Causes of edema in feet and hands,education health and care plan post 16,best books reviews 2013 - .

Itchy swollen feet can be caused by many different ailments and conditions, including joint disorders, allergies, skin conditions, topical irritation or infection. Feet may become itchy and swollen as a result of excessive exercise, poor circulation, overly tight footwear, or a number of other reasons. One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.
Individuals with diabetes may experience frequent foot swelling as a result of poor circulation. Usually, foot swelling, also called edema, is nothing to worry about, and the swelling itself is painless. Serious heart conditions, such as heart failure and venous insufficiency, can cause the feet to swell. A woman who is pregnant may experience swelling in her feet and hands because she is retaining fluid.
Foot swelling can often be reduced by propping the feet up above the level of the heart several times a day. So how can a woman who is pregnant know whether foot swelling during pregnancy is actually normal or not? Normally swollen feet should not be a concern for many of us whose job involves standing or walking for long time. Lymphedema: There will be accumulation of lymphatic fluid when there is some problem in the lymph nodes or lymph vessels. Insufficiency of veins: This is a condition in which blood randomly moves in the veins in the region from legs to feet and up to the heart. Presence of blood clots in the veins of feet may reduce the blood-flow from the legs to the heart. Prolonged use of contraceptives, repeated hormone therapy like estrogen can cause swollen feet. Some doctors prescribe calcium blockers like cardizem, dilacor tiazac and plendil for certain types of hypertension, may cause inflammation. Do exercise regularly, drink plenty of water, stop using laxatives, cut down salt intake, and avoid standing in the same position for long time. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Edema is swelling caused by fluid retention - excess fluid is trapped in the body's tissues.
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The cause of edema may be diagnosed by chest X-ray, blood tests, urine tests, liver function tests or heart function tests. If the capillaries (tiny blood vessels) leak fluid into the surrounding tissue the area will start to swell. Leaking capillaries will cause the kidneys to accumulate higher than normal quantities of sodium (salt) and water in order to compensate for the capillary fluid loss.
If a person stands or sits still for long periods of time, there is a much higher chance of swelling. When a woman is resting in a reclined position the enlarged uterus occasionally compresses the inferior vena cava, causing obstruction of both femoral veins, leading to edema. A pregnant woman's blood is hypercoaguble (clots more easily), raising the risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), a cause of edema. Around the period of the menopause, as well as after, hormone fluctuations can cause fluid retention. Such as vasodilators (drugs that open blood vessels), calcium channel blockers, NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), estrogens, several chemotherapy drugs, and some diabetes drugs, such as thiazolidinediones.
Dietitians say low consumption of thiamine (vitamin B1), as well as insufficient vitamins B6 and B5, may contribute toward fluid retention.
Patients with kidney disease may not be able to eliminate enough fluid and sodium from the blood.
Damage to the capillaries in the kidneys (glomeruli) that filter waste and excess fluids from the blood can result in nephrotic syndrome. Chronic lung disease includes many lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, COPD, emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis. A patient with diabetes may have edema for several different reasons, including cardiovascular disease and its associated complications, acute renal failure, acute liver failure, protein-losing enteropathy (disease of the intestine causing protein loss) and some medications. People with arthritis most commonly have swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, and calves - peripheral edema. A brain tumor will accumulate water around itself, especially as it builds new blood vessels. A blow to the head may result in an accumulation of fluids in the brain or between the brain and the skull. If the damage is due to lymphedema it is called primary lymphedema, if it is caused by disease or medical condition, such as an infection or cancer, it is caused secondary lymphedema. Individuals with diabetes have a significantly higher risk of developing diabetic eye disease.
New research has found that in cases of lung edema, or fluid in the lungs, not only do the lungs fail to keep water out as previously believed, but they are also allowing water to pump in.
On the next page we look at the symptoms of edema, how it is diagnosed and the treatment options for edema.
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Learn all about DVT (deep vein thrombosis), a blood clot that forms in a vein in the body (commonly the leg). You can usually tell you have edema because you see the swollen area and the skin over it may look stretched and shiny. The good news about edema is that it’s often treatable with at-home and lifestyle remedies. If you have mild forms of edema, typically you can solve them on your own, but it’s worth a check with your doctor to be sure there are not other underlying medical problems going on.
In general, edema occurs when the tiny blood vessels in the body (capillaries) leak fluid, causing it to build up in the surrounding tissues, leading to swelling.
Certain medications, such as those that treat high blood pressure, certain diabetes drugs, estrogens, and even non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can lead to edema.
Mild forms of edema will typically go away on their own, particularly if you raise the limb above the heart for a certain amount of time each day.



Movement: Moving the part of your body that is swollen can help move the fluid back to the heart and out of the body. Massage: Gentle stroking massage that pushes the fluid toward your heart can help remove it.
