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Spacecraft by nature are made of lightweight materials, so a paper model can be highly realistic if it copies key structural and visual design features. Then, if you decide to tackle the project, you can download the two Parts Sheets to print, cut out, and glue together, going through the instructions step by step. You'll need a color printer, some card stock, and a few other items which are listed in the assembly instructions. Juno is a sophisticated spacecraft designed to investigate Jupiter's elemental composition, gravity field, magnetic field, and more. Study the Juno Mission webpage from the Southwest Research Institute website, the NASA website, and browse detailed images of the spacecraft taken during launch operations.
When it arrives, the craft will probe deeper into the gas giant planet than any previous mission, searching for the unseen core hidden below the thick atmosphere.
The probea€”dubbed Junoa€”will blast off from Florida aboard an Atlas V rocket, starting a 400-million-mile (644-million-kilometer) trek. When it arrives at Jupiter in 2016, the spacecraft will spend about one Earth year making 33 elliptical polar orbits, skimming as close as 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers) above the clouds. Carrying a suite of eight main science instruments, Juno will collect data on Jupiter's atmosphere that may be key to understanding the birth of our cosmic neighborhood. By delving far beneath the colorful zones and belts of Jupiter's high clouds, the Juno mission also aims to answer some fundamental questions about the planet's mysterious inner workings.
Jupiter may already seem well studied, since spacecraft headed elsewhere in the solar system have taken countless pictures as they swung close to the planet to use its gravity like a slingshot. But until now only one other probe, Galileo, has orbited the giant world and attempted to study its composition and activity. As the largest planet in our solar system, Jupiter could help resolve theories for the process of planet formation. Current theory states that the planets formed from a dusty disk of material that surrounded the newborn sun roughly 4.6 billion years ago. Scientists know that Jupiter is primarily made of hydrogen and helium, like the sun and most of the universe. One theory to explain the heavy elements in Jupiter is that water, in the form of ice, was one of the first multielement molecules to form inside the protoplanetary disk. This ice clumped together and trapped heavy elements in the dust to make dirty snowballs called planetesimals. Juno will help test that theory using a device called a passive microwave radiometer, which will measure how much water is in Jupiter's deep atmosphere. Other instruments on Juno will map the circulation, composition, temperature, and other features deeper in Jupiter's atmosphere than any previous experiments. And while Jupiter is nearly all atmosphere, the planet should have some kind of solid core far beneath the swirling clouds, where atmospheric pressures are millions of times greater than at sea level on Earth.
By precisely measuring the way Juno gets pulled and pushed by the massive planet's gravity field, scientists may finally be able to detect and measure the planet's core. In addition to peering far below Jupiter's surface, Juno will be gazing high above the clouds, studying the origins of the planet's intense magnetic field and how it interacts with the Jovian atmosphere.
Juno will also sample the charged particles that create the auroras and will observe them in ultraviolet light.
But the magnetic field that drives Jupiter's auroras also traps charged particles in a bubble around the planet, creating the strongest radiation zone in the solar system, something that would fricassee the spacecraft without special precautions. In the end, Jupiter's radiation will degrade the solar cells on Juno's arrays, putting limits on the lifetime of the mission.
Unlike previous deep-space missions, which used nuclear power, Juno will operate entirely on sunlight. When Juno's mission ends, NASA scientists will instruct the craft to deorbit over Jupiter so that Juno burns up in the giant planet's atmosphere. Ultimately, the Juno mission will provide scientists with a wealth of data for understanding not just our own solar system but also the scores of gas giants scattered across the galaxy. Safe mode is a state that the spacecraft may enter if its on-board computer perceives conditions on the spacecraft are not as expected. The Juno science team is continuing to analyze data acquired by the spacecraft's science instruments during the flyby.
The Juno spacecraft is named for the mythological wife of the god Jupiter, who used her special powers to discover the secrets Jupiter was hiding behind cloud cover.



