Southeast united states rivers map,preparing for disaster checklist,severe cold weather safety tips,emf protection canada - Step 2

Describe the physical characteristics of water systems in the southeastern region of the United States. A wide variety of water resources exist in the region, with hydropower being the largest use and irrigation the largest consumer of freshwater. Consequently, the population and demand for water does not match the scale of the river systems.
How does this map show that the region's population is increasing more in urban areas than in rural areas? Due to this significant precipitation deficit, the region experienced widespread restrictions on water use, dangerous drops in reservoir levels, damages to crops, and conflicts inside and between states on access and use of declining water resources (Seager et al.
The water deficit spurred complex conflicts of intrastate and interstate water use, particularly how water is allocated to competing users (Kundell 2008). For instance, Georgia, Florida, and Alabama share water from six rivers, including the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers. In order to attempt to resolve this conflict, the stakeholders must participate in a conflict resolution process that includes multiple interrelated scales (local, state, national), a process that is much more difficult to complete than a single scale process. Examine the two quotes below and consider why they represent important concepts for resolving regional disputes about water resources.
The state of South Carolina is gearing up to spend at least USD 3 million in legal fees over the next three years to fight North Carolina concerning freshwater withdrawals from the Catawba River.
The Georgia State Assembly approved a resolution to create a commission that will seek to move Georgia's border with Tennessee 1.1 miles to the north in order to correct a surveyor's mistake in 1818.
To better understand the diversity of opinions and viewpoints associated with the wicked problems of water resources in the southeastern United States, your instructor may assign you a role-playing exercise associated with this case study. This colorful, easy-to-read regional map of the Southeastern United States includes major topographic features (lakes, rivers, mountain ranges) and major cities.This wall map is printed on 24lb.
Southeastern United States is a region of the United states, often referred to simply as the Southeast, that can be located in the southeastern parts of the country, on the Atlantic coast, north of the Gulf of Mexico.
The region comprises of the states of Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland and Delaware. As population increases across the region, the fastest growing demand for water is for public use and water supply. Large population centers are located on smaller portions of the watersheds, and vice versa. Visit the website of the National Drought Mitigation Center and look at the Drought Monitor for the present date. Investigate any severe drought situations and see what water resource managers are recommending for those regions. Due to the need for water to fill Lake Lanier and provide drinking water to Atlanta, the state government of Georgia filed a legal motion seeking to force the U.S. Kundell (2008) indicated that states in the region are successfully developing a more comprehensive approach to water resource management within their borders (Georgia being one of the more recent). Regions that usually have a sufficient amount of precipitation can nevertheless develop water resources dilemmas due to uneven population distribution and insufficient water distribution networks.
In this exercise, you will associate opinions with the different stakeholders across the region and rank their importance.


