Winter safety tips south africa,government emergency kit,example of a small business continuity plan - 2016 Feature

While outside, the CDC recommends dressing warmly with a hat, scarf or knit mask to cover face and mouth, sleeves that are snug at the wrist, mittens, water-resistant coats and boots and several layers of loose-fitting clothing.
Before you head out in your vehicle, make sure that you are prepared for a winter weather emergency.
In conjunction with an emergency tool kit for your car, you should have an emergency kit for you and your family. 90 year old woman opts out of cancer treatment to go on epic road tripThe Great American Road Trip holds a certain romantic appeal for many. Gator camouflaged in pool: 300-lbs of gator at pool bottom eyed via bubblesA startling discovery of a 300-pound gator in a family’s pool was not the way Craig Lear wanted to end his work day. With the frigid temperatures coming in Wednesday night, senior care professionals are saying people should brush up on how to keep seniors safe during cold weather. Please confirm or modify the email address to which you will have subscription offers sent. The Oregon Department of Transportation offers three easy ways to get travel information: from your computer, by phone and on cable television in certain areas.
Detailed maps updated in real time display road conditions and trouble spots, including weather, construction, maintenance and traffic incidents. TripCheck provides more than 400 camera images from urban areas, mountain passes and other key locations throughout Oregon, as well as southern Washington and northern California. A color-coded speed map of the Portland area provides average travel speeds on Portland highways. TripCheck also provides detailed information on the use of traction tires and chains in Oregon. TripCheck TV allows users to create a custom display of road conditions information and camera images. Users can select updated reports about driving conditions by highway, mountain pass or major city from easy-to-use menus. Remember, in Oregon, drivers are allowed to use hands-free devices, but not texting devices or touch cell phones.
On cable TV Bend Broadband cable subscribers can check road and weather information instantly on television. Reporting a road hazard To report road hazards (trees down, electric wires across the road, road blocked by mud or rocks, etc.) motorists should call the nearest ODOT dispatch center.
Pull over in a safe place and retighten your tire chains after you have driven a short distance.
Research shows that studded tires are more effective than all-weather tires on icy roads, but are less effective in most other conditions because they may reduce traction between the road and the tire. Damage from studded tires cost Oregonians approximately $8.5 million a year because roadways required repaving earlier than they normally would be. When it rains, water collects in the pavement ruts caused by studded tires and creates dangerous driving conditions. Link chains may not be recommended for use on some types of vehicles; check your owner’s manual. They work about as well as studded tires on ice, but work better than studded tires or regular tires in most other winter conditions. We even have a statewide ride-matching service, and several transit districtshave programs aimed specifically at helping you find your way from pointA to point B.
Placing driveway snow on the road or shoulder creates a hazard for other highway users and for ODOT’s snowplow operators. When snowplows create berms of snow at the end of driveways, ODOT asks property owners to help by shoveling that snow to the sides of their driveways, rather than back onto the road or shoulder. Sno-Park permits are sold at all Driver and Motor Vehicle Services offices and by permit agents at many sporting goods stores, winter resorts and other outlets.
Annual permits are also available by sending a written request with your return address, phone number and a check or money order to: DMV, Vehicle Mail No.
Sno-Park permits issued in California and Idaho are honored in Oregon, and Oregon permits are honored in those states. Rain can create dangerous driving conditions: reduced visibility, reduced traction between tires and the road, and less predictable car handling. If it hasn’t rained in a while, expect road surfaces to be slick when it does start raining.
The most common vehicle problems in wet weather involve wipers, brakes, tires and defrosters.
Driving in the snow requires a certain set of driving skills that some Oregon residents get to use only rarely. Those riding bikes should be extra careful about motorized vehicles, which take longer to stop in the snow, while motorized vehicles must be extra watchful for bikes.
Make sure your vehicle is in top operating conditions, with clean headlights, good brakes, working windshield wipers and good tires.
Slow down when approaching off-ramps, bridges and shady spots where the snow often lingers longer. If you suddenly encounter a severe loss of visibility, pull off the pavement as far as possible. If you can't pull off the roadway, slow down, turn on your low beam headlights and sound the horn occasionally. Turning on your low-beam headlights during the daytime in the winter months can help make your vehicle more visible to other drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians.
