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The term analog diagnostic system is a bit misleading, as it implies a varying voltage value. The analog diagnostic system is proprietary OEM, and consists of a series of pulses which count out the particular numerical value of the fault code involved. The fault listing for modules in your vehicle, which decodes the fault into plain English, is a bit difficult to find. Architecting a fault diagnosis system for a vehicle is arguably a difficult task for any manufacturer.
In the mid nineties, when the OBDII digital standard was gaining wide acceptance, Mercedes improved its own proprietary 38-pin diagnostics capabilities by going digital. The 38-pin digital port was still similarly connected to the same modules as defined by the analog port as seen previously. Mercedes eventually dropped the 38-pin port altogether in the early 2000s, and finally adopted the OBDII port as its sole diagnostics interface. A few in-vehicle systems are designed to have self-diagnostic functionality built into them, to allow convenient and tool-free diagnostics capabilities. These systems were introduced as early as the eighties, for example, with the power window automatic switch learning. The instrument cluster is another system, and is described in a bit more detail in the FAQ. The climate control system is also another such system, with easy access via the pushbutton module. Debugging the air conditioning system in the W210, for example, is easily done by scrolling through the sensor data list and evaluating defective components.
Error messages stored in the AIRCO ECU can be reviewed with an option to clear for DIY testing, all without the need of a scan tool. The following two documents describe the built-in testing procedure for the climate control, and a listing of the body DTCs which could be generated by the pushbutton module. The advent of the OBDII standard was intended to consolidate many different industrial communication protocols into one unified automotive diagnostics connector. In the mid nineties, Mercedes adopted the OBDII protocol, which was being internationally mandated at the time for all automotive manufacturers. In the 2000s, a European version of the OBD standard, called EOBD was developed, and Mercedes then abandoned the 38-pin port altogether in favor of the EOBD.
The scan tool required to interface to the analog diagnostic system is quite simple, and can be found online or even made by the average DIYer. The system works quite simply, all diagnostic pins are normally tri-stated when idle and active-low when in use.
To help access pins on the 38-pin port, a breakout module exists which proves easy access to all pins. The digital diagnostic tool is a bit more complicated than the analog, but essentially works in the same way, by probing the individual system involved. The Chinese knockoff counterpart weighs in at a very attractive price point at around $100.
The system we tested the knockoff Carsoft on, was a Dell Latitude 810 running Windows XP, and a real serial port, running smoothly. Unfortunately the high level OBDII DTCs gives you no real no information as to the actual cause of the fault.
Undoubtedly, a Digital Storage Oscilloscope or DSO, is one of the coolest tools in the toolbox. You may be wondering if you should be tested to identify whether you have prostate cancer, even if you show no symptoms. In some cases, a growth in the prostate is cancerous.  Prostate cancer is different in different men.
Prostate cancer can also be serious and fatal and it is therefore important to talk with your doctor to understand if you are at risk. We also don't know the effect that other factors (such as diets low in fibre or high in fat, or low levels of physical activity) have on the likelihood of developing prostate cancer.
Generally, prostate surgery is preferred for younger men if they don't have other significant health problems. When a man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer and is receiving treatment, or is being followed after treatment for the disease, the PSA test is available at no charge to the patient through the hospital or community laboratory service. In men without symptoms (screening), PSA testing is not paid for by the provincial health plan. As of January 2009, men who are eligible for testing under the guidelines will now be able to have an evidence-based test done and paid for under OHIP at a laboratory in their community as well as in a hospital lab. An evidence-based PSA test is a test that is provided when a man has been diagnosed with prostate cancer and is receiving treatment, or is being followed after treatment for the disease. Scientific evidence is inconclusive as to whether or not PSA testing in men without symptoms is saving lives and improving health outcomes whereas the evidence for cervical and breast screening is conclusive.
Most international and national screening guidelines recommend against population-based or general screening purposes for prostate cancer because there is no conclusive evidence that prostate cancer screening reduces illness or death associated with prostate cancer. The Government's policy will help to ensure that Government funds are being allocated based on evidence and that funding is supporting appropriate PSA testing.
Men should talk to their doctor about whether they are at risk and about the risks and benefits of having the PSA test. One or two of the men with a normal PSA level will actually have prostate cancer, undetected by the test. Any of the following can cause PSA levels to fluctuate modestly: prostate manipulation during digital rectal examination, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), biopsy, a presence of infection, strenuous exercise, ejaculation and normal day-to-day variation, to mention a few.