NASA's Juno spacecraft whipped around Earth on Wednesday, using our home planet as a gravity slingshot to fling itself toward Jupiter. NASA's Jupiter-bound spacecraft hit a snag Wednesday soon after it used Earth as a gravity slingshot to hurtle toward the outer solar system, but mission managers said it's on course to arrive at the giant planet in 2016. NASA says it'll spend the next several days diagnosing a problem with the Jupiter-bound Juno spacecraft that appeared after it buzzed past Earth to propel itself toward the giant planet. When NASA's Dawn spacecraft arrived to orbit the dwarf planet Ceres in March 2015, mission scientists expected to find a heavily cratered body generally resembling the protoplanet Vesta, Dawn's previous port of call.
It's an age-old astronomical truth: To resolve smaller and smaller physical details of distant celestial objects, scientists need larger and larger light-collecting mirrors. Light from a distant galaxy can be strongly bent by the gravitational influence of a foreground galaxy. NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft will launch September 2016 and travel to a near-Earth asteroid known as Bennu to harvest a sample of surface material and return it to Earth for study. More likely either hit a very high energy cosmic ray and the computer suffered a glitch or hit a very small piece of space junk. The Juno mission, arriving at Jupiter in July 2016, will help to solve the mystery of what?s inside the giant planet?s core. SWLing Post readers might recall the Juno spacecraft we featured in a post dating back to October, 2013. This entry was posted in Ham Radio, News, Slightly Off Topic and tagged Juno, NASA Juno, SAY “HI” TO JUNO EVENT on July 1, 2016 by Thomas. SCIENTISTS hope Juno's instruments and camera could provide insights into the history of the solar system and return stunning images of the planet.
THE Juno space probe has arrived in orbit around Jupiter in a historic moment for astronomy after a five-year, 1.4 billion-mile voyage.
The spacecraft began the perilous final stage of its journey in the early hours of Tuesday morning with a 35-minute blast from its rocket engine. Scientists hope that analysis of Jupiter's interior structure will also help them understand the history and formation of the wider solar system.
The solar powered probe's solar arrays were turned away from the sun for the final approach and will now have to be repositioned. In 26 days, NASA's Juno spacecraft will arrive at its intended destination in the Jupiter system. On Monday, July 4, the space probe will activate its main rockets for 35 minutes in order to get itself aligned with the giant gas planet's polar orbit.
NASA expects this latest endeavor to be a daring mission, as Jupiter is known to have the harshest levels of radiation in the Solar System.
Scott Bolton, lead investigator for the Juno mission from the Southwest Research Institute in Texas, explained that the spacecraft is steadily closing in on its planned rendezvous point at about 4 miles per second. However, they expect Juno to pick up speed significantly by the time it gets closer to Jupiter because of the planet's powerful gravitational pull. Bolton and his colleagues are using the remaining weeks to reassess all aspects of the Jupiter orbit insertion (JOI) plan. Juno project manager Rick Nybakken said they have now entered the last test and review stages of JOI plan as part of their final preparations for Juno's entry into the Jupiter system's orbit.
One of the main objectives of the Juno mission is to discover clues regarding Jupiter's origins, particularly those that could point to when and how it was formed. To accomplish these goals, Juno will collect data on the water and ammonia levels found in Jupiter's atmosphere. Juno will also examine the gravitational and magnetic fields around the gas giant in order to find out if it has a solid core and, if it does have one, how big its core could be. The parts sheets are available as PDF files, which you can read using the Adobe Acrobat Reader on just about any kind of computer (free of charge from Adobe). This detailed scale model is a construction project that is probably not appropriate for people younger than about ten years of age, depending largely on motivation and skill. It will also endure the solar system's strongest radiation zone to study the origins of the giant auroras that dance across Jupiter's poles. But the planet is also enriched with heavier elements such as carbon and nitrogena€”elements that became the building blocks for not only the rocky planets such as Earth and Mars but also for life. In Jupiter's case, an ice ball may have attracted gases as it swept through the disk, building up the planet's mass.


In this region, gravity is so intense that much of the primordial solar material that formed the planets is probably still trapped. In addition, the spacecraft will capture color photos of the poles with its JunoCama€”sure to be one of the mission's most popular features. When it reaches Jupiter, it will be the most distant solar-powered spacecraft yet launched. This way, the defunct spacecraft won't be left to wander the Jovian system and potentially crash on one of the planet's many moons, contaminating worlds such as Europa with watery habitats that possibly host life. Onboard Juno, the safe mode turned off instruments and a few non-critical spacecraft components, and pointed the spacecraft toward the Sun to ensure the solar arrays received power. Much like its namesake, the spacecraft will probe the mysteries beneath the planet's visible surface to understand its structure and history. Scientists continue to unravel the mystery of life on Mars by investigating evidence of water in the planet's soil. Paying dues gives you several advantages over other registered users, including a subscription to the club newsletter, an AOAS.ORG e-mail address, use of club materials, including books and telescopes, and access to the Coleman Observatory facilities. During an Earth flyby, NASA invited ham radio operators around the world to say “HI” to Juno in a coordinated Morse Code message.
The spacecraft will investigate the planet’s origins, interior structure, deep atmosphere and magnetosphere.
The spacecraft, named after the Roman goddess, completed a high-stakes manoeuvre that saw it fire a rocket to slow its 150,000 mph (250,000 kph) approach to the gas giant. Should all go to plan, Juno's instruments and camera could provide insights into the history of the solar system and return stunning images of the planet. It was a critical moment for Juno as it hurtled toward the behemoth, with a risk the probe may have shot past the planet and into oblivion if the scientists' calculations were not absolutely correct.
Developers of the Juno spacecraft made sure that it is well equipped to fully explore the gas giant's environment.
They estimate that the spacecraft would achieve a speed of more than 40 miles per second right before they would be able to fire up its rocket to get into orbit. This is when they determine every possible scenario involving Juno's entry into the planet's orbit and find out if they need to address any part of the process. The first one involves the ability of the spacecraft to come out of its safe mode, which was created to keep Juno operational in case it encounters anomalies or any unexpected conditions. Mission scientists will also try to determine how the giant gas planet was able to evolve over time. These could help determine which of the existing theories on the planet's origins makes the most sense. On top of all that, you also qualify for a 20% discount on all books at any Books-A-Million location.
Juno’s study of Jupiter will help us to understand the history of our own solar system and provide new insight into how planetary systems form and develop in our galaxy and beyond. Cheers and applause erupted in mission control at Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) at the California Institute of Technology when a signal arrived confirming the burn was complete at around 4.54am.
They planned to bring the spacecraft within 2,900 miles of Jupiter's swirling cloud tops, a region of space blasted by the highest levels of radiation in the solar system.
However it will be some time before Juno begins beaming data and images back to Earth, as the spacecraft's camera and other instruments were switched off for arrival. It also has a ring of dust and rock similar to its neighbour, Saturn, posing a further threat to the probe. This flyby provided the necessary gravity boost to accurately slingshot the probe towards Jupiter, where it will arrive on July 4, 2016. Also, I’ve been hearing a lot about the 3D mapping capabilities of Juno’s instruments…what kinds of formats can we expect to see them in?
The titanium armoured probe's mission is to improve our understanding of Jupiter's formation and evolution by using an array of complex instruments to peer through the thick atmosphere and its famous Great Red Spot.



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