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Successful use of trees and shrubs in landscapes is dependent on selecting a plant that will fulfill a desired landscape function.
The decision to add a plant to a garden or landscape usually starts with the recognition that there is a space waiting to be filled and that a tree or shrub planted in this space will perform a specific job or function in the landscape. Accent plants have unique form, texture, or color and are placed strategically to move the viewer's eye through the landscape and to highlight or frame features such as an entryway or a pathway (Figure 1). Border plantings divide spaces within a landscape or are used to accent the division between adjacent properties.
Foundation plantings are located in beds surrounding the base of a building and soften building edges or provide transition from the building to patios, gardens, or other landscape features near the building. Screen plantings create a sense of enclosure, provide privacy, or block wind, noise, or unwanted views (Figure 2). Specimen plants are very prominent in the landscape because of outstanding ornamental features that draw the eye. Wildlife plantings are comprised of plants that provide habitat or food for birds and other wildlife. Once the function or job of a new plant is identified, the second step is to select a or tree shrub that can both fill this function and has growth requirements that match the growing conditions at the planting site. Healthy plant growth requires adequate space for plants to reach their mature height and width. A tree or shrub should be planted into a space which allows it to reach its mature size without being crowded against structures, pathways, or other plants.
Mature height and width describe the plant size at maturity rather than its much smaller height and width at the time of purchase.
Growth rate, which is a plant's increase in height during one growing season, is also a consideration as trees and shrubs are placed in landscapes.
Mounded plants have a broad elliptic plant form because they are at least twice as wide as they are tall.
Oval plants are elliptic to egg-shaped and they are at least twice as tall as they are wide. Pyramidal plants are shaped like a pyramid and narrow gradually to a point at the top of plants.
Rounded plants have a rounded circular form because their height and width are close to equal.
Spreading plants have an erect, upright branching structure through the lower and middle parts of their canopy and then branch at a 45-degree angle in the upper crown.
Upright plants have main branches that are stiffly vertical and diverge at a slight angle from vertical. Vining plants trail on the ground or when given support, climb by twining, tendrils, aerial roots, or other means. Mature plant size, growth rate, and plant form are found on labels attached to plants for sale in garden centers.

Shrubs and trees have specific preferences for light and may fail to thrive when these conditions are not provided. Part-day sun: A site receiving distinct periods of sun and shade each day (Figure 5) as the sun's angle changes the location of shade. Partial shade or filtered shade: The amount of shade under the canopies of large trees varies depending on the density of their leaf canopy. Full shade: Trees with dense canopies such as sugar maples and Norway maples allow very little or no light to reach the ground below them. Light requirements of trees and shrubs are found on labels attached to plants for sale in garden centers, in garden catalogs, in reference books on woody plants, and on trusted websites. Much like a sponge, the soils we garden in are a blend of solids and different sized pore spaces between the solids. Soil texture is the term used to describe the proportion of large-sized sand, intermediate-sized silt, and small-sized clay particles in any one soil.
Soil structure and its influence on nutrient, water, and oxygen levels can be improved through the addition of organic matter (compost, manure, grass clipping, etc.) to native soils. On the other hand, soil texture and its influence on these resources is a fixed trait that is difficult if not impossible to alter.
The sand group (blue) in the bottom left-hand corner includes soils whose sand particles make up 70% or more of their mineral material by weight. Loam soils (orange) in the center and bottom right portions of the triangle are the largest group of soils in the textural triangle.
Clay soils (green) at the top of the triangle have the highest proportion of clay particles. Drainage refers to the length and frequency of soil saturation and is largely determined by soil texture (Table 1). Available water capacity and drainage are soil traits that can be difficult to change and improve. Soil pH indicates a soil's acidity or alkalinity and has enormous impact on the availability of soil nutrients to plants. Soil Testing: All plant species have preferred soil textures, soil moisture conditions, and soil pH values that provide for optimal growth.
A routine soil test provides information on soil texture, organic matter, and soil pH that gardeners can use as they select plants.
Armed with information on soil preferences of plant species and soil test results, gardeners and landscapers are well equipped to select trees and shrubs that will have long and healthy lives in the landscape. Shrubs and trees used in Minnesota landscapes must be able to survive Minnesota's low winter temperatures and to grow and thrive in the subsequent growing season. Cold hardiness information can be found on labels attached to plants for sale in nursery centers, in woody plant references, and on trusted websites. Another consideration in the selection of woody plants is the prevalence of disease and insect pests common to trees or shrub species grown in Minnesota.

Many gardeners are interested in landscaping with plants native to the United States or to Minnesota. Every gardener lives by the Plant Hardiness Zone Guide, so we thought we would take a fresh look at the best items to grow in your zone. Now that you’ve determines which zone you are in, you can have a better understanding of what to plant.
Zone 1 and 2: most of your planting occurs in April to June, with lettuce and spinach in January to March. Zone 5 to 6: Most of your planting occurs from April to June, with no planting in January through March. For more information on the Plant Hardiness Zone Guide or to find your specific zone, go to the USDA website here. Disclaimer: Please note that some images used on our website are property of their respected owners.
Mass plantings provide a strong unifying effect and are used as connections between other planting groups or as groundcovers.
The composition of a silt loam soil is often considered the "ideal" soil for growth of most plants with 45% mineral particles, 5% organic matter, and 50% pore space evenly occupied by water and air. Even if you’re the most experienced gardener, it can be a good idea to take a new look at your zone and know what to plant and when to plant it. By calculating the lowest temperature that a plant can handle, you can have a better understanding of what to plant and when. Be sure to take special care to protect your crop after the fall season to ensure better growth into the coming years. We have placed source to each and every image so that you can know where image came from originaly.
In terms of low temperature the plant may be damaged or die from being exposed to the low range of it's preferred temperature zone. There are 11 different zones that apply to the United States, with each region having more specific guides if needed.
Feel free also to browse other images within our shade garden landscape ideas category, as those are best images about garden landscape ideas that could be found online.This is image source! You should speak to your local ag extension agent to find exact low temp ranges known to occurA for your area.Often a plant or tree will be able to survive an extreme low temp with some help. New plants establish as seeds are passed through the digestive tracts of these animals, become widely dispersed into new areas, and germinate.

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