Men can have the test done at any medical laboratory facility that does blood testing requested by health care providers, including both hospital and community lab locations.  Access was expanded in January, 2009 to add PSA testing in community lab locations, so that men will not have to travel distances to a hospital lab and will have the benefit of longer business hours in community-based labs. For more information about prostate cancer or the PSA test, ask your doctor or call the Canadian Cancer Society toll-free at 1-888-939-3333. Trained cancer information specialists can provide you with the most credible and up-to-date information about prostate cancer as well as direct you to helpful services within your community. Prostate cancer symptoms and the PSA test Urologist Shiv Bhanot describes the symptoms of prostate cancer and explains the PSA test (prostate-specific antigen test).
There are still questions about how reliable PSA testing is.The PSA test is not a test for prostate cancer. Before deciding whether to have a PSA test you may want to think about some of the possible advantages and disadvantages. It could reassure you if the test is normalIt can help to find cancers before any symptoms developTreatment in the early stages could help you live longer and avoid the complications of cancer (although there is no good research evidence for this).
The prostate gland produces semen and a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA), needed for ejaculation.
Order the booklet of information about the PSA test for you, and anyone else who might need it, to read when you want. If you're weighing up the possible benefits and disadvantages of the PSA test, it might help to talk through it. When people come to our information centres, they might need advice, support, a chat, or information.
Read about ways in which our Community users managed their emotions following their diagnosis. Whether it is you or someone close to you who has been diagnosed with cancer, you’re likely to experience many emotions. If you have any questions about Macmillan, or would like to talk to someone about cancer, we have a team of experts who can help. All our information is reviewed by cancer or other relevant professionals to ensure that it’s accurate and reflects the best evidence available. Our information is also reviewed by people affected by cancer to ensure it is as relevant and accessible as possible.


We make every effort to ensure that the information we provide is accurate and up-to-date but it should not be relied upon as a substitute for specialist professional advice tailored to your situation. Ils sont ainsi quatre a recevoir une bourse de 2300 € qui leur permettra de realiser un projet associatif de solidarite.
Avec cette operation, le site PSA Peugeot Citroen de Rennes encourage les salaries qui s'investissent dans des actions solidaires et reaffirme son soutien au tissu associatif.
Les quatre salaries recompenses ont presente leur projet dans le cadre de la troisieme edition des « Trophees Solidarite », un concours ouvert a l'ensemble du personnel du site. Les projets, retenus pour concourir aux Trophees de la solidarite de PSA Peugeot-Citroen, ont ete choisis parmi vingt dossiers par un jury compose de Tugdual Ruellan, journaliste independant et conseil, specialise dans la prevention des exclusions et des discriminations, l'insertion et le developpement durable, d'un membre du Comite d'Etablissement et de salaries representatifs de l'ensemble des categories socioprofessionnelles du site. Le code HTML est affiche comme du texte et les adresses web sont automatiquement transformees. Distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint involvement is virtually always associated with nail psoriasis (image below). Axial arthritis may be different in character from ankylosing spondylitis, the prototypical HLA-B27-associated spondyloarthritis. Enthesitis, inflammation at insertion sites of tendon to bone (images below), is a shared characteristic of the spondyloarthritis. Extra-articular manifestations occur infrequently, but may include ocular inflammation (e.g. All information contained within the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center website is intended for educational purposes only. Beginning with basic analog flash trouble codes, and with the industrial development of the OBD standard, digital K-line diagnostics and the OBDII standard.
The impulse train consists of a square wave of zeros and ones, represented by 0V and 12V, and has a low frequency roughly of 1 second, which makes it easily human readable. The layout Mercedes built consists of all accessible computer modules linked together via the engine CAN network, to a central diagnostic module called the N59. The redesigned architecture provided independent K-line access using the ISO 9141 protocol directly to each electronic system. However, as is always the case with Mercedes, depending on options and model year, the precise diagnostics layout depends on vehicle. Computer interfacing and proprietary instruction sets began phasing out the independent mechanic capabilities.
The Carsoft tool does have the fault code lookup once the actual value has been extracted from the module.
The 16-port connector contains enough bandwidth and precision to itemize any DTC a vehicle can generate. Some manufacturers embraced this technology eagerly and based their entire fault diagnosis system on this standard. This port is fully pinned out and accesses all the vehicle modules combined, as can be seen in the table below. K6JRF's Page has information on how to build a simple flash code reader, as can be seen below. If there are no faults in the system, the LED will flash once indicating no faults stored in the system.
