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In preparing this article, I found the Family Center on Technology and Disability August 2008 newsletter, featuring a fairly comprehensive article on emergency preparedness, to be a great starting point.
Most homes have some basic safety equipment available or installed—fire extinguishers and smoke detectors. The first product I found is a fire extinguisher that’s available as an aerosol spray. If you have a hearing impairment and live in Delaware, the State Fire Marshall has a program that can provide you with a smoke detector. Whether at work or at home, people who use a wheelchair face significant issues related to emergency planning. As always, if you have any questions or need additional information, please give your local ATRC a call.
The term "tornado preparedness" refers to safety precautions made before the arrival of and during a tornado.
A tornado with no obvious funnel from the upper clouds, although the rotating dust cloud indicates strong winds at the surface. Before a tornado strikes an area, the wind has been known to die down and the air to become very still.[2][dubious a€“ discuss] A cloud of debris has sometimes marked the bottom of a tornado even when the funnel was not visible. They may appear nearly transparent until dust and debris are picked up or a cloud forms in the funnel. Tornadoes are most frequently reported east of the Rocky Mountains during spring and summer months.
Upon seeing an approaching storm or noticing any of the danger signs, they were advised to prepare to take shelter immediately,[2] such as moving to a safe room, internal stairway, or other safe-haven area.
All individuals and families should have a disaster preparedness kit made prior to tornado.
They were to enter a pre-designated shelter area such as a safe room, basement, storm cellar, or the lowest building level.[6] If there was no basement, then to the center of an interior room on the lowest level (closet, interior hallway) away from corners, windows, doors, and outside walls. They were advised to lie flat in a nearby ditch or depression and cover head with their hands.[6] Also, to beware of the potential for flooding there. They were advised to not stay under an overpass or bridge (where winds or debris might be funneled).
The advice was to never try to outrun a tornado in urban or congested areas in a car or truck, but instead, to leave the vehicle immediately for safe shelter. Because some preparations vary, depending on location, people have been advised to consult their local area preparedness plans, rather than assume the plans are similar for all areas, such as which local buildings have been designated as storm shelters. After the 2013 Moore tornado, it became apparent that thousands of people attempt to flee major tornadoes, and this has been credited with reducing the death toll. In a multi-story building, an internal stairway (away from broken windows) often acts as a safe haven, due to the stairs reinforcing the walls and blocking any major debris falling from above.
There were no building codes requiring tornado shelters nor specifically designed to prevent tornado damage[11] until the 2011 Joplin tornado prompted a local ordinance requiring hurricane ties or similar fasteners. Having a first aid kit in the safe haven is advised to help victims recover from minor injuries. Students participate in a tornado drill, lining up along an interior wall and covering their heads. Most states in the midwestern and southern United States conduct a statewide tornado drill in late winter or early spring in preparation for the severe weather season. A tornado drill is a procedure of practicing to take cover in a specified location in the event that a tornado strikes an area.
In homes and small buildings one must go to the basement or an interior room on the lowest floor (closet, bathroom), to stay away from glass. In some jurisdictions, schools are required to conduct regular tornado drills, though generally less frequently than fire drills. After a week of rough weather that included two tornadoes damaging homes in Charlotte County, Southwest Floridians are pretty much in the clear this week.

The Hancock County Safety Council, a program of the Findlay-Hancock County Chamber of Commerce, will host a program Thursday to help businesses be better prepared for tornado season.
CHAMPAIGN COUNTY -- Tornado sirens blasted throughout the state Tuesday morning as part of a state-wide tornado drill.
The storm is an important reminder that severe weather is not something to be taken lightly: tornado preparedness is a must.
Emergency management CONSULTINGWe integrate research, technology, and on-site experience to improve protection and security for lives, infrastructure, and property to preemptively prepare for the unexpected. The device features extra loud horns and built-in strobe lights, and they will install a unit in your home free of charge if you qualify.
If you’re a wheelchair user and live or work above the first floor, your emergency plans should take into consideration the possible absence of an elevator or lift.
Historically, the steps taken have varied greatly, depending on location, or time remaining before a tornado was expected. A tornado funnel can be transparent until reaching an area with loose dirt and debris.[2] Also, some tornadoes have been seen against sunlit areas, but rain or nearby low-hanging clouds has obscured other tornadoes. According to FEMA the kit should include items needed to shelter in place in the event of a disaster such as a tornado for up to 72 hours following impact.
