Preparing for earthquakes and volcanoes,faraday cage aluminum foil,planning a disaster recovery test,what to put in an emergency go bag - Plans Download

Take a look at how you could prepare yourself for the next earthquake, while learning California’s major catastrophic hits. Every week, it seems, we’re reading about earthquakes—both in faraway places where we’ve come to expect them, but also here at home. While they rattled nerves, none compared to the devastating earthquake that struck Eastern Turkey late last month and again late last week, with the death toll having surpassed 600 and thousands of homes destroyed. As an architect, it’s humbling and heartbreaking for me to accept the sad fact that earthquakes don’t kill people; buildings do.
The structure of Toyo Ito's Sendai Mediatheque, which sustained no major damage during the earthquake in Japan. We need to understand that building codes and even structural reinforcement may help save lives, but none guarantee that buildings remain functional after the fact.
Video shot on the Sendai Mediatheque's seventh floor, showing the building withstanding the violent quaking. We need to invest in earthquake preparedness here at home, particularly in highly populated, highly seismic areas. We need to acknowledge and address the unique, earthquake-related risks facing informal settlements around the world. This is very much the case in Bogota, Colombia, according to architect Rodrigo Rubio Vallert, where the populations of informal settlements have skyrocketed from 400,000 to 9,000,000 over the past 50 years.
Minor as they may be, the Oklahoma and East Coast earthquakes provide a wake-up call that even parts of the U.S. Preparing for natural disasters especially earthquake is important to save your life as well as property. Some people may think it a useless thing but emergency preparedness for earthquake can save you from many hassles during and after earthquake. In order to avoid financial loss, you must store breakable stuff in lower and closed shelves. You must have an idea about places where you can stay safe, but away from buildings, electrical lines, and bridges.
If you are outside home, then be sure to stay at an open place away from streetlights and buildings.
Shelly and Phil Rodgers were in their home in California’s Santa Cruz Mountains when the Loma Prieta quake struck. On their way to town, they passed the spot where a neighbor’s house should have been. In the aftermath of a major earthquake, the public utilities usually fail, and fires tend to break out due to broken gas mains and lack of water.
The epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta quake was about 10 miles outside of Santa Cruz, California, and 60 miles from San Francisco.
Construction codes, age and type of materials of construction, and soil conditions each have a lot to do with how well a community will fare during an earthquake.
If your building is of older construction, inspect the foundation to see if the building frame is bolted into the foundation.
If your building is of older, non-reinforced masonry construction, it will have extremely poor seismic resistance and should be structurally retrofitted and upgraded. Attach heavy bookcases and other tall furniture to wall studs with metal strapping, or specially designed seismic straps. Use child locks on your kitchen cabinets to prevent your dishes from flying out of the cabinets during an earthquake. If you live in a climate subject to freezing temperatures, store extra anti­freeze (preferably the nontoxic RV type) for winterizing your toilet bowls and sink traps.
Keep a backup propane, kerosene, or wood heater (and fuel) for emergency space heating, and a portable camping stove for cooking food and boiling water. Store a roll of plastic sheeting, 50 feet minimum (available at hardware or contractor’s supply stores). Keep well-stocked, 72-hour emergency kits in the car (or other outside loca­tion, garden shed, etc), including spare clothing. Keep a permanent shutoff wrench attached to your gas shutoff (available at surplus, hardware, and survival stores). If you are an urban dweller and have no car, or store your car under a large building, you might consider arranging with friends or relatives to store some supplies in their garage, garden shed, and so on. Store off-site backup copies of computer files, family photos, and important papers (marriage license, social security card, bank accounts, stock certifi­cates, immunization records, etc). Stock at least two weeks worth of food in a place that is least prone to being buried in a strong earthquake. In a medium-sized quake (5 to 6 magnitude), you could probably dash outside, but in a large quake of roughly 7.0 or greater, you can figure on approximately three seconds before objects will come flying (including daggers of broken glass), buildings might start collapsing, or in the least you will be knocked off your feet and thrown around. Studies of injuries and deaths caused by earthquakes over the last several decades, as noted above, show that you are much more likely to be injured by falling or flying objects (TVs, lamps, glass, bookcases, etc.) than to die in a collapsed building. Caution: If you smell gas, or the quake was severe, immediately turn off the outside electrical and gas utility supply to your house (gas utility personnel may need to turn it back on). Your car, when parked outside, can provide safe, secure shelter during periods of aftershocks when you may feel insecure sleeping in an indoor location. We endorse this dealer as our all-around favorite for purchasing and storing precious metals. We are in San Diego southern California and many here don't have earthquake insurance on their house. For even more food for thought re earthquake preps, I highly recommend the book "Peace of Mind in Earthquake Country" which has been in print for three decades.
