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A new clinical drug trial could help to boost the survival rates of hundreds of Irish women suffering from an aggressive form of breast cancer. The Irish Daily Mail reports that this new drug is now being made available to suitable patients at special centres for breast cancer care, and leading cancer experts are optimistic that this ground-breaking treatment will become the standard once the trials are proved successful. The trial, which is being called ‘Aphinity’ and uses the new drug pertuzumab, is targeted at women who are suffering from HER2 breast cancer – one of the most aggressive forms of the disease. Women who are suitable to try this new trial drug will be given it after their breast cancer surgery and chemotherapy. Cancer experts are very enthusiastic that this new drug will help to majorly boost the survival rates of hundreds of women. Dr Hennessy, who is the vice president of the All-Ireland Co-operative Oncology Research Group, said that it was a privilege to be able to run these new cutting-edge trials. If you, or anyone you know, is currently suffering from breast cancer or you would like to learn more about the illness, please visit Breast Cancer Ireland by clicking here.
SEER is an authoritative source of information on cancer incidence and survival in the United States.
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Bladder Cancer - Did you know that men are more likely than women to be diagnosed with bladder cancer? Expand All Collapse AllLifetime risk estimates are not available with the current statistics release, but will be added later when population data for older age groups are available.
Prevalence of This Cancer: In 2013, there were an estimated 587,426 people living with bladder cancer in the United States. Relative survival statistics compare the survival of patients diagnosed with cancer with the survival of people in the general population who are the same age, race, and sex and who have not been diagnosed with cancer.
Cancer stage at diagnosis, which refers to extent of a cancer in the body, determines treatment options and has a strong influence on the length of survival. The earlier bladder cancer is caught, the better chance a person has of surviving five years after being diagnosed. In 2016, it is estimated that there will be 76,960 new cases of bladder cancer and an estimated 16,390 people will die of this disease. Keeping track of the number of new cases, deaths, and survival over time (trends) can help scientists understand whether progress is being made and where additional research is needed to address challenges, such as improving screening or finding better treatments.
Using statistical models for analysis, rates for new bladder cancer cases have been falling on average 0.8% each year over the last 10 years. All statistics in this report are based on statistics from SEER and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics.
Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Miller D, Bishop K, Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, Mariotto A, Lewis DR, Chen HS, Feuer EJ, Cronin KA (eds). All material in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated. The statistics presented in this factsheet are based on the most recent data available, most of which can be found in the SEER Cancer Statistics Review.
Overall cancer death rates in the United States are continuing to drop, a trend that started in the early 1990s, according to the latest annual report on the status of cancer published this month in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. A new study finds that cancer survival rates have improved overall for many individuals with cancer of the breast, prostate, lung, liver, colon and rectum.
After reaching a plateau in 2008, global trade is showing improvement now, but is still trending at or below the average for the previous few decades. Emerging OECD members that are faring much better include Mexico, South Korea and Turkey.* Overall, the global economy is recovering, but at a frustratingly slow pace compared to previous such crises. Personal genome sequencing enters the mainstreamThe use of bioinformatics in healthcare is growing exponentially during this time, thanks in large part to the falling cost of genome sequencing.
After the Human Genome Project was finished in 2003, its potential for public use began to be realised. Among the early adopters was 23andMe, a company which offered partial genome sequencing to customers. By the end of this decade, these genome sequencers have a wide range of practical applications.
But perhaps the most widespread use of genome sequencing is now among the general public, who can utilise it for a mere fraction of the cost in the previous decade. Five-year survival rates for thyroid cancer are nearing 100%The thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands. On 1st January 2015, Lithuania officially adopts the euro as its currency, replacing the litas and becoming the 19th Eurozone country.
The Eurasian Union (EAU) is a political and economic union consisting of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan.