The Carsoft system was the first aftermarket tool available, and has gained a lot of support from the online community earning it an excellent reputation. Because it's a pirated copy, it comes with no support, and many of the features don't work. The Carsoft application does not have a friendly logging capability, and only records data in its own native PDA binary format. This information is still only accessible through the MB SDS, which is done at your local dealership. It measures the actual voltage waveform of the system in question, whether it be a sinusoid, square wave, ignition spark, or anything that's not a simple DC waveform. There is simply no other way to verify if the quality of spark is acceptable, other than measuring it directly. Refreshing 90.9 fm regularly airs Public Service Announcements that feature events or programs of local civic and church organizations. You may have heard about the PSA test for prostate cancer and wonder whether you should have it. Sometimes the cancer stays in the prostate gland and has little or no effect on how a man feels or how long he lives.
Radiation therapy is is an alternative to surgery and in particular for men who are at greater risk for complications from a major operation.
By expanding access through testing in a community lab, men will not have to travel distances to a hospital lab and have the benefit of longer business hours in community based labs. An evidence-based PSA test is available at no charge to the patient through the hospital or community laboratory service.
PSA (prostate specific antigen) is a protein made by the prostate gland, which naturally leaks out into the blood. It's a test for abnormalities of the prostate, one of which may be cancer.Two out of three men with a raised PSA level will not have any cancer cells in their prostate biopsy, while up to one in five men with prostate cancer will have a normal PSA result. This is because we still don’t know how reliable the PSA test is and there isn’t another reliable test. Find out about support groups, where to get information and how to get involved with Macmillan where you are. We thank all those people who have provided expert review for the information on this page. Thank you to all those people who reviewed what you're reading and have helped our information to develop.
So far as is permitted by law, Macmillan does not accept liability in relation to the use of any information contained in this publication or third party information or websites included or referred to in it.
Alain Sartoris, Directeur du site PSA Peugeot Citroen de Rennes, a choisi la semaine du Developpement Durable pour recompenser les salaries du site, laureats de l'operation « Trophees Solidarite ». Some of my favorite foods had meat as a main ingredient, and without it my food just felt kind of blah. It may present as inflammatory low back pain with radiographic evidence of sacroiliitis, which is usually asymmetrical and can be asymptomatic, or spondylitis, which may occur without sacroiliitis and may affect any level of the spine in a non-contiguous manner. Willkens RF, Williams HJ, Ward JR, et al: Randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of low dose pulse methotrexate in psoriatic arthritis. Gupta AK, Matteson EI, Ellis CN, et al: Cyclosporin in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis. Salvarani C, Macchioni P, Olivieri I, et al: A comparison of cyclosporine, sulfasalazine, and symptomatic therapy in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis.
Sarzi-Puttini P, Cazzola M, Panni B, et al: Long-term safety and efficacy of low-dose cyclosporin A in severe psoriatic arthritis. Antoni C, Dechant C, Hannis-Martin Lorenz PD, Wendler J, Ogilvie A, Lueftl M, Kalden-Nemeth D, Kalden JR, Manger B. Physicians and other health care professionals are encouraged to consult other sources and confirm the information contained within this site. The diagnostic system is meant to be a computerized high level fault detection system that will give you information generated by the ECUs.
It's really a digital signal, in sense of having only two values, and also called an impulse code or flash code. The fault can then be looked up in the fault list of the particular module being examined, and translated to the actual fault being triggered. The old flash code scanner was replaced by a more high tech serial interface scanner, known as the MB Star Diagnosis System or SDS. For example, as can be seen below, the specific digital diagnostic pinout varies from year to year for the W210.


Mercedes was, conversely, slow to accept it, and began by implementing only a stripped down version. The price point still weighs in at around $1000, but it has full ECU reading, writing and erasing abilities, and multiplexes all the K-lines together in one package. Not only reading and erasing codes, live data scanning, computer interfacing, and manufacturer specific libraries are all built in, all weighing in at a price point of well under $100. The traditional price point of a DSOs was in the low thousands, but that too has come down over the years. Problems like intermittent spark, or corrupt VSS or TNS signals can easily be caught with direct measurement. As men reach their 50th birthday, many become concerned about how to protect themselves against prostate cancer. Some men with prostate cancer have no symptoms - in other words, it is possible to have prostate cancer without the prostate being enlarged, without urinary problems, and without pain. Watchful waiting is most appropriate for older men with less aggressive, low-grade, slow-growing cancers as these men are likely to die from other illnesses before needing treatment for their cancer.