When natural light is low — at dawn or dusk or when it’s raining, cloudy or snowing — you can improve your vehicle’s visibility significantly by turning on your low-beam headlights. Driving with your lights on during the day throughout the winter helps contrast your vehicle against buildings and other terrain features. Improved visibility can help prevent crashes such as head-on collisions and sideswipes, as well as collisions with pedestrians and cyclists. Oregon law says fog or auxiliary lights must be turned off when within 500 feet of an oncoming vehicle and within 350 feet when following another vehicle.
If you pull off the road, pull over as far as possible, turn off your headlights and turn on your hazard lights.
Roads that are wet or have fresh snow, packed snow, or ice have varying degrees of traction. Blowing powder or dry snow can limit your visibility, especially when approaching or following trucks or snowplows. After a storm has passed, you should remain cautious, especially on bridges and overpasses.
In 2013, at least 9 people died and more than 1,500 were injured in crashes that occurred on snowy or icy roads in Oregon. Ice on the road prevents tires from gripping, so steering is difficult and stopping is harder. Black ice is most common at night and very early in the morning, when temperatures are typically their lowest. Turn off your cruise control, be alert and drive cautiously to avoid ice on the road ahead.
Look for signs of ice other than on the roadway: on windshield wipers, side view mirrors, road signs, trees or fences. If your vehicle feels like it’s floating, gradually slow down; don’t slam on your brakes or you may skid out of control. In a contest between a snowplow and any other vehicle, the laws of physics virtually guarantee the snowplow will win. When coming upon an intersection with signal lights either flashing or out, it’s important to follow basic rules to keep yourself and other drivers safe. If there is other traffic, common courtesy requires that the driver who stops first goes first.
During the summer, bicycle commuting is a breeze, with warm days and long hours of sunshine.


Winter weather conditions can make driving dangerous for anyone, but when you are driving a 70-foot long vehicle weighing as much as 105,500 pounds, slick roads and low visibility can be especially challenging. The Oregon Department of Transportation Motor Carrier Transportation Division understands that professional truck drivers have a very important job — and winter weather can make a tough job even more difficult. Chains are required in Oregon whenever winter conditions exist and SNOW ZONE signs are posted advising drivers to carry or use them. Winter safety for commercial vehicles video – the short video posted on YouTube and ODOT’s website features tips from ODOT Maintenance staff and May Trucking, an Oregon-based motor carrier with an above-average safety record.
ODOT’s winter highway maintenance practices reduce costs and limit impacts on natural resources while maintaining high standards for public safety — our No. Sanding material is sometimes applied on roads and bridges to provide better traction for safer driving.
Reducing application rates and frequency of sanding when weather and traffic conditions allow. Minimizing sanding in areas with air-quality problems or near waterways and other sensitive areas.
The use of deicers is a valuable and effective way to provide a reasonably safe road surface during winter conditions.
Environmentally safe products that meet the strict specifications of the Pacific Northwest Snowfighters, a consortium of western states and provinces. ODOT is conducting a five-year pilot project on two highways to determine whether sale, used in combination with the snow fighting tools we already use, improves highway safety and mobility with minimal impact to the environment. Interstate 5 over the Siskiyou Pass connects Oregon with California, which already uses salt on the Interstate. We believe protecting the environment while providing a safe transportation system is a smart move. ODOT’s winter maintenance practices may not reflect the practices used on county or city roadways. Download our handy Winter Driving Guide brochure (pdf) or pick one up at Les Schwab stores, visitor centers or ODOT offices. Videos Connect to Oregon DOT videos through our YouTube channel or click on one of the links below. Statistics Travelers on Oregon roads experience the most crashes every year in December, with an average of more than 4,300 crashes across the state over the past five years. Rain in the western part of the state contributes to uncertain road conditions, as does snow in higher elevations and high desert.
22, and with the expectation of temperatures remaining at the lower to mid 20-degree mark through Sunday, Jan.
While many vehicles are already be equipped with basic emergency items that include a jack, lug wrench and spare tire, AAA suggests that we create our own tool kit that contains pliers, an adjustable wrench, utility knife, Phillips and flat-head screwdrivers, PVC tape, work gloves, oil, coolant, flashlight, water, shovel and a fire extinguisher. Basic items such as bandages, antiseptic wipes, hand sanitizer, tissues, paper towels and a blanket will certainly make a winter weather emergency situation a little more comfortable. If you plan to use a wood stove or space heater, take care to ensure ventilation and always follow the manufacturer’s instructions. Check out Yvonne’s other columns on Pop Culture, Dating, Makeup, Women’s Issues, Self-Awareness, Sports and News. Mazzulo is a freelance writer whose work ranges from investigative journalism to industry policy procedure. A news release from Home Instead Senior care said winter can be a difficult time, as the harsh conditions especially impact seniors. TripCheck also displays high impact incidents (alerts) on multiple pages to make them easier to spot. Users can create and bookmark custom camera pages with up to 10 different cameras for quick checks of specific routes.