Although I don't live in a an earthquake zone, I found it interesting that much of the advice would help no matter what the disaster.
Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes. With the cluster of recent major earthquakes, from Haiti to Chile, to Baja California, we are reminded that we live in earthquake territory. EwingSIR does not guarantee information contained in this blog, readers are encouraged not to rely solely on this information and to do their own independent research of facts contained herein. Shows maps of the seismic station distribution in 1994 at the time of the Northridge earthquake, and the station distribution in 2014. Enjoy highlights from the Science & Society conference that brought together world leading researchers and scholars. The 1886 Great Charleston Earthquake was the largest, most destructive, and most lethal earthquake ever to strike east of the Mississippi.
Until now, people seeking concise, accurate information on South Carolina's earthquakes and their hazards faced a major challenge. This website is the result of three years of research and close consultation with the foremost South Carolina and national earthquake and disaster response experts. Since 1886, there have a number of medium-sized (and thousands of small) earthquakes in South Carolina, but few have been large enough to gain more than fleeting attention. The relative severity of earthquake damage to various areas of the state from a present-day repeat of the 1886 earthquake is shown by the map to the right. At level X (red), the highest reached in the 1886 earthquake), well-built wooden structures are severely damaged, and some are destroyed. For full details and a map of the locations of South Carolina's earthquakes in the last six months, click here for a map generated by the U.S.
2012: As of July 28, 2012, there have already been twelve earthquakes in South Carolina, the greatest number in any of the past five complete years.
To receive an automated email whenever there is an earthquake in South Carolina (or any other region you choose), you may click the green ENS button and sign up for this free service of the U.
Until 1886, the nation's top scientists thought that earthquakes east of the Missippi River were impossible, but that was based on a lack of information. Small to moderate earthquakes had been felt in Summerville in the five days preceding the 1886 catastrophe, but few people outside of the village paid any attention to them. At least one hundred and twenty-four people died in South Carolina and Georgia as a result of the 1886 earthquake. One hundred forty severely injured people have been identified; the actual number was probably at least three times larger.
Three fatal train wrecks occured at the same instant in three different locations in South Carolina. Half of the city's fire stations and their fire engines were put at least temporarily out of service. The main police station and the city jail were both destroyed, and most of the prisoners escaped. Sixty-seven percent of Charleston's brick structures were badly damaged or totally destroyed.
The day after the earthquake, forty thousand of the sixty thousand residents of Charleston were living on the streets, and thousands of people from the South Carolina Lowcountry started their flight inland, seeking shelter and escape from the numerous aftershocks.
It was more destructive than the 200-cannon artillery bombardment by the British navy when they attacked and occupied Charleston in 1780.
It was more destructive than the castrophic fire in the Market Street area in 1835 and the 1838 Ansonboro fire, which burnt over 1,000 structures. It was more destructive than the immense 1861 Chareston fire, which burned every building to the ground within a quarter-mile wide path all the way from the Cooper River to the Ashley River. It was more destructive than the 531-day artillery bombardment by the Union navy and army in 1865 after which the the Union forces defeated the Confederates and took control of Charleston at the end of the Civil War.
It was more destructive than Hurricane Hugo, a devastating Category IV hurricane which struck the coast near Charleston in 1989, killing approximately twelve people in South Carolina, causing month-long power outages in many areas, and catastrophic damage throughout a thirty-mile-wide corridor through the state. It was more destructive than the 1989 Loma Prieta, California, earthquake (magnitude 7.1), which killed 67 people, pancaked elevated sections of interstate highways, snapped the upper span of San Francisco's Oakland Bay Bridge, and devastated the San Francisco marina district. An earthquake centered near Lake Murray, about thirty miles west of Columbia, struck in 1945. On November 11, 2002, a magnitude 4.4 earthquake originated in the Atlantic Ocean sixteen miles off the coast of Seabrook Island (see map to right). The Charleston-Summerville area experiences approximately four to twelve earthquakes (mostly small) each year. Earthquakes are produced in areas of the earth's crust known as fault zones or fault lines, most of which have been identified and have produced many earthquakes in the past. Unlike hurricanes, which can be identified and tracked for at least a week before they make landfall, giving residents days to prepare and evacuate, earthquakes strike without warning. In 2001, The South Carolina Emergency Preparedness Division commissioned the Comprehensive Seismic Risk and Vulnerability Study for the State Of South Carolina. Approximately 45,000 total casualties (dead and injured), compared to approximately 500 in 1886.
