Wildfires california,dm game pictures,business continuity communications,natural disasters - Plans Download

Northeastern San Bernardino, California, as the wildfires light up the night sky (photo courtesy of Chris Doolittle).
Emergency response GIS applications included 3D mapping of fire areas and communities, identification of critical facilities, allocation of resources and equipment, incident perimeter mapping, daily strategy and assessment meetings, and creation of mitigation plans. In addition, maps and GIS demonstrations were central components at separate meetings to brief then Governor-elect Arnold Schwarzenegger, then Governor Gray Davis, and President George W. Emergency responders, operations commanders, government officials, and others used GIS software for daily briefings and strategy sessions.
Helicopter returns for another load after dropping water on the front lines of the Old Fire in the foothills of the San Bernardino Mountains. Esri GIS technicians assisted incident commanders as they performed overall incident command briefings, which were held twice a day when shifts changed.
Web sites provided live maps and information for recent major fires as well as fire prevention and planning. The Web site was created as the official source for information about active fires in the San Bernardino National Forest. Links were also available at the two Web sites to geodata.gov and several other sites to provide state maps and satellite imagery.
The San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department and other local police agencies used GIS software for a host of evacuation activities and responses to the Grand Prix and Old Fires.
This map represents dying trees in the San Bernardino National Forest, an important factor of the fast spread of the fires. The Sheriff's Department took the lead on the law enforcement GIS projects, acting as the coordinating agency for all other police agencies. Esri personnel worked on-site to support the Sheriff's Department by plotting maps of various areas affected by the fires. The incident management team used GIS to create digital maps and contingency plans for the mountain community of Big Bear in the event that the Old Fire scorched its way past firefighter perimeters.
The MAST Web site was originally designed to provide fire safety and preparedness information in the event of a fire.
The Operations Group used GIS to create fire progression maps, topographical maps, property maps, and more.
A second group also using the services of the GIS unit was the Information Group, responsible for handling public and media inquiries. A third group consisting of Bureau of Land Management staff used digital 3D maps to make a presentation on Wednesday, November 5, to senior government officials on the latest status of the fire, its containment, and final wildfire plans. In the aftermath of the contingency planning and with the fire 100 percent contained, the new Big Bear maps were brought back to the primary Incident Command Post for final fire response efforts, reentry operations, and rehabitation work.
SAN DIEGO (AP) - Wildfires pushed by gusty winds chewed through canyons parched by California's drought, prompting evacuation orders for more than 20,000 homes on the outskirts of San Diego and another 1,200 homes and businesses in Santa Barbara County 250 miles to the north.
The flames that erupted in the fire-prone Rancho Bernardo area of San Diego quickly grew to 700 acres, driven by hot, dry Santa Ana winds that whipped through areas dotted by hilltop estates and pricey new housing tracts. Black and gray smoke billowed over the area, filled with whirling ash and embers that created small spot fires.
On one road, people on bicycles and skateboards stopped to watch as a plane dumped water on flames a half-mile away.
Cameron Stout, filling his tank at a gas station, got a text from his wife shortly after noon saying that she was packing up and leaving with the family's pictures, laptops and other valuables. Katy Ghasemi, 14, was held for hours in her high school classroom before the school let the children go home.
Another fire in southern San Diego County destroyed a mobile home before it was extinguished. Meanwhile, in the Santa Barbara County community of Lompoc, 1,200 homes and businesses were under an evacuation order from a fire that quickly grew to more than 500 acres. There were downed power lines and heavy brush in the area, said David Sadecki of the Santa Barbara County Fire Department. Chrissy Cabral, 57, rounded up friends to help her remove 19 head of cattle she keeps at a local ranch after the fire shifted directions. The group used trailers to move the cows 5 miles away, a repeat of 10 years ago when a fire roared through the area and burned her corral, Cabral said. A half-dozen other blazes statewide all remained small, said Daniel Berlant, a spokesman for the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.
Record high temperatures were predicted throughout much of California for the next two days. The combination of high heat, low relative humidity and Southern California's notoriously gusty Santa Ana winds prompted Los Angeles and neighboring cities to activate parking restrictions in certain areas to make sure emergency vehicles could get through if fires erupted in dry brush.