In November 2011, the presidents of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia agreed on a target of establishing the EAU by 2015. It was speculated that future expansion of the Union might allow membership for other countries with close historical or cultural ties – such as Finland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, China and Mongolia, incorporating them into a common state body with Russian as the common language of communication and economic cooperation. The Universal Exposition is held in Milan this year, the first time the city has hosted the event since 1906. The first self-regulating artificial heartIn 2013, French Professor Alain Carpentier engineered the first self-regulating artificial heart, using biomaterials and electronic sensors. Permanent artificial hearts had been around since 1982, with similar inventions that preceded them going back to the 1940s. Queen Elizabeth II is the longest reigning monarch in British historyOn 10th September 2015, Elizabeth II becomes the longest reigning monarch in British history – surpassing the record held by Victoria, her great-great grandmother. The six decades of her reign have witnessed enormous changes on the world stage – including the dismantling of the British Empire, the civil rights movement, the growing empowerment of women in society, the development of the Space Age, accelerating globalisation, the fall of communism in Europe, the end of the Cold War, the dawn of the information age, and the rise of China, to name but a few. In 2015, the United Kingdom introduces Finger Vein Authentication Technology (VeinID) to improve banking security.** These devices are initially provided to corporate clients, but soon made available to regular consumers.
Desktop card readers, phone authentication and PIN codes are no longer needed, as vein pattern recognition is both faster and more reliable. Following the much-criticised Windows 8, Microsoft launches a major overhaul of the operating system in 2015. Of particular interest on Ceres were two distinct bright spots (high-albedo features) inside a crater,* which led to speculation about a possible cryovolcanic origin or outgassing. In July 2015, NASA's New Horizons spacecraft performed a close flyby of Pluto, becoming the first mission in history to visit the distant world. The initial photos revealed a surprisingly young terrain, evidenced by the lack of impact craters and suggesting that volcanism or some other geological process reshaped the landscape within the last 100 million years.



Because of the vast distance between Pluto and Earth (radio communications took four and a half hours, even at the speed of light), it was only possible to return a faint signal at 1 or 2 kilobytes per second. Despite growing rapidly, electric cars still only accounted for a tiny percentage (0.1%) of the billion or so total cars in the world.
Battery swapping was another method being developed, whereby a depleted battery is exchanged for a fully charged one in five minutes, saving the delay of waiting for the battery to charge.
Other opportunity areas for cutting costs included vehicle lightweighting to extend range, electric-drive systems fully integrating motors and electronics, employing wide bandgap semiconductors, nanotechnology materials and non-rare earth motors. Trucks with emergency braking systems are mandatory in EuropeIn November 2015, an EU law comes into effect which mandates that all new trucks must be fitted with emergency braking and collision warning systems.* This has been introduced in an effort to lower the number of rear-end collisions, which account for a significant proportion of road accidents.
If the truck fails to detect any reaction from the driver, such as steering or braking, the light begins to flash red accompanied by a beeping sound. By the end of this decade, the system is being extended to cars, too.* As more and more technology appears both in vehicles and road infrastructure, the number of accident fatalities continues to trend downwards,* reaching almost zero in the latter half of the century, with human drivers being entirely replaced by AI. In 2000, the largest gathering of world leaders in history took place, as 193 UN member states met in New York to discuss the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
To accelerate progress towards the MDGs, the G-8 Finance Ministers met in London in June 2005 and reached an agreement to provide enough funds to the World Bank, the IMF and the African Development Bank to write off $55bn of debt owed by the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC). Achieving the MDGs would not necessarily depend on economic growth alone and expensive solutions. By 2010, some countries had achieved many goals, while others were not on track to realise any. However, some regions in Sub-Saharan Africa failed to make any significant changes in improving their quality of life. This also correlates with similar results from a much-discussed 2013 study from the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Now before single readers go running off to eharmony in search of an insta-mate, it seems there is one hugely important aspect of the study to be aware of: Association is not the same as causation.
The more I look at it, the idea that love and close relationships can make a tangible difference in treating diseases is actually phenomenal news, whatever your marital status. It also means we should all really think more about how essential it is to support those loved ones of cancer patients and provide them with what they need, too.
You can also visit the Cancer Prevention Institute of California website to get more information about their work, subscribe to their newsletters, or make a tax-deductible donation in support. To put this into perspective, around 400 women of the 2,800 that are diagnosed with breast cancer in Ireland every year, register as HER2 positive. SEER currently collects and publishes cancer incidence and survival data from population-based cancer registries covering approximately 28 percent of the U.S.
