First aid on sprained wrist,m.ed from ignou 2014-15 solved,what is quality higher education zirakpur - How to DIY

Strain or sprain would have been familiar to those who love to exercise or physical activity .
Someone said if the sprained ligament ( rubbery muscles attached to the bones and joints in place binding ) in the knee , ankle , hand , elbow , or other joints suddenly stretched so that no fibers are strained , even broken or torn . Sprains often occur in the muscles or joints tendons are stretched or sudden circumstances that do not sit in flux , causing the muscles to become rigid .
When an incident occurs, Sprains first aid are , the RICE ( Rest , Ice , Compressio , Elevation ). Then given ice ( ice ) which means compressed sprained area with ice , instead of with warm water . Keep in mind also that if the strain do not directly massaged or massaged , because it can cause swelling enlarged .
Print Email Many sprains are mild enough to mainly be treated at home with first aid measures. After the acute phase of swelling and inflammation, it is still important to be careful with the sprained joint to prevent re-injury of the ligament. However, when a ligament is severely or completely torn, surgery is sometimes required to repair the ligament.
In cases of severe sprains or after surgical repair of a sprain, a doctor may recommend certain exercises or refer the patient to a physical therapist. If you have a sprain, remember to perform the first aid measures described by RICE and get your injury checked out by a doctor. Injuries that involve body tissues apart from bone are generally classified as soft tissue injuries. A sprain is an injury that involves the ligaments and other soft tissues around a joint, such as an ankle or wrist. A strain occurs away from a joint and involves a torn or overstretched muscle or tendon, commonly in the calf, thigh or lower back. A bruise is a soft tissue injury that involves the skin and nearby tissues following a blow or other forces that break a blood vessel close to the surface of the body.
Assist the patient into the position of greatest comfort, generally sitting with support or lying down. Rest for up to 24 hours is helpful but gentle movement of the affected joint should be encouraged after that time.
To get the best effect from the ice and to avoid burning the skin, always wrap an ice pack in a damp cloth before applying it. Ensure that firm and even pressure is applied to the injured part without slowing the circulation of blood to the fingers or toes of the affected limb.
Use simple pain relief such as paracetamol during the first 24 to 48 hours, following directions on the package.
Patients who have significant loss of function or severe pain should be seen by a doctor or physiotherapist.
If the patient is in severe pain, or unable to be assisted to a car for transport – call 111 for an ambulance. If the injury involves the lower back or neck, an ambulance is the best form of transport to avoid risk of further injury and stress. Sometimes its difficult to identify whether it is a sprain or fracture  medical advice should be taken in these situations .

For fractures one  needs to visit hospital, but before visiting ,  make sure the injured person is  kept still and the injured portion of body is  supported by hands or being bandaged .
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Over the past year, have you given money to your doctor or nurse instead of paying at cashier counter? The copyright for information published on this web site is owned exclusively by Armenian information-analytical agency. In the sprained , it will feel pain and if not immediately taken recovery action will be swelling in the muscle tissue . When a new injury takes place, there will be tears of blood vessels that result in the release of the contents of the blood vessels into surrounding tissues , so swell .
When within 24 hours , no pain is also reduced and swelling got worsening, or fever does not go down , as well as part of a sprained result can not move , then it is time to consult a doctor. However, it is still a good idea to get the injury checked out by a doctor to assess the severity of the sprain and discuss whether additional treatment measures are necessary for successful healing of the injury. The range of motion of the joint is slowly recovered, and certain stretching exercises may be recommended by a doctor.
In some cases, even a full tear of a ligament may heal; this sometimes occurs with ankle sprains especially. After immobilizing an injured joint, the joint may become stiff and stretching exercises are required to regain a normal range of joint motion.
Sprains, strains and bruises are all soft tissue injuries, although the cause and tissues involved in each injury are different. It can be applied for 10 to 20 minutes at a time and can be repeated once if pain persists. All patients should be advised to see a doctor or physiotherapist if their symptoms are not improving within two days, or earlier if worsening. You realize so much its almost arduous to argue with you (not that I actually would want…HaHa). If your child faints or is breathing short, rapid breaths, carefully lay your child down with the head slightly lower than the trunk. Pulling could just be muscle resulting in inflammation , but also got off so the handling is somewhat different .
For example , if a sprained ankle , take frequent breaks with legs raised , by using a pillow or towel fouled .
The length of time it takes to heal a sprain depends on which ligament was injured and the severity of the tear. The bandage should not be wrapped too tightly; if you lose circulation and the limb becomes painful, swollen, discolored, or numb beneath the level of the bandage, loosen the bandage. Normal physical activities, such as athletics and vigorous exercise, must be resumed slowly.
If a ligament in the knee is torn, such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), surgery is usually required to recover the stability of the knee.

A physical therapist can also teach someone to gradually regain strength and functionality in a previously injured joint without risking re-injury.
However, an improperly treated sprain can put someone at risk for developing chronic pain and repeated re-injury, so it is always a good idea to get any sprain checked out by a medical professional. For full or partial reproduction of any material in other media it is required to acquire written permission from Armenian information-analytical agency. A sprain is a sprain and ordinary language of the strain , which means a kind of tension in the joints due to its motion is not correct .
In general , the symptoms are pain , swelling , skin looks red , and of course will interfere with the function of the affected part . If not treated immediately it can be weakened ligaments or an advanced rigid so that the power balance is disappearing ( this is the reason why sprains often occur in the same place). After a sprain occurs, first aid measures can be enacted immediately and should be followed until the injured individual can see a medical professional. A joint with a sprained ligament must be rested so that the injury has the ability to heal. It is not good to leave the ice on the injury for too long, fifteen to twenty minutes is enough. Elevation of the limb above the level of the heart, especially during sleep, can help keep the swelling down. Most sprains heal within three to six weeks, as long as the joint is rested and allowed to heal. If there is a complete tear of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb, surgery may be required to reattach the ligament so that the thumb is fully functional again.
Cold compresses can be done 1-2 times a day , not more than 20 minutes because it will interfere with blood circulation. This process can be repeated every few hours of wakefulness for a few days after the injury has occurred.
The lower legs are particularly susceptible to swelling after an injury because of gravity; elevating the limb helps to counteract this. In addition, sometimes when the ulnar collateral ligament tears, it pulls fragments of bone away from their normal location on the thumb.
If you have diabetes or peripheral artery disease, consult a medical professional before placing ice on an injury; the cold can cause a circulation problem or even frostbite in sensitive individuals.
Over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Aleve (naproxen), Motrin (ibuprofen) or Tylenol (acetaminophen) can also be used temporarily to relieve the pain and inflammation of sprains. When this happens, the surgeon will either reattach the bone fragments with pins or remove them, depending on their size and location. If the ankle or knee is affected, the patient may be advised to use a cane or crutches to avoid placing weight on the affected limb.
After surgery, the injured joint will have to be immobilized again so that it can heal properly.

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