Compression: Compression stockings, sleeves, and gloves can all keep pressure on the limbs to prevent fluid from collecting in the tissue. Low-salt diet: Those on a high-salt diet may be more at risk for edema because high qualities of sodium leads to an electrolyte imbalance, which can overtax the kidneys and lead to water retention. Herbs: Herbs that act as natural diuretics and may encourage fluid draining include dandelion, licorice root, and elderberry. Drink more water: It may seem counterintuitive, but as you drink more, your body responds by getting rid of more water as well as other waste products, which can minimize swelling. Diuretic foods: Try eating more celery, artichokes, parsley, and grapes, as these are all natural diuretic foods. High potassium foods: Potassium helps eliminate excess fluid from the body, so eat a few extra bananas, raisins, tomato paste and juice, white beans, soybeans, and kidney beans. Hydrotherapy: If you have swelling in the lower limbs, immerse the feet in warm water for about five minutes, then cold water for about 30 seconds. Homeopathy: Homeopathic remedies for edema in the lower limbs include apis mellifica, calcarea carbonica, ferrum metallicum, and ledum palustre. Mustard oil: This oil has a reputation for helping edema—warm some in your palms and massage the area gently toward the heart. Coriander seeds: Another reputed remedy for edema, coriander seeds boiled in water may help reduce the swelling. Medical and Site Disclaimer: The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. Localized allergies may be caused by any number of substances, ranging from poison ivy to different sorts of synthetic products and chemicals. Eczema develops relatively frequently in the feet and is often caused by an allergic reaction, although some forms, such as gravitational eczema, are caused by circulatory problems. Gout is particularly likely to cause swelling, first of a toe, and then later of larger portions of the feet.
A bacterial infection, either at the surface of the skin or at the site of a wound may cause itching and swelling. I normally used to wear socks with sneakers but this increased the itching, yet I can't work barefooted.
However, new research from a study published in the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation confirms that swelling and loss of arch height which comes with pregnancy can be permanent.
A person's feet may swell after she has been in a car for a long period of time or after a long airplane ride.
When someone suffers from heart failure, the heart cannot pump blood through the body properly. When someone's kidneys do not function properly, waste products and salt cannot be fully eliminated from the body. In some cases, swollen feet during pregnancy could be a sign of preeclampsia, high blood pressure during pregnancy that can be very dangerous for the fetus. Calcium channel blockers, used to treat high blood pressure, can make the feet swell, as can thiazolidinediones, which are used to treat diabetes, and vasodilators, drugs that open up blood vessels. But I think that if you are pregnant and have suddenly started getting foot swelling, you need to see your doctor for a check up. I was terribly worried about it at first but after a thorough check up with the cardiologist, I know that I'm fine. There will be continuous movement of lymphatic fluid in the bloodstream and due to any reason, if it gets blocked, it may give rise to lymphedema. Here the veins flow the blood moving in one way direction thus keeping the blood flow insufficient.
They would get nerve problem called diabetic neuropathy causing foot infection leading to formation of sores and blisters causing nerve damage.
There is every chance for fluid accumulation in the feet when kidneys are not functioning properly or when there is leakage in liver or when there is sudden heart failure. Using antidepressant drugs like norpramin, aventyl, amitriptyline, endep and nardil can cause swelling of feet.
It can appear suddenly, but usually develops subtly - the patient may first gain weight, or wake up with puffy eyes. This results in more blood circulating in the body, which in turn causes even more capillary leakage into the surrounding tissue, which produces additional swelling - a vicious cycle. Acute mountain sickness can lead to high altitude pulmonary edema or high altitude cerebral edema. During high temperatures, the body is less efficient at removing fluid from tissues, especially around the ankles.
Eclampsia, which results from pregnancy-induced hypertension (high blood pressure), can also cause edema.
During the days before menstrual bleeding, there will be a reduction in the levels of the hormone, progesterone, which may cause fluid retention. Low levels of albumin may also play a part - low albumin levels can also be caused by kidney disease. This results in more pressure on the blood vessels, which causes some of the liquid to leak out. Among the many symptoms of nephrotic syndrome is an insufficient level of blood albumin, which leads to edema.
If one or both of the lower chambers of the heart lose the ability to pump blood effectively, the blood can accumulate in the limbs, causing edema. This affects liver function, which causes the secretion of hormones and fluid-regulating chemicals to change. Arthritis may cause swelling for many reasons, for example, sporadic ankle swelling in rheumatoid arthritis is common and occurs mainly, as a result, of active inflammatory synovitis (inflammation of the synovial membrane, the lining of the joint). This causes an increase in pressure in the vein, which may result in leakage of fluids into the surrounding tissue, causing edema.
Varicose veins usually occur because valves become damaged; static pressure increases, resulting in the bulging veins. If this system is damaged the lymph nodes and lymph vessels which continually drain an area may not work as they should, it could result in edema.