Because survival statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. In general, if the cancer is found only in the part of the body where it started it is localized (sometimes referred to as stage 1). The number of new cases of bladder cancer was 20.1 per 100,000 men and women per year based on 2009-2013 cases. It is shaped like a small balloon and has a muscular wall that allows it to get larger or smaller. Cancer that begins in the transitional cells may spread through the lining of the bladder and invade the muscle wall of the bladder or spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes; this is called invasive bladder cancer.
Because these statistics are based on large groups of people, they cannot be used to predict exactly what will happen to an individual patient. During that same decade among women, death rates decreased 1.4 percent per year, lowering for 15 of the 18 most common cancers. An increase in kidney cancer incidence rates is thought to reflect, in part, increased diagnosis as well as the obesity epidemic.
Although cancer is a leading cause of death in the United States, people are living longer, especially those who were diagnosed at an early age.
Wei Zheng, co-leader of the Cancer Epidemiology Research Program at the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center in Nashville, Tenn., conducted a study that analyzed data on over 1 million patients diagnosed with cancer from 1990 to 2009. For example, individuals diagnosed with colorectal cancer from 2005-2009 had a 43 percent lower risk of death compared to similar patients who were diagnosed from 1990-1994.
Zheng said that further study needs to be done to identify specific reasons for slower improvement in survival rates in elderly Americans and the reduced survival rate in Black Americans. While growth is strongest in developing countries, it is still slower than during the pre-crisis period. It had taken nearly 15 years and billions of dollars to identify and map all 3.3 billion base pairs in the human genome. Despite a slowdown of cost reductions in the early 2010s,* along with regulatory hurdles,* this company along with a range of others entering the market had already opened the floodgates. They can be used at crime scenes, for example, to analyse biological evidence without having to return to the laboratory, saving time and money. Just as the Internet seemed to appear out of nowhere during the mid-1990s, personalised genomics is now entering the mainstream.
Found in the neck, it controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones.
It creates a single economic market of 171 million people and a gross domestic product of US$3 trillion. The agreement included a roadmap for future integration and established the Eurasian Commission (modelled on the European Commission) and the Eurasian Economic Space, which started work on 1st January 2012. The main theme of the exposition is the future availability of food and water supplies and the state of nutrition and health in the years to come. The device weighed 900g, was roughly the same size as a real heart and could imitate its functions exactly.
Unlike previous versions, however, Carpentier's invention was the first to be completely artificial and self-regulating.
The next milestone (assuming she lives that long) will be in 2022 – her Platinum Jubilee.
Other countries had already used this form of personal biometric scanning in certain banks and cash machines, but the UK is the first to offer it for homes and remote offices globally. NASA later said the spots were consistent with highly reflective materials containing ice or salts, but that cryovolcanism was unlikely. The onboard cameras showed icy mountains reaching up to 11,000ft (3,300m) high, comparable to North America's Rocky Mountains. This number grew exponentially during the next five years,* reaching over a million by the end of 2015.


The main factors limiting their uptake were the high cost (even after government incentives), range anxiety, charging times and lack of public recharging infrastructure. The first modern commercial deployment of this technology* ended in bankruptcy for the company involved* – but others would continue to develop and standardise the technology. When the system detects a vehicle that the truck will hit at its current speed, the warning system activates a constant red light in the windscreen in order to attract the driver's attention.
This would allow these impoverished nations to re-channel the money saved from the cancelled debt to social programs for improving health and education and for alleviating poverty. In the case of MDG 4, some developing countries like Bangladesh showed that it was possible to reduce child mortality with only modest growth, via inexpensive but effective interventions such as measles immunisation. The countries with major success stories included China (whose citizens in poverty fell from 452m to 278m), India, Brazil, Thailand, Vietnam, Cuba, Honduras, Nicaragua, Ecuador and Ethiopia. It also gives credence to the necessity of honoring same-sex marriage, as well as to honoring the commitment of couples who have chosen less traditional paths.
Perhaps some of the billions we allocate toward research each year become dedicated to more social support; meaning we may end up with a tremendously cost-effective way to improve rates of survival. And if have a loved one going through treatment, visit the American Cancer Society for a list of support programs near you. According to reports today, hundreds of women with an aggressive form of the illness are expected to have their survival rates boost through a new clinical drug trial.