More than 200,000 people displaced, with 60,000 requiring short-term (under 90 days) shelter, compared to 40,000 in 1886. At least $200 billion in total economic losses from damage to buildings, interruption of businesses, and damage to transportation and utility systems, compared to approximately $100 million in 2006 dolars in 1886. About 20 out of 108 hospitals will be incapacitated, mostly within the tri-county area, where most of the casualties will occur. About 800 bridges will be rendered unusable, thereby preventing first responders who try to reach victims. Substantial damage to power production and distribution facilities, resulting in power outages lasting days to weeks.
In South Carolina, earthquakes can happen in any part of the state, and a repeat of a large earthquake, such as the 1886 Summerville-Charleston event, would cause damage throughout the entire state. Preparing your family to survive and recover from an earthquake starts with one fundamental assumption: that you will have to live on stored food, water, medicines, clothes, pet and and sanitary supplies for at least ten days, rather than three days, as had previously been recommended. Your dwelling may have been severely damaged and not be available as a residence for days, weeks, or months after the earthquake. Designate a specific outdoor meeting place where all family members will assemble immediately after the quake stops. Designate a specific out-of-state friend or family member to contact so that all family members have a single person who can provide information about all members of the family. Your in-home disaster supply center should be a designated place in an earthquake-resistant part of your home. Flashlights, stored empty, with batteries in separate waterproof containers or plastic bags. Sanitation supplies (plastic bags for disposing of bodily wastes and garbage), toilet paper, and pre-moistened sanitary wipes for personal cleansing. Heavy work gloves, heavy shoes, socks, and a set of work clothes for cleanup work for each adult. If an earthquake severely damages your home, the emergency supplies stored in your in-home disaster supply center may have been damaged or destroyed.
A vital information file folder, containing a copy of your emergency contact list, your driver's license, Social Security card, insurance company contact information, a household property inventory, [and further information coming soon]. A variety of ready-to-eat, non-perishable food (canned or dried), such as nutritionally complete energy bars or pre-packaged, ready-to-eat emergency meals.
Two sets of batteries for the flashlight and radio, stored in a separate plastic zipped baggie. Secure your water heater to wall studs with metal straps to reduce the chance of it tipping over.
Learn how to shut off all utilities (electricity, water, gas) and have the necessary tools on hand. Equip cupboards with secure latches to prevent doors from swinging open, allowing the contents to spill out. Avoid placing heavy objects on shelves or heavy pictures on walls where they could fall onto a bed. Replace heavy hanging objects over beds (such as large, ornate lights) with lightweight alternatives to redure injuries. Use flexible connectors where gas lines meet appliances (ranges, clothes dryers, water heaters) to reduce gas leaks.
Secure top-heavy furniture, such as bookcases and china cabinets, to wall studs with bolts, straps, or metal braces to help keep them from tipping over. In South Carolina, there is no state requirement for schools to carry out earthquake safety surveys or practice earthquake safety drills.
Develop an earthquake risk assessment and response plan and train teachers and school administrators how to protect students when an earthquake strikes.

Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds, January 2004. Inspect all schools to determine their earthquake-worthiness inadequacies, whether resulting from flawed design or deterioration. Fund the necessary reinforcements, repairs, or replacement of schools which pose earthquake threats to students and their teachers and administrators. During the three-and-a-half years it took to research his book, City of Heroes: The Great Charleston Earthquake of 1886, author-historian Richard N. The author would like to thank the College of Charleston Departent of Geology and and Environmental Geosciences, the University of South Carolina Geology Department, The Charleston Southern University Earthquake Center, the South Carolina Geological Survey, the South Carolina Emergency Management Division, the U.
The information presented here comes from the experts and sources noted above, but the author of this website cannot and does not guarantee that the information contained here is complete, safe, or accurate, nor should not be considered a substitute for good judgement and common sense. For more information on South Carolina, please visit SCIway: the South Carolina Information Highway.
Earlier this month a dozen tremors struck 45 miles due east of Oklahoma City, with a 5.6 magnitude the most intense among them. Christchurch, New Zealand, was rocked by similarly destructive quakes and countless aftershocks in June. Recently the Campaign for Safe Buildings symposium, sponsored by the Yale School of Architecture, brought together architects, attorneys, planners, policymakers, scientists, and even longtime Fugees band member and Haitian activist Pras Michel to wrestle with that fact.
