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For localized edema, if the cause is known (eg varicose veins), edema may reflect changes in maldie ie a stage of greater severity.
Mechanisms of edema are variables to achieve the same effect: the abnormal presence of fluid outside the vessels. The causes of the occurrence of edema are different according to the mechanism: increased pressure in the veins, increased blood volume, increased permeability of veins, lymphatic insufficiency. If the pressure in the venous capillary increases, the liquid will leave the capillaries and cause edema. This is the case of malfunction of the heart, cuts or cancellations of the veins (phlebitis), blood reflux in superficial and deep veins (varicose veins, post-phlebitis). Circulating blood volume may increase in case of kidney disease, liver, in the last trimester of pregnancy, and sometimes in the days before menstruation (premenstrual syndrome). Certain medications such as steroids can also cause this phenomenon. If the capillary filtration capacity is increased, the liquid can emerge more easily from the blood circulation and edema appears. This is the case when taking a particular family of antihypertensives (calcium channel blockers), on the occasion of certain diseases of the kidney and in the very malnourished. It is also the mechanism of idiopathic cyclic edema leading to outbreaks of diffuse edema, predominantly in the lower limbs in the evening, and which meets exclusively in women before menopause. Outbreaks of edema are often punctuated by the hormonal cycle or stress.
When the lymphatic circulatory return can not be done properly, will stagnate in the lymph tissues, causing swelling. Of large proteins present in tissues that are normally removed by the lymph, can not reach the venous circulation and will behave like a sponge, drawing water around them.
Lymph stasis and protein will alter the immune system and promote the local risk of infection (lymphangitis). This stasis will also cause changes in tissues, which will thicken and harden (fibrosis). Generalized edema formation involves different mechanisms that lead to an increase in the volume of liquid in the tissues. Under the effect of blood pressure, the water leaves the capillary arterial vessels to the interstitial space and is reabsorbed by the venous capillaries by pressure exerted by the presence of albumin in the blood (oncotic pressure) and low pressure venous pressure in the area. The lymphatic vessels are also involved in interstitial fluid drainage. Idiopathic edema, mainly found in women are very common, harmless, but they can be accompanied by a real psychological impact and significant functional impairment. They affect the face, especially the eyelids in the morning and move to the lower part of the body at the end of the day (ankle, calf, abdomen, breasts sometimes). Considerable swelling may require to come off or unbutton his clothes.
These swellings are often accompanied by irritation, depression, obsession. These people just urinate during the day but can get up at night to do so.

A number of simple measures can greatly improve edema and often enough, especially in the case of idiopathic edema. The low elastic restraint are very useful for women to stand still. They improve venous return and increase pore pressure, favoring the elimination and prevention of limb edema. Caloric restriction is indicated in cases of obesity or overweight. Being overweight interferes with venous and lymphatic return, gene walking and exercise. Stop smoking stimulates antidiuretic hormone that opposes the removal of water by the kidney. Stop diuretics in some cases, idiopathic edema that will maintain and exacerbate the decline in blood volume (hypovolaemia) stimulates water retention by the kidneys. Attention to self-medicate. Stop that laxatives, such as diuretics, exacerbate the decline in blood volume (hypovolaemia). Diuretics are the core of this treatment. They reduce the reabsorption of salt filtered by the kidney and thus increase its elimination in the urine. Low doses are sufficient in normal individuals. Higher doses are required in patients with heart failure, renal failure and cirrhosis. In the presence of edema associated with drug taking will be necessary to validate the conditions under which it will evolve treatment. Copyright © 2012 Rayur, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners. According to the medical encyclopedia, Ankle Edema is a condition of swollen ankles, feet and legs. Listed below are some of the causes of Ankle Edema, besides the excess retention of fluid in the cells. Foot swelling or Ankle Edema: A common problem, particularly observed in older people, is swollen foot or Ancle Edema. Swollen foot or Ankle Edema as understood, is primarily caused by the retention of fluid in the cells.

Pitting Edema: The Ankl Edema can be categorized in two ways, depending on the way it appears. Pitting Edema: If any indentation is left on the swollen area, that fills slowly when you press a finger against the body part, the condition is clinically referred to as Pitting Edema or pitted edema. Non-pitting Edema: If no indentation is left on the skin, after you press a finger into the swollen area, for about five seconds, the condition is known as Non-pitting Edema. For treating both, the Pitting as well as the Non-Pitting Edema, you could try some home based therapies like, a pressure reducing mattress, a lamb’s wool pad and most importantly continue with your daily routine.
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The retention can take place in any part of the body, but the most common areas are the feet and ankles. It may affect one or both the legs and may even include the calves or thighs, in some cases.
While on the prescribed medication for Ankle Edema, make sure that the drugs do not have any severe side effects, especially on older people. One of the main causes of Ankel Edema is the fluid retained in the spaces between the body cells. The most common way of finding out if the swelling in the ankle is due to Ankle Edema, is by checking for pain.
However, doctors believe that the retained fluid may affect any other part of the body too, causing edema.

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