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Southern California’s wildfire season began early in May and has thus far burned thousands of acres and chase residents and campers out of Santa Barbara County. The 2014 wildfire season got off to a ferocious start in southern California and northwestern Mexico when record-breaking temperatures and powerful Santa Ana winds fueled at least nine fires between May 14–16. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite detected several fires in San Diego County on May 14, 2014. According to Cal Fire, the Pulgas fire had charred 8,000 acres and was just 5 percent contained by the morning of May 16.
The Washington Post’s Capital Weather Gang (2014, May 15) Drought, heat, wind spark destructive wildfires in Southern California.
Jeff Masters WunderBlog, via Weather Underground (2014, May 15) Record May Heat, Drought, and Fires Scorch California. Mashable (2014, May 16) Wildfires Scar the Drought-Ridden Landscape of Southern California.
The Washington Post Capital Weather Gang (2014, May 15) Drought, heat, wind spark destructive wildfires in Southern California. NASA Earth Observatory image by Jesse Allen, using data from the Land Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE). Emergency responders also used GIS to analyze vegetation, slope, and other landscape features to help understand potential and actual fire behavior. For instance, the overview and orientation that ArcGlobe provided was only otherwise available by flying in a helicopter to view the fire conditions. The GIS analysis presented during the briefings was based on emergency responder requests and the specific, daily needs at the Incident Command Post.
The first of two newly launched GIS-enabled Web sites provided (and continues to provide) current Southern California fire news and emergency response information that was of immediate interest to the public.
This Web site was launched in September 2003 for the San Bernardino and Riverside County MAST organizations in response to drought and bark beetle related fire hazard conditions (see sidebar).
No homes were lost thanks to the efforts of the firefighters (photo courtesy of Matt Artz). The site primarily focused on the Grand Prix and Old Fires but also provided information on the active fires in Los Angeles, San Diego, and Ventura Counties. GIS-generated maps were used to help carry out evacuations, monitor traffic, display fire perimeters, assess damage, patrol evacuated areas, plan community reentry, and much more. The percentage of dead trees in the area is greater than living trees, illustrated by the darker colors.
Within an hour after the Old Fire started, the Sheriff's Department and Esri were generating the first maps for the fire showing the location and the detailed road network for the mountain communities in immediate danger.
Esri provided GIS technicians from its Professional Services Group and software for this effort.
When the fire broke out, additional information was addedצfire perimeters, evacuation centers, closures, etc. It was tasked with addressing the possibility that the Old Fire might spread past Lake Arrowhead and toward Big Bear Valley, a heavily populated resort community nestled in the San Bernardino National Forest. Digital and paper fire maps showing fire perimeter, fire progression, fire break, property data, and more helped inform affected communities about what was occurring and helped support the media in their reporting efforts. The rugged terrain and unseasonably warm temperatures made firefighting even more difficult. Downtown Los Angeles has recorded just 6.08 inches of precipitation with little time left in the July 1-June 30 rain year.
Cal Fire estimated that by the morning of May 16, more than 19,000 acres (7,700 hectares) had burned, and news reports said that more than 100,000 people were forced to evacuate at various points over the past few days.
By mid-May, the entire state was classified as being in some level of drought (ranging from severe to exceptional), according to the U.S. Public information professionals leveraged GIS to answer questions about fire locations, road closures, and damaged or undamaged property locations.
Officials viewed and analyzed 3D GIS data while navigating landscapes in a virtual environment. ArcGlobe also provided a safe, cost-effective, and efficient method to look at many different data sets integrated and displayed based on user specifications.
Data input into ArcGIS included high-resolution imagery, vegetation data, fire perimeter and fire progression data, digital elevation models, land parcel and structure data, and asset location data. The second site provided information on fire prevention strategies, programs, and resources that is of more long-term interest.


This Web site provided the initial foundation for near real-time updates of the fire perimeters of the Grand Prix and Old Fires (named after roads near which the fires were first spotted). The latest closures and evacuations and fire perimeter and online maps, as well as printable maps and satellite images, were provided at the Web site. GeoMAC is a real-time application that provides geospatial information on the status, location, and proximity of wildfires to life, property, and infrastructure.
Esri supplied software, hardware, including plotters, and GIS professionals to assist the sheriff's GIS staff on-site. Many of the map requests were for specific close-ups of the burned inhabited areas showing streets and parcels.
Forest Service and San Bernardino County flood control officials to model possible winter mud slides that could result from heavy rains.
As a reporter for The Sacramento Bee, I helped lead a team that spread out across a vast swath of southern California. Red outlines indicate hot spots where the sensor detected unusually warm surface temperatures associated with fires. Law enforcement used GIS to plan evacuations, monitor events, and investigate possible criminal activities.
The technology helped firefighters and fire managers become quickly oriented to factors such as vegetation types, slope characteristics, and values at risk. Both of these related Web sites were developed and are maintained by Esri and its partner agencies at the direction of several affected government agencies.
Work on the Web site has been accomplished through a group of concerned private organizations and public agencies assisted by Esri.
In addition, information was available on Red Cross shelters, financial assistance, insurance-related information from the state of California, flight restrictions, school closures, public safety, and much more. This visual representation of active fires gives managers a better idea of which fires pose the greatest risk and require immediate fire fighting resources.
The Sheriff's Department shared GIS maps and data with fire and other agencies, including the San Bernardino County Emergency Center, California Highway Patrol, and local police agencies. These maps helped provide the Sheriff's Department a continuously updated, accurate understanding of the emergency. We geared up in flame-retardant fire suits to capture the heartbreaking losses, dramatic rescues and human upheaval of a fire that forced more than a quarter of a million people from their homes. To break the drought, most of the state would need 9 to 15 inches (23 to 38 centimeters) of precipitation to fall in one month, Weather Underground meteorologist Jeff Masters estimated. Government officials drew on Web GIS and other GIS services to understand wildfire damage and communicate information to both constituents and other government representatives and agencies. In addition, ArcGlobe was used to help organize evacuations, locate fire lines, model fire progression, and help predict fire behavior. These sites make extensive use of GIS maps and live mapping technology to keep the public informed. General information pertaining to the hazardous conditions, fire prevention projects, volunteer opportunities, and emergency preparedness are accessible via this Web site.
GeoMAC is supported by a multiagency group with members from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, National Interagency Fire Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service, Office of Wildland Fire Coordination, U.S.
That would amount to more than a half-year’s worth of precipitation for most of the state. Fire, law enforcement, local, state, and federal officials and others worked with a common spatial database and visualization tool for decision making and collaboration.
Press releases, maps and photos, fire prevention guidance, tree removal guidance and assistance information, a calendar of events, and an interactive Make A Map function and geodatabase, that together enable users to make maps for a specific area of interest, can also be accessed.
This allowed the GIS unit to quickly disseminate up-to-date information to the primary Old Fire Incident Command Post, helping track the progress of field units and identify plans for the construction of contingency fire breaks to prevent the fire from entering Big Bear Valley.
At the time of published, Earth Observatory could not find ground-based information on the fires in Mexico. Private corporations, including Esri, ERDAS–Leica, IBM, and Sun Microsystems, provide mapping software applications, computer hardware, and technical expertise to the GeoMAC effort.



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