Drawing on footage of the recent earthquake in Japan, Berkeley professor Mary Comerio used a picture of a brand new building by famed Japanese architect Toyo Ito to illustrate the reality of such codes. Japan has done exactly that through building code enforcement, earthquake preparation, and even early-detection efforts and warning systems, according to Karl Kim of the National Disaster Preparedness Training Center. The United Nations estimates that 1 billion people live in such settlements today, and that number is expected to double by 2030. Earthquakes can strike any place anytime without any warning, which is why you are always advised to be ready for any possible shock. Do not place them on heights as if earthquake rattles the shelves, heavier stuff on them can pose serious problems. Hang them at least five to four feet away from your bed to ensure it would not fall on you if earthquake occurs. Most government workers are either injured themselves, or at home caring for family members. The worst damage was focused in the downtown area of Santa Cruz, which was built on gravelly wet soils next to the San Lorenzo river, 60 miles away in the Marina District in San Francisco, which is built on loose, poorly compacted fill from the 1906 San Francisco quake, and in Oakland where the Cypress Freeway was also built on gravelly soils. Generally speaking, a 5.0 quake will shake things up a bit, throwing items off shelves and possibly breaking fragile appliances like televisions and computers, but will not cause a lot of structural damage unless it strikes old masonry buildings or a third-world location with poor building practices.
If not, a qualified trades­man should perform a seismic retrofit to bolt your home-framing sill plates onto the foundation. In order to properly complete this work, it will require enlist­ing the help of a qualified structural engineer and contractor. Make sure you have clothing, tent, sleeping bag, etc so you could survive two weeks outside in the coldest and hottest weather your area might see. If your clothes, wallet, and keys disappear in a collapsed house on a cold winter’s day, you will be grateful for a spare key! Remember, it was nine days before the average Kobe Japan quake victim received government relief in the form of food, water, toiletries, medical supplies and clothing! Some of the recommendations in this article have been repeated by the media as fact, but have been broadly questioned and refuted by other disaster experts.
The hope is that being aware of these concepts will be of some assistance when making split-second decisions in a time of crisis. Pump filters that are rated for virus removal have tiny pore sizes and tend to clog quickly (a clogged filter is worthless). People tend to be stressed out, underfed, underclothed, dehydrated, injured, and often wet or cold.
Stein is a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he majored in Mechanical Engineering.
We haven’t had a major earthquake in Southern California since January  of 1994, and perhaps have gotten quite lax in our preparedness. Blog information was obtained from independent sources that we do not endorse, and we do not investigate this information for accuracy. All data, including all measurements and calculations of area, is obtained from various sources and has not been, and will not be, verified by broker or MLS.
In 2008, 122 years after the Great Charleston Earthquake, the residents of South Carolina have no greater awareness of the state's earthquake hazards than they had in 1886.
In recent years, earthquake hazards have received top-level official recognition from the state's leaders.
Except for the highly visible "earthquake bolts" in Charleston, there is little visible evidence of former earthquake damage in South Carolina.
The damage scale used here runs from I (no damage) to XII (so far not experienced in South Carolina, where there is total destruction of all man-made structures). The minor earthquake registered 2.0 on the Richter scale, and originated nine miles northwest of Columbia.
The minor earthquake registered 1.5 on the Richter scale, and originated five miles south of Summerville.
The minor earthquake registered 2.6 on the Richter scale, and originated four miles south of Summervile. The minor earthquake registered 1.4 onthe Richter scale, and originated six miles south of Summervile, SC.
The minor earthquake registered 2.6 on the Richter scale, and originated six miles south-southwest of Summerville, SC. The minor earthquake registered 1.8 onthe Richter scale, and originated 36 miles northwest of Columbia, SC. The minor earthquake registered 2.2 on the Richter scale, and originated five miles ___of Summerville, SC. The minor earthquake registered 2.5 on the Richter scale, and originated three miles westsouthwest of Summerville, SC. The minor earthquake registered 2.1 on the Richter scale, and originated three miles west of Williston, SC. The minor earthquake registered 2.3 on the Richter scale, and originated twenty-three miles southeast of Greenville, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 2.3 on the Richter scale, and originated seven miles north of Camden, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 2.5 on the Richter scale, and originated four miles north-northeast of Chesterfield, Chesterfield County, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 1.5 on the Richter scale, and originated six miles south-southease of Summerville, Dorchester County, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 2.5 on the Richter scale, and originated near Pacolet, thirty-five miles east of Greenville, Greenville County, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 2.8 on the Richter scale, and originated seven miles south-southeast of Summerville, Dorchester County and 16 miles northwest of Charleston, Charleston County, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 1.5 on the Richter scale, and originated 19 miles north-northwest of Columbia, Richland County. The minor earthquake registered 3.2 on the Richter scale, and originated one mile northeast of Summerville, Dorchester County.
The micro earthquake registered 1.7 on the Richter scale, and originated eleven miles south of Summerville, Dorchester County. The minor earthquake registered 2.5 on the Richter scale, and originated one mile east-northeast of Summerville, Dorchester County. The minor earthquake registered 2.5 on the Richter scale, and originated two miles east-southeast of Williston, Barnwell County. The minor earthquake registered 2.1 on the Richter scale, and originated twenty-four miles north-northwest of Columbia, Richland County.