The coastal plains along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, the Appalachian ranges, the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, the Ozark Plateau and the surrounding plateaus, hilly parts. It includes 11 states: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, and West Virginia (Figure 1).
The three most populous states are Florida (16 million), Georgia (8.1 million), and North Carolina (8 million). Water resource problems in the region include eutrophication of reservoirs, industrial and municipal discharge, water quality related to surface mining of coal, sediment runoff from silviculture, and saltwater intrusion. Drought-induced crop losses for 2007, including corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and hay, totaled USD 1.3 billion.
Further, the water resource problems in the southeastern United States illustrate the geographic concept of local, region, and national scale water resource components and multiple interrelated geographic scales. Army Corps of Engineers, which manages Lake Lanier, to limit the release of water from the reservoir to the Chattahoochee River, an action that would diminish the flow to neighboring Alabama and Florida. In other words, you'll be emulating the difficult task many officials are faced with on a daily basis within the region. Project independence water requirements, availabilities, constraints, and recommended federal actions. It is also laminated on both sides using 3mm hot lamination, which protects your wall map and allows you to write on it with dry-erase markers.
Some of the larger aquifers include the Floridian, Coffee Sand, McNairy Formation, and Knox Group.
The area contains several physiographic regions including the Appalachian Highlands, the Carolina Piedmont, and the Gulf-Atlantic Coastal Plain. Figure 2 shows the general water budget for a typical area in the southeast, charting average monthly precipitation and evapotranspiration.
The region has experienced significant population growth in the past twenty years, with the region's population growth rate projected to exceed the U.S.
Beyond these location-specific problems, the geographic distribution of water in the region represents one of the largest challenges to water resource planners (Cushman et al. Such a disparity is also great in southern Florida, which has large population centers and high agricultural use, but no major rivers. Low reservoir and lake levels forced power companies such as the Tennessee Valley Authority and Duke Power to reduce hydroelectric generation and temporarily replace it with more expensive fossil fuel generation (Manuel 2008). The states of Alabama and Florida protested the action, claiming such an effort would have devastating economic effects on their populations. The relationship between drainage basin area and annual peak-flood seasonality in the southeastern United States. The quality of groundwater is variable but is generally suitable for public drinking water supplies. Consequently, a wide variety of fluvial landscapes exist in the area, ranging from small, steep mountain watersheds to large, flat coastal watersheds. Water supply in this portion of the region has been created through a complete transformation of the hydrology of the Everglades, a massive freshwater wetland. Water levels of Lake Lanier, GA, source of drinking water for 3 million people in Atlanta, were reported to be as low as 5 meters below normal (Terra Daily 2007).


Abstract, Progress Energy Water Resources Seminar, Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina, April 1, 2008.
The climate of the region is classified as humid subtropical, which represents an area dominated by moist maritime tropical air masses (Lutgens and Tarbuck 2007).
When there is abundant soil moisture, subsurface runoff through the slopes of watersheds supplies streams with year-round flows of water, compensating for the slight deficit in the Northern Hemisphere summer months.
The amount of natural runoff for the entire region is large, but many of the population centers (Birmingham, Atlanta, Charlotte, Raleigh-Durham, Nashville) are located along inland headwater areas of major rivers (Figure 4). Development threatens the existence of the wetlands themselves and is considered by many as an unsustainable approach to water resource management. Drought Monitor (Figure 6) indicated that on July 29, 2008, the majority of the southeastern U.S. Such problems were relatively new to an area of the United States that has usually been thought of as water rich. Without such efforts, experts believe these water resource conflicts will likely hamper the region's emergence as an economic and population powerhouse. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Special Reports, Series CENSR-4, Demographic Trends in the 20th Century.
In summer, rainfall is high and the temperatures are very warm, with the potential for tropical storms occurring from June through October. As a result, predictions from the 1970s of increased inland use requiring more water resource development and increased use in southern Florida have come true, resulting in instances of inadequate water supply for power generation and cooling needs, the top demands for water use in the region (Manuel 2008; Water Resources Council 1974).
Thus a conflict over water supply erupted involving a local entity (city of Atlanta), regional entities (the states of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia) and a national entity (the United States Army Corps of Engineers). In addition, if stakeholders within the region cannot resolve these problems, entities from outside the region may resolve the conflict for them. The winters are cool with frequent incursions of continental polar air masses, allowing for frequent extratropical cyclonic storms. Many of the larger rivers, such as the Alabama, Tombigbee, and Apalachicola, have main stems that pass through lightly populated areas. Figure 5 illustrates the increasing concentration of population in the major metropolitan areas of the region. A core area over Georgia, North and South Carolina, and Tennessee experienced class D4 Exceptional Drought conditions. Mean annual precipitation totals for the region range between 100 and 200 cm, with summer the wetter season and winter the drier season. In the case of Lake Lanier, if Georgia, Florida, and Alabama cannot reach an agreement, the U.S. Sourcebook of Hydrologic and Ecological Features: Water Resource Regions of the Conterminous United States.



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