Causes of swollen feet during late pregnancy bleeding,red cross first aid training kit pdf,first aid cover for events in london november - Videos Download

By the time you hit your second and third trimesters, you will notice that your shoes do not fit and your wedding ring is excessively tight. One of the most significant reasons for swelling during pregnancy is the increase in the blood volume. High blood pressure is never good during pregnancy and requires immediate medical intervention. Since the growing uterus puts pressure on your vena cava, fluid tends to get pushed down to your feet due to the increased flow of blood.
If you are already suffering from swelling, taking extra salt can exacerbate the condition of swelling and cause more fluid retention in the body. Not having enough fluids and water is one of the reasons why some women suffer more from swelling of hands and feet. Obesity can put more pressure on the nerves of your lower extremities causing blood and fluids to accumulate.
These are some of the conditions that can lead to swelling of hands and feet during pregnancy. Also called as Edema, swollen feet is a normal biological process wherein the body tends to produce more water and blood during pregnancy.
One of the veins affected by the enlarged uterus happens to be the one called Vena Cava (goes through the right thigh) which takes blood to the lower body, especially the thighs, ankles and feet. Edema is not a cause for concern as it is a normal biological process that usually dissipates on its own after the prenatal period. As mentioned earlier, edema is a normal condition that occurs in almost every other pregnant woman. Avoid standing for extended periods as this could channel more blood or fluids to the legs.
Try placing your legs on cushions or small tables (in a horizontal position) whenever you sit down instead of placing them on the floor in a vertical position. Opting for flat heeled shows can be a great relief for women suffering from swollen feet during pregnancy. A new and yet quite popular product that has been doing the rounds of late in the women’s hosiery department is the pregnancy stocking. You stepped on the scale this morning and weighed three pounds more than you did a few days ago.
These are just a few of the possible signs of edema, the abnormal accumulation of fluids within the body tissues.
Based on the kind of edema you have, as well as the accompanying signs and symptoms, you and your doctor can discern its underlying cause. Edema of the lower extremities (ankles, feet, legs) is not uncommon in individuals with an underlying condition, such as congestive heart failure, and in patients without heart disease as well. Because edema has so many potential causes, its treatment depends upon the underlying cause.
Natural diuretics: A number of herbs act as diuretics, including buchu, dandelion, juniper, parsley, and uva ursi. Women are especially susceptible to edema due to the hormonal fluctuation of their menstrual cycle. The following conditions may include edema among their symptoms, but edema by itself should not lead you to conclude that you have a more serious disorder. Excessive salt intake: accumulation of fluids in the space outside cells in response to increased sodium in the diet, usually in conjunction with an underlying condition. Gout: a condition of the joints, especially in the big toe, causing red, swollen, warm, and very painful joints.
Varicose veins: bluish-purple, knotted veins, usually in the legs, that cause itchiness or discomfort and possibly swollen feet and ankles.
Lymphedema: accumulation of fluid in cancer patients related to the removal of lymph nodes.
Congestive heart failure: shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, cough, and swelling of the legs due to accumulation of fluids. Cardiomyopathy: a disease of the heart that reduces its ability to pump fluids, resulting in shortness of breath, swelling of the extremities, fatigue, chest pain, wheezing, and cough. Heart valve disease: usually does not have symptoms, but may cause fatigue, weakness, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, and swelling, depending upon the valve malfunctioning.