The minor earthquake registered 2.3 on the Richter scale, and originated twenty-six miles north-northwest of Columbia, Richland County. The minor earthquake registered 2.5 on the Richter scale, and originated two miles south-southwest of Summerville, Dorchester County.
The minor earthquake registered 3.6 on the Richter scale, and originated four miles north of Summerville, Dorchester County.
The minor earthquake registered 2.4 on the Richter scale, and originated one mile north-northeast of Hanahan, Charleston County, South Carolina. The minor earthquake registered 2.7 on the Richter scale originated in the Aiken-Augusta fault area. The minor earthquake registering 2.4 on the Richter scale occurred about twelve miles southeast of Columbia, SC. The minor earthquake registering 2.1 on the Richter scale occurred about nine miles south of McCormick, McCormick County, SC. The minor earthquake registering 3.7 on the Richter Scale occurred near Society Hill, Cheraw, and Bennettsville, South Carolina, close to the North Carolina border. The minor earthquake registering 3.5 on the Richter Scale occurred in the same area as the one on September 25.
About seventy percent of all South Carolina earthquakes originate from the Middleton Place-Summerville Seismic Zone.
Dam failures leading to large-scale flooding near Langley, Aiken County, South Carolina, caused the fatal derailment of two railroad trains and the drowning of an unknown number of people in that area. As a result, the entire city block of buildings on King Street between Broad and Queen streets burned to the ground because there was no water to pump to fight the flames. Over two thousand aftershocks and new earthquakes have been generated by the Middleton Place-Summerville Seismic Zone alone since 1886, and their frequency is increasing. Almost everyone who has lived in Summerville for more than one year has felt an earthquake there. Since a major earthquake, such as the 1886 event, causes severe destruction hundreds of miles from its epicenter, everyone in the state should personally make plans and put together emergency supplies to last at least ten days without outside help. This is due to the enormous population growth since 1886 and the lack of earthquake-resistant building construction standards until the last few years. The lack of operational firefighting equipment and a supply of water to fight the fires will be major concerns—just as in 1886. Because of insufficient seismic building code standards and the age of the majority of buildings, the majority of structures in the State, specifically schools and fire stations, are vulnerable to damage. A number of sea island communities, such as the Isle of Palms, Sullivan's Island, and Hilton Head Island, whose only connection to the mainland is a bridge, may be cut off from all transportation except by boats or helicopters if the bridge fails. After Hurricane Hugo in 1989, for example, some neighborhoods had no electrical power for a month. Unlike hurricanes, the arrival date, time, and intensity of an earthquake can't be predicted. Furthermore, public shelters—typically school buildings, few of which are engineered to withstand earthquakes, may have not have survived the earthquake any better than your dwelling.
The designated place should be out-of-doors and away from any buildings, utility poles, or highway overpasses which could fall on people when aftershocks take place. It should be stocked with a ten-day supply of non-perishable supplies sufficient to provide for all members of the family, including your pets.
Ask your physician or pharmacist if these can be safely stored in plastic bags in the refrigerator, which will lengthen their storage life. Batteries stored for a long time can leak, and leaking batteries can destroy flashlights and radios.
If your home has a perimeter foundation, ensure that the sill plate of the house is securely bolted to the foundation. Masonry chimneys pose a significant hazard, especially the free-standing section above the roof.
Fuel oil and propane tanks can slide or overturn in an earthquake, rupturing the tank or breaking the supply line and causing a fire. Strapping the water heater to wall studs and having sflexible gas and water lines installed will greatly reduce the risk of fire and water damage in an earthquake. Anchor eyebolts to wall studs for hanging heavy items such as pictures, mirrors, and shelving.
Lock or anchor wheels of moveable carts, cribs, and furniture to minimize the number of moveable objects. In California, for example, schools are required to have a disaster plan, to hold periodic drop, cover and hold drills, and to hold educational and training programs for students and staff. In addition, the vast majority of the state's schools are not built to withstand earthquakes. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) published "Earthquake Safety Program for Schools" in March 2006. Do not run downstairs or outside while the building is shaking, as there is danger that you may be knocked down and injured. Immediately move away from trees, signs, buildings, or electrical poles or wires which could fall on you. If you are in bed or on a couch when the shaking starts, roll off onto the floor and stay next to the bed or couch. Persons wishing to prepare themselves, their families, their home, school, or workplace against earthquake hazards should rely upon experts and information sources of their own choosing.
Finally, at a whole different scale, we saw the quake and resulting tsunami ravage Japan in March, not to mention the 2010 earthquakes that leveled parts of China and Haiti.
