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Using a train-the-trainer approach, Filipino health professionals learn how to teach others to provide psychological first aid to support typhoon survivors. People are more likely to suffer from a range of mental health problems during and after emergencies.
In response, the Philippine Department of Health (DOH), with WHO support, brought together 25 professionals from government, professional associations, universities and community agencies to learn about WHO-recommended psychological first aid to support typhoon survivors.
Using a train-the-trainer approach, Filipino psychologists, physicians and psychiatrists who took part in the one-day workshop will teach others in their communities to perform the first aid so more survivors have access to basic support.
According to training facilitator Mark van Ommeren, a WHO mental health expert, disseminating this approach widely is a way of ensuring that anyone a€“ teachers, aid workers, police officers and health workers a€“ can be a helper in crisis situations like the typhoon aftermath.
Psychological first aid is humane, supportive and practical help to people who are suffering after crisis events. Through instruction, field guides and role-playing simulations, workshop participants learned how to teach others about support methods for elderly people, adults and children in ways that respect their dignity, culture and abilities. Scaling-up psychological first aid involves training workers how to recognize signs of distress in survivors and how to apply proven methods that ease suffering a€“ such as listening to people without pressuring them to talk, assessing their needs and concerns, helping them to meet basic needs, creating opportunities for social support, and protecting them from further harm. Participants were reminded that some age groups or populations are more at risk than others for psychosocial problems. Most people will recover well from mental health challenges over time, if they are able to restore their basic needs and get mental health and psychosocial support when they need it. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that may develop among survivors who experience or witness mass catastrophes, such as the recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Most mass trauma survivors will suffer an immediate distress reaction, characterized by feelings of horror, shock and nervousness.
Charles Raison, MD, an associate professor and clinical director of the Mind-Body Program and director of the Behavioral Immunology Program in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Emory University School of Medicine,  advises: “if there is also an element of dissociation to the immediate reaction, a feeling of unreality, that’s a strong sign that people could go on to develop PTSD. Psychological First Aid (PFA) is now widely considered by mental health experts to be the intervention of choice to help disaster victims manage post-disaster distress and to identify those who may need additional treatment. Experts concur that “debriefing” survivors or forcing them to recount their experiences in the first week or two after a traumatic event is not recommended as that approach has been shown to make things worse.

Additional risk factors for developing PTSD after a traumatic event are: how much worse the stressor was compared to expectations, the history of past trauma, and the victim’s mental health before the event occurred. Bethesda Lutheran Church in Moorhead is in the process of replacing its paraments and is looking for a good home for the former textiles. The ELCA Board of Pensions is offering us the opportunity to earn a 2% discount on ELCA health contributions again in 2013 and could collectively save $38,000! Re-Rooting in God's Mission is a process for congregations seeking to move from maintaining survival to striving for vitality. Dan is a spiritual director, Presbyterian pastor, psychologist, author and prayer retreat leader from Crookston, MN. This American Red Cross Course is designed for anyone who might be helping a person, family or co-worker to provide basic care, comfort, and support to people who are experiencing disaster-related stress.
For more information on obtaining the 8-hour MHFA training, please contact Wei-Chien Lee at (408) 924-5910. One month after the devastating Typhoon Haiyan, one of WHOa€™s top health priorities is scaling up mental health and psychosocial support as the country recovers. Children, people with underlying health conditions, such as pregnant women and frail older adults, are likely to need special attention. PTSD symptoms can include persistent fearful thoughts, haunting memories, sleep disorders or nightmares, heightened startle reactions, and feeling numb or detached from loved ones. These symptoms will usually decrease with time as basic needs are reestablished for food, safe shelter, water, medical attention and finding loved ones. We know for sure that how people respond immediately to a stressor is very powerfully predictive of how much long-term trouble they are going to have.
It is designed for delivery by mental health specialists who may be embedded in a variety of response units, including first responder teams, incident command systems, primary and emergency health care providers, school crisis response teams, faith-based organizations, and other disaster relief organizations.
Further, it is important not to impose a particular method of treatment or a timeline for recovery. Sadly, the March 11, 2011, earthquake and tsunami that devastated parts of Japan has led to continuing stress for the survivors due to the massive destruction and the ongoing nuclear facility crisis.

She writes custom content for health care brands and providers as well as articles for print and online publications.
One of EaND's great assets is their large Resource Center, which is open for individuals and congregations to browse and borrow books and ministry resources. Now, nearly five hundred years later, what is the continuing relevance of Luther for today and his potential significance for tomorrow?
Session three focuses on long-term solutions to homelessness, including the opportunities embedded in the current Sheltering Churches Project. The course provides a framework for understanding factors that affect the stress responses of disaster relief workers and the clients they serve.
Additionally, please feel free to download the MHFA brochure or visit the Mental Health First Aid website. The approach is different from formerly used psychological debriefing a€“ when someone is encouraged to recall the details of a potentially traumatic event. The prevalence of PTSD among survivors one year after a mass catastrophe can be as high as 50%, depending on the severity experienced and proximity to the event.
Available to you are web links, online collections, media and print resources, curricula and more for all areas of congregational life.
We will reflect on new mission starts, congregational renewal, area ministry and multipoint parishes.
This class is being sponsored by Lake Region Healthcare and West Central Healthcare Systems Emergency Preparedness program for Clergy in the West Central Region. These paraments are free if you have a use for them; you may reserve one set or the whole collection.
GMG gathers leaders for a day and a half of worship, workshops, and sharing around global and local mission.

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