But new research reveals that less than 50% of US adults with diabetic macular edema - retina swelling that can lead to blindness - are told by their doctor that diabetes is the cause of their condition, and less than 60% had a dilated eye exam in the last year.
Then, there are several steps you can take to encourage that fluid to drain and to get rid of edema for good. Any fluid buildup makes your heart and kidneys work harder, which can lead to long-term damage.


Getting back into a regular exercise routine—even walking for 30 minutes a day—can help keep edema away. If you have edema in the hands or arms, you hold them above your heart for about thirty minutes three times a day. All diuretics rob the body of potassium, so eat some extra potassium or add potassium supplements while consuming these herbs, and take them only until the edema is gone. I’m mentioning it again here in case your edema is caused by reduced heart function—CoQ10 helps improve heart function and may indirectly help reduce edema. For swelling in other parts of the body, try bovista, kali carbonicum, lycopodium, and natrum muriaticum. He started seriously researching personal and preventative natural health therapies in 2002 when he was struck with the reality that cancer ran deep in his family and if he didn’t change the way he was living — he might go down that same path. Itching is typically the first symptom of eczema to appear and may be accompanied by swelling, sometimes in the form of blisters. The loss of arch height is a result of flat feet, and the extra baby weight during pregnancy adds to the flattening of the arches.
If you believe you suffer from foot problems do to swollen feet from pregnancy, it is best to seek a podiatrist like Dr.
Other common causes of foot swelling include standing for a long period of time, a woman's menstrual cycle, and consuming high-sodium foods. Changes in hormonal levels, which occur during pregnancy, during a menstrual cycle, or from birth control and hormone replacement therapy, can also cause swelling in the feet. Preeclampsia does cause swelling and it may be difficult to know whether the swelling is normal or not if it is mild. In my case, the occasional swelling is just a side effect. But I agree with the article that reducing sodium in the diet, taking a walk every day and keeping feet up when resting at home are very helpful. In case of abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting symptoms, then you should consult your doctor immediately. Sometimes, the ligaments may not sit properly when stretched beyond its limit for some reasons. Due to this process, the valves get damaged and in turn blood drains down the veins causing accumulation of fluid in lower legs, causing swollen feet. They would not feel any sensation in their feet and hence swollen feet during diabetes is truly a matter of concern.
You need to consult your doctor when you have symptoms of fatigue, loss of breath, sudden weight gain and loss of appetite along with swollen feet. Often edema starts at feet (ankle area) but may occur in the sacral area or face (eyelids). When a woman is pregnant, her face will typically swell, as will her hands, lower limbs and feet. People with cirrhosis of the liver also have increased pressure within the portal vein - the large vein that carries blood from the intestines, spleen and pancreas, into the liver. The static pressure also increases the risk of leakage of fluids into the surrounding tissue.
The lump may press against a vein causing a build-up of pressure in that vein, which may result in fluids leaking into surrounding tissue. Dandelion greens help the body metabolize extra fluids and are also a great option when you have edema. Since then, he’s written and edited 6 books on the subject of natural health, diet and fitness.
We encourage you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional. These infections are especially common in hot and humid conditions and can be spread fairly easily in public spaces. According to Ashik Siddique, the result leads to increased in foot size, lasting long after delivery.
More serious conditions, like circulation problems, can cause swelling as well, however, as can kidney or liver problems.
The same happens when a person has venous insufficiency, which is when a person's veins, usually in the legs, are not strong enough to pump blood up to the heart. Cirrhosis, or liver damage, disrupts the organ's ability to remove toxins and fluids from the body, resulting in swelling in the feet, legs, and stomach area.
If the edema is caused by a heart, liver, or kidney problem, swelling may go down when the medical condition is treated. So it's best to see a doctor and get tested for preeclampsia just in case. My sister had preeclampsia during her pregnancy. Sometimes, this condition can become fatal if there is no absolute blood flow from the heart to the feet area.
Water retention has different causes and characteristics, starting from diseases with general impairment.
The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) estimates that the number of cases of diabetic retinopathy will triple from 5.5 million in 2005 to 16 million in 2050. It occurs most often in the legs or feet, but it can happen anywhere in the body, even inside where it’s not easily visible.
During this time, he’s constantly been humbled by what experts claim they know and what actually is true. In her case, she had swelling, not just in her feet and ankles, but also her hands and face. As someone with high blood pressure, I need to do these for my general health and to keep my blood pressure under control anyway. You can also apply ice packs or keep the leg in elevated position for reducing inflammation.
This has led him to experiment with many diets and protocols — including vegan, raw food, fasting, medical treatments and more — to find out what is myth and what really works in the real world. My sister's swelling developed suddenly and it was severe so there was no doubt about it being abnormal in her case.
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