50 without bands for 10 years, tracking them with under-the-skin transponders.
The no-band penguins had 80 chicks, while the banded seabirds produced 47 chicks, a 41 per cent drop.
The penguins were studied on a French island in the Indian Ocean between Africa and Antarctica. Another expert, who was not part of the French study, said he found the case against banding convincing. The seabirds spend more time in the water than on land, and the transponder doesn't affect the penguin's swimming, Saraux said.



The scientists singled out potential problems with research on global warming's effect on penguins. Saraux said a study she did a couple years ago -- without bands -- showed harm to penguins from global warming.
Study on different battles we have in our lives such as how we battle with circumstances, disappointments, temptation, etc.
There is not much difference between 'desert' and 'tropical' but 'tropical' has more decorating possibilities because you can use a few bright colors too. Of course you don't want to fool with cleaning up the mess that "real" sand can make but you can use tan material laid down underfoot or around the edges of your room to make a sand effect. Make a few murals of tropical scenes to place around with a few palm trees, water, and a sun perhaps. Danger Signs of Worldly Things - To tie it all into the theme verses you could place signs about such as the ones listed.
If you are quite resourceful, you might come up with pieces to a real suit of armour but since they range in the hundreds to thousands of dollars, it's maybe not likely:) However you can purchase 'toy' pieces of armour. Relay Games and Buried TreasureCoconut Bowling - Use bowling pins (check for them in your $Stores). Survival Gift Basket (Line with a natural fiber such as burlap or tropical themed material and fill with survival things such as:nuts, nutcracker, coconut, pineapple, gummy bugs and worms, devotional book or small Bible, compass, journal.


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Thirty-six per cent of the non-banded seabirds survived for 10 years, compared to only 20 per cent of the band-wearing birds. King penguins -- among the largest penguins at 3-feet (1 metre) tall -- can live even longer, Le Maho said.
Dee Boersma of the University of Washington, has been banding another kind of penguin for 28 years and will continue. She pointed to a 14-year study she did that showed that male Magellenic penguins with two bands survived the same as unbanded penguins, but that study did show that double-banded females had a lower survival rate.
That's using transponder tags that are injected under the penguin's skin and send radio signals to buried antennas, much like pets with radio chips embedded in them. Banding may have skewed the data, but climate change is still harming and will harm penguins, they said.
Then drape a cloth coming out and place pieces that represent the armour of God on the material.



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