Convened and funded by The Shelley & Donald Rubin Foundation, the event was not the kind we often see sprout up immediately after natural disasters—be they earthquakes, hurricanes, tornados, or tsunamis—but instead one focused on the long-term, big picture. Thomas Fisher, Dean of the College of Design at the University of Minnesota, advocates for 10 public health innovations and policy solutions, ranging from the use of social media—increasingly a hallmark of post-disaster recovery—to the legalization of land and “socially-enforced” building standards, particularly in parts of the world without government-enforced building codes. The interior of the building was visibly destroyed, literally mangled, but the structure itself stood. Whether they’re in Haiti, India, Iran, China, or elsewhere, these squatter communities are particularly susceptible to earthquakes and other natural disasters. Meanwhile, countries with massive informal settlements need only look at the ongoing suffering in Haiti as well as the successes in Bogota for motivation to improve their building codes. You cannot do certainly with magnitude of earthquake and its aftershocks, but you can do enough to prevent yourself from physical and financial loses. Get your food supplies, storage kits, living kits and other necessities ready in order to survive in emergency.

The house shook violently and all of their cupboards opened, throwing every dish, jar, can, bookcase, television, and appliance to the floor.
If the earthquake is a significant one, with widespread damage and casualties, in all likelihood you will be on your own for several days or more. Water heaters are quite heavy and will often topple over during an earthquake, breaking gas and water lines and causing much damage to your home. If your home was built before the 1950s, and you are concerned about its seismic safety, you will probably need to hire a civil engineer and licensed contractor to make the seismic upgrades. Earthquake putty or clay can be used to help secure pots and other ornamental items to shelves. The gist of the article is that rather than ducking under the cover of an item like a table, the safest place is to drop and roll to a location beside a heavy structural item such as a couch, refrigerator, piano, bed, etc. In traditional buildings, the space under a sturdy table or desk is likely to remain even if the building collapses.
If you suspect a gas leak and need to turn on a flashlight, turn it on or off outside, in the open air.
Most people in America could go for a month without food, but in hot weather, under moderate activity and stressful conditions, people start dying after three days without water, so water is extremely important. Sports bottle-type purifying water filters are simple, reliable, compact, and inexpensive, but clog easier and won’t purify nearly as many gallons of water as the pump-type filters. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Sotheby’s International Realty is a registered trademark licensed to Sotheby’s International Realty Affiliates, Inc. It is totally independent, is maintained as a public service, but neither receives nor seeks any public funding. When Americans think of earthquakes, California comes first to mind; others note the serious earthquake hazards of Alaska and Missouri.
It struck without warning and caused far more deaths, injuries, and property damage than Hurricane Hugo, a Category IV hurricane (1989). Here, in one place, you will find accurate, up-to-date, personally useful information that can help you prepare your family, home, and school for the risks posed by future earthquakes in South Carolina. Because it has been over one hundred twenty years since the last catastrophic earthquake, and because there is so little visual evidence of earthquake damage today, the current population of South Carolina is as unaware of earthquake threats as it was in 1886.
In addition, earthquakes generated outside the state's boundaries also pose threats to South Carolina. In 1811 and 1812, South Carolina experienced many shocks, some severe, which were generated seven hundred miles away by the massive New Madrid, Missouri, earthquake series. Another strong shock followed eight minutes later, and six more were felt within the following twenty-four hours.
In 1903, houses were shaken strongly in on the South Carolina-Georgia border near Savannah. On February 18, 2005, a magnitude 2.9 earthquake originated several miles north of Columbia. This is necessary because, during the first days and weeks after a major catastrophe, emergency service providers may not be able to provide even the most critical services, and each family will be largely on its own to cope for an undetermined abount of time. The catastrophic failure or partial collapse of one or more school buildings during a school day could greatly increase casualties. Emergency radio broadcasts will probably be the first to provide disaster-related information. Have ID tags and collars made for all pets so they can be returned to you if they are lost. A separate earthquake policy (or an earthquake "rider" on a home or business policy) is necessary to protect against the financial loss from an earthquake.
The materials will assist the school community to help them prepare to be self-sufficient in the aftermath of a damaging earthquake. Running out an exterior door when an earthquake is underway makes you vulnerable to falling objects, such as overhead building parts and falling glass.
If on a sidewalk near multiple buildings, duck into a doorway to protect yourself from falling bricks, plaster, glass, and other debris.
Get below the level of the back of the seat, assume the fetal position, and cover your head with your hands and arms. He prepared this web site for the privately-funded South Carolina Earthquake Awareness Project, and travels throughout South Carolina on request to provide earthquake awareness and hazard reduction talks and information.
