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Any break in the skin will not only allow blood and other fluids to be lost, but will also allow germs and bacteria to enter the body. Minor cuts can often be treated yourself at home, or by a first aider, and do not require any expert medical attention.  Before attempting to clean a wound you should always wash and dry your hands, and ideally put on some disposable gloves. For more severe wounds, pressure should be placed upon the wound using a sterile dressing.  Expert advice should be sought. The first few minutes of a medical emergency are always critical, but nearly two thirds of us admit we wouldn’t know what to do. First aid is something we should all know how to give – so familiarise yourself with these simple steps and you could make the difference between life and death. DO apply firm pressure with a clean cloth and raise their arm above their heart to reduce the bleeding. DO cool the burn under cold running tap water for at least 10 minutes, advises Clive James.
DO remove all potential hazards from the immediate area and put something soft under the person’s head so they can’t hurt themselves.
DO carry them out, still face-down, with their head slightly lower than their chest to allow water to drain from the airway – and ask someone to call 999.“Check ABC and, if necessary, begin CPR.
You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. First Aid training is probably is one of two types of instructions an employer provides that everyone in the workplace hopes never to nee, with the other being a fire drill.
In an attempt to discredit some of the faulty notions that have developed concerning current First Aid treatment recommendations, the American Safety & Health Institute (ASHI) along with 25 other nationally recognized organizations joined together to form the 2005 National First Aid Science Advisory Board (NFASAB). If an employee is bleeding, apply pressure firmly for an extended period of time, until either bleeding stops or paramedics arrive .
Thermal burns should be treated with cold water as soon as possible, but direct application of ice to a burn area can cause harm.
If an employee has a soft-tissue injury such as a sprain, strain, contusion or fracture, apply cold to the injury to decrease hemorrhage, edema, pain and disability. To prevent a minor wound from becoming infected, cleanse the wound with clean tap water until all foreign matter has been flushed.
If this doesn’t remove the obstruction and they can’t speak, breathe or are going blue, they’re being deprived of oxygen.Bend them over and slap sharply between the shoulder blades with the heel of your hand up to five times.

Carefully remove jewellery or clothing from the affected area, unless it is stuck to the skin.After cooling, cover the burn with a clean, non-fluffy dressing (a clean tea towel or freezer bag will do). Airway – Ensuring there’s nothing in their mouth, lay them on their back, tilt their head backwards and lift their chin to open the airway.Breathing – listen for breaths and look to see if their chest is moving. It is difficult to prevent a bug from biting you even with the use of bug spray there is still a small chance of getting bit. While being nauseous doesn’t necessarily mean yiou are going to vomit it can still make you feel ill. Know the right first aid for a bloody nose will help you get the situation under control quickly.
If you find a splinter in your finger the first thing you should do is clean the area with soap and warm water.
However, when an injury or illness strikes, knowing how to effectively administer proper First Aid can be the deciding factor between a quick or a lengthy recovery, a temporary or permanent disability, and in some cases, life or death. The Board's mission was to review and evaluate the existing scientific literature on First Aid to determine the most effective treatments for common workplace injuries.
Earlier guidelines also recommended elevating a bleeding limb above heart level and, if direct pressure was ineffective, pressing on specific arterial points. Avoid cooling burns with ice or ice water for longer than 10 minutes, especially if the burn covers more than 20% of a person's body. Cooling is best accomplished with a plastic bag or damp cloth filled with ice, which is more effective than re-freezable gel packs. Previous guidelines allowed use of these substances in certain cases after consultation with a poison control center, but they may be harmful and are not recommended now. If that doesn’t work, try abdominal thrusts.Stand behind them and place your fist between their navel and the bottom of their ribcage. Any burn or scald bigger than a postage stamp needs medical attention.DON’T attempt to break blisters or apply adhesive dressings. Then tilt their chin up to keep their airway open.DON’T try to restrain them or put anything in their mouth.
Always call an ambulance, as they may suffer from “secondary drowning”, which occurs when the air passages swell up. Actual evidence is insufficient to recommend for or against these practices and also the use of tourniquets .

To prevent injury, limit each application to periods of no more than 20 minutes and place a barrier, such as a thin towel, between the ice container and the skin . Grasp your fist with your other hand and forcefully press inward and upward.Repeat up to five times.
It could block the airway or damage their teeth and, if the jaw spasms, you could get bitten.
Depress the chest by one third of its depth, then release.Repeat 30 times at a rate of two compressions per second, then give two “rescue breaths”. The first is to find a small piece of tissue paper and roll it into a ball or cylinder and put it in the bleeding nostril. If you can see the top of the splinter you should be able to just pull it out using the tweezers. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cochrane Reviews, which are evidence-based evaluations of the effects of health care treatments, the U.S. Signs you should look for are shortness of breath,swelling near the bite,dizziness and itching.
If it is under the skin you will have to use the needle to scrape of a layer of skin until you can reach it with the tweezers.
When their chest rises, remove your lips and repeat.Continue with 30 compressions followed by two rescue breaths until they start breathing or help arrives. Everyone should have at least a basic knowledge of first aid and what to do encase of an emergency. Than take your index finger and thumb and place them on the bridge of your nose and press firmly.
After you have removed the splinter you will need to clean the area with an alcohol pad to help reduce the chances of an infection. If they are conscious and have chest pain, sit them up with their back and knees supported in a comfortable position and reassure them until the ambulance arrives.DON’T lie them down if you think they’re suffering from a heart attack – it makes it harder to breathe.
If the person is not having a reaction to the bug bite you should clean it with an alcohol pad to get rid of any germs.

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