Travelers in Oregon can dial 511 to access the same immediate road and weather information available on TripCheck.
Wireless (cell) phone users are responsible for airtime and roaming charges according to their wireless service contracts, but ODOT does not impose any additional charges. If you cannot use 511, call toll-free (800) 977-ODOT (6368) for road and weather information. ODOT encourages motorists to pull off the road and park in a safe area before using cell phones. We have bus service inall the major metropolitan areas (and in between), and even some ofour smaller communities have bus service. If the weather makes you leery of venturing out, thinkabout an alternative way to get where you want to go — you just might enjoyit!
In fact, it’s against the law to deposit any object onto Oregon highways and highway right of way, including snow. Chunks of snow and ice form an uneven road surface that can surprise drivers and cause crashes.
1 — April 30 in Oregon, parking in a Sno- Park requires a valid permit displayed on your vehicle’s windshield. Businesses authorized by DMV to sell the permits may charge an additional service fee for each permit they sell. The Oregon Transportation Commission, with the advice of the Winter Recreation Advisory Committee, sets the fee to provide snow removal for a moderate snow season. Driving through several inches of water at high speed can cause you to lose control of the car; it could also splash water into the engine and stall it.
After driving through a puddle, check that brakes are working properly by tapping them gently a few times. In other parts of the state, however, driving in the snow is a rarity, something drivers approach with timidity or hubris because of their inexperience.
But wherever you are and whatever your snow driving skills, the fundamentals remain the same. However, low visibility conditions often occur during the day, caused by heavy snowfall, downpours, thick fog and blowing dust or smoke.
High beams will disperse in thick fog or snow, making visibility worse for you and other drivers. Stop, turn off your lights, set the emergency brake and take your foot off the brake to be sure the taillights are not illuminated. In fact, many newer vehicles come with daytime running lights so that anytime the vehicle is operating, the low-beam headlights are on to improve visibility.
Diminished visibility results when there is little contrast between the color of a vehicle and its background, such as a lightly colored car against snow or a green car against foliage.
Tests conducted by the Society of Automotive Engineers determined that with headlights off, drivers can see oncoming cars when they are an average of 2,074 feet away.
Get in the habit of wiping off your lights at the gas station; that way you're ready for low-visibility conditions.
Turn off the music and don’t talk on your cell phone, so you can listen for traffic you cannot see. They are the first to freeze and the last to thaw because they’re built of concrete, which doesn’t retain as much heat as other materials. Maintenance crews will be out to clear roads as soon as possible, but the snow and ice may not melt right away. Any ice is dangerous to drive on, but black ice is particularly hazardous because the road looks wet, not icy. It is usually thin enough that it melts soon after sunlight hits it, but it can last much longer on shaded areas of roadways.
The ground cools more slowly than the air and warms back more slowly as well, so even if the air temperature is above freezing, the roadway may still be frozen. Drivers who try to pass on the right when a snowplow is in operation run the risk of damaging their vehicles, hitting the snowplow or running off the road and into a snow bank or guardrail. When the sun goes south for the winter, it doesn’t necessarily mean solitary confinement for the Schwinn.


Commute Options promotes active transportation including walking, bicycling, carpooling, vanpooling, telecommuting and transit. An average of 100 truck-involved crashes resulting in an injury or fatality occur in snowy or icy conditions in Oregon each year. ODOT offers advice and resources, including a short video, to help drivers prepare for winter driving in Oregon.
Deicer products can be used as an anti-icer before a storm to help prevent ice and snow from bonding to the road, and as a deicer after a storm to help break the bond between ice and road. 95, in southeastern Oregon, runs about 120 miles between Nevada and Idaho, which both use salt.
Winter Driving Guide - Spanish (pdf) Download the complete Winter Travel News packet (pdf) including the information on this page and additional information about headlights, black ice, safe winter bicycle commuting and more.
