Education in japan topic wiki,what is kumon education opiniones,best survival story book janha mamu,cons for bilingual education - PDF 2016

Japanese schools up to Junior High School are almost exclusively public (less than 5% are privately owned and run). While the general improvement of education and standard of living for the Japanese population as a whole has resulted in some of the highest standards of education in the world, some claim that the attendant stresses have lead to an increase in psychological problems among children (although we are not aware of any published figures to support this). For some time it has been accepted that a Japanese student's life is largely decided by the their university entrance exam: that is, entrance to the right university can lead to a well-paid job with one of the larger Japanese companies. The curriculum is directed by the government, and subjects include language, social studies, math, science, art, health, and physical education.
Until Junior High School, students study at the school in whose catchment area their home is located.
Also, the improved diet of many Japanese, coupled with a reduction in child labour (traditionally assisting relatives on farms or smallholdings in rural areas) and changes in social habits has lead to an increase in obesity amongst Japanese schoolchildren.
However, increasing competition amongst schools means that this pressure is extending further back and many now claim that a person's future is largely decided by the age of twelve or fifteen with entry to the right junior high school. Although the curriculum is set by the State to the point where content and time to spend on each subject are clearly laid down, the actual teaching method itself is completely up to individual teachers. Many foreigners are surprised to see them late in the evening or on weekends, but most students participate in club activities that extend well beyond the school day, often until about 6 pm. There is a trimester system with the first term from April to late July, then a summer break that is approximately 6 weeks long.

Classes tend to be very large and follow a lecture format, though a teacher might bring in media like a radio program. Classes stay close together and many friendships formed last throughout the student’s lifetime, with reunions and activities extending decades after graduation. However, senior high schools have overlapping catchment areas: this means that there is competition among schools for the best pupils in a particular area, and among pupils for places at the best schools. However, this phenomenon is well-known in most developed countries, not just in Japan, and seems less pronounced than in the West. Wht effect the current economic recession and restructuring will have on this system remains to be seen. However, it is often considered that cultural factors and particularly the teacher training schools encourage standard methods of teaching, reducing the ability of teachers to develop individual methods. The second term runs from September to December, when there is about a 2 week holiday for New Years. Moral education in Japan is also stressed, and students are actively involved in the cleaning and maintenance of their classroom, as well as the building and grounds. School and related activities take up most of a young person’s time, but also can be the basis of a solid childhood.
Over one-quarter of senior high schools are private, indicating the extent of the competition in the higher levels Japanese schooling: parents will pay substantial amounts for their children's educations.

Many students also attend private study schools called juku, often referred to as “cram schools” in English, to help in their weaker subjects. The last term is from January to March, and graduation ceremonies take place at the end of March. Students stay in the same classroom throughout the day, and teachers rotate from room to room. Each class has a “home room teacher” who meets with them at the beginning and end of the day to help with questions and disputes, as well as to take attendance and give announcements. The majority of students continue to high school for three years, and on to college after that.
Lower grades have a school lunch program, and students get the food from the cafeteria, bring it to the classroom, and eat together. Depending on the school district, classes run from Monday through Friday or Saturday, though the latter may only be a half day.

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