The study results showed the women who got Herceptin and chemo did substantially better in terms of cure rates,” said Dr Bryan Hennessy, a leading oncologist.
No two patients are entirely alike, and treatment and responses to treatment can vary greatly. This factsheet does not address causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, follow-up care, or decision making, although it provides links to information in many of these areas. Among both men and women there was an increased death rate for cancers of the pancreas and liver. Featuring the Burden and Trends in HPV-Associated Cancers and HPV Vaccination Coverage Levels.
The percentage of increase varied among the different types of cancer, but each cancer survival rate increased in the 50 to 64 age group. However, Brawley agreed that sometimes it is appropriate to treat older patients with aggressive therapy, but this should be decided by their doctor. The goal for all cancer research is improved care and treatments for all, so analysis will continue in these categories (Source: Consumer Healthday). However, the methods used to achieve this goal were improving at a rate even faster than Moore's Law in computer chips.* From 2008, the cost per genome went into freefall. Its popularity stems from the health benefits and medical insights it offers: after the base pairs are sequenced, an individual's genotype can be cross-referenced with a database of published literature to determine the likelihood of trait expression and disease risk later in life. It does so by producing thyroid hormones which regulate metabolism and affect the growth and rate of function of many other systems in the body. In July 2014, the Council of the European Union agreed that Lithuania met its entry criteria and would be allowed to adopt the euro as its currency. The idea, based on the EU's integration, was brought to attention in October 2011 by then-Prime Minister of Russia, Vladimir Putin, but was first proposed as a concept by the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, during a 1994 speech at a Moscow university. A treaty to enlarge the group to include Armenia was signed in October 2014 and Kyrgyzstan followed in December 2014, with all five members officially establishing the Union in January 2015. New technology is on display with the aim of reducing poverty and famine around the world, as well as the spread of infectious diseases.
The process takes just two seconds, using a near-infrared (NIR) LED and monochrome CCD camera sensor to make the red pigment in blood (haemoglobin) absorb NIR light, with veins appearing as dark lines. Higher resolution images also confirmed that, instead of one or two spots, there were actually several.
A number of notable innovations were underway, however, that would allow these vehicles to continue their upward trend. By the end of 2015, around 98 percent of the US population would lie within range of a station. When all this fails too, an emergency braking system is activated, bringing the truck to a complete stop.
But overall, the reduction in poverty and increased access to health, education, technology and other essential services was without precedent in many countries' histories. Factors that contribute to the decline in death rates for many of the common cancers include improved early detection and treatment, the report notes. Wei stated, “Although survival rates for most cancers have improved over the past few decades, the improvements were less remarkable among elderly patients.
In the 75 to 85 age group, the odds of survival were not as significant but were still improved.
Thanks to nanopores and other novel technology,* these were now becoming so compact and fast that it was possible to get results from a handheld device in a matter of hours, at low cost. This allows them to prepare years or even decades in advance and to seek treatment or advice at a much earlier stage.* By 2020, tens of millions of human genomes have been sequenced in countries around the world.
In addition to surgery (which included thyroidectomy, lobectomy and tracheostomy), numerous drugs were being developed that improved the outlook for sufferers still further.
A working prototype of a vertical farm is also presented as an alternative to traditional agricultural methods. New measurements also showed that Pluto was slightly larger than previously thought, with a diameter of 2,370 km (1,472 mi), compared to earlier estimates of 2,306 km (1,432 mi).
In addition, to alert other drivers to the situation, the brake lights on the rear of the truck will change from fixed to flashing. Of particular note was the number of deaths due to AIDS, which saw a dramatic levelling off and decline.* A new set of goals is established for 2016-2030. The event is a catalyst for talks among concerned parties such as farmers, non-profit organisations, humanitarian workers and environmentalists, initiating new movements for change. More than 100 nations from around the world participate in the Expo, which runs from 1st May until 31st October. The OS features a more unified code base, for improved compatibility and simpler transfer of data between various devices and services. Advanced gesture recognition is also incorporated, now that 3D cameras are becoming more common.



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