Preparing for earthquakes in japan,heat emergencies,emergency management manual nsw - Step 2

Take a look at how you could prepare yourself for the next earthquake, while learning California’s major catastrophic hits. Every week, it seems, we’re reading about earthquakes—both in faraway places where we’ve come to expect them, but also here at home. While they rattled nerves, none compared to the devastating earthquake that struck Eastern Turkey late last month and again late last week, with the death toll having surpassed 600 and thousands of homes destroyed.
As an architect, it’s humbling and heartbreaking for me to accept the sad fact that earthquakes don’t kill people; buildings do.
The structure of Toyo Ito's Sendai Mediatheque, which sustained no major damage during the earthquake in Japan. We need to understand that building codes and even structural reinforcement may help save lives, but none guarantee that buildings remain functional after the fact. Video shot on the Sendai Mediatheque's seventh floor, showing the building withstanding the violent quaking. We need to invest in earthquake preparedness here at home, particularly in highly populated, highly seismic areas. We need to acknowledge and address the unique, earthquake-related risks facing informal settlements around the world. This is very much the case in Bogota, Colombia, according to architect Rodrigo Rubio Vallert, where the populations of informal settlements have skyrocketed from 400,000 to 9,000,000 over the past 50 years.
Minor as they may be, the Oklahoma and East Coast earthquakes provide a wake-up call that even parts of the U.S.
The best thing to do will be different depending on things like the size of the earthquake and where you are when it happens.
Classes are held all over the country to allow children to learn about how buildings sway and other important information via enjoyable hands-on participation.
When we look at photographs of disaster areas, we see collapsed buildings and cars scattered in unnatural positions. Tags: earthquake preparedness, earthquake putty, earthquake safety, home emergencies, hurricane safety, natural disasters, preparing for home emergencies, secure furniture, secure kitchen cabinets, tornadoe safetyAbout Tina GleisnerTina helps women homeowners create homes they love, homes that support how we live today. While the system is run by the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, the Japan Meteorological Agency sends out the earthquake warnings.
Although the systems can only give warnings from seconds to one or two minutes before the powerful S-waves hit and shaking gets serious, it can mean the difference between life and death. Earlier this month a dozen tremors struck 45 miles due east of Oklahoma City, with a 5.6 magnitude the most intense among them. Christchurch, New Zealand, was rocked by similarly destructive quakes and countless aftershocks in June. Recently the Campaign for Safe Buildings symposium, sponsored by the Yale School of Architecture, brought together architects, attorneys, planners, policymakers, scientists, and even longtime Fugees band member and Haitian activist Pras Michel to wrestle with that fact.
Drawing on footage of the recent earthquake in Japan, Berkeley professor Mary Comerio used a picture of a brand new building by famed Japanese architect Toyo Ito to illustrate the reality of such codes. Japan has done exactly that through building code enforcement, earthquake preparation, and even early-detection efforts and warning systems, according to Karl Kim of the National Disaster Preparedness Training Center. The United Nations estimates that 1 billion people live in such settlements today, and that number is expected to double by 2030.
Imagining that a fire has broken out after an earthquake, children cover their mouths with their hands as they flee to evacuation spots.