However, during this event some people were killed as the tornado passed over the traffic jam caused by the impromptu evacuation. The goal has been to avoid outer walls which might collapse when a roof section becomes airborne and the walls below lose their upper support: many interior rooms resist collapse longer, due to smaller walls interconnected to each other, while outer walls deflect the force of the winds. If a stairway is lined with windows, then there would be the danger of flying glass, so an interior stairway, or small inner room, would be preferable. People needing prescription medications could have a medicine bag ready to take to shelter.
The most common injuries experienced during a tornado are complex contaminated soft tissue wounds and account for more than 50% of the cases seen by emergency rooms following a tornado. Like any other safety drills, they increase chances of correct response to a real tornado threat.
They are capable of completely destroying well-made structures, uprooting trees and hurling objects through the air like missiles. At 10 am, all tornado sirens went off and many radio and TV stations played the warning over regular programming.
You can learn more about how to prep for a possible tornado, what to do during the storm, and the recovery afterward. 150 Elgin – Ottawa, ON SPECIALIZED expertiseOur in-depth knowledge and specialized expertisewith life safety systems and fire and building codeconsulting disciplines can help you meetlegislative requirements.40 College FA Upgrade – Toronto, ON MEETING changing code landscapesOur team has consulting experience both in assisting new building designs to code compliance, as well as updating existing buildings to meet changing code landscape.
Thankfully, there are a number of options available in the general marketplace that can help you in this endeavor. I also learned that they have vibrating alarms available for individuals who are deaf and blind.
Please help improve this article either by rewriting the how-to content or by moving it to Wikiversity, Wikibooks or Wikivoyage. For example, in rural areas, people might prepare to enter an external storm cellar, in case the main building collapses, and thereby allow exit without needing rescue from the main building as in urban areas. In addition to urban traffic, evacuation can also be hampered by flash flooding produced by associated thunderstorms, and the need to be certain about the position and direction of the tornado. Because mobile homes typically lack foundation anchors and present a large surface-area sail (to catch wind), the advice has been to seek a safe haven elsewhere, such as in a stronger nearby building.[6] When a mobile home begins to roll, people have been injured by hitting objects inside, or being crushed when a trailer suddenly hits the ground and begins to collapse around them. Rural homes might have an outside storm cellar, or other external bunker, to avoid being trapped within a collapsing house. Some people have reported their "ears popping" due to the change in air pressure, but those effects seem to be temporary. These wounds will most likely be contaminated with soil and foreign bodies due to high wind speeds caused by tornadoes.

Upon receiving the signal, building occupants of schools, hospitals, factories, shopping centers, etc.
Every household, workplace and school should have a plan in place in the event of a tornado. Roger Edwards of NOAA's Storm Prediction Center has an excellent Tornado Preparedness Tipsheet for School Administrators.
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But, what options does a person with a disability have if they can’t use standard equipment?
While there isn’t a wide variety of adapted safety equipment available, there are a few options that can increase the safety of people with disabilities.
Because tropical storms have spawned many tornadoes, hurricane preparations also involve tornadoes.
In rural homes, generators are also helpful to maintain power with enough fuel for a few days. Covering people with mattresses or cushions has helped avoid injury from flying debris,[6] as walls collapsed nearby. Fractures are the second most common injury obtained after a tornado strikes and account for up to 30% of total injuries. Social Sciences Building – Ottawa, ON Safety is our TOP priorityWe work on large venues with high occupancy, where safety is the top priority.
Let’s explore some of the options available that may help you or someone you care for feel a little more secure. This type of fire extinguisher might be easier for someone with limited strength and mobility to operate, as well as for people with cognitive disabilities.
Sussex residents should call 302-856-5600, Kent residents 302-739-4447, and New Castle residents 302-323-5375. The term "tornado preparedness" has been used by government agencies, emergency response groups, schools,[1] insurance companies, and others. Head injuries are also commonly reported during a tornado, but severe head injuries only account for less than 10% of the total.
But, before we begin, it is imperative to remind you that a little foresight, planning, and prevention will go a long way toward keeping you safe. This type of alarm could be useful for those with visual impairments or those with limited mobility.
Even though only 10% of reported head injuries are severe, they are the most common cause of death following a tornado. Enercare Centre – Toronto, ON Fire protection systems ENGINEERINGOur licensed fire protection engineers stay on top of the latest advancements and code compliances in protecting both life and property for you.Bell Sensplex – Ottawa, ON Innovative solutions to CHALLENGING projectsWe create innovative comprehensive emergency management plans for a diverse set of clients and markets. Knowing the precise location of and cause for the alarm can help in the decision of how to handle the situation without potentially going into harm’s way. EC Drury School for the Deaf – Milton, ON Accessibility CONSULTINGFacilitating universal design in the built environment to best assist in identifying, and addressing design with the end user in mind.
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