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It was the one they trained me on, and for that simple reason, it was the only one way back then that I felt confident enough to use when something just had to be knocked down. When measured from the front of the recoil lug to the muzzle, the standard twenty-four inch barrel gave way to an impressive twenty-nine inches, not including the nine inch sound suppressor.
I fell in love with that rifle, even though I had loads of opportunity to fire other sniper systems. In use since the 1940s, the M1903-A4 was used primarily by the Marine Corps until around the middle of the war, and then replaced by superior systems.
The M1 Garand sniper variants were used by the Marines and some elements of the Army, but it was replaced by the M21 around 1968.
If I had to choose one rifle for use as a sniper system out of the aforementioned field of six weapons, it would, of course, be the McMillan. Since those early years, however, I have had he opportunity to fire off rounds with some pretty exotic rifles, including some of the Barretts, and, my all-time favorite, the Accuracy International.
Rumors are now flying around about what the major gun manufacturers have up their collective sleeves insofar as futuristic sniper systems for use by the military and law enforcement folks.
Take a trip back in time through the gun ads of the good ol days (18 PHOTOS)Marine seeks appeal of classified data case citing breaks given to HillaryMass. By clicking Confirm bid, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder. By clicking Confirm bid, you are committing to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder and have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab.
By clicking 1 Click Bid, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder. How diorama storm castle, New tutorial on how to use foam to make wargaming terrain or a diorama. The red lancers, Send questions or comments about the functionality of this website to the red lancers webmaster. In this June 11, 1963 file photo, Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk, burns himself to death on a Saigon street to protest alleged persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government.
In this March 19, 1964 file photo, a father holds the body of his child as South Vietnamese Army Rangers look down from their armored vehicle near the Cambodian border in Vietnam. In this June 15, 1967 file photo, American infantrymen crowd into a mud-filled bomb crater and look up at tall jungle trees seeking out Viet Cong snipers firing at them during a battle in Phuoc Vinh, north-Northeast of Saigon in Vietnam's War Zone D. In this April 1969 file photo, a South Vietnamese woman mourns over the body of her husband, found with 47 others in a mass grave near Hue, Vietnam. In this June 8, 1972 file photo, 9-year-old Kim Phuc, center, runs down Route 1 near Trang Bang, Vietnam after an aerial napalm attack. This May 1970 file photo shows demonstrators showing their sign of protest as ROTC cadets parade at Ohio State University during a ceremony in Columbus, Ohio during the Vietnam War. Left - In this 1966 file photo, the body of an American paratrooper killed in action in the jungle near the Cambodian border is raised up to an evacuation helicopter in War Zone C, Vietnam. In this April 30, 1975 file photo, a North Vietnamese tank rolls through the gate of the Presidential Palace in Saigon, signifying the fall of South Vietnam. In this April 29, 1975 file photo, a South Vietnamese mother and her three children are shown on the deck of an amphibious command ship being plucked out of Saigon by U.S. You should also know that The Sacramento Bee does not screen comments before they are posted.
The photo was taken the day after a night ambush patrol that this sniper, wish I could remember his name, was assigned to. I had the pleasure to fire this weapon at the range in Cu Chi at night with the matched star-light scope. Little did they know how much just putting that action into a tight fitting usgi fiberglass with some forend reinforcement would have done for it. The M21 Sniper Rifle weapon system is probably one of the must under rated, misunderstood, ans unappreciated rifles we had. I just saw that same picture in this thread, debating whether or not that is Carlos Hathcock. Given their frames of reference and taking into account the technologies of the times in which they were fighting, all were equipped with some of the best infantry arms available—arms which would have an effect far beyond their own particular periods.
I wanted to challenge myself and try to come up with a list that did not just look back on history but also, tried to predict it. In an attempt to be consistent in calculating when the last known veteran of these 20th Century wars and conflicts will die, I came up with the following criteria. Two – we can assume the last survivor of that war or conflict enlisted when they were 16 years old at the tail end of the war, or the last year of the war if the war was fought over multiple years.