Geological Survey, The Federal Emergency Management Agency, The Southern California Earthquake Center, The Nevada Seismological Laboratory, The Alaska Sea Grant College Program, the American Rescue Team International, the American National Red Cross, and the Next of Kin Educational Project for the information they created which is presented here. The author and any experts named here disclaim any liability from any injury which may result from the use, proper or improper, of the information contained here. And in August, Manhattan subways screeched to a halt and cracks surfaced in the Washington Monument as the East Coast got a rare dose of seismic activity. But Bogota has excelled in another way: by legalizing many informal settlements, through land ownership transfers and other measures over the past decade. Yet perhaps the most crucial and dignifying innovations of all, with ripple effects for communities and governments, are efforts to legalize land. These things require long term planning which is why you should start preparing your food storage and other supplies from now. Phil said that the house floors undulated like a snake, appearing to change elevation by more than a foot in different parts of the house as the quake shook through. The two occupants on the first floor managed to crawl out the door moments before it took off, but their son, who was sleeping on the second floor, went for the wildest ride of his life. In this case, medical attention for the wounded and rescue efforts for those trapped under debris will be the first priority, with water second, followed by shelter and food. The extent of the damage will depend on a number of factors in addition to the quake’s magnitude, including the geophysics of the local soil and rock, the age and quality of the local buildings and bridges, and the local seismic building codes (or lack thereof).
Pictures from around the world show tables and desks standing with rubble all around them, and even holding up floors that have collapsed.
Any dissemination of this information is in violation of copyright laws and is strictly prohibited. Geological Survey aims to provide those seconds of warning with ShakeAlert, an earthquake early-warning system now being tested on the west coast of the United States.
It was also larger and more destructive than the 1989 Loma Prieta, California earthquake, which killed 63 people, destroyed much of the San Fransicso Bay Marina district, broke the upper span of the Oakland Bay Bridge, pancaked freeways, and blacked out the World Series telecast. First, no one living in South Carolina since their birth has experienced a catastrophic earthquake here. In 1814, "Columbia felt two severe shocks, one of which rent in twain a massive wall facing the buildings in the campus of the South Carolina college." Additional earthquakes were felt in South Carolina in 1816, 1817, 1820, 1837, 1843, 1853, 1857 (the most violent earthquake since 1754), 1860, 1869, 1876, 1879, and 1885. The 1886 earthquake would have registered as a magnitude 7.3 earthquake on the Richter Scale (which did not exist at that time). A southbound train from Columbia with over one hundred passengers was thrown into the air but escaped disaster.
In 1974, a brick wall was separated from a North Charleston house, and a five-hundred-ton machine tool jumped around on its bed at Ladson, near Summerville, during an earthquake shock.
Instead, they found that it was at least the seventh magnitude 7.0+ (severe) earthquake generated by the Middleton Place-Summerville Seismic Zone, a twenty-five by fifteen-mile oval area that lies astride what Dr.
Emergency vehicles, specifically EMS vehicles, ambulances, and fire trucks, may have been damaged or trapped in their stations, or the roads to your residence may be impassable. Do NOT purchase or use use candles because they are a fire hazard and may cause explosions from leaking home gas lines. If your house has wood studs that extend from the foundation to the underside of the first floor (known as cripple walls), make sure they have adequate bracing, such as plywood or structural grade particle board. Propane tanks are the propeerty of the propane company, so you will need written permission to anchor them. Disaster drills in schools are required in Oregon, Montana and Missouri, and Idaho and Arkansas mandate earthquake resistant design for all public buildings, including schools. Topics include planning, hazard identification, and non-structural mitigation techniques, drills, immediate response exercises, post-earthquake recovery and mitigation opportunities, and crisis counseling. After the shaking stops, and if an open space is close to the building, run to the open space. That said, it no doubt remained a client and insurer’s nightmare, and would require a full gutting, if not a complete rebuild.
We have seen the same elsewhere around the world, pioneered by groups such as the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights across Asia and Grupo Terra Nova in Brazil. He miraculously rode through it uninjured, as the first floor disintegrated and the roof split away and to the side. Experienced rescuers agree that successfully predicting other safe locations in advance is nearly impossible, as where these voids will end up depends on the direction of the shaking along with many other factors. Make sure to include an extensive first aid kit with sterile needle and thread, along with Kelley Hemostats, in case you need to stitch up a wound to save someone's life, when emergency medical services are overloaded or non-existent. The two pictures above show the catastrophic degree of property damage from the Great Charleston Earthquake of August 31, 1886, in Summerville (left) and Charleston (right), during which over one hundred twenty-four people were killed and hundreds more severely injured. Second, no government agency in the history of the state has attempted to put useful earthquake awareness and preparation information directly into the hands of all the people.