However, it is hoped he will make this decision only after discussion with his physician or nurse practitioner. It will also miss some men who do have cancer, giving them a false sense of security about their health. Research suggests that while the lives of some men could be saved by PSA screening, many more men would be unnecessarily treated for cancers that would never cause serious harm. You can also call our cancer support specialists (0808 808 00 00) who can discuss the options with you and send you more information. Once I discovered all the delicious meat substitutes that are out there, it made my transition to vegetarianism ten times easier AND ten times more delicious! Treatment of psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis vulgaris with the tumor necrosis factor inhibitor infliximab. Open-label study of infliximab treatment for psoriatic arthritis: clinical and magnetic resonance imaging measurements of reduction of inflammation. Adalimumab for the treatment of patients with moderately to severely active psoriatic arthritis: results of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. This system is borrowed from the OBD I standard, which involves flashing the Check Engine light. Faults are relayed independently by the various modules to the N59 and can be temporary, or permanently stored depending on their frequency.
Although the K-line protocol is the same as in the OBDII standard, Mercedes used its own proprietary set of commands to access it. Eventually tool manufacturers caught on to the new system and started developing aftermarket interface products.
The TCM (Transmission Control Module) has hundreds of possible error codes, depending on how the transmission has generated the fault.
They implemented only the K-line ISO 9141 protocol, which is defined as a dual signal K-Line with L-Line wakeup, but made it single ended.
It then serializes the fault number, using an active-low response, broadcasts the fault, increments an internal counter and cycles over and over.
We wrote a quick perl script to convert the binary file into a text file, which is more useful. The UNI-T UTD2102CEL as pictured above is a Chinese made scope, simple, powerful, and having a price point of under $400.
For events, we ask that you please submit information for a PSA no less than 10 days prior to your event. If it grows large enough, it may press on the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder. About seven out of every 10 men diagnosed with prostate cancer will not die from this disease - rather they will die with the disease and from other causes such as heart disease, stroke or old age. This is called over-diagnosis or over-treatment.However, this doesn’t mean that you can’t have a PSA test. I came up with my own vege versions of all my favorite foods, reuben sandwiches, chicken wings, chicken parm, tacos, meatballs, burgers, and one of my all time favorites… chili!! Mercedes simply expanded the concept to give different modules their own impulse codes, on a proprietary connector. This is why normal 38-pin to 16-pin adapters made to link standard OBDII tools do not work.
When relying on an aftermarket tool, one should try to cross-reference the actual code itself with STAR TekInfo, or with Alldata. Although very easy to read, the drawback is that each error must be sought consecutively, and slowly, across each accessible module. It has two channels for simultaneous measurement, USB capture and storage, and a measurement speed of up to 100Mhz.
You can submit information for a PSA (in either flyer or press release form) in three different ways. This may make the urine flow weaker or slower or make men have to urinate more often, especially at night.
PSA levels can also be high for reasons other than cancer, such as infections, prolonged exercise and ejaculation.
The Department of Health has said that any man over 50 who would like the PSA test, even if they don’t have any symptoms, can contact their GP or nurse practitioner who will then discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the test with them.If the man decides he would like to go ahead with the PSA test then his GP will arrange it for him.
The digital K-line signal, in contrast, is defined in the ISO 9141 standard, and is referred to as a digital diagnostic system. It was also an unfortunate decision to utilize precisely the same physical 38-pin port as the analog system, as there is no clear physical distinction between the analog and digital interfaces. A Swedish company called Carsoft launched their product line in the late nineties, capable of fully interfacing with the 38-pin port. In the large majority of cases, an increase in the size of the prostate and a change in urine flow do not mean you have cancer - these are just a normal part of aging.
So having a raised PSA level does not mean you definitely have prostate cancer.Men in the UK are not routinely offered a PSA test, as it is not considered to be completely reliable.
Alternatively, there are self-test PSA kits available for a small charge from pharmacies or online. Two out of three men with a raised PSA level will not have prostate cancer detected in a biopsy.There are some possible advantages and disadvantages to consider before making a decision about the PSA test. It’s important to tell your healthcare professional (GP or nurse practitioner) about any medicines you are taking before having the test.
There are potential problems with these tests and they should be used with caution.If you have any worrying symptoms or concerns, discuss them with your GP or nurse practitioner. This is the only information you can pull out of the OBDII port, which is just a generic fault code. For example, the PSA test may detect prostate cancer early, but an inaccurate PSA test may lead to further tests that you don’t need.There’s no right or wrong answer when it comes to deciding whether to have a PSA test.
The blue line represents the OEM K-line signal, which has the real meaningful information you want, because it's talking directly to the system involved. With the help of your doctor and this information, you can make the decision that’s right for you.



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