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admin | Category: Container Cost | 14.02.2016
Dry cargo ships are used to carry solid dry goods that have a higher tolerance to heat and cold, such as metal ores, coal, steel products, forest products, and grains. As the name suggests, a bulk carrier is primarily used in carrying unpackaged bulk cargo items such as metal ores, coal, cement, grains and other similar cargo.  Today, bulk carriers constitute of 40% of the merchant fleets in the world.
The size of a bulk carrier can range from a small mini-bulker with a capacity of under 10,000 dwt to the giant capesize vessels with a capacity of up to 400,000 dead weight tonnage (DWT) or even more.
Handysize and Handymax (including the latest Supramax) bulkers represent the majority of bulk carriers over 10,000 DWT. Panamax and New Panamax are medium-sized vessels with a cargo capacity ranging between 5,000 TEU to 13,000 TEU. Container ships are ocean vessels that carry goods in large containers, a technique called containerisation. The modern container ships (such as Maersk E Class) have been designed to have a cargo capacity of up to 15,000 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU). Container ships have been getting bigger since they began operating in liner services over 50 years ago because the increased size produces increased operating efficiency and improved environmental performance. The gantry cranes that load and unload container ships can be 430 feet tall and weigh up to 2,000 tons.
A recent study by Lloyd’s Register found that the fuel efficiency of container ships (4,500 TEU capacity) has improved 35% between 1985 and 2008. It is estimated that on average a container ship emits around 40 times less CO2 than a large freight aircraft and over three times less than a heavy truck.
Container shipping is estimated to be two and a half times more energy efficient than rail and 7 times more so than road. Weekly safety and fire drill sessions take place for all crewmembers when the vessel is at sea to make sure that they are practiced for any real emergencies.

The Greek-owned and Liberian, Montrovia Port flagged cargo ship ran aground on 5 October on Astrolabe Reef, 22km (14 miles) from Tauranga Harbour on New Zealand’s North Island. There are about 1,300 containers to be removed from the ship, which will also be moved off the reef the ship is stuck on. The Container ship, which got stuck on the New Zealand offshore reef and was in danger of breaking apart.
Environmentalists had warned of disaster if all 1,700 tonnes of oil and 200 tonnes of diesel originally held on board spilled from the vessel. The ship’s Philippine captain and second officer have been charged over the incident.
Large shipping companies register their container ships and cargo vessels in countries like Greece Islands and Monrovia Port in obscure African Nations like Liberia so that they don’t have to maintain high safety standards and highly trained staff to man their vessel like the laws in United States and European Countries require.
When checked, Shutterstock's safe search screens restricted content and excludes it from your search results. These vessels are equipped with on-deck cranes and other mechanism for loading and unloading of goods. Bulk carriers are used for transportation of unpackaged bulk cargo, such as metal ores, coal, cement, tin, steel, and grains in its cargo holds. They can be categorised in six major categories according to their deadweight tonnage capacity.
These ships have been designed strictly in accordance with the dimensions of new locks at the Panama Canal. Container ships are primarily used for the transportation of non-bulk cargo, generally manufactured goods, in truck-size intermodal containers.
Main categories of container ships include Feeder, Feedermax, Panamax, New Panamax, and Ultra Large.

Their engines weigh 2,300 tons, their propellers 130 tons, and there are twenty-one storeys between their bridge and their engine room. A good example is the computer software that enables precise planning for the loading and unloading of containers and keeps the vessel balanced by increasing and decreasing ballast at the touch of a button. As dry cargo shipment doesn’t require special types of precautions (as required for carrying liquid and gases), bulk carriers and container ships don’t have onboard temperature control equipment. At present, approximately 90% of non-bulk cargo around the world is transported by container ships. They can be operated by teams of just thirteen people and a sophisticated computer system and carry an astonishing 11,000 20-foot containers.
Greece is a member of the EU so registering the ships on one of the Greek islands in order to avoid tight EU regulations would make absolutely no sense. Today, bulk of international trade is carried out by thousands of dry cargo carriers transporting goods to ports across the world. Very large bulk carriers are normally counted into Capesize category, but sometimes they are considered as a separate category. If that number of containers were loaded onto a train it would need to be 44 miles or 71 kilometers long! Some regional categories such as Seawaymax, Kamsarmax, Setouchmax, Dunkirkmax, and Newcastlemax can also be included in the category of bulk carriers.

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