Given these assumptions, we can calculate with a degree of certainty, when the last known veteran of any conflict should die. So here we go – here is a list of ten expected dates when the last veteran of a 20th Century war or conflict should pass away.
The Mexican Revolution was a major armed struggle that started in 1910, with an uprising led by Francisco I.
The last known and verified participant died in 2010, Juan Carlos Caballero Vega who was Pancho Villa’s driver.
Therefore, assuming both of these men did in fact fight in the Mexican Revolution and either lives to the age of 114, the last veteran of that conflict will pass into history on or about the year 2012.
Assuming Kowalski lives to the age of 114 the last known veteran of the Polish-Soviet war will pass away on or about the year 2014. World War I was one of the two greatest wars of the 20th Century and involved at least 20 different countries around the world . There is one verified person from the era of the World War I conflict still alive – though she did not fight in the war in any capacity. Assuming Ms Green makes it to the age of 114, we can assume the last surviving veteran of World War I will die on or about the year 2015. The Spanish Civil War began as a right-wing rebellion against the leftist Republican government of Spain. We can predict with some accuracy when the last Spanish Civil War veteran will die because we know the age of the youngest surviving participant.
Assuming he is the last survivor of this war and lives to a maximum age of 114, then the last surviving veteran of the Spanish Civil War should die no later than the year 2035. World War Two, fought between the Allied and Axis powers and which involved dozens of countries around the world and the participation of tens of millions of combatants, needs no introduction or explanation.
Around the world the veterans of this the greatest of all 20th Century conflicts are dying off. If that last veteran lives to be 114 years old, then the last veteran of World War II should die on or about 2043. The Korean War or Korean Conflict has a big personal connection for me as my father fought in this war. As most know, the Korean War was a conventional war fought between the United Nations forces, allied with South Korea, against the North Korean forces allied with China and the Soviet Union. The Six-Day War also known as the Third Arab-Israeli War, was fought between June 5 and June 10, 1967, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
By far the easiest war to know when the youngest combatant may have registered (June 10, 1967), let us assume again they were 16 at the time. If the youngest enlistee for any of the combatants was 16 years of age at the end of the war in 1975, then that gives them a birth year of 1959.
The Falklands War started on Friday, April 2, 1982, with the Argentine invasion and occupation of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. Assuming the youngest Argentinean or British service person enlisted in 1982 at the age of 16 and lives to be 114, the last known survivor of this conflict would die on or about the year 2080. One of the bloodiest and least known wars of the latter half of the 20th Century was the eight year conflict between Iran and Iraq. Once again, assuming the last veteran enlisted in 1988 at the age of 16, the last known veteran of this war will die on or about 2086. Thus, for some of the major conflicts and wars of the 20th Century, the last living participant from these wars will not make the 22nd Century. I was nineteen years old at the time, and all the neat new sniper systems we take for granted today, were things I couldn’t even begin to imagine in the 1960s. The rifling was pretty much standard with a 1 in 12” twist, matched with a deeply recessed target crown.
Back then, some of the weapons used for long-range precision shooting included the Springfield M1903-A4, the Winchester Model 70, the Lee Enfield rifle, the M-21, as well as the wonderful old M-1 Garand.
But that is just my personal preference, sort of a touchy-feely impression, and not grounded by any physics or hard science at all. Today we can hit targets out to around 1.5 miles, and be less than surprised when we make a fairly accurate shot a few meters beyond that amazing distance. That same good, “one-off” friend is now all giddy with excitement about what may possibly be right around the next corner, and praying that his wife will allow him to spend a few thousand dollars of their retirement money so that he can have his very own ultra-long-range sniper rifle, with a “high top-end” scope, of course.
Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount. 1, 1955, and ended 35 years ago on April 30, 1975 when Saigon, now known as Ho Chi Minh City, fell.
The war ended on April 30, 1975, with the fall of Saigon, now known as Ho Chi Minh City, to communist troops from the north.

Army helicopters pour machine gun fire into a tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in Vietnam.