Drinking plenty of water and maintaining hydration is an easy way to prevent swelling on the legs. Yoga is an effective cure that pregnant women must make use of The breathing techniques and postures that yoga preaches helps to reduce stress levels and prevents harm to the body. If you are pregnant and are showing signs of swelling on the feet then you must reduce the amount of sodium in your diet. Check for other signs of hypertension like blurring of vision and headaches, which are common symptoms of preeclampsia. While this sounds ironical, extra water consumption helps to flush out harmful toxins and prevents fluid from being accumulated in the body.
And even though the entire body experiences some amount of swelling during this period, swollen feet can be extremely uncomfortable and can cause pain in certain situations. And even though the additional water and blood are needed for the proper development of the fetus, it leads to increased fluid retention which in turn causes all the extra water to flow down to the extremities of the body, in this case, the feet.
Accordingly, the uterus which by now would have increased substantially in size would put extra pressure on the veins that carry blood in the body. Under pressure, the blood flow in the Vena Cava slows down and leads to the accumulation of blood in the lower body.
However, in cases the swelling does not reduce and instead, starts extending towards the hands and face, it is considered wise to get the issue checked out by a doctor. However, if it tends to make you pretty uncomfortable, here are some effective tips to take care of the issue. This would again cause more amounts of blood or fluids to reach the feet and stagnate there, thereby contributing to the swelling. This would lift off the pressure placed on the Vena Cava vein which courses through the right hand side of the body. Avoid salty foods as much as possible as the salt content in them would contribute to excess water retention in the body.
It also pays to choose shoes that are comfortable and stretchable so that they don’t cramp your feet when you wear them (happens in the case of narrow shoes).
Easy to wear and extremely comfortable, these pregnancy stockings can inhibit the accumulation of fluids in your feet and thus prevent them from swelling up if you wear them from morning till night. Edema is not an illness, but rather a symptom of many medical conditions, among them congestive heart failure, pregnancy, cirrhosis, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Hormones regulate the amount of interstitial fluid relative to cells in the surrounding area. For temporary edema, such as that in women during the premenstrual phase, preventive measures may be all that is needed. Below are some common diuretics, a class of drugs used in the treatment of high blood pressure to help clear the body of excess fluid. Teas made from these herbs may provide temporary relief; however, they are not a long-term solution because the body eventually compensates for their diuretic action. Lie with your feet above the level of your heart to help fluid move from the legs back to the heart. This causes water from within the cells to travel outside the cells in order to dilute the sodium concentration there. The monthly increase in the production of estrogen causes a secondary increase in the hormone aldosterone. Fluid accumulates in the spaces between cells when the vital organs collect more fluid within the body than they are able to eliminate.
Some of these disorders have certain characteristic symptoms in addition to leg or ankle swelling, while some have no symptoms, at least in the early stages. You should not attempt to diagnose yourself with a medical condition, even if your symptoms match those characteristic of a certain disorder. Examples include the swelling that occurs during pregnancy as well as the premenstrual phase of a woman's monthly cycle. Though most women and families are happy about the new addition to the family the pregnant woman suffers a lot during her entire term. Continue to be positive and do not listen to the advice of anyone around; the only person you need to listen to is your doctor.
Massaging the back and legs daily at night helps to ease the swelling and reduces it drastically.

A normal amount of swelling is very common but significantly high swelling can indicate a deeper problem.
The growing uterus also puts a lot of pressure on the main nerves and veins that supply blood. However if the swelling is significant, does not resolve on its own and involves many more parts of the body, it could indicate severe hypertension. The best way to prevent this is by taking regular exercise in the form of prenatal yoga and walks. As the excess water collects in them, your feet start appearing swollen and cause discomfort with time.
Maybe you couldn't squeeze the ring off your finger, or your ankles looked puffy, or your pants were a little bit snug. Small blood vessels called capillaries supply the interstitial fluid with nutrients and oxygen.
However, other underlying causes such as kidney disease, heart failure, and thyroid disorders require medical attention.
If the leg muscles weaken or you don't get adequate exercise, fluid from the blood pools in your feet and ankles.
When we eat salty foods, we usually become thirsty and drink more fluids than normal, thus worsening the problem.
Aldosterone causes the kidney to retain fluids, making some women temporarily gain a few pounds each month.
Swelling on the ankles and legs can cause a lot of stress and this is not a healthy condition. This leads to the build up and accumulation of fluids in the body, which in turn causes your hands and feet to swell up.
Exercise helps to improve blood circulation and helps to redistribute the flow of blood to various parts of the body, thus preventing fluid build up. The capillaries also carry away the cells' waste products, which are floating in the interstitial fluid. It can also happen when the amount of fluid leaving the capillaries is greater than the amount re-entering them.
Read the nutritional values labels of foods carefully — you might be surprised at what you find. Walking, cycling, dancing, and other activities involving the legs keep the leg muscles in shape to move fluid upward.
And though many edema-causing conditions are age-related, it is never too late to get in shape and improve your overall health.
To understand your symptoms and reach a diagnosis, your healthcare provider will consider your medical history, what symptoms you have, and the results of a physical examination and laboratory tests. Fortunately, there are several home remedies to get rid of the pain in the ankles and swelling on the feet. If you are pregnant and want to avoid swelling on your legs you need to use comfortable shoes.
This increases the blood circulation in the feet and reduces the possibility of swelling on the feet.
Congestive heart failure and cirrhosis usually cause swelling of the ankles because fluid has a hard time traveling up the legs against the force of gravity. Treatment is aimed at reducing swelling if it causes reduced mobility, skin breakdown, infection, or discomfort. If you have edema related to kidney disease, your doctor will likely recommend a diet low in fats and proteins. If so, seek the assistance of a nutritionist, who can help you create a balanced diet within certain guidelines. Use alcohol in moderation, and if your edema is related to liver disease, abstain entirely.

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