In addition to AAA’s suggestions, a few other important items to include are reflective emergency triangles, jumper cables, and a bag of salt or cinder. Also include specific items that are relevant to your family such as an EpiPen or asthma inhaler.
Carbon monoxide poisoning can be deadly, so resist the temptation to use a charcoal or gas grill indoors. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said people over the age of 65 make up nearly half of all hypothermia deaths.
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This format offers a handy menu of TripCheck features, including direct links to hotels, services and more along Oregon highways.
Snow Zone signs let you know about the current requirements for using chains and traction tires.
Throughout the state — eastern,central, the coast — regional bus services offer connections.
In addition, you may be cited under Oregon law; violations are punishable as a misdemeanor. There are about 100 Sno-Parks throughout the state located in all mountain passes and at most recognized ski, snowmobile and snow-play areas.
For information about becoming a Sno-Park permit sales agent, contact DMV Vehicle Mail at (503) 945-7949.
The committee, representing snowmobile riders, cross-country skiers, ski area operators and the public, also recommends Sno-Park locations. Lowering your speed helps you prepare for sudden stops caused by disabled cars, debris and other wet-weather hazards. Make sure your defroster is functioning properly, especially if you haven’t used it in a while.
In the most severe situations, a Dense Fog Advisory will be issued if visibility is reduced to less than one-quarter mile.
Moisture can build up on the windshield both inside and out; the air conditioning setting will help keep moisture from building up inside. Black ice isn’t really black; it’s so thin and transparent that the darker pavement shows through.
Bridges and overpasses are danger spots: since they do not receive as much heat from the ground and lose more heat to the air, they can drop below freezing even when the rest of the roadway doesn’t. This discrepancy between temperatures can lull drivers into a false sense of security: they hear the temperature on the morning news and think all’s well, when the road is still frozen. With a few precautions, bicycling in the winter offers the same benefits as fair-weather cycling, such as saving gas money, reducing highway damage (and therefore costs!), and using one less car parking space. Use of these products helps reduce the use of sand — and that limits impacts on air quality, water quality and aquatic habitat. ODOT is experimenting with using salt in limited situations on this highway except in an area near a city water supply.
If winter weather causes a power outage, use battery-powered flashlights or lanterns rather than candles if possible and never leave lit candles unattended.
A report from the Mayo clinic said the reason for this is that as the body ages, the ability to maintain a normal internal body temperature decreases, creating insensitivity to moderately cold temperatures. Oregon offers the feature of forwarding users to the Washington state 511 system for road conditions in that state.
Travelers who wait until the last minute to put on chains can block lanes, delaying other drivers and making it difficult for crews to sand and plow the road. Headlights also contribute to safety on highways with one lane of travel in each direction. To be safe, when driving on roads that may be icy, remember the following: Turn off your cruise control, be alert and drive cautiously.
Try to avoid travel when roads are snowy or icy, and if you must get out, be extra cautious. On most Oregon highways, snowplows have “wing” plows that stick out more than eight feet from the right front edge of the truck. Look both ways for other traffic and pedestrians; when it is safe, drive cautiously through the intersection. Railroad crossing signals have built-in backup battery power and should continue to operate for a short time during power outages. Yvonne is a former board member of the International Women’s Alliance and a current member of the International Conference of Journalists. Saturday, hundreds of emergency responders met at Notre Dame to learn from the massive accident. In very bad winter conditions all vehicles may be required to use chains regardless of the type of vehicle or type of tire being used. But even with chains, stopping distance is still several times greater than on dry pavement with ordinary tires. The snow being plowed or blown off the road can contain rocks and other debris that can damage vehicles. During a long-term power outage or other problem, railroad-crossing arms will automatically move to the “down” position. She volunteers as a peer counselor for women and teens and advocates for juvenile justice reform.
Regardless of whether the chains required signs are posted, it is every driver's responsibility to maintain control of their vehicle at all times. If conditions are severe enough to require the attention of a snowplow, drivers should use extra care when trying to accelerate and pass other vehicles.
Joseph County PoliceTwo people were arrested and police are looking for a third suspect after what they are calling a four-hour crime spree that lasted from Wednesday night into early Thursday morning. Ruts in the snow can grab tires; icy conditions make it difficult to control any vehicle at higher speeds. Use headlights for tunnels and bridges It may be more difficult to see tunnel entrances and bridge approaches if there is a power outage. The best advice is to stay at least three car lengths behind and give yourself more time to get where you are going.
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