1, 1966 file photo, women and children crouch in a muddy canal as they take cover from intense Viet Cong fire at Bao Trai, about 20 miles west of Saigon, Vietnam. Denied a graduation ceremony because of student unrest in 1970, graduates of several universities are finally getting a commencement in special ceremonies this spring. Navy personnel aboard the USS Blue Ridge push a helicopter into the sea off the coast of Vietnam in order to make room for more evacuation flights from Saigon.
He wanted me to take his photo with the weapon, which by the way I have along with the photo of his sniper school class at graduation in Cu Chi.
It's a fine weapon and I was very happy to have it and the sniper as our guest on ambush patrol that evening. The role of the infantryman, for the most part, has pretty much been the same through the ages, and if you read some period accounts, it becomes obvious that they all shared similar experiences.
That’s what this piece is about—my personal impressions of the world’s most important infantry firearms.
By the second half of the 15th century, the touchholes of these early “handgonnes” were moved from the tops to the sides of the barrels and they were fitted with priming pans and simple S-shaped “serpentines,” which could hold a length of slow match -- hemp cord that had been steeped in a potassium nitrate solution -- in their jaws to effect a more efficient ignition. So I came up with a list of predicted dates by which the last known veterans of 20th Century wars will die. For me it is incredible to think that with that individual resides the last living memory of something the impacted the entire world – surviving the Hindenburg or Titanic disasters, participating in world wars, etc. First – most young men who sign up for any war do so, at the youngest, at about the age of 16. Therefore – we can assume this person will be the last known participant of that conflict to sign up, at the very end of the war, at the youngest possible age.
However, two men claim to have fought in the revolution and are still alive, Guillermo Flores Reyes and John Redhawk, both born in 1898. He took part in the September Campaign in World War II, and was later held in a concentration camp. However, as we know the veterans of conflicts from this era seem to die at the age of 110-111, it may be safer to assume next year, 2012, will be the end for Mr. World War I was called the World War or the Great War or The War to End All Wars from its occurrence until 1939, when we decided we should have a second world war and add numbers next to the title. Still, she alone holds the last possible living memory of a participant to that historic event.
Led by General Francisco Franco, the Nationalist rebels fought a long and bloody civil war against their Republican foes.
The youngest known veteran on either side of this war is Hans Landauer, from Austria, who, at 90 years old, was born on April 21, 1921 (he fought on the Republic Side). It was the single greatest war or conflict of the 20th Century, and that was saying something for the 20th Century. Soon, this Great War will pass into history as the last of the millions of combatants passes away. Assuming a 16 year old enlisted for one of the combatant’s armies at that time, just in time to participate in the end of the conflict, then that would mean they were born about 1937. Assuming they live to be 114 years old, then the last known and verified combatant of the Vietnam War should die on or about the year 2073.
Britain launched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Argentine Air Force, and retake the islands by amphibious assault. Using the aforementioned criteria, the last known veteran of this war should die on or about 2089.
That is, assuming, huge new advances in medical technology and improvements in longevity do not make it possible (or even normal) to live past the age of 114. It was what a good friend referred to as a “one off,” meaning, it had been modified to the point of being almost unrecognizable. Remington 700 accounted for the short action, and that included truing receiver face, receiver lug shoulders and bolt head, with the bolt lugs lapped to the receiver, threads, and surface ground recoil lug.
The M21 Sniper Weapons System was a version of the M14, but tooled for accuracy, and it was the primary semi-automatic rifle for the war in Vietnam. Some were just too big and heavy for a little guy like me, and others didn’t have that aesthetic appeal I lean towards. Back in the 1960s, however, hitting a target at half those distances seemed to be, in my case anyway, pure dumb luck. I see trouble in paradise for my good friend, as I know his wife will view the potential purchase as a waste of money, and see the weapon ending up like his must-have motorboat that accumulates dust for 350 days out of the year.
If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. The United States entered the war to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam as part of their wider strategy of containment.