In a very strong earthquake measuring at least Magnitude 6 Lower on the Japanese scale, it is difficult to stay on your feet, most unfixed furniture will shift, and windows and wall tiles may shatter.
On the west coast of the US there are earthquakes and fires, while the southeast has hurricanes.
California building codes have done a lot to minimize building damage and the focus here is really on the contents of your home which need to be secured to reduce the damage they cause. Leveraging her experience owning 14 houses and running a handyman business, Tina offers a free Savvy Homeowner Report.
A nationwide online system launched in 2007, it detects tremors, calculates an earthquake's epicenter and sends out brief warnings from its 1,000-plus seismographs scattered throughout the country, one of the most earthquake-prone nations on the planet. It took just seconds for a seismometer located on land, closest to the epicenter, to detect enough signals to determine an alert was necessary. It can be just enough time to take cover, drive a car to the side of the road, step back from getting on an elevator or stop medical surgery. Many lives were saved last Friday because of the combination of stricter building codes and early-warning systems. Finally, at a whole different scale, we saw the quake and resulting tsunami ravage Japan in March, not to mention the 2010 earthquakes that leveled parts of China and Haiti. Convened and funded by The Shelley & Donald Rubin Foundation, the event was not the kind we often see sprout up immediately after natural disasters—be they earthquakes, hurricanes, tornados, or tsunamis—but instead one focused on the long-term, big picture.
Thomas Fisher, Dean of the College of Design at the University of Minnesota, advocates for 10 public health innovations and policy solutions, ranging from the use of social media—increasingly a hallmark of post-disaster recovery—to the legalization of land and “socially-enforced” building standards, particularly in parts of the world without government-enforced building codes. The interior of the building was visibly destroyed, literally mangled, but the structure itself stood. Whether they’re in Haiti, India, Iran, China, or elsewhere, these squatter communities are particularly susceptible to earthquakes and other natural disasters. Meanwhile, countries with massive informal settlements need only look at the ongoing suffering in Haiti as well as the successes in Bogota for motivation to improve their building codes. As yet, no one has figured out a way to predict exactly when or where an earthquake will strike. In a major earthquake like this, the best thing you can do is to stay where you are, keep low, and cover your head. People in the affected area had little warning but knew to flee to higher ground, so loss of life was significantly lower than the Indian Ocean tsunami several years ago.
Tornado valley stretches from northern Texas to South Dakota and the northern half of the country and Canada deals with severe storms during the winter.
Florida and other coastal states with lots of hurricane activity also have building codes to minimize building damage, i.e. It wasn’t until my second son, the explorer, came along, that I began to think defensively. Although earthquakes, hurricanes and other natural disasters are bound to happen, we can take steps to minimize the amount of damage that they cause. We strive for homes that support how you want to live, while building equity for your future too. Japan Railways, a nationwide railway network, launched its own large-scale system about 20 years ago when the superfast Nozomi bullet train was introduced. In the areas hardest hit by the tsunami, residents probably had only about 15 minutes of warning.

It was always an impressive sight — all the children lined up neatly in tight rows, wearing the padded protective headwear called bosai zukkin, normally used as their desk seat cushions.
And in August, Manhattan subways screeched to a halt and cracks surfaced in the Washington Monument as the East Coast got a rare dose of seismic activity. But Bogota has excelled in another way: by legalizing many informal settlements, through land ownership transfers and other measures over the past decade.
Yet perhaps the most crucial and dignifying innovations of all, with ripple effects for communities and governments, are efforts to legalize land. In a smaller earthquake measuring Magnitude 5 Upper, on the other hand, things start to fall off the shelves, but it is still possible to walk as long as you hold on to something.
That’s when I decided it was time to secure everything to the walls, including the Christmas tree, using fishing line and small hooks hidden on the adjacent windows.
By being prepared with a safety plan, emergency supplies and being aware of how to react, these events are less likely to cause long term damage both materially and emotionally.
The university building in Sendai, the biggest city hit by the quake and subsequent tsunami, began to shake violently. Since the March 11 magnitude-9.0 earthquake and tsunami devastation in Japan's northeast, Oki has been responding to public concern and media interest as an in-demand specialist and spokesperson on earthquakes.
Professor Watanabe's cell phone buzzed seconds later thanks to a technology called the Area Mail Disaster Information Service. The S-waves would have reached Tokyo, 230 miles (370 km) to the south, in about 90 seconds. That said, it no doubt remained a client and insurer’s nightmare, and would require a full gutting, if not a complete rebuild. We have seen the same elsewhere around the world, pioneered by groups such as the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights across Asia and Grupo Terra Nova in Brazil.
In the case of an earthquake measuring Magnitude 5 Upper or less, therefore, you should move to a safe place close by. But Watanabe and his students, with that small warning, were able to use the sturdy desks as protection against falling objects.
The re-titling or re-deeding of land paves the way for stronger codes for buildings themselves. If you are in a school or some other building that is well protected against earthquakes, it is a good idea to take shelter under a nearby desk to protect your head. One spent the night safely at her high school with about 1,000 other students and teachers.
In Japan, where there are lots of earthquakes, disaster prevention training takes place every year in schools, offices, and local communities throughout the country. If you are in a building that does not have good earthquake defenses, you should evacuate the building, keeping your head covered against falling objects at all times.
On that day, schools, fire stations and public and private facilities practice earthquake and fire drills, with great earnestness. Surely the nationwide earthquake early-warning system has helped to lessen this unimaginable tragedy.

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