First aid for fractures in wikipedia,education requirements for medical examiner assistant,painted aluminum sheet,organic food delivery grand rapids mi 2014 - Plans On 2016

You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. These cases happen every day, and most of the time, nurses are expected to provide first aid care. Keep DRS in mind: Danger (check the scene for danger), Response (check for the victim’s consciousness) and Send someone to call for help. Remember that you have to stop bleeding by applying gauze or a clean piece of cloth to the wound firmly but gently. Puncture wounds, cuts, scrapes or amputations may cause external bleeding that needs immediate medical attention. Prior to giving care, make sure that you don protective gloves or any barrier between you and the patient that can minimize transmission of disease.
Nosebleeds are very common, and are usually caused by dryness, allergies, infection, increased blood pressure and aggressive nose picking among others. Bleeding from the nose for more than twenty (20) minutes may be considered a medical emergency and immediate medical attention is necessary.
Squeezing the soft part of the nose using the thumb and the index finger for about ten to fifteen minutes or placing an icepack on the bridge of the nose may also help stop the bleeding. There are two types of airway obstruction, one of which is the partial airway obstruction wherein the breathing is labored or noisy and some air may be felt from the mouth.
If it is a complete airway obstruction and the victim is conscious, you have to call for help first (Call 911) before performing up to five back blows with the heel of one hand in the middle of the victim’s back, just between the shoulder blades. If the back blows did not work, you can move on to performing up to five chest thrusts (or the Heimlich maneuver), which is similar to chest compressions, but sharper and must be delivered at a slower pace.
Otherwise, place the victim on a side-lying position to promote drainage of secretion from the mouth. When the organs and tissues in a person’s body are not receiving enough flow of blood, that person is susceptible to shock. Make sure to manage any bleeding, if present, by applying direct pressure and elevating the site. If possible, let the victim raise his legs and feet (shock position) and make sure to keep the patient warm and comfortable. A head trauma may cause a temporary loss or altered level of consciousness which occurs after an impact to the skull area. If the patient is not responding, but is breathing adequately, put him in a side-lying position. If the victim is not responding, but is breathing adequately, assist him to a side-lying position. Try to identify what has been taken, how much and when it was taken, while making sure that you maintain your safety.
If the victim is experiencing difficulty of breathing, abdominal pain, facial swelling and has signs and symptoms of shock, the first thing you should do is to call for help (Call 911), and assess the patient’s ABCDs. Assist the victim to a side-lying position to prevent him from choking if ever he vomits or bleeds through the mouth.
A person can still be revived during a cardiac arrest, but the more time that passes, the more unlikely that the victim will be revived.



Before performing CPR, make sure that you have already asked for immediate medical attention (Call 911) and that you have assessed the patient’s ABCDs. A person in cardiac arrest will lie motionless without breathing, and will not be able to respond to any questions or stimulation. If the victim is unresponsive, turn him on his back and assess if breathing is completely absent.
If the bite is actively bleeding, apply direct pressure with a clean, dry cloth until the bleeding subsides. Cats don’t normally bite though, unless they are restrained or when you attempt to intervene in a cat fight.
The first aid involves controlling the bleeding and washing the wound thoroughly under running water for a few minutes. Near drowning is when a person suffers from severe oxygen deprivation while submerged in water, but not resulting in death.
When a person suffers near drowning, water may enter the lungs, causing them to cease transferring oxygen to the blood.
The eyes are well-protected from injury by the structure of our face and with the help of our eyelids. Before helping a person with eye injury, make sure to seek for medical attention (Call 911) immediately. If the injury is caused by a blunt impact, ice packs may help reduce swelling and ease pain. Do not rub or apply any pressure to the eye either, as this may cause further damage to the injured eye. While waiting for help, cover both eyes with sterile dressings to minimize the injured eye’s movement. If the victim stops breathing and becomes unresponsive, follow DRS, assess ABCDs and immediately perform CPR. You have to assume that a person has a spinal injury if there is an evidence of head injury. If you suspect that a person has a spinal injury, make sure to seek for medical attention (Call 911) immediately. Check the victim’s ABCDs and keep the person still by placing towels on the sides of the neck to prevent movement. You will need help from another person if it is vital to move the victim because he is vomiting or choking on blood, or if he is at risk of further injury. About the Author: Mary Elizabeth Velarmino Francisco earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing Degree from the Ateneo de Zamboanga University, Philippines. First Aid For Fracture : Emergency steps to treat fracture while waiting for medical assistance to arrive.
Types of Fracture: If no medical help is expected, reduce closed fractures as soon as possible after injury by applying traction, then splint and immobilise the whole length of the limb. The types of fractures that may effect are Fracture of the Hip or Upper Leg, Fracture of the knee, Fracture of the lower leg, Fracture of the Ankle or foot, Fracture of the pelvis, Fracture of the Spine and the Fracture of the Skull.
For instance, we should all know what to do with a victim of a road accident or someone with an injury as simple as a burnt finger.


We should learn not only how to stay as calm as possible, but also what to do while waiting for help to arrive. Is the victim’s airway (mouth and throat) free from foreign objects that may cause blockage? If you can stop, or at least lessen, the bleeding until help arrives (Call 911), the patient’s chances of surviving may increase tremendously. This will help in reducing the blood pressure in the veins of the nose, thus, minimizing the bleeding. The other type is the complete airway obstruction wherein no air can be felt escaping the mouth. Make sure that the site is free from jewelries and clothing that may be contaminated by chemicals. Stings may be considered an emergency, especially if the victim experiences an allergic reaction. You can use the “look, listen and feel” approach: Look if the person’s chest is moving up and down, listen to any sounds of breathing and feel for air passing through the victim’s nose or mouth.
It is a very life-threatening condition that results in extremely high body temperature, thus causing many organ systems to fail. Domestic animals like horses, pigs and cows, do not bite often, but when they do, serious wounds may result. Otherwise, the proper authorities must be notified so that they can observe the animal for signs of rabies. Nonetheless, injuries are still possible, some to the extent that vision is lost, or, in rare cases, the eye must be surgically removed. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection, stress, pollen, molds and changes in air temperature are only a few. Fractures may cause pain at the injury site, bleeding, deformities, tenderness, swelling and, often, inability to move. This may result to unresponsiveness, headache, nausea and vomiting, paralysis or convulsions. Both of you should work together to keep the victim’s head aligned with the neck and the back while rolling him onto his side.
If the bite is not bleeding severely, wash the wound thoroughly with mild soap and running water for 3 to 5 minutes. Cat bites, on the other hand, involve deep puncture wounds that, most of the time, become infected. Asthma attacks are characterized by difficulty of breathing and speaking, shortness of breath, cyanosis and wheezing. With coffee running through her veins, she enthusiastically battles each day, one article at a time.
Over the next 24 to 48 hours, observe the bite for signs of infection (increasing skin redness, swelling, and pain).



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Comments to «First aid for fractures in wikipedia»

  1. Just comply with the instructions and take sometimes never.
  2. Which blood seeps out of the.