2nd Battalion, 173rd Airborne Brigade hold their automatic weapons above water as they cross a river in the rain during a search for Viet Cong positions in the jungle area of Ben Cat, South Vietnam. Marines emerge from their muddy foxholes at sunrise after a third night of fighting against continued attacks of north Vietnamese 324 B division troops during the Vietnam War. Nguyen Ngoc Loan, chief of the national police, fires his pistol into the head of suspected Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem, also known as Bay Lop, on a Saigon street, early in the Tet Offensive.
Embassy in Saigon, trying to reach evacuation helicopters, as the last of the Americans depart from Vietnam. We will delete comments containing inappropriate links, obscenities, hate speech, and personal attacks. Training on this system was fairly easy and it could provide consistant hits out to 900 meters (about 1000 yards) in the hands of a good shooter. Most armorers were not familure or didn't have proper training on this rifle and parts were in short supply for it's limited issue. Some had longer service lives than others, but all had a great influence on history and in the further development of weaponry. Third – we can assume a maximum life expectancy for any man or woman of about 114 years. Over time the Revolution changed from a revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war.
World War I was a major war centered in Europe that began in July 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. Franco’s forces received significant military aid from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.
In the US alone, of the estimated 16 million members of the United States armed forces during World War II, approximately 2 million American veterans are still living.
Assuming that last veteran lives to the age of 114, then the last Korean War veteran, somewhere on Earth, will die on or about the year 2051. Assuming they live to be 114 years old, the last veteran of the Six-Day War will die on or about the year 2065. As 1959 was the year I was born, the Vietnam War will be the last 20th Century war where I have even the slightest possibility of outliving the last combatant (hardly likely, but possible). The conflict ended with the Argentine surrender on June 14, 1982, and the islands remained under British control.
The Iran-Iraq War lasted from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the longest conventional war of the twentieth century. Those modifications included a free-floating barrel, a bolt-on silencer, Harris bi-pod front legs, retooling to make it fire the .338 round, an enlarged and retooled ejector port, a fiberglass stock instead of the standard wooden stock, and a foam-filled leather pouch strapped to the butt-stock that, in essence, formed the best cheek rest I have ever used.
There were other rifles used in Vietnam, such as hunting rifles converted to sniper weapons, but this short list were the primary ones. Personally, I hope he gets one of the new sniper weapons, as, with his arthritic knees he can only manage a bench rest now, and I’m keeping my fingers crossed that I get the chance to use the thing the next time I’m up at their house. Stirm is greeted by his family at Travis Air Force Base in Fairfield, Calif., as he returns home from the Vietnam War. I’ll present them in chronological order rather than by some subjective merit system, for as I said, in their heyday they were all the best there was.
In fairly short order, it was further refined by the development of true locks -- mechanisms which involved simple springs and were more easily manipulated by long sear bars, or “trickers.” The term “lock,” by the by, comes from the fact that these early contrivances used some of the same technology as door and casket locks. Of course this is not a guarantee and in some conflicts (Vietnam War) we can assume even younger men and women participated. True, some rare individuals may live to the age of about 120, but this is very rare and for some reason, 114 appears to be the age where most super centenarians finally give out and die. Though it continued with sporadic bloodshed through the 1920s, the Mexican Revolution is generally thought to have ended about 1920 with the adoption of the Mexican Constitution of 1917. 9, 1964 file photo, a South Vietnamese soldier uses the end of a dagger to beat a farmer for allegedly supplying government troops with inaccurate information about the movement of Viet Cong guerrillas in a village west of Saigon, Vietnam.
The matchlock -- there were different sizes ranging from the light arquebus and caliver to the heavy musket -- allowed the infantryman to load, aim and fire with relative ease and speed, and established the preeminence of firearms over bows and arrows and pikes on the battlefield. It surprised me to learn that there were still American Civil War veterans alive almost up until the year I was born. However, in general, for most world armed forces, 16 years of age is the youngest they will knowingly allow a person to enlist. If you want to read more on the science of why people generally clock out at the age of 114, read this.

Had he lived to the maximum age of 114 (and died in 2015) he would have exemplified my assumptions. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized and more than 9 million combatants were killed, largely because of great technological advances in firepower. It resulted in the deaths of 255 British and 649 Argentine soldiers, sailors, and airmen, and the deaths of three civilian Falkland Islanders.