In 2006, on the 120th anniversary of the Great Charleston Earthquake of 1886, Charleston's mayor, Joseph P. We have had some folks saying it was shaking so badly they they got outside," said Roy Allison, Emergency Manager for Marlboro County. Approximately one hundred ninety earthquakes were detected between 1974 and 1993 by the South Carolina Seismic Network, an average of about ten per year. This is especially likely on the low-lying sea islands, some of which have only a single bridge connecting them to the mainland.
Make sure overhead light fixtures and hanging plants are anchored to the structural support above the ceiling. NOTE: as of November 2007, FEMA has again taken this publication offline, making it unavailable to the public. Assume the fetal position, protect your head with your hands and arms, and hold onto the table. The re-titling or re-deeding of land paves the way for stronger codes for buildings themselves. Because their car keys and shoes were still inside, Phil had to brave the aftershocks and wade through broken glass to retrieve keys and shoes so they could attempt the drive to town to pick up their kids.
Another friend had a home that lacked proper shear wall nailing and adequate attachment to the foundation. Retort (foil) pouches can handle freezing in a car trunk, but most other water containers can’t handle freezing without the potential for bursting. All bets are off with murky water unless you filter it first before UV sterilization (bugs are shielded from the UV by silt and debris in water). The state is home to one of the most active earthquake-producing regions in North America, a twenty-five by fifteen-mile oval known as the Middleton Place-Summerville Seismic Zone, whose center lies about twenty-two miles northwest of Charleston.
On January 1, 1913, a strong earthquake estimated to have measured 5.1 on the Richter Scale struck Union County, South Carolina, in the northwest part of the state, and shockwaves spread into adjacent Georgia and North Carolina. A variety of prodducts called "hold downs" are available for securing walls to the foundation. The following earthquake safety publications (in PDF format) are or will soon will soon be available for download at no cost from our server. He brought a chainsaw with him, which was needed to cut large limbs that had fallen across the road.
In a severe earthquake you risk injury from being thrown about, and if you are able to hang on to a relatively stable object this will reduce your risk of injury. Three gallons per person is heavy (24 lb), so I strongly suggest that you include a water filter and water treatment chemicals. Water is critical to your survival, so I suggest multiple backups in this area by stocking at least one filter, SteriPen, chemicals purification kit, and storage drums. Damage was minimal and no lives were lost, but the quake took place in a lightly populated area. Seventy percent of these earthquakes originated in the Middleton Place-Sumerville Seismic Zone. Test the wood near the foundation by probing it with a pointed instrument, such as an ice pick.
Have a contractor install an flexible hose connection between the tank and supply line, and where the supply line enters the house. I suggest field serviceable pump-type backcountry filters, such as those made by Katadyn or MSR, that are rated to filter out all bacteria and have a carbon core to remove toxic chemicals. At 4-8 drops to purify a quart of water (wait 30 minutes after treatment for it to take action), a gallon of unscented liquid chlorine bleach is a super cheap way to purify a lot of water, but it will not kill some super tough protozoic parasites, such as Cryptosporidium, which are easily filtered out, boiled to death, or killed with UV or chlorine dioxide sterilization methods.
A system of seismometers called the California Integrated Seismic Network (CISN) acquires data streams literally at the speed of light and uses several algorithms to quickly pinpoint the earthquake's epicenter and determine its strength. If you can penetrate the wood easily, it probably has wood decay or termite damage and should be replaced with pressure-treated wood.
Wood-burning and other free-standing stoves also pose a fire hazard in an earthquake and should be anchored to the floor. ShakeAlert analyzes the first P-waves in the CISN data streams to send out digital alerts, providing the "early warning" to a region before the slower, destructive S-waves arrive.While predicting when and where an earthquake will occur is impossible, this early-warning system can give necessary seconds of preparation. Current beta-test users receive these alerts as a pop-up on their computers, displaying a map of the affected region, the amount of time until shaking begins, the estimated magnitude of the quake, and other data. In the future, alerts may be available through text messages and phone apps.Though still technically in testing stages, ShakeAlert has already provided successful warnings.
If all else fails, ask your local public library to obtain a copy on interlibrary loan and photocopy it. In August 2014, the system provided a nine-second warning to the city of San Francisco during a magnitude 6.0 earthquake in South Napa. The only questions are where it will strike, when will it happen, and how much damage it will cause.

Emergency travel kits for cars
Plan a family vacation
Emergency awareness

Comments to “Preparing for earthquakes and volcanoes”

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    With your pens, pencils, or markers water filters on the met.
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    Registers won't operate emergency, the water supply which most of the globe.
  4. KISKA writes:
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  5. Nomre_1 writes:
    Not match the Hub's content two Ferns and.