The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, launching a simultaneous invasion by air and land into Iranian territory in September 1980. This ultimately spelled the demise in importance of the elite, heavily armed cavalrymen and democratized the battlefield. He was, quite possibly, one of the youngest and last to enlist, and lived almost to the maximum age of 114. A staggering number of deaths and that does not include the millions more who died as a result of the war and the Great Influenza Pandemic that followed. However we know the pace of WWII veterans dying off is not steady and some will live until about the age of 114. It also helped fight a 30-year religious-political war in Europe and helped establish -- for a short time -- an interregnum in England. Just this year we saw the passing of three such last survivors – Frank Buckles and Claude Choules, the last known and verified WWI combat veterans and Audrey Lawson-Johnston, the last survivor of the Lusitania sinking. Therefore, a more accurate estimate of when the last veteran of WWII will die would be around the year 2043. Given shorter life expectancies of those born at the turn of the last century, it may not have been realistic to assume the veterans of this war could reach 114 years of age.
This assumes the youngest enlistee in WWII, from some country, was 16 years of age and enlisted at the very end of the war in August 1945 (a birth date of around 1929). By this war's end, the Vietnamese had been fighting foreign involvement or occupation in various wars for over a hundred years. The British flintlock musket to which the term refers was originally called the “King’s Arm” or “Land Pattern.” But by around 1785, the reference was in commonplace usage. It has been put forward that the nickname came from the gun’s browned metal parts and brown stock. Only problem here is, the steel parts were bright metal, and by 1727, when the gun first appeared, a natural wood-colored stock was nothing special in military arms. Frankly, it was not much better than other French, German or Dutch infantry arms of the period, but it was well made and reliable.
It had a hollow base that expanded into the gun’s rifling by the force of the propellant charge. This meant that a sub-caliber bullet could be rapidly muzzle-loaded like a smoothbore, but would have the accuracy of a rifle.
In no time at all other countries adopted the system, most importantly the Brits, who first used it in a fairly large bore rifle-musket in 1851 and then perfected the system in their “smallbore” .577 Pattern 1853 Enfield. It was accurate, employed more-or-less interchangeable parts and was easily mastered by even the most mutton-headed infantryman. It is perhaps the only firearm to actually be one of the causes of a war -- the Indian Mutiny where Hindu and Muslim troops refused to bite off the tails of the paper cartridges because they were supposedly greased in pig or beef fat, anathemas to one or the other religion. The ’53 was the Confederates’ most widely used firearm and the North’s second most popular rifle-musket in the Civil War. Breech-loaders had been around almost from the inception of firearms, but they were often awkward to use and still required some sort of external ignition.
In 1848, Prussia became the first nation to adopt a bolt-action breech-loader that fired a self-contained cartridge as its primary infantry arm. Invented by Nicholas von Dreyse, it was called the Zundnadelgewehr, or “Needle Rifle.” Ignition of the gun’s paper round was effected by a long, slender needle, which passed right through the base of the cartridge and the powder charge to strike an internal percussion cap sited on a sabot at the rear of an egg-shaped bullet. The gun was rifled, unlike most primary infantry arms of the period that were smooth-bore, and it worked pretty darned well. The main problem was erosion of the needle caused by the explosion of the black powder charge. This was remedied by issuing soldiers with spare needles and designing the bolt so they could be easily replaced. It was much studied and lauded by ordnance experts worldwide, but strangely enough, despite the Needle Gun’s superiority, it really never caught on much outside of Germany -- though some were actually carried by General Charles Gordon’s bodyguard during the Taiping Rebellion in China, of all places.
Starting life around the latter part of the Civil War, the Remington Rolling Block was simple, strong and effective -- all attributes for countries whose soldiers signed their enlistment forms with X’s. That’s where the name comes from -- inserted a cartridge, closed the block, cocked the hammer all the way and fired. The Remington folks were great salesmen, and their guns were adaptable to many different calibers. Rolling Blocks were used by Yankee civilians, by militia units and in limited numbers by the Navy, but it was overseas that they really came into their own.
Rolling Blocks were seen in such disparate places as Egypt, Denmark, Sweden, Mexico, Argentina, Greece, Spain, Persia, China, Chile, Peru… The list just goes on and on.
It familiarized many soldiers with the self-contained metallic cartridge and provided an excellent transition to the more sophisticated repeaters of a later time. Despite what many would like to think, in the 19th century, France was in the forefront of many kinds of technology -- aeronautics, automobiles, medicine, recorded sound, photography, etc. They also came up with some pretty good military weapons -- the Model 1873 French revolver is a very under-appreciated handgun -- including the Model 1886 Lebel. Named after Colonnel Lebel, head of the commission that developed it, the Lebel rifle itself was actually just a clunky amalgam of several different firearms -- a slab-sided, tubular-magazine bolt-action repeater that was nothing particularly special, even in 1886. It used that new-fangled smokeless powder -- a propellant that was reputed to produce not only no smoke, but no noise.
German agents even spied on the French trials and sent back glowing reports about the new gun and cartridge. There were some other really good Mausers leading up to this one, but when this sucker hit the scene, everything that came before was passe. The company took the best of earlier designs, refined them and added a few new wrinkles -- most notably a third lug to an earlier-style bolt to act as a “safety” device if the other two failed, a bigger gas shield, a reinforcing collar machined into the receiver ring to completely enclose the bolt head and screws, etc. Originally chambered in 7.9x57mm (8mm Mauser), this five-shooter was strong, reliable and rugged. There was no question at the time that it would be chosen as Germany’s principal battle rifle.
Seeing action as early as the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, it went on to it serve the Fatherland well, in various incarnations, in two world wars. The ’98 was also adopted by the militaries of scores of nations, worldwide, becoming a kind of bolt-action, repeating descendant of the Rolling Block. Model 1903 Springfield, one of the most exquisite battle rifles ever produced, was basically nothing more than a Model 98. In sporterized versions, it became the hunting rifle supreme, and is still the system by which all others are measured.
Patton called the M1 Garand rifle “the greatest battle implement ever devised.” Now Patton might have been a royal pain-in-the-butt, but he was a pretty good commander, and he really knew his guns. Garand worked for almost 20 years to come up with a semi-auto action strong enough to handle the powerful .30-06 round, but when he did, it was a real winner. There had been other semi-autos in military service, such as the interesting French Model 1917 St. The action was operated by tapping off propellant gasses, and a special eight-round en-bloc sheet-steel clip actually functioned as part of the gun’s feeding system.
The Garand came into service in 1936 -- plenty early enough to become America’s main battle rifle of World War II. The Yanks were the only ones -- Axis or Allied -- that had a semi-auto as its standard issue arm, and though the Germans tried to emulate its success with their G43, the Hun gun was not produced in numbers even approaching those of the Garand, nor was it even remotely as good. He is a voluble, affable, grandfatherly little fellow who likes his vodka -- hardly the sort one would credit with coming up with one of history’s most effective killing machines. Initially adopted and produced indigenously by the Soviets, the gun also was produced in Yugoslavia, the PRC, Romania, East Germany, North Korea, Poland, Bulgaria and Hungary.
Americans have come up against the AK time and again in such places as Vietnam, Africa and most recently, the Middle East and Afghanistan. It can really spray lead from its 30-round magazine and is particularly adaptable at being held over one’s head and fired from behind the carcass of a burned-out automobile. I’d been issued an M14 in the Army, fell in love with that rifle, and figured that it was just about as good as one could get. Since my callow youth, however, I’ve had more and more time to get to know the M16 and appreciate it for the world-class piece of hardware that it really is.
The M16 got off to a bad start in Vietnam, but once it was serviced properly and slight modifications were made to the design, it worked just fine.
Like the AK47, it’s widely dispersed and popular not only with American troops, but also with many of our friends and allies -- as well as with whatever bad guys can get their hands on them. They’ve been made in the millions, and if possible, might eventually outlive even the much-vaunted AK.

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